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See detailDo banks and microfinance institutions compete? Microevidence from Madagascar
Leon, Florian UL; Baraton, Pierrick

in Economic Development and Cultural Change (in press)

This paper examines whether the loan strategy of a microfinance institution is shaped by the entry of a bank. Specifically, we investigate whether the distance between a borrower of a microfinance ... [more ▼]

This paper examines whether the loan strategy of a microfinance institution is shaped by the entry of a bank. Specifically, we investigate whether the distance between a borrower of a microfinance institution and the closest bank influences loan conditions provided by the microfinance institution. We use an original panel dataset of 32,374 loans granted to 14,834 borrowers provided by one of the largest microfinance institutions in Madagascar between 2008 and 2014. We find that the closer a bank is located to a given MFI borrower, the larger the loan obtained and the less collateral required. We also find that the effect is stronger for clients that could be more easily caught by banks (i.e., large firms and clients without a previous relationship with the MFI). [less ▲]

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See detailPerceptual approaches to the study of German
Purschke, Christoph UL

in Bousquette, Joshua; Pickl, Simon (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of the German Language (in press)

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See detailHigh-performance modeling of concrete ageing
Habera, Michal UL; Zilian, Andreas UL

in Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (in press)

Long-term behaviour of concrete structural elements is very important for evaluation of its health and serviceability range. The phenomena that must be considered are complex and lead to coupled ... [more ▼]

Long-term behaviour of concrete structural elements is very important for evaluation of its health and serviceability range. The phenomena that must be considered are complex and lead to coupled multiphysics formulations. Such formulations are difficult not only from physical perspective, but also from computational perspective. In this contribution attention to computational efficiency and effective implementation is payed. Presented model for concrete ageing is based on microprestress-solidification (MPS) theory of Bazant [1], Kunzel’s model for heat and moisture transport [2] and Mazars model for damage [3]. Ageing linear viscoelastic response, which is immanent to MPS theory and concrete creep, leads to ordinary differetial equation for internal variables solved for every quadrature/nodal point. Numerical structure of the finite element discretisation is examined. Few simplifications on physical model lead to a very efficient linear algebra problem for which standard preconditioned Krylov solvers are reviewed. In parallel, weak and strong scaling tests are performed. All results are produced within open-source finite element framework FEniCS [4]. These models are usually a basis for more involved thermo-hygro-chemo-mechanical (THCM) models with migrating chemical species. It is anticipated, that presented results will help practitioners or other structural engineerers with the choice of suitable and efficient methods for long-term concrete modeling. [less ▲]

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See detailUpdate Internationales und Europäisches Steuerrecht
Sinnig, Julia UL

in Taeger, Jürgen (Ed.) Tagungsband DSRI-Herbstakademie 2020 (in press)

Im Berichtszeitraum dieses Updates rief die OECD zu einem zweiten Öffentlichkeitsbetei-ligungsverfahren auf und erarbeitete einen präziseren Lösungsansatz zur Besteuerung digitalisierter Geschäftsmodelle ... [more ▼]

Im Berichtszeitraum dieses Updates rief die OECD zu einem zweiten Öffentlichkeitsbetei-ligungsverfahren auf und erarbeitete einen präziseren Lösungsansatz zur Besteuerung digitalisierter Geschäftsmodelle, der in einer Veröffentlichung im Januar 2020 vorgestellt wurde. Auf Ebene der Europäischen Union gab es im Berichtszeitraum keine Weiterent-wicklung der Richtlinienvorschläge zu einer Digitalsteuer und dem Konzept der „signifi-kanten digitalen Präsenz“. Der EuGH urteilte am 3. März 2020 in Hinblick auf die unions-rechtliche Vereinbarkeit zweier ungarischer Umsatzsteuern. Dieses Urteil erlaubt erste Rückschlüsse bezüglich der Europarechtskonformität umsatzbasierter Steuern, wie bspw. auch im Berichtszeitraum eingeführte Digitalsteuern einzelner Mitgliedstaaten. Dieser Beitrag knüpft an die Vorträge von Prof. Dr. Jens M. Schmittmann und der Verfasserin anlässlich der Herbstakademien 2018 in Bochum und 2019 in Oldenburg, sowie dem Vortrag der Verfasserin anlässlich der Herbstakademie 2017 in Heidelberg an. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional Convergence of U-processes with Size-Dependent Kernels
Döbler, Christian UL; Kasprzak, Mikolaj UL; Peccati, Giovanni UL

in Annals of Applied Probability (in press)

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See detailAsynja: Sensorial Design for Running Motivation
Menheere, Daphne; Hilderink, Myrthe; Vos, Steven et al

in IASDR 2021: 9th Congress of the International Association of Societies of Design Research (in press)

If starting to run is an easy decision, committing to a long-term running routine proves to be a more challenging endeavor for many people. In this pictorial, we unravel the design process of Asynja, an ... [more ▼]

If starting to run is an easy decision, committing to a long-term running routine proves to be a more challenging endeavor for many people. In this pictorial, we unravel the design process of Asynja, an artefact that triggers exercise imagery by using natural scents related to running. Relying on peripheral interaction, this research probe subtly nudges users to go running, thereby supporting them to transform their positive intentions into actions. Exploring sensoriality as a design opportunity for behavior change interventions, we invite the community to expand the design space of exercise-related motivational products and systems. [less ▲]

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See detailUX Needs Cards – A Pragmatic Tool to Support Experience Design Through Psychological Needs
Lallemand, Carine UL

in IASDR 2021: 9th Congress of the International Association of Societies of Design Research (in press)

The psychological needs-driven UX approach is a well-explored area in UX research and a powerful framework for the design of optimal experiences with systems and products. However, the transfer from ... [more ▼]

The psychological needs-driven UX approach is a well-explored area in UX research and a powerful framework for the design of optimal experiences with systems and products. However, the transfer from research to practice is slow and this approach is not yet widely used by practitioners. As card- based methods have been shown to support designers in both the generation of ideas and the evaluation of their designs, we created the UX needs cards as a pragmatic tool able to support a needs-driven UX process. We present the iterative development of the card-set and its associated techniques and report on three use cases, demonstrating the effectiveness of this tool for user research, idea generation and UX evaluation. Our empirical findings suggest that the UX needs cards are a valuable tool able to support design practice, being easily understood by lay users and a source of inspiration for designers. Acting as a tangible translation of a research framework, the UX needs cards promote theory-driven design strategies and provide researchers, designers, and educators with a tool to clearly communicate the framework of psychological needs. [less ▲]

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See detailDISCOV: Stimulating Physical Activity through an Explorative Interactive Walking Experience
van Renswouw, Loes; Verhoef, Jasmijn; Vos, Steven et al

in IASDR 2021: 9th Congress of the International Association of Societies of Design Research (in press)

Aware of the consequences of their inactive lifestyles, many people still struggle to integrate enough physical activity into their busy lives. Interventions that nudge to reinforce existing active ... [more ▼]

Aware of the consequences of their inactive lifestyles, many people still struggle to integrate enough physical activity into their busy lives. Interventions that nudge to reinforce existing active behavior seem therefore more likely to be effective than those adding an activity to daily routines. To encourage people to increase their physical activity level, we designed Discov, a network of physical waypoints triggering people to lengthen their walks. Placed in a public park, Discov encourages people to explore their surroundings in a fun and challenging way by creating an interactive walking experience. Adopting a Research-through-Design approach, we explore the potential of the design of accessible infrastructures and human-environment interactions to impact public health by nudging citizens into being more physically active. We discuss insights gathered through this process and report on first user tests of this interactive walking experience. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical relevance of attentional biases in pediatric chronic pain: an eye-tracking study
Soltani, Sabine; van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL; Vervoort, Tine et al

in Pain (in press)

Attentional biases have been posited as one of the key mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of chronic pain and co-occurring internalizing mental health symptoms. Despite this theoretical ... [more ▼]

Attentional biases have been posited as one of the key mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of chronic pain and co-occurring internalizing mental health symptoms. Despite this theoretical prominence, a comprehensive understanding of the nature of biased attentional processing in chronic pain and its relationship to theorized antecedents and clinical outcomes is lacking, particularly in youth. This study used eye-tracking to assess attentional bias for painful facial expressions and its relationship to theorized antecedents of chronic pain and clinical outcomes. Youth with chronic pain (n = 125) and without chronic pain (n = 52) viewed face images of varying levels of pain expressiveness while their eye gaze was tracked and recorded. At baseline, youth completed questionnaires to assess pain characteristics, theorized antecedents (pain catastrophizing, fear of pain, and anxiety sensitivity), and clinical outcomes (pain intensity, interference, anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress). For youth with chronic pain, clinical outcomes were reassessed at 3 months to assess for relationships with attentional bias while controlling for baseline symptoms. In both groups, youth exhibited an attentional bias for painful facial expressions. For youth with chronic pain, attentional bias was not significantly associated with theorized antecedents or clinical outcomes at baseline or 3-month follow-up. These findings call into question the posited relationships between attentional bias and clinical outcomes. Additional studies using more comprehensive and contextual paradigms for the assessment of attentional bias are required to clarify the ways in which such biases may manifest and relate to clinical outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailInvariance in a class of operations related to weighted quasi-geometric means
Devillet, Jimmy UL; Matkowski, Janusz

in Fuzzy Sets and Systems (in press)

Let $I\subset (0,\infty )$ be an interval that is closed with respect to the multiplication. The operations $C_{f,g}\colon I^{2}\rightarrow I$ of the form \begin{equation*} C_{f,g}\left( x,y\right) =\left ... [more ▼]

Let $I\subset (0,\infty )$ be an interval that is closed with respect to the multiplication. The operations $C_{f,g}\colon I^{2}\rightarrow I$ of the form \begin{equation*} C_{f,g}\left( x,y\right) =\left( f\circ g\right) ^{-1}\left( f\left( x\right) \cdot g\left( y\right) \right) \text{,} \end{equation*} where $f,g$ are bijections of $I$ are considered. Their connections with generalized weighted quasi-geometric means is presented. It is shown that invariance\ question within the class of this operations leads to means of iterative type and to a problem on a composite functional equation. An application of the invariance identity to determine effectively the limit of the sequence of iterates of some generalized quasi-geometric mean-type mapping, and the form of all continuous functions which are invariant with respect to this mapping are given. The equality of two considered operations is also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailInternationales und Europäisches Steuerrecht
Sinnig, Julia UL

in Taeger, Jürgen; Pohle, Jan; Kilian, Wolfgang (Eds.) et al Computerrechts-Handbuch - Informationstechnologie in der Rechts- und Wirtschaftspraxi (in press)

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See detailEléonora Miano et son concept de l´identité frontière au théâtre
Nonoa, Koku Gnatuloma UL

in Borst, Julia; Neu-Wendel, Stephanie; Tauchnitz, Juliane (Eds.) et al Unerhörte Stimmen aus der Afro-Romania Genderdiskurse im Kontext von Selbst- und Fremdwahrnehmung „nach“ der Migration (in press)

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See detailBorderscapes
Wille, Christian UL

in Fellner, Astrid; Nossem, Eva (Eds.) Glossary Border Studies (in press)

Der Beitrag arbeitet das in der Grenzforschung am weitesten verbreitete Verständnis von ‚borderscapes‘ heraus und gibt den Ansatz in seinen Grundzügen wieder. Dafür werden zu-nächst die Verwendungen des ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag arbeitet das in der Grenzforschung am weitesten verbreitete Verständnis von ‚borderscapes‘ heraus und gibt den Ansatz in seinen Grundzügen wieder. Dafür werden zu-nächst die Verwendungen des Begriffs und die damit implizierten Verständnisse dargelegt. Darauf aufbauend wird ‚borderscapes’ als relationale, diffundierte, episodische, perspektivi-sche und umkämpfte Formationen systematisiert, die mit nationalen Grenzen in Beziehung stehen. Darüber wird gezeigt, inwiefern ‚borderscapes‘ mit der ‚traditionellen‘ Idee von Grenze als (territoriale) Binarität bricht und einen alternativen Grenzbegriff stark macht: Grenze wird hier in eine Vielzahl gesellschaftlicher Prozesse eingelagert, die wandelbar und gestaltbar sind, sich transskalar und in umkämpfter Weise aufeinander beziehen und in ih-rem komplexen Zusammenspiel Effekte der Einsetzung oder (De-)Stabilisierung von natio-nalen Grenzen hervorbringen. ‚Borderscapes‘ überführt Grenzen also analytisch in die Land-schaften ihrer multiplen Wirksamkeiten und Aushandlungen, die durchaus an ‚territorialen Ränder‘ stattfinden können, aber nicht zwangsläufig. Damit macht der Ansatz ein analyti-sches Angebot, das der „territorial trap“ (Agnew 1994) entkommt, für die Komplexität von Grenzen sensibilisiert und diese außerdem als Ressourcen betrachtet. Trotz der Bemühung ‚borderscapes‘ näher zu umreißen, kann der Ansatz nur schwer auf den Begriff gebracht werden. Die dargelegten Grundzüge stecken vielmehr einen theoretisch-konzeptionellen Rahmen ab, der komplexitätssensible Grenzforscher*innen orientiert und Spielräume für spezifische Aneignungen lässt. Solche werden abschließend anhand von Beispielen der kul-turwissenschaftlichen Grenzforschung vorgestellt und die konzeptionelle Offenheit des An-satzes, die sich besonders in method(ologi)schen Mehrdeutigkeiten widerspiegelt, kritisch gewürdigt. [less ▲]

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See detailBeyond the Colonizer-Colonized Mindset: Nonconformity of Léonora Miano’s Afrophonie
Nonoa, Koku Gnatuloma UL

in Amoo-Adare, Epifania; Siriwardane-de Zoysa, Rapti (Eds.) An Anthology of Non-Conformism: Rebel Women Words, Ways & Wonders (in press)

In her books Red in blue trilogy (2015) and L'impératif transgressif (The Transgressive Imperative) (2016a), the French-Cameroonian novelist Léonora Miano questions and elucidates, among other things, the ... [more ▼]

In her books Red in blue trilogy (2015) and L'impératif transgressif (The Transgressive Imperative) (2016a), the French-Cameroonian novelist Léonora Miano questions and elucidates, among other things, the repression of the history of “forgotten worlds” in relation to transatlantic human trafficking and colonialism and pleads for reinventing African imaginary by decolonizing the French-speaking world called Francophonie. Therefore, she invites sub-Saharan writers to use their verbs in a non-conformist way: it is about finding oneself beyond and freeing oneself from the colonizer-colonized mindset. In this regard, Miano coins the concept of Afrophonie as a form of countercultural re-examination and reorientation of the politics of perception stemming from the coloniality of the French language and the Francophonie. From a countercultural perspective, this contribution discusses the potentiality of the non-conformity of Léonora Miano´s writings beyond the colonizer-colonized mindset. [less ▲]

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See detailLes archevêques de Milan face aux premières expériences seigneuriales: stratégies et positionnements (milieu XIIIe-début XIVe s.)
Salemme, Timothy UL

in Barralis, Christine (Ed.) L’évêque face à son métier. Actes du colloque international, Metz. 15-17 novembre 2017 (in press)

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See detailAvant-propos
Salemme, Timothy UL; Renault, Jean-Baptiste

in Salemme, Timothy; Renault, Jean-Baptiste (Eds.) Conservation et réception des documents pontificaux par les Ordres religieux (XIe-XVe siècles). Actes du colloque internationa (in press)

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See detailConservazione e ricezione dei documenti pontifici in Italia settentrionale: il caso del monastero cistercense di Chiaravalle Milanese (secoli XII-XVI)
Salemme, Timothy UL

in Salemme, Timothy; Renault, Jean-Baptiste (Eds.) Conservation et réception des documents pontificaux par les Ordres religieux (XIe-XVe siècles). Actes du colloque international. Nancy, 12-13 décembre 2013 (in press)

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See detailMaking Elections Work: Accountability with Selection and Control
Anesi, Vincent UL; Buisseret, Peter

in American Economic Journal. Microeconomics (in press)

We study the limits of dynamic electoral accountability when voters are uncertain about politicians’ characteristics (adverse selection) and their actions (moral hazard). Existing work argues that voters ... [more ▼]

We study the limits of dynamic electoral accountability when voters are uncertain about politicians’ characteristics (adverse selection) and their actions (moral hazard). Existing work argues that voters cannot achieve their first-best payoff. This is attributed to inherent deficiencies of the electoral contract, including voters’ inability to pre-commit, and the restriction to a binary retention-replacement decision. We provide conditions under which, despite these constraints, voters can obtain arbitrarily close to the first-best payoff in an equilibrium of the electoral interaction. Our paper resolves that there need not be a trade-off between selection and control. [less ▲]

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See detailSocietal Emotional Environments and Cross-Cultural Differences in Life Satisfaction: A Forty-Nine Country Study
Krys, Kuba; Yeung, June; Capaldi, Colin et al

in Journal of Positive Psychology (in press)

In this paper, we introduce the concept of ‘societal emotional environment’: the emotional climate of a society (operationalized as the degree to which positive and negative emotions are expressed in a ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we introduce the concept of ‘societal emotional environment’: the emotional climate of a society (operationalized as the degree to which positive and negative emotions are expressed in a society). Using data collected from 12,888 participants across 49 countries, we show how societal emotional environments vary across countries and cultural clusters, and we consider the potential importance of these differences for well-being. Multilevel analyses supported a ‘double-edged sword’ model of negative emotion expression, where expression of negative emotions predicted higher life satisfaction for the expresser but lower life satisfaction for society. In contrast, partial support was found for higher societal life satisfaction in positive societal emotional environments. Our study highlights the potential utility and importance of distinguishing between positive and negative emotion expression, and adopting both individual and societal perspectives in well-being research. Individual pathways to happiness may not necessarily promote the happiness of others. [less ▲]

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