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See detailInnate and adaptive effects of inflammasomes on T cell responses
Dostert, Catherine UL; Ludigs, Kristina; Guarda, Greta

in Current Opinion in Immunology (2013), 25(3), 359-365

Inflammasomes are protein complexes that form in response to pathogen-derived or host-derived stress signals. Their activation leads to the production of inflammatory cytokines and promotes a pyrogenic ... [more ▼]

Inflammasomes are protein complexes that form in response to pathogen-derived or host-derived stress signals. Their activation leads to the production of inflammatory cytokines and promotes a pyrogenic cell death process. The massive release of inflammatory mediators that follows inflammasome activation is a key event in alarming innate immune cells. Growing evidence also highlights the role of inflammasome-dependent cytokines in shaping the adaptive immune response, as exemplified by the capacity of IL-1β to support Th17 responses, or by the finding that IL-18 evokes antigen-independent IFN-γ secretion by memory CD8+ T cells. A deeper understanding of these mechanisms and on how to manipulate this powerful inflammatory system therefore represents an important step forward in the development of improved vaccine strategies. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation of apoptosis in the immune system
Krammer, P. H.; Behrmann, Iris UL; Daniel, P. T. et al

in Current Opinion in Immunology (1994), 6(2), 279-89

Apoptosis in T and B lymphocytes is involved in all fundamental processes in the immune system. It is a mechanism to regulate the course of an immune response and to establish immunological memory as well ... [more ▼]

Apoptosis in T and B lymphocytes is involved in all fundamental processes in the immune system. It is a mechanism to regulate the course of an immune response and to establish immunological memory as well as central and peripheral tolerance. Apoptosis in lymphocytes is regulated by gene products that induce or block this process. Elucidating the molecular basis for sensitivity and resistance towards induction of apoptosis is the key to the understanding of the development of the immune system, basic immune reactions and the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, AIDS and cancer. [less ▲]

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