References of "2020"
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See detailVormoderne Glückserfahrungen in der virtuellen (Corona-)Realität
Bendheim, Amelie UL; Reicher, Ruth

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis. Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences. Luxemburg (2020)

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See detailGames for enhancing cognitive abilities
Cardoso-Leite, Pedro UL; Joessel, Augustin; Bavelier, Daphne

in Plass, Jan; Mayer, Richard E; Homer, Bruce D (Eds.) Handbook of Game-based Learning (2020)

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See detailContrasting Classical and Machine Learning Approaches in the Estimation of Value-Added Scores in Large-Scale Educational Data
Levy, Jessica UL; Mussack, Dominic UL; Brunner, Martin et al

in Frontiers in Psychology (2020), 11

There is no consensus on which statistical model estimates school value-added (VA) most accurately. To date, the two most common statistical models used for the calculation of VA scores are two classical ... [more ▼]

There is no consensus on which statistical model estimates school value-added (VA) most accurately. To date, the two most common statistical models used for the calculation of VA scores are two classical methods: linear regression and multilevel models. These models have the advantage of being relatively transparent and thus understandable for most researchers and practitioners. However, these statistical models are bound to certain assumptions (e.g., linearity) that might limit their prediction accuracy. Machine learning methods, which have yielded spectacular results in numerous fields, may be a valuable alternative to these classical models. Although big data is not new in general, it is relatively new in the realm of social sciences and education. New types of data require new data analytical approaches. Such techniques have already evolved in fields with a long tradition in crunching big data (e.g., gene technology). The objective of the present paper is to competently apply these “imported” techniques to education data, more precisely VA scores, and assess when and how they can extend or replace the classical psychometrics toolbox. The different models include linear and non-linear methods and extend classical models with the most commonly used machine learning methods (i.e., random forest, neural networks, support vector machines, and boosting). We used representative data of 3,026 students in 153 schools who took part in the standardized achievement tests of the Luxembourg School Monitoring Program in grades 1 and 3. Multilevel models outperformed classical linear and polynomial regressions, as well as different machine learning models. However, it could be observed that across all schools, school VA scores from different model types correlated highly. Yet, the percentage of disagreements as compared to multilevel models was not trivial and real-life implications for individual schools may still be dramatic depending on the model type used. Implications of these results and possible ethical concerns regarding the use of machine learning methods for decision-making in education are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailRegionale Lernprozesse im Grenzraum Saarland- Lothringen. Das Beispiel der grenzüberschreitenden dualen Berufsausbildung.
Nienaber, Birte UL; Dörrenbächer, H. Peter; Funk, Ines

in Die Hefte der Großregion (2020), 3

In the Saarland-Lorraine border region, not only do numerous people work in the neighbouring country, the border is also crossed for the purpose of dual vocational and educational training. The text ... [more ▼]

In the Saarland-Lorraine border region, not only do numerous people work in the neighbouring country, the border is also crossed for the purpose of dual vocational and educational training. The text explains in a generally understandable way who are important regional players; which cross-border players play a role and how learning processes take place. [less ▲]

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See detailThere is not nothing here. On emptiness in the city
Peleman, David UL

in Van Cauteren, Philippe; Swinnen, Peter (Eds.) Le Musée et son Double 2020-2030 (2020)

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See detailHier is niet niets. Over leegte in de stad
Peleman, David UL

in Swinnen, Peter; Van Cauteren, Philippe (Eds.) Le Musée et son Double. 2020/2030 (2020)

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See detailMedia use, attention, mental health and academic performance among 8 to 12 year old children
Cardoso-Leite, Pedro UL; Buchard, Albert; Tissieres, Isabel et al

E-print/Working paper (2020)

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See detailThe Structure of Behavioral Data
Defossez, Aurélien; Ansarinia, Morteza UL; Clocher, Brice UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2020)

For more than a century, scientists have been collecting behavioral data--an increasing fraction of which is now being publicly shared so other researchers can reuse them to replicate, integrate or extend ... [more ▼]

For more than a century, scientists have been collecting behavioral data--an increasing fraction of which is now being publicly shared so other researchers can reuse them to replicate, integrate or extend past results. Although behavioral data is fundamental to many scientific fields, there is currently no widely adopted standard for formatting, naming, organizing, describing or sharing such data. This lack of standardization is a major bottleneck for scientific progress. Not only does it prevent the effective reuse of data, it also affects how behavioral data in general are processed, as non-standard data calls for custom-made data analysis code and prevents the development of efficient tools. To address this problem, we develop the Behaverse Data Model (BDM), a standard for structuring behavioral data. Here we focus on major concepts in behavioral data, leaving further details and developments to the project's website (https://behaverse.github.io/data-model/). [less ▲]

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See detailQualitätskriterien von inklusiven Bildungsmedien im Fach Mathematik - Theoretische und empirische Rahmenbedingungen
Bierschwale, Christoph; Vogt, Michaela; Andersen, Katja Natalie UL et al

in Kölner Online Journal für Lehrer*innenbildung (2020), 2(2), 1-25

This article deals with the development of quality criteriaof inclusive teaching materials in mathematics. As part of an international comparative research design, group discussions were held with primary ... [more ▼]

This article deals with the development of quality criteriaof inclusive teaching materials in mathematics. As part of an international comparative research design, group discussions were held with primary school math teachers. After analyzing the content of the group discussions there were sixcriteria that characterize inclusive teaching material in mathematics, including the structure of the material, individualization, collaborativelearning, conceptualization e.g. with regard to principles of mathematical education, mathematical task culture and metacognitive support. The findings presented in the form of the criteria catalogprovide new impulses for teacher trainings and the development of inclusive teaching material. [less ▲]

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See detailNeues von der patentrechtlichen Zwangslizenz. Ein Überblick anlässlich BGH „Alirocumab“.
Stierle, Martin UL

in Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 UL)
See detailLuxembourg: Political Developments and Data in 2019
Schmit, Dan; Dumont, Patrick; Kies, Raphaël UL

in European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook (2020)

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See detailZum Unverhältnismäßigkeitsvorbehalt im patentrechtlichen Unterlassungsrecht.
Stierle, Martin UL

in Mitteilungen der Patentanwälte (2020)

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See detailArtificial Intelligence Designated as Inventor – An Analysis of the Recent EPO Case Law.
Stierle, Martin UL

in Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht. Internationaler Teil (2020)

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See detailDissipation controls transport and phase transitions in active fluids: mobility, diffusion and biased ensembles
Fodor, Etienne UL; Nemoto, Takahiro; Vaikuntanathan, Suriyanarayanan

in NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS (2020), 22(1),

Active fluids operate by constantly dissipating energy at the particle level to perform a directed motion, yielding dynamics and phases without any equilibrium equivalent. The emerging behaviors have been ... [more ▼]

Active fluids operate by constantly dissipating energy at the particle level to perform a directed motion, yielding dynamics and phases without any equilibrium equivalent. The emerging behaviors have been studied extensively, yet deciphering how local energy fluxes control the collective phenomena is still largely an open challenge. We provide generic relations between the activity-induced dissipation and the transport properties of an internal tracer. By exploiting a mapping between active fluctuations and disordered driving, our results reveal how the local dissipation, at the basis of self-propulsion, constrains internal transport by reducing the mobility and the diffusion of particles. Then, we employ techniques of large deviations to investigate how interactions are affected when varying dissipation. This leads us to shed light on a microscopic mechanism to promote clustering at low dissipation, and we also show the existence of collective motion at high dissipation. Overall, these results illustrate how tuning dissipation provides an alternative route to phase transitions in active fluids. [less ▲]

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See detailSpiel-Werke. Perspektiven auf literarische Spiele und Games
Sieburg, Heinz UL; Amann, Wilhelm UL

Book published by transcript (2020)

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See detailEffects of rejection intensity and rejection sensitivity on social approach behavior in women
Schaan, Violetta; Schulz, André UL; Bernstein, Michael et al

in PLoS ONE (2020), 15(1), 0227799

Objective: Perceived rejection plays an important role for mental health and social integration. This study investigated the impact of rejection intensity and rejection sensitivity on social approach ... [more ▼]

Objective: Perceived rejection plays an important role for mental health and social integration. This study investigated the impact of rejection intensity and rejection sensitivity on social approach behavior. Method: 121 female participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions differing in the degree of induced rejection (inclusion, medium rejection, severe rejection). Thereafter they were asked to interact with an unknown person during a touch-based cooperative task. Results: Participants high in rejection sensitivity sought significantly less physical contact than participants low in rejection sensitivity. Individuals in the medium rejection condition touched their partners more often than those in the included condition, while no difference between included and severely rejected participants could be observed. Conclusions: The results suggest that the intensity of rejection matters with regard to coping. While participants in the medium intensity rejection condition aimed to ‘repair’ their social self by seeking increased contact with others, severely rejected participants did not adapt their behavior compared to included participants. Implications for therapy are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailHow to Develop a GDPR-Compliant Blockchain Solution for Cross-Organizational Workflow Management: Evidence from the German Asylum Procedure.
Guggenmos, Florian; Lockl, Jannik; Rieger, Alexander UL et al

in Proceedings of the Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2020 (2020)

Blockchain technology has the potential to resolve trust concerns in cross-organizational workflows and to reduce reliance on paper-based documents as trust anchors. Although these prospects are real, so ... [more ▼]

Blockchain technology has the potential to resolve trust concerns in cross-organizational workflows and to reduce reliance on paper-based documents as trust anchors. Although these prospects are real, so is regulatory uncertainty. In particular, the reconciliation of blockchain with Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is proving to be a significant challenge. We tackled this challenge with the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. Here, we explain how we used Action Research to guide the Federal Office in creating a GDPR-compliant blockchain solution for the German asylum procedure. Moreover, we explain the architecture of the Federal Office’s solution and present two design principles for developing GDPR- compliant blockchain solutions for cross- organizational workflow management. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (18 UL)