References of "Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology"
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See detailPrediction of Causal Candidate Genes in Coronary Artery Disease Loci.
Brænne, Ingrid; Civelek, Mete; Vilne, Baiba et al

in Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology (2015), 35(10), 2207-17

OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies have to date identified 159 significant and suggestive loci for coronary artery disease (CAD). We now report comprehensive bioinformatics analyses of sequence ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies have to date identified 159 significant and suggestive loci for coronary artery disease (CAD). We now report comprehensive bioinformatics analyses of sequence variation in these loci to predict candidate causal genes. APPROACH AND RESULTS: All annotated genes in the loci were evaluated with respect to protein-coding single-nucleotide polymorphism and gene expression parameters. The latter included expression quantitative trait loci, tissue specificity, and miRNA binding. High priority candidate genes were further identified based on literature searches and our experimental data. We conclude that the great majority of causal variations affecting CAD risk occur in noncoding regions, with 41% affecting gene expression robustly versus 6% leading to amino acid changes. Many of these genes differed from the traditionally annotated genes, which was usually based on proximity to the lead single-nucleotide polymorphism. Indeed, we obtained evidence that genetic variants at CAD loci affect 98 genes which had not been linked to CAD previously. CONCLUSIONS: Our results substantially revise the list of likely candidates for CAD and suggest that genome-wide association studies efforts in other diseases may benefit from similar bioinformatics analyses. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma membrane calcium ATPase isoform 4 inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated angiogenesis through interaction with calcineurin.
Baggott, Rhiannon R.; Alfranca, Arantzazu; Lopez-Maderuelo, Dolores et al

in Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology (2014), 34(10), 2310-20

OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been identified as a crucial regulator of physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Among the intracellular signaling pathways triggered by VEGF ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been identified as a crucial regulator of physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Among the intracellular signaling pathways triggered by VEGF, activation of the calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling axis has emerged as a critical mediator of angiogenic processes. We and others previously reported a novel role for the plasma membrane calcium ATPase (PMCA) as an endogenous inhibitor of the calcineurin/NFAT pathway, via interaction with calcineurin, in cardiomyocytes and breast cancer cells. However, the functional significance of the PMCA/calcineurin interaction in endothelial pathophysiology has not been addressed thus far. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Using in vitro and in vivo assays, we here demonstrate that the interaction between PMCA4 and calcineurin in VEGF-stimulated endothelial cells leads to downregulation of the calcineurin/NFAT pathway and to a significant reduction in the subsequent expression of the NFAT-dependent, VEGF-activated, proangiogenic genes RCAN1.4 and Cox-2. PMCA4-dependent inhibition of calcineurin signaling translates into a reduction in endothelial cell motility and blood vessel formation that ultimately impairs in vivo angiogenesis by VEGF. CONCLUSIONS: Given the importance of the calcineurin/NFAT pathway in the regulation of pathological angiogenesis, targeted modulation of PMCA4 functionality might open novel therapeutic avenues to promote or attenuate new vessel formation in diseases that occur with angiogenesis. [less ▲]

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