References of "2020"
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See detailThis is not a scandal in Luxembourg
Majerus, Benoît UL

in Entreprises et Histoire (2020)

At the beginning of the 1970s, Investors Overseas Service (IOS), a Panamanian company run by an American businessman, Bernie Cornfeld, with some of its subsidiaries domiciled in Luxembourg, experienced a ... [more ▼]

At the beginning of the 1970s, Investors Overseas Service (IOS), a Panamanian company run by an American businessman, Bernie Cornfeld, with some of its subsidiaries domiciled in Luxembourg, experienced a spectacular collapse. This was the first time that the Luxembourg financial centre appeared in the local and international media as a player in a globalised financial world. The crash of IOS referred to by some European press outlets as a Luxembourgish scandal, was not described in the same terms by the Luxembourg press and political elite. This case study examines how (financial) scandals erupt and are closed down in small countries. [less ▲]

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See detailZwischentöne. 100 Jahre Ostbelgien (1920-2020). 8 Radioessays
Brüll, Christoph UL; Fickers, Andreas UL

Book published by Grenz-Echo Verlag (2020)

Seit nunmehr 100 Jahren ist das heutige Ostbelgien Teil des Belgischen Königreichs. Diesen Jahrestag haben die beiden Historiker Christoph Brüll und Andreas Fickers zum Anlass genommen, gemeinsam mit dem ... [more ▼]

Seit nunmehr 100 Jahren ist das heutige Ostbelgien Teil des Belgischen Königreichs. Diesen Jahrestag haben die beiden Historiker Christoph Brüll und Andreas Fickers zum Anlass genommen, gemeinsam mit dem BRF in 8 Radioessays in die ostbelgische Vergangenheit hineinzuhorchen. Die bislang kaum erforschten Tonarchive des BRF haben sich als herausragende Quelle erwiesen, um Zwischentöne hörbar zu machen und so Stimmen und Stimmungen aus der bewegten ostbelgischen Vergangenheit wieder zu beleben. Die in diesem Band versammelten Sendemanuskripte bieten keine ostbelgische Chronik. Vielmehr sollen sie zum Nachdenken über Geschichte anregen, darüber, wie historische Deutungen entstehen und auch, warum es sich lohnt, sich mit der Geschichte des ostbelgischen Zwischenraums als europäische Geschichte en miniature zu beschäftigen. [less ▲]

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See detailMake Italy great again. Trump’s echo and discursive manipulations in Salvini’s end of the year Facebook speech
Viola, Lorella UL

in Breeze, Ruth; Llamas, carmen (Eds.) Metaphor in politics and populism (2020)

The strategic use of the so-called new media has become more and more central to the way in which politicians, especially populist exponents, reach out to their audiences. Perhaps due to their immediate ... [more ▼]

The strategic use of the so-called new media has become more and more central to the way in which politicians, especially populist exponents, reach out to their audiences. Perhaps due to their immediate and widespread resonance, social media platforms have proven to be particularly well-suited to the way populist messages are shaped. Their impact seems to be highly effective even beyond the geographical and cultural borders of the audience the messages are originally conceived for. This article analyses the discursive strategies and use of metaphors in the end-of-the-year speech of the Italian Minister of the Interior Matteo Salvini, which was broadcasted on Facebook on 31 December 2018. Using methods of Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT) and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), the investigation shows how Salvini uses the WAR, SPORT, FAMILY, and RELIGION metaphors as well as THE PROUD ITALIAN, THE ROBIN HOOD, and THE RESCUER scenarios to construct a Eurosceptic narrative in which his party has finally redeemed Italy from a disastrous past and liberated the nation from an oppressive Europe. The analysis will also reveal echoes of Trump’s slogan ‘Make America great again’ which Salvini uses to redefine Italy’s role in the European context as the continent’s rescuer. [less ▲]

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See detailMaterial Cultures of Psychiatry
Ankele, Monika; Majerus, Benoît UL

in Ankele, Monika; Majerus, Benoît (Eds.) Material Cultures of Psychiatry (2020)

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See detailCompte rendu de Lutz Raphael, Jenseits von Kohle und Stahl
Brüll, Christoph UL

in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2020), (2), 248-251

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See detailOne hundred years of migration discourse in The Times: A discourse-historical word vector space approach to the construction of meaning
Viola, Lorella UL; Verheul, Jaap

in Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence (2020), 3(64),

This study proposes an experimental method to trace the historical evolution of media discourse as a means to investigate the construction of collective meaning. Based on distributional semantics theory ... [more ▼]

This study proposes an experimental method to trace the historical evolution of media discourse as a means to investigate the construction of collective meaning. Based on distributional semantics theory (Harris, 1954; Firth, 1957) and critical discourse theory (Wodak and Fairclough, 1997), it explores the value of merging two techniques widely employed to investigate language and meaning in two separate fields: neural word embeddings (computational linguistics) and the discourse-historical approach (DHA; Reisigl and Wodak, 2001) (applied linguistics). As a use case, we investigate the historical changes in the semantic space of public discourse of migration in the United Kingdom, and we use the Times Digital Archive (TDA) from 1900 to 2000 as dataset. For the computational part, we use the publicly available TDA word2vec models1 (Kenter et al., 2015; Martinez-Ortiz et al., 2016); these models have been trained according to sliding time windows with the specific intention to map conceptual change. We then use DHA to triangulate the results generated by the word vector models with social and historical data to identify plausible explanations for the changes in the public debate. By bringing the focus of the analysis to the level of discourse, with this method, we aim to go beyond mapping different senses expressed by single words and to add the currently missing sociohistorical and sociolinguistic depth to the computational results. The study rests on the foundation that social changes will be reflected in changes in public discourse (Couldry, 2008). Although correlation does not prove direct causation, we argue that historical events, language, and meaning should be considered as a mutually reinforcing cycle in which the language used to describe events shapes explicit meanings, which in turn trigger other events, which again will be reflected in the public discourse. [less ▲]

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See detailForgetting an Argument
Baumann, Ringo; Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Rodrigues, Odinaldo

in Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (2020)

The notion of forgetting, as considered in the famous paper by Lin and Reiter in 1994 has been extensively studied in classical logic and more recently, in non-monotonic formalisms like logic programming ... [more ▼]

The notion of forgetting, as considered in the famous paper by Lin and Reiter in 1994 has been extensively studied in classical logic and more recently, in non-monotonic formalisms like logic programming. In this paper, we convey the idea of forgetting to another major AI formalism, namely Dung-style argumentation frameworks. Our approach is axiomatic-driven and not limited to any specific semantics: we propose semantical and syntactical desiderata encoding different criteria for what forgetting an argument might mean; analyze how these criteria relate to each other; and check whether the criteria can be satisfied in general. The analysis is done for a number of widely used argumentation semantics. Our investigation shows that almost all desiderata are individually satisfiable. However, combinations of semantical and/or syntactical conditions reveal a much more interesting landscape. For instance, we found that the ad hoc approach to forgetting an argument, i.e., by the syntactical removal of the argument and all of its associated attacks, is too restrictive and only compatible with the two weakest semantical desiderata. Amongst the several interesting combinations identified, we showed that one satisfies a notion of minimal change and presented an algorithm that given an AF F and argument x, constructs a suitable AF G satisfying the conditions in the combination. [less ▲]

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See detailNormality, non-contamination and logical depth in classical natural deduction
D’Agostino, Marcello; Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Modgil, Sanjay

in Studia Logica (2020), 108(2), 291--357

In this paper we provide a detailed proof-theoretical analysis of a natural deduction system for classical propositional logic that (i) represents classical proofs in a more natural way than standard ... [more ▼]

In this paper we provide a detailed proof-theoretical analysis of a natural deduction system for classical propositional logic that (i) represents classical proofs in a more natural way than standard Gentzen-style natural deduction, (ii) admits of a simple normalization procedure such that normal proofs enjoy the Weak Subformula Property, (iii) provides the means to prove a Non-Contamination Property of normal proofs that is not satisfied by normal proofs in the Gentzen tradition and is useful for applications, especially to formal argumentation, (iv) naturally leads to defining a notion of depth of a proof, to the effect that, for every fixed natural k, normal k-depth deducibility is a tractable problem and converges to classical deducibility as k tends to infinity. [less ▲]

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See detailTalmudic Norms Approach to Mixtures with a Solution to the Paradox of the Heap: A Position Paper
David, Esther; David, Rabbi S.; Gabbay, Dov M. UL et al

in Beyond Faith and Rationality (2020)

This paper offers a Talmudic norms solution to the paradox of the heap. The claim is that the paradox arises because philosophers use the wrong language to discuss it. We need a language about objects ... [more ▼]

This paper offers a Talmudic norms solution to the paradox of the heap. The claim is that the paradox arises because philosophers use the wrong language to discuss it. We need a language about objects which is capable of expressing not only the declarative properties of the object (such as being a heap) but also how the object/heap was constructed. Such a view of objects comes from the Talmudic theory of mixtures. To this we add a first attempt at modelling the Talmudic normative theory of mixing (Talmudic calculus of Sorites). We seek a correlation between Talmudic positions on mixtures and philosophical positions on Sorites. The Talmud is very practical and cannot allow for any theoretically unresolved paradox to get in the way, and so it has a lot to offer to philosophy in general and to the heap paradox in particular. [less ▲]

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See detailIslam and Reform of Authoritarianism: The Case of Muslim Majority Government
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

in International Journal of Legislative Drafting and Legal Reform (2020), 8(1), 3-25

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See detailSchumann's Eck - an interactive documentary
Camarda, Sandra UL; Santana, Dominique UL; Scuto, Denis UL et al

Computer development (2020)

Interactive web documentary realised by the students of the Bachelor Course in Contemporary History of Luxembourg (Summer Semester 2019) in collaboration with the National Museum of Military History ... [more ▼]

Interactive web documentary realised by the students of the Bachelor Course in Contemporary History of Luxembourg (Summer Semester 2019) in collaboration with the National Museum of Military History, Diekirch. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the diachrony of giusto? (right?) in Italian: A new discoursivization
Viola, Lorella UL

in Journal of Historical Pragmatics (2020), 21(1), 83-109

In Italian, the adjective giusto (‘right’) has performed the discourse function of response marker since at least 1613 (DELI 2008: 671). In this paper, I argue that the adjective has recently undertaken a ... [more ▼]

In Italian, the adjective giusto (‘right’) has performed the discourse function of response marker since at least 1613 (DELI 2008: 671). In this paper, I argue that the adjective has recently undertaken a new process of discoursivization, defined as the diachronic process that ends in discourse (Ocampo 2006: 317). In particular, I maintain that giusto may also serve the function of invariant tag (Andersen 2001), a linguistic item appended to a statement for the purpose of seeking mutual agreement, verification or corroboration of a claim (Millar and Brown 1979). Through diachronic lexicographic, quantitative and qualitative analyses carried out over a range of historical and contemporary dictionaries and language corpora of different varieties, the results will show that, although the use of giusto? as invariant tag is currently undocumented, records of such a use are in fact found since 1990. I explore whether there are positive correlations between the use of right? in English and the use of giusto? in real use Italian and AV dialogues. [less ▲]

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See detailاستعمالُ الهيئات القضائية المتعدِّدة الأعضاء في التصدِّي لما في تقرير صفة اللاجئ من تعقيد
Hambly, Jessica; Gill, Nick; Vianelli, Lorenzo UL

in Forced Migration Review (2020), (65), 32-35

تشير البحوث في طائفةٍ من الاختصاصات القضائية الأوربية إلى أنّ استعمال الهيئات القضائية المتعددة الأعضاء في مرحلة الاستئناف يحسِّن جودةَ تقرير صفة اللاجئ وإنصافَه.

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See detailCommercial Radio Stations and their Dispositif. Transnational and Intermedial Perspectives on Radio Luxembourg and Europe n°1 in the Long Sixties.
Legay, Richard UL

Doctoral thesis (2020)

Commercial radio stations Radio Luxembourg (French and English services) and Europe n°1 are the focal point of this work. They were popular institutions in Western Europe throughout the Long Sixties (1958 ... [more ▼]

Commercial radio stations Radio Luxembourg (French and English services) and Europe n°1 are the focal point of this work. They were popular institutions in Western Europe throughout the Long Sixties (1958-1974) working across media and broadcasting transnationally. This thesis postulates the existence of an overarching dispositif of commercial radio stations that enabled them to operate on various dimensions and differentiated them from other broadcasters. The research conducted in this thesis leans on various historical sources (i.e. institutional archives, maps, radio programmes, magazines) to analyse the dispositif through three main lenses. The first lens focuses on the appropriation and representation by the stations of a transnational broadcasting space, thanks to institutional archives and maps. The second inquires into the construction of a soundscape of commercial radio and identifies its key features by a close study and thick description of recordings as source material. Magazines - namely Salut les Copains and Fabulous 208 - are the core sources of the third lens, which studies the intermedial and intertextual entanglements of Europe n°1 and Radio Luxembourg with other media. This thesis relies on various scales and multiple dimensions of radio - such as its materiality, content, significance, and commercialism - to conduct an historical analysis on a particularly diverse source material. Building on the empirical results obtained throughout the research, this thesis shows the relevance of the dispositif concept to encompass and explains the transnational and intermedial nature of commercial radio stations. By doing so, the thesis contributes to current calls in media history to look beyond national and single-medium borders. [less ▲]

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See detailA patient-based model of RNA mis-splicing uncovers treatment targets in Parkinson's disease.
Boussaad, Ibrahim UL; Obermaier, Carolin D.; Hanss, Zoé et al

in Science translational medicine (2020), 12(560),

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder with monogenic forms representing prototypes of the underlying molecular pathology and reproducing to variable degrees the sporadic ... [more ▼]

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder with monogenic forms representing prototypes of the underlying molecular pathology and reproducing to variable degrees the sporadic forms of the disease. Using a patient-based in vitro model of PARK7-linked PD, we identified a U1-dependent splicing defect causing a drastic reduction in DJ-1 protein and, consequently, mitochondrial dysfunction. Targeting defective exon skipping with genetically engineered U1-snRNA recovered DJ-1 protein expression in neuronal precursor cells and differentiated neurons. After prioritization of candidate drugs, we identified and validated a combinatorial treatment with the small-molecule compounds rectifier of aberrant splicing (RECTAS) and phenylbutyric acid, which restored DJ-1 protein and mitochondrial dysfunction in patient-derived fibroblasts as well as dopaminergic neuronal cell loss in mutant midbrain organoids. Our analysis of a large number of exomes revealed that U1 splice-site mutations were enriched in sporadic PD patients. Therefore, our study suggests an alternative strategy to restore cellular abnormalities in in vitro models of PD and provides a proof of concept for neuroprotection based on precision medicine strategies in PD. [less ▲]

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See detailProteggere o controllare? Il sistema europeo comune di asilo nello spazio Schengen
Vianelli, Lorenzo UL

in Zapruder (2020), 51(Jan-Apr 2020), 34-53

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See detailTaxation in matching markets
Dupuy, Arnaud UL; Galichon, Alfred; Jaffe, Sonia et al

in International Economic Review (2020), 61(4), 1591-1634

We analyze the effects of taxation in two-sided matching markets where agents have heterogeneous preferences over potential partners. Our model provides a continuous link between models of matching with ... [more ▼]

We analyze the effects of taxation in two-sided matching markets where agents have heterogeneous preferences over potential partners. Our model provides a continuous link between models of matching with and without transfers. Taxes generate inefficiency on the allocative margin, by changing who matches with whom. This allocative inefficiency can be non-monotonic, but is weakly increasing in the tax rate under linear taxation if each worker has negative non-pecuniary utility of working. We adapt existing econometric methods for markets without taxes to our setting, and estimate preferences in the college-coach football market. We show through simulations that standard methods inaccurately measure deadweight loss. [less ▲]

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See detailBody weight and high-fat diet are associated with epigenetic aging in female members of the BXD murine family.
Sandoval-Sierra, Jose Vladimir; Helbing, Alexandra H. B.; Williams, Evan UL et al

in Aging cell (2020), 19(9), 13207

DNA methylation (DNAm) is shaped by genetic and environmental factors and modulated by aging. Here, we examine interrelations between epigenetic aging, body weight (BW), and life span in 12 isogenic ... [more ▼]

DNA methylation (DNAm) is shaped by genetic and environmental factors and modulated by aging. Here, we examine interrelations between epigenetic aging, body weight (BW), and life span in 12 isogenic strains from the BXD family of mice that exhibit over twofold variation in longevity. Genome-wide DNAm was assayed in 70 liver specimens from predominantly female cases, 6-25 months old, that were maintained on normal chow or high-fat diet (HFD). We defined subsets of CpG regions associated with age, BW at young adulthood, and strain-by-diet-dependent life span. These age-associated differentially methylated CpG regions (age-DMRs) featured distinct genomic characteristics, with DNAm gains over time occurring in sites such as promoters and exons that have high CpG density and low average methylation. CpG regions associated with BW were enriched in introns, tended to have lower methylation in mice with higher BW, and were inversely correlated with gene expression (i.e., higher mRNA levels in mice with higher BW). CpG regions associated with life span were linked to genes involved in life span modulation, including the telomerase reverse transcriptase gene, Tert, which had both lower methylation and higher expression in long-lived strains. An epigenetic clock defined from age-DMRs revealed accelerated aging in mice belonging to strains with shorter life spans. Both higher BW and the HFD were associated with accelerated epigenetic aging. Our results highlight the age-accelerating effect of heavier BW. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the measure of epigenetic aging derived from age-DMRs can predict genotype and diet-induced differences in life span among female BXD members. [less ▲]

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See detailEl empleo de comisiones compuestas por varios miembros para abordar las complejidades de la DCR
Hambly, Jessica; Gill, Nick; Vianelli, Lorenzo UL

in Forced Migration Review (2020), (65), 32-35

Research across a range of European jurisdictions suggests that the use of multi-member judicial panels at appeal stage improves the quality and fairness of RSD

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See detailCompte rendu de Thierry Grosbois (éd.), Les enrôlés de force en Union Soviétique (1941–1955). Actes du colloque du 7 mai 2015
Brüll, Christoph UL

in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2020), (4), 500-502

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (2 UL)