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See detailPrivacy and Linkability of Mining in Zcash
Biryukov, Alex UL; Feher, Daniel UL

in 2019 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (2019)

With the growth in popularity for cryptocurrencies the need for privacy preserving blockchains is growing as well. Zcash is such a blockchain, providing transaction privacy through zero-knowledge proofs ... [more ▼]

With the growth in popularity for cryptocurrencies the need for privacy preserving blockchains is growing as well. Zcash is such a blockchain, providing transaction privacy through zero-knowledge proofs. In this paper we analyze transaction linkability in Zcash based on the currency minting transactions (mining). Using predictable usage patterns and clustering heuristics on mining transactions an attacker can link to publicly visible addresses over 84% of the volume of the transactions that use a ZK-proof. Since majority of Zcash transactions are not yet using ZK-proofs, we show that overall 95.5% of the total number of Zcash transactions are potentially linkable to public addresses by just observing the mining activity. [less ▲]

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