References of "2021"
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See detailThe Breuer-Major Theorem in total variation: improved rates under minimal regularity
Nourdin, Ivan UL; Nualart, David; Peccati, Giovanni UL

in Stochastic Processes and Their Applications (2021), 131

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See detailRemake, Rewind, Reset ! La question du “re-” et la leçon des arts et des médias aujourd’hui
Tore, Gian Maria UL

in Tore, Gian Maria; Colas-Blaise, Marion (Eds.) « Re- ». Répétition et reproduction dans les arts et les médias (2021)

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See detail« Re- ». Répétition et reproduction dans les arts et les médias
Tore, Gian Maria UL; Colas-Blaise, Marion

Book published by Mimésis (2021)

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See detailHeterogene Lerngruppen in Europa inklusionsorientiert unterrichten: Inspirierende Praktiken und Erkenntnisse aus Deutschland, Island, Litauen, Luxemburg, Schweden und Spanien
Powell, Justin J W UL; Merz-Atalik, Kersin; Ališauskienė, Stefanija et al

in Köpfer, Andreas; Powell, Justin J W; Zahnd, Raphael (Eds.) Handbuch Inklusion International: Globale, nationale und lokale Perspektiven auf Inklusive Bildung (2021)

Inklusive Bildung ist zu einem globalen Ziel geworden. Dieses Ziel wird durch die Anerkennung des Menschenrechts auf Bildung für alle und die Vision einer demokratischen Gesellschaft unterstützt, die ... [more ▼]

Inklusive Bildung ist zu einem globalen Ziel geworden. Dieses Ziel wird durch die Anerkennung des Menschenrechts auf Bildung für alle und die Vision einer demokratischen Gesellschaft unterstützt, die Vielfalt in all ihren Facetten wertschätzt. Die Förderung angesichts der Vielfalt der Schüler*innen mit dem Ziel der Verbesserung des Lernens aller, bleibt für Lehrer*innen in allen nationalen Kontexten eine herausfordernde Aufgabe, da sowohl die gemeinsame Bildung für alle ausgeweitet als auch inklusive Bildung universell werden soll. Die erfolgreiche Unterstützung verschiedener Schüler*innen in ihren Lernprozessen gilt seit Jahrzehnten als das Herzstück einer ausgezeichneten Pädagogik. Dennoch finden wir in ganz Europa signifikante, persistente Unterschiede, sowohl hinsichtlich des Umfangs als auch der Qualität der inklusiven Schulbildung, die auf einer Reihe von institutionalisierten Strukturen und Kulturen beruhen und sich unter anderem in organisatorischen Rahmenbedingungen und Lehrmethoden heterogener Bildungssysteme niederschlagen. Aufbauend auf einer dreijährigen Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen des von der Europäischen Kommission finanzierten Comenius-Netzwerkprojekts „Teaching Diverse Learners in School Subjects“ (TdiverS), werden in diesem Beitrag Erkenntnisse über „inspirierende Praktiken“ der inklusiven Bildung, die in den sechs teilnehmenden Ländern – Deutschland, Island, Litauen, Luxemburg, Schweden und Spanien – gefunden wurden, zusammengefasst. Trotz erheblicher Unterschiede in den Bildungssystemen in Europa sind überall inklusive Bildungspraktiken zu finden. Bei den Schulhospitationen fanden wir inspirierende Inklusionspraktiken in allen Ländern, auch wenn diese durchaus sehr differente Niveaus der (inklusiven) Bildungssysteme aufweisen. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunity Detection in Complex Networks: A Survey on Local Approaches
Esmaeilzadeh Dilmaghani, Saharnaz UL; Brust, Matthias R. UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL et al

Scientific Conference (2021)

Early approaches of community detection algorithms often depend on the network’s global structure with a time complexity correlated to the network size. Local algorithms emerged as a more efficient ... [more ▼]

Early approaches of community detection algorithms often depend on the network’s global structure with a time complexity correlated to the network size. Local algorithms emerged as a more efficient solution to deal with large-scale networks with millions to billions of nodes. This methodology has shifted the attention from global structure towards the local level to deal with a network using only a portion of nodes. Investigating the state-of-the-art, we notice the absence of a standard definition of locality between community detection algorithms. Different goals have been explored under the local terminology of community detection approaches that can be misunderstood. This paper probes existing contributions to extract the scopes where an algorithm performs locally. Our purpose is to interpret the concept of locality in community detection algorithms. We propose a locality exploration scheme to investigate the concept of locality at each stage of an existing community detection workflow. We summarized terminologies concerning the locality in the state-of-the-art community detection approaches. In some cases, we observe how different terms are used for the same concept. We demonstrate the applicability of our algorithm by providing a review of some algorithms using our proposed scheme. Our review highlights a research gap in community detection algorithms and initiates new research topics in this domain. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding Attentional Biases in Severe Alcohol Use Disorder: A Combined Behavioral and Eye-Tracking Perspective.
Bollen, Zoé; D'Hondt, Fabien; Dormal, Valérie et al

in Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire) (2021), 56(1), 1-7

RATIONALE: Severe alcohol use disorder (SAUD) is a psychiatric condition linked to cerebral and cognitive consequences. SAUD is notably characterized by an overactivation of the reflexive/reward system ... [more ▼]

RATIONALE: Severe alcohol use disorder (SAUD) is a psychiatric condition linked to cerebral and cognitive consequences. SAUD is notably characterized by an overactivation of the reflexive/reward system when confronted with alcohol-related cues. Such overreactivity generates a preferential allocation of attentional resources toward these cues, labeled as attentional biases (AB). Theoretical assumptions have been made regarding the characteristics of AB and their underlying processes. While often considered as granted, these assumptions remain to be experimentally validated. AIMS: We first identify the theoretical assumptions made by previous studies exploring the nature and role of AB. We then discuss the current evidence available to establish their validity. We finally propose research avenues to experimentally test them. METHODS: Capitalizing on a narrative review of studies exploring AB in SAUD, the current limits of the behavioral measures used for their evaluation are highlighted as well as the benefits derived from the use of eye-tracking measures to obtain a deeper understanding of their underlying processes. We describe the issues related to the theoretical proposals on AB and propose research avenues to test them. Four experimental axes are proposed, respectively, related to the determination of (a) the genuine nature of the mechanisms underlying AB; (b) their stability over the disease course; (c) their specificity to alcohol-related stimuli and (d) their reflexive or controlled nature. CONCLUSIONS: This in-depth exploration of the available knowledge related to AB in SAUD, and of its key limitations, highlights the theoretical and clinical interest of our innovative experimental perspectives capitalizing on eye-tracking measures. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital urban development - How large digital corporations shape the field of urban governance (DIGI-GOV)
Carr, Constance UL

Report (2021)

DIGI-GOV is a research project that aims to understand (I) the role of large digital corporations (LDCs) in digital urbandevelopment, (II) how the presence of LDCs in urban planning practice challenge pre ... [more ▼]

DIGI-GOV is a research project that aims to understand (I) the role of large digital corporations (LDCs) in digital urbandevelopment, (II) how the presence of LDCs in urban planning practice challenge pre-existing modes urban governance, and (III) how LDC-led urban development constitutes a new relational geography of digital cities. DIGI-GOV is thus a chance to call attention to this critical shift in the ways that contemporary digital cities are constructed, planned, mediated and governed. DIGI-GOV expands on prior research that examined Alphabet Inc.’s digital city project in Toronto that raised a number of important issues forurban planners, development practitioners, and urban studies scholars – even if this particular digital city project was ultimately unsuccessful. DIGI-GOV expands this research because the range of services that LDCs provide has increased in both volume and centrality; more and more public and private institutions rely on LDCs for essential digital infrastructures. There is an urgent need to study the trajectories of urbanization that are rolled out under the leadership of LDCs and the tensions in urban governance that are unleashed. DIGI-GOV will shed light on four further cities in addition to Toronto, which have been challenged by the presence of LDCs—namely, Seattle, Washington D.C, Bissen, and Eemshaven. The selected cities are some of the few exemplary cases available where LDCs have secured their position in the local urban field. Through qualitative methodological approaches, DIGI-GOV will tease out how these cities are relationally connected through LDC-led urban development, and what scholars and practitioners can learn from these experiences. Examined together, one can scratch at the surface of, and unearth, this new emerging relational geography. [less ▲]

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See detailO presente fugidio das crises constitucionais: uma interrogação acerca da questão concernindo a Modernidade da Constituição
Spindola Diniz, Ricardo UL

in Revista Direito e Práxis (2021)

Constitutional crises are denounced now and then. Even if one notices a decrease in the capacity of this concept to ignite popular mobilization, as there seems to be fewer persons inclined to go to the ... [more ▼]

Constitutional crises are denounced now and then. Even if one notices a decrease in the capacity of this concept to ignite popular mobilization, as there seems to be fewer persons inclined to go to the streets in defense of the Constitution in crisis, the concept of crisis retains, unquestionably, its importance, both rhetorically and historiographically. Nevertheless, a theory of constitutional crises remains absent. The present article proposes to confront this absence, interrogating the literature dedicated to the concept of constitutional crises, on the one hand, and questioning the meaning of this absence in its connection to the concept of the Constitution itself. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of LEGO in numeracy development: A case study
Eimer, Tabea; Zhang, Qian; Aleksic, Gabrijela UL

in Xu, Shuang Shuang; Marsico, Giuseppina (Eds.) Where culture grows: Social ecology of a Chinese kindergarten (2021)

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See detailExponential contraction in Wasserstein distance on static and evolving manifolds
Cheng, Li Juan UL; Thalmaier, Anton UL; Zhang, Shao-Qin

in Revue Roumaine de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées (2021), 66(1), 107-129

In this article, exponential contraction in Wasserstein distance for heat semigroups of diffusion processes on Riemannian manifolds is established under curvature conditions where Ricci curvature is not ... [more ▼]

In this article, exponential contraction in Wasserstein distance for heat semigroups of diffusion processes on Riemannian manifolds is established under curvature conditions where Ricci curvature is not necessarily required to be non-negative. Compared to the results of Wang (2016), we focus on explicit estimates for the exponential contraction rate. Moreover, we show that our results extend to manifolds evolving under a geometric flow. As application, for the time-inhomogeneous semigroups, we obtain a gradient estimate with an exponential contraction rate under weak curvature conditions, as well as uniqueness of the corresponding evolution system of measures. [less ▲]

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See detailStochastic petropolitics: The dynamics of institutions in resource-dependent economies
Boucekkine, Raouf; Prieur, Fabien; Vasilakis, Chrysovalantis et al

in European Economic Review (2021)

We investigate the link between resource revenues volatility and institutions. We build a stochastic differential game with two players (conservatives vs . liberals) lobbying for changing the institutions ... [more ▼]

We investigate the link between resource revenues volatility and institutions. We build a stochastic differential game with two players (conservatives vs . liberals) lobbying for changing the institutions in their preferred directions. First, uncertainty surrounds the dynamics of institutions and the resource revenues. Second, the lobbying power is asymmetric, the conservatives’ power being increasing with resource revenues. We show the existence of a unique equilibrium in the set of affine strategies. We then examine to which extent uncertainty leads to more liberal institutions in the long run, compared to the deterministic case. We finally explore the institutional impact of volatility using a database covering 91 countries over the period 1973–2005. Focusing on financial liberalization, we find that as oil revenue volatility increases, liberalization goes down. This result is robust to different specifications and sample distinctions. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk disclosure and firm operational efficiency
Derouiche, Imen UL; Manita, riadh; Muessig, Anke UL

in Annals of Operations Research (2021), 297

This paper examines the effect of risk disclosure on firm operational efficiency using a unique database of nonfinancial, and non-utility French firms belonging to the SBF 120 index over the period ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the effect of risk disclosure on firm operational efficiency using a unique database of nonfinancial, and non-utility French firms belonging to the SBF 120 index over the period 2007–2015. In a first step, we use a data envelopment analysis output-oriented variable returns to scale model to determine firm operational efficiency scores based on one output (i.e., sales revenue) and three inputs (i.e., net property, plant, and equipment; cost of goods sold; and selling, general, and administrative costs). These scores are used in a second step to estimate the effect of risk disclosure on operational efficiency after controlling for a set of other factors. The empirical results show a statistically significant positive relation between risk disclosure and operational efficiency, suggesting that firms tend to be relatively more efficient when they disclose more about their risk exposure. Overall, we provide evidence that firms with greater risk disclosure are seen by stakeholders as more credible and trustworthy, leading them to conduct better transactions and, consequently, to improve their operational efficiency. This result is consistent with the notion that stakeholders perceive transparent firms positively, particularly those revealing bad news. [less ▲]

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See detailGuest Editor, Journal of Risk and Financial Management
Wolff, Christian UL

in Wolff, Christiaan (Ed.) The Financial System in a Post COVID-19 World (2021)

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See detailAssociate Editor, Journal of Risk and Financial Management
Wolff, Christian UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2021)

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See detailAssociate Editor, Pacific-Basin Finance Journal
Wolff, Christian UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2021)

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See detailMember, Managing Board, European Banking Center Network
Wolff, Christian UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2021)

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See detailEine Grabinschrift eines Soldaten der 22. Legion aus Ägypten
Groff, Thierry UL

in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (2021), 217

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See detailChildhood Circumstances and Young Adulthood Outcomes: The Role of Mothers’ Financial Problems
Clark, Andrew; d'ambrosio, Conchita UL; Barazzetta, Marta

in Health Economics (2021), 30

We here consider the cognitive and non-cognitive consequences on young adults of growing up with a mother who reported experiencing major financial problems. We use UK data from the Avon Longitudinal ... [more ▼]

We here consider the cognitive and non-cognitive consequences on young adults of growing up with a mother who reported experiencing major financial problems. We use UK data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children to show that early childhood financial problems are associated with worse adolescent cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes, controlling for both income and a set of standard variables, and in value-added models controlling for children’s earlier age-5 outcomes. The estimated effect of financial problems is almost always larger in size than that of income. Around one-quarter to one-half of the effect of financial problems on the non-cognitive outcomes seems to transit through mother’s mental health. [less ▲]

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