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See detailFluorescence based cell counting in collagen monolayer cultures of primary hepatocytes.
Priesnitz, C.; Sperber, S.; Garg, R. et al

in Cytotechnology (2016), 68(4), 1647-53

Accurate determination of cell number is essential for the quantitative description of biological processes. The changes should be related to a measurable reference e.g. in the case of cell culture, the ... [more ▼]

Accurate determination of cell number is essential for the quantitative description of biological processes. The changes should be related to a measurable reference e.g. in the case of cell culture, the viable cell number is a very valuable reference parameter. Indirect methods of cell number/viability measurements may have up to 10 % standard deviation. This can lead to undesirable large deviations in the analysis of "-omics" data as well as time course studies. Such data should be preferably normalized to the exact viable cell number at a given time to allow meaningful interpretation and understanding of the biological processes. Manual counting of cell number is very laborious and not possible in certain experimental setups. We therefore, developed a simple and reliable fluorescence based method with an accuracy of 95-98 % for the determination of the viable cell number in situ. We optimized the seeding cell densities for primary rat hepatocytes for optimal cell adhesion. This will help in efficient use of primary cells which are usually limited in availability. The method will be very useful in the application of "-omics" techniques, especially metabolome analysis where the specific rates of uptake/production of metabolites can be reliably calculated. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time in situ viability assessment in a 3D bioreactor with liver cells using resazurin assay.
Mueller, Daniel; Tascher, Georg; Damm, Georg et al

in Cytotechnology (2013), 65(2), 297-305

Three-dimensional cultivation of human cells is promising especially for long-term maintenance of specific functions and mimicking the in vivo tissue environment. However, direct viability assessment is ... [more ▼]

Three-dimensional cultivation of human cells is promising especially for long-term maintenance of specific functions and mimicking the in vivo tissue environment. However, direct viability assessment is very difficult in such systems. Commonly applied indirect methods such as glucose consumption, albumin or urea production are greatly affected by culture conditions, stress and time of cultivation and do not reflect the real time viability of the cells. In this study we established a real-time in situ viability assay namely; resazurin assay, in a 3D hollow-fiber bioreactor using human liver cells. Resazurin assay is based on the conversion of resazurin to a fluorescent dye by cytoplasmatic and mitochondrial enzymes. We show that the resazurin reagent in concentrations used in this study is non-toxic and could be rapidly removed out of the system. Moreover, we observed that dead cells do not affect the results of the assay. We optimized the assay on HepG2 cells and tested it with primary human hepatocytes. Moreover, we maintained primary human hepatocytes in the 3D bioreactor system in serum-free conditions and also assessed viability before and after the exposure to amiodarone using the resazurin assay. We show that this approach is applicable during long-term cultivation of cells in bioreactors under different conditions and can moreover be applied to pharmacological studies, e.g. investigation of chronic drug effects in such 3D bioreactors. [less ▲]

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