References of "2020"
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See detailRisk disclosure and analyst following: a study of French listed firms
Derouiche, Imen UL; Muessig, Anke UL; Weber, Véronique UL

in European Journal of Finance (2020), 26(14), 1355-1376

Prior research shows that financial analysts play an important information intermediary role in France. This study extends earlier research to examine the effect of risk disclosure on the number of ... [more ▼]

Prior research shows that financial analysts play an important information intermediary role in France. This study extends earlier research to examine the effect of risk disclosure on the number of analysts following listed firms. Using a unique dataset of French firms on the 120 SBF index over 2007−2015, the results show a positive and significant relation between risk disclosure and analyst following, suggesting that firms having greater risk disclosure attract more financial analysts. These findings provide empirical support to the argument that analysts incur lower costs of information gathering in firms with greater risk disclosure. The demand for analyst services is also more valuable in these firms, given their potentially high exposure to risks, implying greater analyst following. Overall, our results are in line with prior literature highlighting that analysts’ activities complement annual report disclosures and, generally, corporate disclosures. [less ▲]

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See detailLegal Data Actions
Syi, ; Hamp, Gábor; Markovich, Réka UL

in Jusletter IT (2020)

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See detailLe processus de médiation et son issue à la croisée des dimensions psychologiques et sociales : pistes de recherche
Pignault, Anne; Meyers, Raymond; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Négociations (2020), 34(2), 171-192

Les pratiques de médiation sont promues de façon croissante par les sociétés occidentales, avec un nombre grandissant de centres et de praticiens qui offrent leurs services. La recherche sur les ... [more ▼]

Les pratiques de médiation sont promues de façon croissante par les sociétés occidentales, avec un nombre grandissant de centres et de praticiens qui offrent leurs services. La recherche sur les déterminants, les mécanismes et les résultats de la médiation en est cependant encore à ses débuts en Europe francophone, alors que déjà beaucoup plus avancée dans les pays anglo-saxons. Une analyse de la littérature internationale est ici proposée afin d’inspirer la recherche dans nos pays. Elle permet de faire émerger deux principales priorités de recherche, concernant les ressources et stratégies utilisées par les médiateurs et l’évaluation de la médiation et ses effets à moyen et long termes.Mediation is increasingly promoted by Western societies, with a growing number of centers and practitioners offering their services. Research on the determinants, mechanisms, and results of mediation are nevertheless still in their infancy in French-speaking Europe, though they are more advanced in English-speaking countries. An analysis of the international literature is here proposed in order to guide research in our countries. Two subjects should be research priorities: the resources and strategies used by mediators; and the evaluation of mediation by establishing precise criteria and by studying, through longitudinal research designs, the link between the initial characteristics of mediation and its medium- and long-term effects. [less ▲]

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See detailInterpretation of Support among Arguments
Yu, Liuwen; Markovich, Réka UL; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Legal Knowledge and Information Systems – Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Application Series (2020)

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See detailUnderpricing of initial public offerings in experimental asset markets
Neugebauer, Tibor UL; Füllbrunn, Sascha; Nicklisch, Andreas

in Experimental Economics (2020), 23(4)(1002-1029),

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See detailHealth inequalities in the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic
Leist, Anja UL

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis. Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences (2020)

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See detailParental (non-)pain attending verbalizations moderate the relationship between child attention and memory bias for pain
Wauters, Aline; Noel, Melanie; van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL et al

in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PAIN (2020), 24(9), 1797--1811

Background: Children's negatively biased pain‐related memories (i.e. recalling pain as being more intense or fearful than initially reported) have been recognized as a key factor in explaining child pain ... [more ▼]

Background: Children's negatively biased pain‐related memories (i.e. recalling pain as being more intense or fearful than initially reported) have been recognized as a key factor in explaining child pain development. While mechanisms underlying children's pain memory development remain poorly understood, attention biases and parent language have been implicated in conceptual models. This study examined the association between child pain‐related attention and memory biases and the moderating role of parental pain and non‐pain attending verbalizations. Methods: Participants were 51 school children and one of their parents. Probability of initial fixation and gaze duration to pain were assessed using eye tracking methodology. Children performed a cold pressor task (CPT) and reported on experienced pain intensity and pain‐related fear. A 3‐minute parent–child interaction upon CPT completion allowed measurement of parental pain and non‐pain attending verbalizations. Children's pain‐related memories were elicited 2 weeks later. Results: Findings indicated that the relationship between maintained attention to pain and fear memory bias was moderated by parental non‐pain attending verbalizations such that higher gaze duration bias was positively associated with fear memory bias but only among children whose parents demonstrated low levels of non‐pain attending verbalizations. The opposite pattern was observed for children whose parents showed high levels of non‐pain attending verbalizations. No such effects were observed for child initial attention bias to pain, memory bias for pain and parental pain attending verbalizations. Conclusions: Findings highlight the importance of parental and child pain‐related variables as well as their interaction in understanding negatively biased pain‐related memories. Significance: This study on child pain memories is the first to highlight that characteristics of the social context, such as parental (non‐)pain‐related verbalizations, as well as factors related to the intra‐individual experience of pain, such as child attention bias to pain, should be studied jointly, as they interact with each other in their effect on the emergence of negatively biased memories of painful events. [less ▲]

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See detail„Ich werde eingetaucht / in vás“? Peter Waterhouses 'Prosperos Land' als Dynamisierung von T.S. Eliots 'The Waste Land'
Schöneich, Dinah Mareike UL

in Interlitteraria (2020), 25(2), 507-621

The assumption of the existence of well discernible national languages is at odds with the dynamic nature of language. It is part of the so-called “monolingual paradigm” and therefore implies inextricably ... [more ▼]

The assumption of the existence of well discernible national languages is at odds with the dynamic nature of language. It is part of the so-called “monolingual paradigm” and therefore implies inextricably linking people to their mother tongue, which is in turn tied to one respective ethnicity, culture and nation. However, languages are not always clearly discernible from one another and do not always appear in fixed, static forms. Instead, language is subject to dynamic changes, which are at the same time subject to political interests and language policies. The poems presented in this article exemplify how modern and contemporary poetry can use the conjuncture of multilingualism and ambiguity to create a sense of language dynamics themselves. Their poetics simultaneously question and make use of the assumption of static multilingualism. They unfold political problems from it and awaken in their readers a desire for proactive reading and (language) change. T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land already problematizes the coexistence of the European languages as a challenge for understanding, suggesting that languages as well as their speakers might be untranslatably shut-off from each other. However, the poem also creates surprising synergistic effects from its multilingualism and ambiguity. This way, it invites its readers to connect and cross over (language) borders in an adaptive and poetic manner, stressing the importance and capability of poetry and learning for intercultural understanding. Prosperos Land by Peter Waterhouse perpetuates and even surpasses this movement. As the ambivalent bilingual, intertextual and ambiguous title suggests, the poem challenges the possibility of linguistic as well as national demarcation from the start. Moving away from strict language borders and rules, the poem highlights the transformative magic of an almost childish exploration of language itself. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive processing of itch and pain : the role of attention and expectations.
van Laarhoven, Antoinette; Peerdeman, Kaya; van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL et al

in Itch and pain : similarities, interactions, and differences (2020)

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See detailNeuroticism may not reflect emotional variability
Kalokerinos, Elise K.; Murphy, Sean C.; Koval, Peter et al

in PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (2020), 117(17), 9270--9276

Neuroticism is one of the major traits describing human personality, and a predictor of mental and physical disorders with profound public health significance. Individual differences in emotional ... [more ▼]

Neuroticism is one of the major traits describing human personality, and a predictor of mental and physical disorders with profound public health significance. Individual differences in emotional variability are thought to reflect the core of neuroticism. However, the empirical relation between emotional variability and neuroticism may be partially the result of a measurement artifact reflecting neuroticism’s relation with higher mean levels—rather than greater variability—of negative emotion. When emotional intensity is measured using bounded scales, there is a dependency between variability and mean levels: at low (or high) intensity, it is impossible to demonstrate high variability. As neuroticism is positively associated with mean levels of negative emotion, this may account for the relation between neuroticism and emotional variability. In a metaanalysis of 11 studies (<jats:italic>N</jats:italic> = 1,205 participants; 83,411 observations), we tested whether the association between neuroticism and negative emotional variability was clouded by a dependency between variability and the mean. We found a medium-sized positive association between neuroticism and negative emotional variability, but, when using a relative variability index to correct for mean negative emotion, this association disappeared. This indicated that neuroticism was associated with experiencing more intense, but not more variable, negative emotions. Our findings call into question theory, measurement scales, and data suggesting that emotional variability is central to neuroticism. In doing so, they provide a revisionary perspective for understanding how this individual difference may predispose to mental and physical disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of gamification on computerized cognitive training : systematic review and meta-analysis
Vermeir, Julie F.; White, Melanie J.; Johnson, Daniel et al

in JMIR SERIOUS GAMES (2020), 8(3), 18644234--18644256

Background: There has been a growing interest in the application of gamification (ie, the use of game elements) to computerized cognitive training. The introduction of targeted gamification features to ... [more ▼]

Background: There has been a growing interest in the application of gamification (ie, the use of game elements) to computerized cognitive training. The introduction of targeted gamification features to such tasks may increase motivation and engagement as well as improve intervention effects. However, it is possible that game elements can also have adverse effects on cognitive training (eg, be a distraction), which can outweigh their potential motivational benefits. So far, little is known about the effectiveness of such applications. Objective: This study aims to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effect of gamification on process outcomes (eg, motivation) and on changes in the training domain (eg, cognition), as well as to explore the role of potential moderators. Methods: We searched PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, ProQuest Psychology, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Excerpta Medica dataBASE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Xplore, Association for Computing Machinery, and a range of gray-area literature databases. The searches included papers published between 2008 and 2018. Meta-analyses were performed using a random-effects model. 0.72) and more demanding/difficult (Hedges g=-0.52) than non- or less-gamified tasks, whereas no effects on the training domain were found. Furthermore, no variables moderated the impact of gamified training tasks. However, meta-analytic findings were limited due to a small number of studies. Conclusions: Overall, this review provides an overview of the existing research in the domain and provides evidence for the effectiveness of gamification in improving motivation/engagement in the context of cognitive training. We discuss the shortcomings in the current literature and provide recommendations for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailAttentional biases in pediatric chronic pain : an eye-tracking study assessing the nature of the bias and its relation to attentional control
Soltani, Sabine; van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL; Vervoort, Tine et al

in PAIN (2020), 161(10), 2263--2273

Attentional biases are posited to play a key role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in adults and youth. However, research to date has yielded mixed findings, and few studies have ... [more ▼]

Attentional biases are posited to play a key role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in adults and youth. However, research to date has yielded mixed findings, and few studies have examined attentional biases in pediatric samples. This study used eye-gaze tracking to examine attentional biases to pain-related stimuli in a clinical sample of youth with chronic pain and pain-free controls. The moderating role of attentional control was also examined. Youth with chronic pain (n = 102) and pain-free controls (n = 53) viewed images of children depicting varying levels of pain expressiveness paired with neutral faces while their eye gaze was recorded. Attentional control was assessed using both a questionnaire and a behavioural task. Both groups were more likely to first fixate on high pain faces but showed no such orienting bias for moderate or low pain faces. Youth with chronic pain fixated longer on all pain faces than neutral faces, whereas youth in the control group exhibited a total fixation bias only for high and moderate pain faces. Attentional control did not moderate attentional biases between or within groups. The results lend support to theoretical models positing the presence of attentional biases in youth with chronic pain. Further research is required to clarify the nature of attentional biases and their relationship to clinical outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailYoung people's decisions in the transition to adulthood in France: influence of family factors
Menard, Audrey-Rose; Vergnat, Vincent UL

in Economie et Statistique (2020)

Entering adulthood is characterised by different choices. These include choosing whether or not to study, leave the parental home or work. This article examines the potential links between family ... [more ▼]

Entering adulthood is characterised by different choices. These include choosing whether or not to study, leave the parental home or work. This article examines the potential links between family environment and the choices made by young adults using data from the Enquête nationale sur les ressources des jeunes (ENRJ, National survey on young adults’ resources). The econometric methodology adopted allows us to take into account the quasi-simultaneous nature of these decisions. Aside from family structure, income, geographic location and the socio-professional category of the parents, we include indicators measuring the quality of young people’s relationships with their parents. In particular, we show that the professional and financial situation of the parents is not the only determining factor of the decisions made by young people; the quality of young people’s relationships with their parents also has an influence on their decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Pest als „die“ Pandemie der Weltgeschichte in der Geschichtsschreibung
Kolnberger, Thomas UL

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis (2020)

Bacteria and parasites are constant companions of humankind. Usually, they are harmless. When they turn against their hosts, however, they become harbinger of diseases. It seems to be a paradox of history ... [more ▼]

Bacteria and parasites are constant companions of humankind. Usually, they are harmless. When they turn against their hosts, however, they become harbinger of diseases. It seems to be a paradox of history that diseases and their global spread may be seen as indicators for the process of civilisation. We investigate this phenomenon from two angles: the so-called Black Death and leprosy. After a short general introduction by Martin Uhrmacher and Thomas Kolnberger, the latter presents the globalization of “the plague” in three historical waves. Michel Pauly then scrutinizes the impact the second wave had in the fourteenth century on the region of today’s Luxembourg. In the last part, Martin Uhrmacher introduces leprosy, its social consequences and the history of its perception. [less ▲]

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See detailLiquid Crystals at Interfaces and Under Flow: Recent Advances and Trends
Sengupta, Anupam UL; Mazza, Marco G

in Sengupta, Anupam; Mazza, Marco G (Eds.) Liquid Crystals at Interfaces and Under Flow: Recent Advances and Trends (2020)

Liquid crystals (LCs) have attracted enormous interest because of the variety of their phases and richness of their applications. Here, we revisit a selection of recent results that highlight the ... [more ▼]

Liquid crystals (LCs) have attracted enormous interest because of the variety of their phases and richness of their applications. Here, we revisit a selection of recent results that highlight the interplay between general physical symmetries, confinements (induced by solid interfaces),and microfluidic environments that reveal a range of intriguing phenomena. We start the chapter with recent results on nematic reentrancy under confinement to nanoscopic scales. Thereafter, we focus on the complex interplay of confinement and surface anchoring conditions that engenders topological defect structures in both nematics and cholesterics. We review how hydrodynamic flow interacts with the LC director,deforms topological defect lines, and ushers in a surprising behavior:low Reynolds number cavitation. Finally, we showcase recent results on the complex interaction between colloidal inclusions embedded in flowing LCs. [less ▲]

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See detailDer Wahrheitsbegriff in Kants Transzendentalphilosophie. Eine Untersuchung zur Kritik der reinen Vernunft
Bauer, Sabrina UL

Book published by Walter de Gruyter GmbH (2020)

The book examines Kant's Critique of Pure Reason focussing on the question of which truth-concept Kant puts forward and investigates which role the question of how truth ist possible plays in the research ... [more ▼]

The book examines Kant's Critique of Pure Reason focussing on the question of which truth-concept Kant puts forward and investigates which role the question of how truth ist possible plays in the research program and argumentation of the Critique of Pure Reason. In the result the book explains how Kant safeguards the self-knowledge of human pure reason against skeptical objections from both, the rationalist and the empirical side. [less ▲]

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See detailCountdown to 2021: Luxembourg’s Bid for the UN Human Rights Council Membership
Baglayan, Basak UL

Article for general public (2020)

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See detailMit Kindern in den Himmel schauen. Ideen für den Unterricht.
Te Heesen, Kerstin UL; Heinericy, Sandy; Kneip, Nora et al

Book published by SCRIPT (2020)

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See detailA Q-Learning Hyper-Heuristic for UAV Swarming
Duflo, Gabriel UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL; Talbi, El-Ghazali UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020)

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