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See detailTransforming Unitary States into Federations: Path-Dependent Construction of Political Identities in Belgium and Lebanon
Farhat, Nadim UL; Vloeberghs, Ward; Bourbeau, Philippe et al

in Publius: the Journal of Federalism (2020), 50(4), 593619

The theory of congruence in comparative federalism holds that institutional design will, eventually, reflect societal divisions by transferring central powers to new, autonomous entities. While this model ... [more ▼]

The theory of congruence in comparative federalism holds that institutional design will, eventually, reflect societal divisions by transferring central powers to new, autonomous entities. While this model helps to understand why many divided societies adopt federalism, it cannot explain why only certain unitary states transform into federal ones while others do not. We use a historical institutionalism approach to identify the critical junctures in the trajectory of two prominent plural polities, Belgium and Lebanon. We suggest that the politicization of identities during initial stages of state-building plays a major role in the transformation of a unitary state into a federation—which occurs in the former but not in the latter of our cases. The current contrast in both consociational democracies is explained here as a legacy of the late nineteenth century, which set in motion decisive logics of public governance that direct institutional dynamics until today. [less ▲]

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See detailReview of: Rezension von: Tobias Held (2020). Face-to-Interface: Eine Kultur- und Technikgeschichte der Videotelefonie. Marburg: Büchner-Verlag
Krebs, Stefan UL

in H-Soz-Kult: Kommunikation und Fachinformation für die Geschichtswissenschaften (2020)

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See detailMachine learning-assisted neurotoxicity prediction in human midbrain organoids
Monzel, Anna Sophia UL; Hemmer, K; Smits, Lisa UL et al

in Parkinsonism and Related Disorders (2020)

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See detailImpaired Mitochondrial-Endoplasmic Reticulum Interaction and Mitophagy in Miro1-Mutant Neurons in Parkinson’s Disease
Berenguer-Escuder, Clara; Grossmann, Dajana; Antony, Paul UL et al

in Human Molecular Genetics (2020)

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See detailReproducible generation of human midbrain organoids for in vitro modeling of Parkinson’s disease
Nickels, Sarah Louise UL; Modamio Chamarro, Jennifer UL; Mendes-Pinheiro, Barbara et al

in Stem Cell Research (2020)

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See detailCraving is everything: An eye-tracking exploration of attentional bias in binge drinking.
Bollen, Zoé; Masson, Nicolas UL; Salvaggio, Samuel et al

in Journal of Psychopharmacology (2020), 34(6), 636-647

BACKGROUND: Attentional bias towards alcohol-related stimuli is a core characteristic of severe alcohol use disorders (AUD), directly linked to clinical variables (e.g. alcohol consumption, relapse ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Attentional bias towards alcohol-related stimuli is a core characteristic of severe alcohol use disorders (AUD), directly linked to clinical variables (e.g. alcohol consumption, relapse). Nevertheless, the extent of this bias in subclinical populations remains poorly documented. This is particularly true for binge drinking, an alcohol consumption pattern highly prevalent in youth, characterised by an alternation between excessive intakes and withdrawal periods. AIMS: We used eye-tracking to: (a) measure attentional bias in binge drinking, (b) determine its time course by dissociating early/late processing stages, (c) clarify its specificity for alcohol-related stimuli compared to other appetitive stimulations and (d) explore its modulation by current craving intensity. METHODS: Binge drinkers (n=42) and matched controls (n=43) performed a visual probe task, requiring visual targets preceded by pairs of pictures to be processed, with three conditions (i.e. alcohol vs. soft drink, alcohol vs. high-calorie food, high-calorie food vs. low-calorie food). RESULTS: No group difference was observed for early processing (i.e. first area of interest visited). Dwell times highlighted a bias towards soft drinks and healthy food among controls, without any global bias towards alcohol in binge drinkers. Centrally, a comparison of binge drinkers with low versus high current craving intensity indicated that binge drinking was associated with a bias towards alcohol and high-calorie food only in the presence of a high craving towards these stimuli. CONCLUSION: Attentional bias towards alcohol reported in severe AUD is only found in binge drinkers in the presence of high craving and is generalised to other appetitive cues. [less ▲]

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See detailAktionärsidentifikation, Aktionärslegitimation und das Hauptversammlungsverfahren nach ARUG II
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Aktiengesellschaft (Die) (2020), 2020(1), 1-17

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See detailModeling and Implementation of 5G Edge Caching over Satellite
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Poirier, Yannick; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking (2020)

The fifth generation (5G) wireless networks have to deal with the high data rate and stringent latency requirements due to the massive invasion of connected devices and data-hungry applications. Edge ... [more ▼]

The fifth generation (5G) wireless networks have to deal with the high data rate and stringent latency requirements due to the massive invasion of connected devices and data-hungry applications. Edge caching is a promising technique to overcome these challenges by prefetching the content closer to the end users at the edge node’s local storage. In this paper, we analyze the performance of edge caching 5G networks with the aid of satellite communication systems. Firstly, we investigate the satellite-aided edge caching systems in two promising use cases: a) in dense urban areas, and b) in sparsely populated regions, e.g., rural areas. Secondly, we study the effectiveness of satellite systems via the proposed satellite-aided caching algorithm, which can be used in three configurations: i) mono-beam satellite, ii) multi-beam satellite, and iii) hybrid mode. Thirdly, the proposed caching algorithm is evaluated by using both empirical Zipf-distribution data and the more realistic Movielens dataset. Last but not least, the proposed caching scheme is implemented and tested by our developed demonstrators which allow real-time analysis of the cache hit ratio and cost analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Buchstäblichkeit der Buchstaben
Sieburg, Heinz UL

in Geisenhanslüke, Achim (Ed.) Buchstäblichkeit. Theorie, Geschichte, Übersetzung (2020)

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See detailCession de créance, de dette et de contrats, rapport sur les textes internationaux et les principes européens
Prüm, André UL

in Prüm, André; Ancel, Pascal (Eds.) Réformer le droit des contrats ? Analyse comparée autour du droit luxembourgeois (2020)

Rapport sur le traitement des cessions de créances, de dettes et de contrats dans les principaux textes internationaux régissant les contrats internationaux ainsi que dans les principes européens (Lando ... [more ▼]

Rapport sur le traitement des cessions de créances, de dettes et de contrats dans les principaux textes internationaux régissant les contrats internationaux ainsi que dans les principes européens (Lando et Gandolfi) [less ▲]

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See detailNeurologists, neurosurgeons, and psychiatrists' personality traits: a comparison
Surbeck, Werner; Samuel, Robin UL; Spieler, Derek et al

in Acta Neurochirurgica (2020)

Background: Clinicians in neuroscientific disciplines may present distinct personality profiles. Despite of potential relevance to clinical practice, this has not yet been studied. We therefore aimed to ... [more ▼]

Background: Clinicians in neuroscientific disciplines may present distinct personality profiles. Despite of potential relevance to clinical practice, this has not yet been studied. We therefore aimed to compare personality profiles of physicians working in the three main disciplines of clinical neuroscience, i.e., neurologists, neurosurgeons, and psychiatrists, between each other, across levels of training and to other specialties. Methods:An online survey using the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI), an internationally validated measure of the five-factor model of personality dimensions, was distributed to board-certified physicians, residents, and medical students in several European countries and Canada. Differences in personality profiles were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance and canonical linear discriminant analysis on age- and sex-standardized z-scores of personality traits. Single personality traits were analyzed using robust t tests. Results: Of the 5148 respondents who completed the survey, 723 indicated the specialties neurology, neurosurgery, or psychiatry. Compared to all other specialties, personality profiles of training and trained physicians in these three main clinical neuroscience disciplines (“NN&P”) significantly differed, with significantly higher scores in openness to experience. Within NN&P, there were significant differences in personality profiles, driven by lower neuroticism in neurosurgeons, higher conscientiousness in neurosurgeons and neurologists, and higher agreeableness in psychiatrists. Across levels of training, NN&P personality profiles did not differ significantly. Conclusion: The distinct clinical neuroscience personality profile is characterized by higher levels of openness to experience compared to non-neuroscience specialties. Despite high variability within each discipline, moderate, but solid differences in the personality profiles of neurologists, neurosurgeons and psychiatrists exist. [less ▲]

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See detailUniversity of Luxembourg - case study.
Hu, Adelheid UL; Byram, Michael UL; Hofmann, Stephanie UL et al

in Byram, Mike; Stoicheva, Maria (Eds.) The Doctorate as Experience in Europe and Beyond (2020)

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See detailλ-DNA Through porous materials – Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering in a simple plasmonic nanopore
Hubarevich, Aliaksandr; Huang, Jian-An; Giovannini, Giorgia et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces (2020), 124(41), 22663-22670

Engineered electromagnetic fields in plasmonic nanopores enable enhanced optical detection for single molecule sensing and sequencing. Here, a plasmonic nanopore prepared in a thick nanoporous film is ... [more ▼]

Engineered electromagnetic fields in plasmonic nanopores enable enhanced optical detection for single molecule sensing and sequencing. Here, a plasmonic nanopore prepared in a thick nanoporous film is used to investigate, by means of surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy, the interaction between the metallic surface of the pore and a long-chain double strand DNA molecule free to diffuse through the pore. We discuss how the matrix of the porous material can interact with the molecule thanks to: i) transient aspecific interactions between the porous surface and DNA; ii) diffusion; iii) thermal and optical forces exerted by the localized field in a metallic nanostructure on the DNA molecule. An interaction time up to tens of milliseconds enables to collect high signal-to-noise Raman signatures, allowing an easy label-free reading of information from the DNA molecule. Moreover, to increase the rate of detection, we tested a polymeric porous hydrogel placed beneath the solid-state membrane. The hydrogel enables a slowdown of the molecule diffusion time, thus increasing the number of detected interaction events by a factor 20. The analysis of the observed Raman peaks and their relative intensities, combined with theoretical simulations, allow to get further information on the process of translocation and on the folding state and orientation of the translocating molecule. Our results demonstrate temporary adsorption of the DNA molecule on the porous material during the translocation due to the diffusion force. Finally, we provide a qualitative evaluation of the nucleotides’ contents in the different groups of collected signal. The proposed approach can find interesting applications not only in DNA sensing and sequencing, but also on generic nanopore spectroscopy. [less ▲]

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See detailEntendimento: juízos, categories, esquemas e princípos
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Immanuel Kant. Conceitos fundamentais (2020)

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See detailFactor structure and measurement invariance of the problematic mobile phone use questionnaire-short version across gender in Chinese adolescents and young adults
Wang, Ying-Ying; Long, Jiang; Liu, Yue-Heng et al

in BMC Psychiatry (2020), 20

Background: Problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) has become a public health issue in China, particularly in adolescents and young adults. The Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire-Short Version (PMPUQ ... [more ▼]

Background: Problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) has become a public health issue in China, particularly in adolescents and young adults. The Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire-Short Version (PMPUQ-SV) is a validated instrument that measures multiple aspects of PMPU. The current study aimed to test the psychometric characteristics of a Chinese adaption of the PMPUQ-SV and examine its measurement invariance across gender. Methods: A total of 2086 participants were recruited form nine schools (six undergraduate colleges and three vocational colleges) through an online platform. Measures included socio-demographic variables, patterns of mobile phone use, the Chinese version of the PMPUQ-SV (C-PMPUQ-SV), the Chinese version of the Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale (C-SAPS), and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21). Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses conducted in two independent subsamples confirmed that the postulated dimensions fit the data well. Four items, judged as either outdated or not adapted to the Chinese context, performed poorly and were removed, resulting in a shorter 11-item scale. Convergent validity was established through correlations between emotional symptoms and the C-PMPUQ-SV and addictive smartphone use. Additional measurement invariance analyses showed that the scale performed largely similarly in male and female participants. Conclusions: The present study demonstrated that the C-PMPUQ-SV is an adequate instrument to study various types of PMPU in Chinese adolescents and young adults. The updated 11-item scale shortens the evaluation time and is adapted to assess contemporary smartphone use. [less ▲]

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See detailBank power and public policy since the financial crisis
Howarth, David UL; James, Scott; Macartney, Huw

in Business and Politics (2020), 22(1), 1-24

Despite much commentary in the media and the popular assumption that the banking industry exerts undue influence on government policy-making, the academic literature on the role of the banks since the ... [more ▼]

Despite much commentary in the media and the popular assumption that the banking industry exerts undue influence on government policy-making, the academic literature on the role of the banks since the 2008 financial crisis remains theoretically and empirically under-specified. In particular, we argue that different forms of financial power are often conflated, while favorable policy outcomes are too-readily assumed to be evidence of regulatory capture. In short, we still know relatively little about how bank influence varies over time and in different national contexts, the extent to which banking interests are unified or divided, and the conditions under which banks are capable of producing meaningful variation in policy outcomes. This article has three objectives: 1) to explain why the debate on bank influence matters; 2) to examine the evidence of bank influence since the international financial crisis; and 3) to set out a range of conceptual tools for thinking about bank power. [less ▲]

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See detailBreak and share : l’exemple d’un groupe sportif informel dans une organisation bureaucratique
Vysotskaya, Volha UL; Kerivel, Aude UL

in Pierre, Julien; Pichot, Lillian (Eds.) Le sport au travail - Bien-être & management (2020)

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See detailCimetière
Kmec, Sonja UL

in Publictionnaire. Dictionnaire encyclopédique et critique des publics. (2020)

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See detailAktuelle Entwicklungen im Steuerrecht in der Informationstechnologie 2018/2019 - Teil 1
Schmittmann, Jens; Sinnig, Julia UL

in Kommunikation und Recht (2020), 23(2), 111-116

Teil eins des Beitrags fasst die wesentlichen Entwicklungen in Legislative und Judikative im internationalen und europäischen Steuerrecht sowie in Legislative im deutschen Steuerrecht zusammen, soweit ... [more ▼]

Teil eins des Beitrags fasst die wesentlichen Entwicklungen in Legislative und Judikative im internationalen und europäischen Steuerrecht sowie in Legislative im deutschen Steuerrecht zusammen, soweit sich Bezüge zur Informationstechnologie und dem Informationstechnologierecht ergeben. Er knüpft an die Beiträge des Verfassers Prof. Dr. Jens M. Schmittmann in den Vorjahren, sowie dem Beitrag beider Verfasser im vergangenen Jahr und den Vorträgen der Verfasser in Bremen anlässlich der DSRI Herbstakademie 2019 an. [less ▲]

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