References of "2020"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailPerceptions of Inclusion Questionnaire (PIQ). Ein Feedback-Instrument für die inklusive Schule
Zurbriggen, Carmen UL; Knickenberg, Margarita

Article for general public (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEstimating Long Memory in Panel Random‐Coefficient AR(1) Data
Leipus, Remigijus; Philippe, Anne; Pilipauskaite, Vytauté UL et al

in Journal of Time Series Analysis (2020), 41

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssessing dimensions of inclusion from students’ perspective – measurement invariance across students with learning disabilities in different educational settings
Knickenberg, Margarita; Zurbriggen, Carmen UL; Venetz, Martin et al

in European Journal of Special Needs Education (2020), 35(3), 187302

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpatial biases in mental arithmetic are independent of reading/writing habits: Evidence from French and Arabic speakers.
Masson, Nicolas UL; Andres, Michael; Alsamour, Marie et al

in Cognition (2020), 200

The representation of numbers in human adults is linked to space. In Western cultures, small and large numbers are associated respectively with the left and right sides of space. An influential framework ... [more ▼]

The representation of numbers in human adults is linked to space. In Western cultures, small and large numbers are associated respectively with the left and right sides of space. An influential framework attributes the emergence of these spatial-numerical associations (SNAs) to cultural factors such as the direction of reading and writing, because SNAs were found to be reduced or inverted in right-to-left readers/writers (e.g., Arabic, Farsi, or Hebrew speakers). However, recent cross-cultural and animal studies cast doubt on the determining role of reading and writing directions on SNAs. In this study, we assessed this role in mental arithmetic, which requires explicit number manipulations and has revealed robust leftward or rightward biases in Western participants. We used a temporal order judgement task in French and Arabic speakers, two languages that have opposite reading/writing directions. Participants had to solve subtraction and addition problems presented auditorily while at the same time determining which of a left or right visual target appeared first on a screen. The results showed that the right target was favoured more often when solving additions than when solving subtractions both in the French- (n = 31) and Arabic-speaking (n = 25) groups. This was true even in Arabic-speaking participants whose preference for ordering of various series of numerical and non-numerical stimuli went from right to left (n = 10). These results indicate that SNAs in mental arithmetic cannot be explained by the direction of reading/writing habits and call for a reconsideration of current models to acknowledge the pervasive role of biological factors in SNAs in adults. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAccurate description of nuclear quantum effects with high-order perturbed path integrals (HOPPI)
Poltavskyi, Igor UL; Kapil, Venkat; Ceriotti, Michele et al

in Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMachine learning for molecular simulation
Frank Noé; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL; Klaus-Robert Müller et al

in Annual Review of Physical Chemistry (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 172 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFescher als dein Schatten. Zur Präsenz des Deutschen in Österreich in der Alltagspraxis
Purschke, Christoph UL

in Hundt, Markus; Kleene, Andrea; Plewnia, Albrecht (Eds.) et al Regiolekte. Objektive Sprachdaten und subjektive Wahrnehmung (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (8 UL)
Full Text
See detailAssessing suppression strategies against epidemicoutbreaks like COVID-19: the SPQEIR model
Proverbio, Daniele UL; Kemp, Francoise UL; Magni, Stefano UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2020)

The current COVID-19 outbreak represents a most serious challenge for societies worldwide. It isendangering the health of millions of people, and resulting in severe socioeconomic challenges dueto lock ... [more ▼]

The current COVID-19 outbreak represents a most serious challenge for societies worldwide. It isendangering the health of millions of people, and resulting in severe socioeconomic challenges dueto lock-down measures. Governments worldwide aim to devise exit strategies to revive the economywhile keeping the pandemic under control. The problem is that the effects of distinct measures arenot well quantified. This paper compares several suppression approaches and potential exit strategiesusing a new extended epidemic SEIR model. It concludes that while rapid and strong lock-down isan effective pandemic suppression measure, a combination of other strategies such as social distanc-ing, active protection and removal can achieve similar suppression synergistically. This quantitativeunderstanding will support the establishment of mid- and long-term interventions. Finally, the paperprovides an online tool that allows researchers and decision makers to interactively simulate diversescenarios with our model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 128 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMicrobial Active Matter: A Topological Framework
Sengupta, Anupam UL

in Frontiers in Physics (2020), 8(184),

Topology transcends boundaries that conventionally delineate physical, biological, and engineering sciences. Our ability to mathematically describe topology, combined with recent access to precision ... [more ▼]

Topology transcends boundaries that conventionally delineate physical, biological, and engineering sciences. Our ability to mathematically describe topology, combined with recent access to precision tracking and manipulation approaches, has triggered a fresh appreciation of topological ramifications in biological systems. Microbial ecosystems, a classic example of living matter, offer a rich test bed for exploring the role of topological defects in shaping community compositions, structure, and functions spanning orders in length and time scales. Microbial activity—characteristic of such structured, out-of-equilibrium systems—triggers emergent processes that endow evolutionary and ecological benefits to microbial communities. The scene stealer of this developing cross-disciplinary field of research is the topological defects: singularities that nucleate due to spontaneous symmetry breaking within the microbial system or within the surrounding material field. The interplay of geometry, order, and topology elicit novel, if not unexpected dynamics that are at the heart of active and emergent processes in such living systems. In this short review, I have put together a summary of the key recent advances that highlight the interface of active liquid crystal physics and the physical ecology of microbes; and combined it with original data from experiments on sessile species as a case to demonstrate how this interface offers a biophysical framework that could help to decode and harness active microbial processes in true ecological settings. Topology and its functional manifestations—a crucial and well-timed topic—offer a rich opportunity for both experimentalists and theoreticians willing to take up an exciting journey across scales and disciplines. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (2 UL)
Full Text
See detailBistability in oxidative stress response determines the migration behavior of phytoplankton in turbulence
Carrara, Francesco; Sengupta, Anupam UL; Behrendt, Lars et al

in bioRxiv (2020)

Turbulence is an important determinant of phytoplankton physiology, often leading to cell stress and damage. Turbulence affects phytoplankton migration, both by transporting cells and by triggering ... [more ▼]

Turbulence is an important determinant of phytoplankton physiology, often leading to cell stress and damage. Turbulence affects phytoplankton migration, both by transporting cells and by triggering switches in migratory behavior, whereby vertically migrating cells can invert their direction of migration upon exposure to turbulent cues. However, a mechanistic link between single-cell physiology and vertical migration of phytoplankton in turbulence is currently missing. Here, by combining physiological and behavioral experimentswith a mathematical model of stress accumulation and dissipation, we show that the mechanism responsible for the switch in the direction of migration in the marine raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo is the integration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling generated by turbulent cues. Within timescales as short as tens of seconds, the emergent downward-migrating subpopulation exhibited a two-fold increase of ROS, an indicator of stress, 15% lower photosynthetic efficiency, and 35% lower growth rate over multiple generations compared to the upward-migrating subpopulation. The origin of the behavioral split in a bistable oxidative stress response is corroborated by the observation that exposure of cells to exogenous stressors (H2O2, UV-A radiation or high irradiance), in lieu of turbulence, caused comparable ROS accumulation and an equivalent split into the two subpopulations. By providing a mechanistic link between single-cell physiology, population-scale migration and fitness, these results contribute to our understanding of phytoplankton community composition in future ocean conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail(Universal) Unconditional Verifiability in E-Voting without Trusted Parties
Iovino, Vincenzo; Rial, Alfredo UL; Roenne, Peter UL et al

in 2020 IEEE 33rd Computer Security Foundations Symposium (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 137 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPenser l’impensable. Le droit de vote des étrangers aux élections nationales dans le contexte multinational du Luxembourg et dans le contexte fédéral de l’Union européenne
Heuschling, Luc UL

in XIIème séminaire franco-japonais de droit public, Université d'Hiroshima 15-17 mars 2018 (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAutonomous model-based assessment of mechanical failures of reconfigurable modular robots with a Conjugate Gradient solver
Hołobut, Paweł; Lengiewicz, Jakub UL; Bordas, Stéphane UL

in 2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUniversal Hall conductance scaling in non-Hermitian Chern insulators
Groenendijk, Solofo UL; Schmidt, Thomas UL; Meng, Tobias

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 UL)
See detailComparing societies and investigating culture: Money in pockets, and its meanings
Valsiner, Jaan; Albert, Isabelle UL; Komatsu, Koji

in Noboru, Takahashi; Toshiya, Yamamoto (Eds.) Children and Money: Cultural Developmental Psychology of Pocket Money (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMental health impact of the confinement measures during the COVID-19 pandemic
Pauly, Claire UL; Schroeder, Valerie; Pauly, Laure UL et al

in Innovation in Aging (2020), 4(S1), 952

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (9 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe role of the European Parliament in the adoption of the Directive on the protection of whistle-blowers
Kafteranis, Dimitrios UL

in Revue des Affaires Européennes (2020), (4), 903-914

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 UL)
See detailLev Vygotsky as a Developmental Scientist: Pedology Rediscovered.
Valsiner, Jaan; Albert, Isabelle UL; Komatsu, Koji

in Van der Veer, René (Ed.) Vygotsky's pedology of the school age (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPsychology and Aging: European Perspectives
Lang, Frieder R.; Albert, Isabelle UL; Kliegel, Matthias

in European Psychologist (2020), 25(3),

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (0 UL)