References of "2020"
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See detailMental health issues in health care professionals facing a pandemic.
Gomez Bravo, Raquel UL; Jobim Fischer, Vinicius UL; Lygidakis, Charilaos et al

in The Ends of Humanities (2020), 2

The Sars-CoV-2 pandemic puts an extreme strain on health care professionals, who are at a high risk of psychological distress and other mental health problems. Contributing factors include facing ... [more ▼]

The Sars-CoV-2 pandemic puts an extreme strain on health care professionals, who are at a high risk of psychological distress and other mental health problems. Contributing factors include facing uncertainty, the often unbearable workload, shortages in personal protective equipment and treatments, an overwhelming flow of information, and changes in habitual roles and tasks. Existing studies show that in similar situations, they also experience stigmatization, as well as fear of infection for themselves and their families. This article summarizes the existing research on the mental health issues in health care professionals in this context, including risk factors, and interventions that can be implemented to promote mental well-being in front line professionals. [less ▲]

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See detailSECAT: Quantifying Protein Complex Dynamics across Cell States by Network-Centric Analysis of SEC-SWATH-MS Profiles.
Rosenberger, George; Heusel, Moritz; Bludau, Isabell et al

in Cell systems (2020), 11(6), 589-6078

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) play critical functional and regulatory roles in cellular processes. They are essential for macromolecular complex formation, which in turn constitutes the basis for ... [more ▼]

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) play critical functional and regulatory roles in cellular processes. They are essential for macromolecular complex formation, which in turn constitutes the basis for protein interaction networks that determine the functional state of a cell. We and others have previously shown that chromatographic fractionation of native protein complexes in combination with bottom-up mass spectrometric analysis of consecutive fractions supports the multiplexed characterization and detection of state-specific changes of protein complexes. In this study, we extend co-fractionation and mass spectrometric data analysis to perform quantitative, network-based studies of proteome organization, via the size-exclusion chromatography algorithmic toolkit (SECAT). This framework explicitly accounts for the dynamic nature and rewiring of protein complexes across multiple cell states and samples, thus, elucidating molecular mechanisms that are differentially implemented across different experimental settings. Systematic analysis of multiple datasets shows that SECAT represents a highly scalable and effective methodology to assess condition/state-specific protein-network state. A record of this paper's transparent peer review process is included in the Supplemental Information. [less ▲]

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See detailSearch-based adversarial testing and improvement of constrained credit scoring systems
Ghamizi, Salah UL; Cordy, Maxime UL; Gubri, Martin UL et al

in ACM Joint European Software Engineering Conference and Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering (ESEC/FSE '20), November 8-13, 2020 (2020)

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See detailMaterial Cultures of Psychiatry
Ankele, Monika; Majerus, Benoît UL

Book published by transcript (2020)

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See detailSurveillance, indépendance et intégrité
Marx, Claude; Limpach, Marc; Majerus, Benoît UL

Book published by CSSF (2020)

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See detailEcrire l'histoire de la place financière d/au Luxembourg
Majerus, Benoît UL

in Marx, Claude; Limpach, Marc; Majerus, Benoît (Eds.) Surveillance, indépendance et intégrité (2020)

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See detailDeutsch-französische soap opera an der Saar: die Anfänge des kommerziellen Rundfunks im Saarland (Tele-Saar und Europe no 1)
Fickers, Andreas UL

in Ziegler, Volker (Ed.) Das Europe 1 Sendezentrum im Saarland / Berus Überherrn (2020)

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See detailThis is not a scandal in Luxembourg
Majerus, Benoît UL

in Entreprises et Histoire (2020)

At the beginning of the 1970s, Investors Overseas Service (IOS), a Panamanian company run by an American businessman, Bernie Cornfeld, with some of its subsidiaries domiciled in Luxembourg, experienced a ... [more ▼]

At the beginning of the 1970s, Investors Overseas Service (IOS), a Panamanian company run by an American businessman, Bernie Cornfeld, with some of its subsidiaries domiciled in Luxembourg, experienced a spectacular collapse. This was the first time that the Luxembourg financial centre appeared in the local and international media as a player in a globalised financial world. The crash of IOS referred to by some European press outlets as a Luxembourgish scandal, was not described in the same terms by the Luxembourg press and political elite. This case study examines how (financial) scandals erupt and are closed down in small countries. [less ▲]

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See detailZwischentöne. 100 Jahre Ostbelgien (1920-2020). 8 Radioessays
Brüll, Christoph UL; Fickers, Andreas UL

Book published by Grenz-Echo Verlag (2020)

Seit nunmehr 100 Jahren ist das heutige Ostbelgien Teil des Belgischen Königreichs. Diesen Jahrestag haben die beiden Historiker Christoph Brüll und Andreas Fickers zum Anlass genommen, gemeinsam mit dem ... [more ▼]

Seit nunmehr 100 Jahren ist das heutige Ostbelgien Teil des Belgischen Königreichs. Diesen Jahrestag haben die beiden Historiker Christoph Brüll und Andreas Fickers zum Anlass genommen, gemeinsam mit dem BRF in 8 Radioessays in die ostbelgische Vergangenheit hineinzuhorchen. Die bislang kaum erforschten Tonarchive des BRF haben sich als herausragende Quelle erwiesen, um Zwischentöne hörbar zu machen und so Stimmen und Stimmungen aus der bewegten ostbelgischen Vergangenheit wieder zu beleben. Die in diesem Band versammelten Sendemanuskripte bieten keine ostbelgische Chronik. Vielmehr sollen sie zum Nachdenken über Geschichte anregen, darüber, wie historische Deutungen entstehen und auch, warum es sich lohnt, sich mit der Geschichte des ostbelgischen Zwischenraums als europäische Geschichte en miniature zu beschäftigen. [less ▲]

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See detailMake Italy great again. Trump’s echo and discursive manipulations in Salvini’s end of the year Facebook speech
Viola, Lorella UL

in Breeze, Ruth; Llamas, carmen (Eds.) Metaphor in politics and populism (2020)

The strategic use of the so-called new media has become more and more central to the way in which politicians, especially populist exponents, reach out to their audiences. Perhaps due to their immediate ... [more ▼]

The strategic use of the so-called new media has become more and more central to the way in which politicians, especially populist exponents, reach out to their audiences. Perhaps due to their immediate and widespread resonance, social media platforms have proven to be particularly well-suited to the way populist messages are shaped. Their impact seems to be highly effective even beyond the geographical and cultural borders of the audience the messages are originally conceived for. This article analyses the discursive strategies and use of metaphors in the end-of-the-year speech of the Italian Minister of the Interior Matteo Salvini, which was broadcasted on Facebook on 31 December 2018. Using methods of Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT) and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), the investigation shows how Salvini uses the WAR, SPORT, FAMILY, and RELIGION metaphors as well as THE PROUD ITALIAN, THE ROBIN HOOD, and THE RESCUER scenarios to construct a Eurosceptic narrative in which his party has finally redeemed Italy from a disastrous past and liberated the nation from an oppressive Europe. The analysis will also reveal echoes of Trump’s slogan ‘Make America great again’ which Salvini uses to redefine Italy’s role in the European context as the continent’s rescuer. [less ▲]

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See detailMaterial Cultures of Psychiatry
Ankele, Monika; Majerus, Benoît UL

in Ankele, Monika; Majerus, Benoît (Eds.) Material Cultures of Psychiatry (2020)

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See detailCompte rendu de Lutz Raphael, Jenseits von Kohle und Stahl
Brüll, Christoph UL

in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2020), (2), 248-251

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See detailOne hundred years of migration discourse in The Times: A discourse-historical word vector space approach to the construction of meaning
Viola, Lorella UL; Verheul, Jaap

in Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence (2020), 3(64),

This study proposes an experimental method to trace the historical evolution of media discourse as a means to investigate the construction of collective meaning. Based on distributional semantics theory ... [more ▼]

This study proposes an experimental method to trace the historical evolution of media discourse as a means to investigate the construction of collective meaning. Based on distributional semantics theory (Harris, 1954; Firth, 1957) and critical discourse theory (Wodak and Fairclough, 1997), it explores the value of merging two techniques widely employed to investigate language and meaning in two separate fields: neural word embeddings (computational linguistics) and the discourse-historical approach (DHA; Reisigl and Wodak, 2001) (applied linguistics). As a use case, we investigate the historical changes in the semantic space of public discourse of migration in the United Kingdom, and we use the Times Digital Archive (TDA) from 1900 to 2000 as dataset. For the computational part, we use the publicly available TDA word2vec models1 (Kenter et al., 2015; Martinez-Ortiz et al., 2016); these models have been trained according to sliding time windows with the specific intention to map conceptual change. We then use DHA to triangulate the results generated by the word vector models with social and historical data to identify plausible explanations for the changes in the public debate. By bringing the focus of the analysis to the level of discourse, with this method, we aim to go beyond mapping different senses expressed by single words and to add the currently missing sociohistorical and sociolinguistic depth to the computational results. The study rests on the foundation that social changes will be reflected in changes in public discourse (Couldry, 2008). Although correlation does not prove direct causation, we argue that historical events, language, and meaning should be considered as a mutually reinforcing cycle in which the language used to describe events shapes explicit meanings, which in turn trigger other events, which again will be reflected in the public discourse. [less ▲]

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See detailForgetting an Argument
Baumann, Ringo; Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Rodrigues, Odinaldo

in Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (2020)

The notion of forgetting, as considered in the famous paper by Lin and Reiter in 1994 has been extensively studied in classical logic and more recently, in non-monotonic formalisms like logic programming ... [more ▼]

The notion of forgetting, as considered in the famous paper by Lin and Reiter in 1994 has been extensively studied in classical logic and more recently, in non-monotonic formalisms like logic programming. In this paper, we convey the idea of forgetting to another major AI formalism, namely Dung-style argumentation frameworks. Our approach is axiomatic-driven and not limited to any specific semantics: we propose semantical and syntactical desiderata encoding different criteria for what forgetting an argument might mean; analyze how these criteria relate to each other; and check whether the criteria can be satisfied in general. The analysis is done for a number of widely used argumentation semantics. Our investigation shows that almost all desiderata are individually satisfiable. However, combinations of semantical and/or syntactical conditions reveal a much more interesting landscape. For instance, we found that the ad hoc approach to forgetting an argument, i.e., by the syntactical removal of the argument and all of its associated attacks, is too restrictive and only compatible with the two weakest semantical desiderata. Amongst the several interesting combinations identified, we showed that one satisfies a notion of minimal change and presented an algorithm that given an AF F and argument x, constructs a suitable AF G satisfying the conditions in the combination. [less ▲]

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See detailNormality, non-contamination and logical depth in classical natural deduction
D’Agostino, Marcello; Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Modgil, Sanjay

in Studia Logica (2020), 108(2), 291--357

In this paper we provide a detailed proof-theoretical analysis of a natural deduction system for classical propositional logic that (i) represents classical proofs in a more natural way than standard ... [more ▼]

In this paper we provide a detailed proof-theoretical analysis of a natural deduction system for classical propositional logic that (i) represents classical proofs in a more natural way than standard Gentzen-style natural deduction, (ii) admits of a simple normalization procedure such that normal proofs enjoy the Weak Subformula Property, (iii) provides the means to prove a Non-Contamination Property of normal proofs that is not satisfied by normal proofs in the Gentzen tradition and is useful for applications, especially to formal argumentation, (iv) naturally leads to defining a notion of depth of a proof, to the effect that, for every fixed natural k, normal k-depth deducibility is a tractable problem and converges to classical deducibility as k tends to infinity. [less ▲]

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See detailTalmudic Norms Approach to Mixtures with a Solution to the Paradox of the Heap: A Position Paper
David, Esther; David, Rabbi S.; Gabbay, Dov M. UL et al

in Beyond Faith and Rationality (2020)

This paper offers a Talmudic norms solution to the paradox of the heap. The claim is that the paradox arises because philosophers use the wrong language to discuss it. We need a language about objects ... [more ▼]

This paper offers a Talmudic norms solution to the paradox of the heap. The claim is that the paradox arises because philosophers use the wrong language to discuss it. We need a language about objects which is capable of expressing not only the declarative properties of the object (such as being a heap) but also how the object/heap was constructed. Such a view of objects comes from the Talmudic theory of mixtures. To this we add a first attempt at modelling the Talmudic normative theory of mixing (Talmudic calculus of Sorites). We seek a correlation between Talmudic positions on mixtures and philosophical positions on Sorites. The Talmud is very practical and cannot allow for any theoretically unresolved paradox to get in the way, and so it has a lot to offer to philosophy in general and to the heap paradox in particular. [less ▲]

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See detailIslam and Reform of Authoritarianism: The Case of Muslim Majority Government
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

in International Journal of Legislative Drafting and Legal Reform (2020), 8(1), 3-25

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See detailSchumann's Eck - an interactive documentary
Camarda, Sandra UL; Santana, Dominique UL; Scuto, Denis UL et al

Computer development (2020)

Interactive web documentary realised by the students of the Bachelor Course in Contemporary History of Luxembourg (Summer Semester 2019) in collaboration with the National Museum of Military History ... [more ▼]

Interactive web documentary realised by the students of the Bachelor Course in Contemporary History of Luxembourg (Summer Semester 2019) in collaboration with the National Museum of Military History, Diekirch. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the diachrony of giusto? (right?) in Italian: A new discoursivization
Viola, Lorella UL

in Journal of Historical Pragmatics (2020), 21(1), 83-109

In Italian, the adjective giusto (‘right’) has performed the discourse function of response marker since at least 1613 (DELI 2008: 671). In this paper, I argue that the adjective has recently undertaken a ... [more ▼]

In Italian, the adjective giusto (‘right’) has performed the discourse function of response marker since at least 1613 (DELI 2008: 671). In this paper, I argue that the adjective has recently undertaken a new process of discoursivization, defined as the diachronic process that ends in discourse (Ocampo 2006: 317). In particular, I maintain that giusto may also serve the function of invariant tag (Andersen 2001), a linguistic item appended to a statement for the purpose of seeking mutual agreement, verification or corroboration of a claim (Millar and Brown 1979). Through diachronic lexicographic, quantitative and qualitative analyses carried out over a range of historical and contemporary dictionaries and language corpora of different varieties, the results will show that, although the use of giusto? as invariant tag is currently undocumented, records of such a use are in fact found since 1990. I explore whether there are positive correlations between the use of right? in English and the use of giusto? in real use Italian and AV dialogues. [less ▲]

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