References of "2018"
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König, Ariane UL

in König, Ariane (Ed.) Sustainability science: Key issues (2018)

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See detailSustainability science as a transformative social learning process
König, Ariane UL

in König, Ariane (Ed.) Sustainability science: Key issues (2018)

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See detailExploring alternative futures with scenarios
Drenth, Gerard; Elahi, Shirin; König, Ariane UL

in König, Ariane (Ed.) Sustainability Science: Key issues (2018)

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See detailChaos-enhanced mobility models for multilevel swarms of UAVs
Rosalie, Martin UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL; Chaumette, Serge et al

in Swarm and Evolutionary Computation (2018)

The number of civilian and military applications using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has increased during the last years and the forecasts for upcoming years are exponential. One of the current major ... [more ▼]

The number of civilian and military applications using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has increased during the last years and the forecasts for upcoming years are exponential. One of the current major challenges consist in considering UAVs as autonomous swarms to address some limitations of single UAV usage such as autonomy, range of operation and resilience. In this article we propose novel mobility models for multi-level swarms of collaborating UAVs used for the coverage of a given area. These mobility models generate unpredictable trajectories using a chaotic solution of a dynamical system. We detail how the chaotic properties are used to structure the exploration of an unknown area and enhance the exploration part of an Ant Colony Optimization method. Empirical evidence of the improvement of the coverage efficiency obtained by our mobility models is provided via simulation. It clearly outperforms state-of-the-art approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailGender differences in gambling preferences and problem gambling: a network-level analysis
Baggio, Stéphanie; Gainsbury, Sally M; Starcevic, Vladan et al

in International Gambling Studies (2018), 18(3), 512-525

Most gambling studies have a gender-blind research approach, although a large body of scientific evidence suggests that gambling in females is on the rise and that males and females have different ... [more ▼]

Most gambling studies have a gender-blind research approach, although a large body of scientific evidence suggests that gambling in females is on the rise and that males and females have different gambling behaviours and experience specific gambling-related harm. This study addressed these gender differences using a network analysis, an innovative approach considering disorders/concepts as dynamic systems of interacting symptoms/items. Data on gambling activities, problem gambling, substance use and mental health were collected in a representative sample of French adult gamblers (n = 8805). The study capitalized on the network analysis directly to compare associations of specific gambling activities with gambling disorder symptoms separately for both genders. The network analysis revealed that problem gambling was strongly associated with gambling machines among females, whereas it was related to sports betting, poker and casino games among males. The networks that included substance use and mental health showed that substance use was related to specific gambling activities. These findings confirm the links between various gender specific gambling patterns and problem gambling and suggest a need to consider these gender differences to improve prevention efforts. More broadly, the present study further supports the importance of gender differences for gambling research and policy. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes “forced abstinence” from gaming lead to pornography use? Insight from the April 2018 crash of Fortnite’s servers
Castro-Calvo, Jesús; Ballester-Arnal, Rafael; Potenza, Marc et al

in Journal of Behavioral Addictions (2018), 7(3), 501-502

In April 2018, the servers of the popular video game “Fortnite” crashed for 24 hr. During this period, Pornhub (a popular pornographic website) analyzed trends in pornography access, finding that: (a) the ... [more ▼]

In April 2018, the servers of the popular video game “Fortnite” crashed for 24 hr. During this period, Pornhub (a popular pornographic website) analyzed trends in pornography access, finding that: (a) the percentage of gamers accessing Pornhub increased by 10% and (b) the searches of pornographic videos using the key term “Fortnite” increased by 60%. In this letter, we discuss these observations in the context of ongoing debate regarding the validity of “withdrawal” when applied to problematic involvement in video gaming and the potential use of pornography as a “compensation behavior” during the periods of “forced abstinence” from gaming. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecise estimates of gaming-related harm should guide regulation of gaming
Starcevic, Vladan; Billieux, Joël UL

in Journal of Behavioral Addictions (2018), 7(3), 522-525

Regulation of gaming is largely based on the perception of gaming-related harm. This perception varies from one country to another and does not necessarily correspond to the real gaming-related harm. It ... [more ▼]

Regulation of gaming is largely based on the perception of gaming-related harm. This perception varies from one country to another and does not necessarily correspond to the real gaming-related harm. It is argued that there is a crucial need to define and assess domains of this harm in order to introduce policies that regulate gaming. Such policies would ideally be targeted at individuals at risk for problematic gaming and would be based more on educational efforts than on restrictive measures. The role of gaming industry in the regulation of gaming would depend on the more precise estimates of gaming-related harm. [less ▲]

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See detailIncluding gaming disorder in the ICD-11: The need to do so from a clinical and public health perspective.
Rumpf, Hans-Jurgen; Achab, Sophia; Billieux, Joël UL et al

in Journal of behavioral addictions (2018), 7(3), 556-561

The proposed introduction of gaming disorder (GD) in the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) has led to a lively debate ... [more ▼]

The proposed introduction of gaming disorder (GD) in the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) has led to a lively debate over the past year. Besides the broad support for the decision in the academic press, a recent publication by van Rooij et al. (2018) repeated the criticism raised against the inclusion of GD in ICD-11 by Aarseth et al. (2017). We argue that this group of researchers fails to recognize the clinical and public health considerations, which support the WHO perspective. It is important to recognize a range of biases that may influence this debate; in particular, the gaming industry may wish to diminish its responsibility by claiming that GD is not a public health problem, a position which maybe supported by arguments from scholars based in media psychology, computer games research, communication science, and related disciplines. However, just as with any other disease or disorder in the ICD-11, the decision whether or not to include GD is based on clinical evidence and public health needs. Therefore, we reiterate our conclusion that including GD reflects the essence of the ICD and will facilitate treatment and prevention for those who need it. [less ▲]

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See detail'Rationale Trennung' or 'Marriage d'Amour'? History and Philosophy of Educational Research
Priem, Karin UL; Fendler, Lynn

in Espacio, Tiempo y Educacion (2018), 5(2),

This article focuses on disciplinary interrelationships between philosophy and history within the framework of educational sciences. It deals with the epistemological, material, political, and categorical ... [more ▼]

This article focuses on disciplinary interrelationships between philosophy and history within the framework of educational sciences. It deals with the epistemological, material, political, and categorical conditions of permeability, some of which initiate a separation of historical science from philosophy, whereas others allow, on the one hand, for history to profit from philosophy and, on the other, for philosophy to profit from history. The article illustrates how both history and philosophy benefit through reciprocal openness within education as an academic field. Permeability between history and philosophy in educational research may draw attention to lacunae on both sides and challenge methodological stereotypes and seemingly unavoidable dispositions of reasoning, the recognition of which may contribute to an enrichment of educational research. [less ▲]

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See detailAMBIVALENCE TOWARD PARENTS DURING THE PROCESS OF INDIVIDUATION: Being Caught Between Autonomy and Relatedness?
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Albert, Isabelle; Abbey, Emily; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Trans-generational family relations: investigating ambivalences (2018)

The concept of ambivalence has gained considerable research interest in the last years in the study of intergenerational relationships. Lüscher and colleagues (2010) define the experience of ambivalence ... [more ▼]

The concept of ambivalence has gained considerable research interest in the last years in the study of intergenerational relationships. Lüscher and colleagues (2010) define the experience of ambivalence as an oscillation between (temporarily or permanently) irreconcilable, contradictory emotions, thoughts, wishes, and behavioral tendencies that individuals may experience in identity- and agency-relevant social relationships. Such dynamics can include simultaneous conflicting tendencies of “autonomy and dependence,” “freedom and control,” or “closeness and distance” (Lüscher & Hoff, 2013). Because intergenerational family relations are in general relatively close over the whole lifespan and not easily dissolvable, they are—according to these authors—particularly predisposed to experiences of ambivalence. In the present chapter, we concentrate on the link between perceived parental behavior and the experience of ambivalence toward parents in adolescence and emerging adulthood. [less ▲]

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See detailTranscending ambivalence: Overcoming the ambiguity of theory and practices
Valsiner, Jaan UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Abbey, Emily

in Albert, Isabelle; Abbey, Emily; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Trans-generational family relations: investigating ambivalences (2018)

Ambivalence is a deeply ambiguous concept. Contributions to the present book, viewed all together, exemplify that verdict, as they are situated in the intellectual space among theory, phenomena, research ... [more ▼]

Ambivalence is a deeply ambiguous concept. Contributions to the present book, viewed all together, exemplify that verdict, as they are situated in the intellectual space among theory, phenomena, research practices, and basic assumptions about the world... [less ▲]

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See detailKarl Marx interkulturell. Aus gegebenem Anlass
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Amann, Wilhelm UL

in Zeitschrift für Interkulturelle Germanistik (2018), 9(1), 169-171

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See detailHidden Beneath the Surface: Origin of the Observed Enantioselective Adsorption on PdGa(111)
Yakutovich, Aliaksandr V.; Hoja, Johannes UL; Passerone, Daniele et al

in Journal of the American Chemical Society (2018), 140(4), 1401-1408

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See detailSynesthésies sonores
Colas-Blaise, Marion UL; Estay Stange, Veronica

Book published by Garnier (2018)

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See detailGibt es bei Hegel das Problem des Realismus?
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Illeterati, Luca (Ed.) Wirklichkeit. Ein Stichwort der Philosophie Hegels (2018)

The paper examines whether Hegel, in his philosophy, assigns realism a systematically relevant place or whether, in the face of absolute idealism, he takes realism to be obsolete. Following a systematic ... [more ▼]

The paper examines whether Hegel, in his philosophy, assigns realism a systematically relevant place or whether, in the face of absolute idealism, he takes realism to be obsolete. Following a systematic specification of the realism issue, it will be demonstrated that Hegel provides an astute analysis of certain types of realism and, in the Phenomenology of Spirit, argues against immediate or direct realism in particular. Although Hegel views the idealism-realism debate as philosophically futile, the doctrine of essence of the Science of Logic stands for the realist notion according to which actuality is to be conceived as the unity of essence and existence. In the Phenomenology of Spirit and in the Science of Logic he demonstrates that realism has skeptical implications on the basis of which this theory is untenable, although not unreasonable as such. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Experience Report On Applying Software Testing Academic Results In Industry: We Need Usable Automated Test Generation
Arcuri, Andrea UL

in Empirical Software Engineering (2018), 23(4),

What is the impact of software engineering research on current practices in industry? In this paper, I report on my direct experience as a PhD/post-doc working in software engineering research projects ... [more ▼]

What is the impact of software engineering research on current practices in industry? In this paper, I report on my direct experience as a PhD/post-doc working in software engineering research projects, and then spending the following five years as an engineer in two different companies (the first one being the same I worked in collaboration with during my post-doc). Given a background in software engineering research, what cutting-edge techniques and tools from academia did I use in my daily work when developing and testing the systems of these companies? Regarding validation and verification (my main area of research), the answer is rather short: as far as I can tell, only FindBugs. In this paper, I report on why this was the case, and discuss all the challenging, complex open problems we face in industry and which somehow are ``neglected'' in the academic circles. In particular, I will first discuss what actual tools I could use in my daily work, such as JaCoCo and Selenium. Then, I will discuss the main open problems I faced, particularly related to environment simulators, unit and web testing. After that, popular topics in academia are presented, such as UML, regression and mutation testing. Their lack of impact on the type of projects I worked on in industry is then discussed. Finally, from this industrial experience, I provide my opinions about how this situation can be improved, in particular related to how academics are evaluated, and advocate for a greater involvement into open-source projects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 262 (20 UL)