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See detailPeer versus Family Support: Decreasing the Impact of FAS and Age on the Life Satisfaction
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; van Duin, Claire UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

Background: Life satisfaction in youth decreases with lower FAS and older age, but increases with social support. Adolescence is a period of transition and the amount of time spend with peers increases ... [more ▼]

Background: Life satisfaction in youth decreases with lower FAS and older age, but increases with social support. Adolescence is a period of transition and the amount of time spend with peers increases while with family decreases. Objective(s): This study aims to investigate the mediating effects of family and peer support in the life satisfaction of Luxemburgish adolescents. Method: A total of 7 757 students aged from 11 to 18 years old took part in the 2014 HBSC Luxembourg survey. Data collected with the Cantril ladder (1965) to assess life satisfaction, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) measuring both peer and family support and the Family Affluence Scale (FAS) was analyzed. Results: Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicates the negative effect of age and the positive effect of family affluence on life satisfaction being partially mediated by family support, but not peer support, despite the strong correlation between both kinds of social support. Conclusions: Although peer and family support are highly correlated variables, only the latter influences adolescents’ life satisfaction, decreasing the negative impact of age and family affluence. As adolescence is a period of transition, the opposite results were expected, with peers being more important with age. Keeping a satisfactory relationship with family seems to play an important role in their life satisfaction. More studies should explore both complimentary kinds of social support. [less ▲]

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See detailLa satisfaction de vie des adolescents au Luxembourg
Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL; Willems, Helmut UL

Poster (2018)

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. La satisfaction de vie est un concept central ... [more ▼]

Dans l’objectif d’examiner la santé et le bien-être subjectif des jeunes en âge scolaire, l’enquête HBSC a été mis en place dans plusieurs pays de l’Europe. La satisfaction de vie est un concept central dans l’évaluation du bien-être. Ainsi, l’objectif de la présente publication est de rendre compte de la satisfaction de vie des adolescents du Luxembourg, ainsi que d’identifier les tendances selon le sexe et l’âge. Méthode : Pour l’enquête HBSC 2014, la cohorte luxembourgeoise a été menée dans les écoles suivant le curriculum national pendant l’année scolaire 2013 / 2014. Au total, 7 757 élèves âgés de 11 à 18 ans, de 590 classes sélectionnées aléatoirement, ont participé à l’enquête. Leurs professeurs ont distribué un questionnaire en français / allemand composé, entre autres, de l’échelle de Cantril (1965) pour évaluer la satisfaction de vie et de questions sociodémographiques. Résultats : L'analyse des résultats montre une corrélation significative négative entre la satisfaction de vie et l’âge, les plus âgés ayant donc une moins bonne satisfaction de vie. Lorsque les analyses ont été faites séparément selon le sexe, ces tendances diffèrent. En ce que concerne les filles, les corrélations sont plus fortes. Par contre, pour les garçons, les liens sont moins importants. Dans les deux cas, les corrélations restent significatives. Des comparaisons de moyennes entre les sexes dans les différentes tranches d’âge indiquent aussi une satisfaction de vie plus élevé chez les garçons que les filles. Conclusion : Ces résultats suggèrent que la satisfaction de vie pendant l’adolescence diminue avec l’âge et que les garçons sont plus satisfaits de leur vie que les filles. Ces données corroborent les tendances retrouvés dans d’autres pays participants de l’enquête HBSC, ainsi que la littérature sur le sujet. Des analyses plus fines doivent être faites dans cette cohorte en prenant en considération ces différences. [less ▲]

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See detailSuicidal Ideation – Trends and risk groups in Luxembourg
van Duin, Claire UL; Catunda, Carolina UL; Heinz, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

Background: Suicide is a main cause of death among young people worldwide and adolescence is the period with the highest risk of developing suicidal ideation. Objective(s): Trends of suicidal ideation ... [more ▼]

Background: Suicide is a main cause of death among young people worldwide and adolescence is the period with the highest risk of developing suicidal ideation. Objective(s): Trends of suicidal ideation over time and identification of groups at risk in Luxembourg. Method: Secondary school students were asked the questions from the Optional Package “Suicidal ideation and behaviour” in the Luxembourgish HBSC survey 2006 (N = 6581), 2010 (N = 7192), and 2014 (N = 5599). Data were analysed using SPSS complex samples and logistic regressions. Results: 15.9% of the students considered suicide in 2006, 12.7% in 2010 and 15.2% in 2014. Girls were more likely to consider suicide than boys. Family affluence, family structure, schooltype, age, bullying and other variables predicted suicidal ideation and behaviour, too. Conclusions: Despite a decrease of considered suicide in 2010, suicidal ideation and behaviour did not change between 2006 and 2014. Thus, prevention programmes are important. [less ▲]

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See detailPresenting and Sharing Clinical Data using the eTRIKS Standards Master Tree for tranSMART
Barbosa-Silva, Adriano; Bratfalean, Dorina; Gu, Wei UL et al

in Bioinformatics (2018)

Motivation Standardization and semantic alignment have been considered one of the major challenges for data integration in clinical research. The inclusion of the CDISC SDTM clinical data standard into ... [more ▼]

Motivation Standardization and semantic alignment have been considered one of the major challenges for data integration in clinical research. The inclusion of the CDISC SDTM clinical data standard into the tranSMART i2b2 via a guiding master ontology tree positively impacts and supports the efficacy of data sharing, visualization and exploration across datasets. Results We present here a schema for the organization of SDTM variables into the tranSMART i2b2 tree along with a script and test dataset to exemplify the mapping strategy. The eTRIKS master tree concept is demonstrated by making use of fictitious data generated for four patients, including 16 SDTM clinical domains. We describe how the usage of correct visit names and data labels can help to integrate multiple readouts per patient and avoid ETL crashes when running a tranSMART loading routine. Availability The eTRIKS Master Tree package and test datasets are publicly available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1009098 and a functional demo installation at https://public.etriks.org/transmart/datasetExplorer/ under eTRIKS - Master Tree branch, where the discussed examples can be visualized. [less ▲]

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See detailWorkshop „Erhebung relationaler Daten aus Texten“
During, Marten UL; Stark, Martin

Presentation (2018)

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See detailSémiotique et linguistique
Colas-Blaise, Marion UL

in Biglari, Amir (Ed.) La sémiotique en interface (2018)

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See detailHysteretic behaviour of steel fibre RC coupled shear walls under cyclic loads: Experimental study and modelling
Zhao, J.; Cai, Gaochuang UL; Si Larbi, Amir et al

in Engineering Structures (2018)

This paper presents the hysteretic behaviour of three 1/3-scale three-storey steel fibre reinforced concrete (SFRC) coupled shear walls (CSWs) under cyclic loads. The deformation, ductility, energy ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the hysteretic behaviour of three 1/3-scale three-storey steel fibre reinforced concrete (SFRC) coupled shear walls (CSWs) under cyclic loads. The deformation, ductility, energy dissipation, stiffness and crack propagation of the specimens are also discussed and analysed. The results show steel fibre improves the ductility and energy dissipation capacity, and restrains the crack propagation of the CSWs, and delays the degradation of their lateral stiffness and force. Based on the experiments, a simple trilinear model is developed to simulate the skeleton curve of lateral force–displacement of the SFRC CSWs. Through analysing several typical cycles of the hysteretic of these CSWs, the feature points of the proposed hysteretic model are defined which subsequently is used to evaluate the complete hysteretic behaviour of the CSWs. Using existing experimental data and this study, several representative experimental hysteretic cycles are compared with the proposed model. The result indicates a good agreement is reached between the model and experimental results. [less ▲]

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See detailRemédiation et réénonciation : opérations et régimes de sens
Colas-Blaise, Marion UL

in Interin (2018), 23(1), 64-84

Remediation and reenunciation : operations and regimes of meaning In this paper, we strive to develop the notion of remediation, especially from the theoretical and methodological point of view of ... [more ▼]

Remediation and reenunciation : operations and regimes of meaning In this paper, we strive to develop the notion of remediation, especially from the theoretical and methodological point of view of Greimassian and post-Greimassian semiotics. More specifically, the semiotics of enunciation approaches the notion of (re)mediation from three different perspectives: from the angle of the “native” mediation, which corresponds to the experience an instance has of the world (Fontanille 2017) ; from the angle of the meaningful configurations brought together in the enunciative praxis ; finally, from the angle of (re)mediational elements involved in the dynamics responsible for the evolution of meaningful objects (Colas-Blaise 2016). Our paper addresses three issues. First, our attention is focused on the operations of remediation : the recontextualization (act upon the environment), the remediatization (change to another media), the reformatting (change to another format), the remedialization (transform the medium) and the retextualization (change the micro- and macrotextual relations). From the enunciative point of view and, more precisely, from the perspective of tensive semiotics (Fontanille & Zilberberg 1998), these operations are related to complex dispositives that incorporate and deal with the features of the meaningful objects (origin and destination). Secondly, we explore the regimes of remediation : hybridization, bricolage, “metissage” or cross-fertilisation and spectacularization. We focus on the digital field (Colas-Blaise 2017) (filmed opera, Google Arts & Culture Project, Visual Aesthetics by Manovich, Living Mona Lisa). Finally, we emphasize the modalities of the reception of the meaningful objects: the notions of immediacy and hypermediacy (Bolter & Grusin 1999) are studied in the light of the notions of immersion, participation (“participative culture” (Jenkins)) and the creation of a reflexive distance. Bibliography Bolter Jay D. & Grusin, Richard, 1999, Remediation. Understanding New Media, Cambridge, MIT Press. Colas-Blaise, Marion, 2016, « Pour une sémiotique de la médiation : théories et pratiques, in D. Bertrand, M. Colas-Blaise, I. Darrault-Harris, V. Estay Stange (dirs), Sens et médiation, AFS Éditions [En ligne]. Colas-Blaise, Marion, 2017, « Énonciation et remédiation. De la peinture à la vidéo », in T. Migliore (dir.), Remediazioni. Immagini Interattive, Rome, Aracne, pp. 151-166. Fontanille, Jacques, 2017, « L’énonciation pratique à l’œuvre dans l’intermédialité et la remédiation », in T. Migliore (dir.), Remediazioni. Immagini Interattive, Rome, Aracne, pp. 231-244. Fontanille, Jacques & Zilberberg, Claude, 1998, Tension et signification, Hayen, Pierre Mardaga. Key-words: remediation, operations, regimes of meaning, immediacy/hypermediacy, metarealism [less ▲]

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See detailDéterminants individuels et territoriaux des navettes internes ou transfrontalières des actifs résidant en France
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Le Texier, Marion; Belkacem, Rachid et al

in Espace, Populations, Sociétés (2018), 2017(3), 1-30

This article focuses on the individual and territorial determinants of cross-border commuting from France to its neighbouring countries. We seek to identify whether cross-border commuting is a distinct ... [more ▼]

This article focuses on the individual and territorial determinants of cross-border commuting from France to its neighbouring countries. We seek to identify whether cross-border commuting is a distinct form of commuting, especially whether it differs for an active resident from commuting outside his/her reference functional urban area. We use individual data from the 2013 census and characterize the territory at the municipal scale in order to capture the relative polarisation of residential places within the national urban system. From our multinomial logistic models applied to the whole France or the border fringe, we find that gender, age, education, type and sector of activity, as well as the location of the commune with respect to employment poles in France, explain similarly the commute of active individuals towards another urban area in France and across the border. However, the effect is more intensive for cross-border commuting. After controlling the impact of the different neighbouring countries, we still clearly identify a different behaviour from elastic migrants in border areas and an effect of the distance to the border and of the job density on the cross-border commutes. [less ▲]

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See detailBasic mechanical behaviours and deterioration mechanism of RC beams under chloride-sulphate environment
Wang, J.H; Cai, Gaochuang UL; Wu, Q.

in Construction and Building Materials (2018)

This paper investigates the basic mechanical behaviour of reinforced concrete (RC) beams using chloride corrosion-damaged steel reinforcements and subjected to sulphate ions environment. To this end, ten ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the basic mechanical behaviour of reinforced concrete (RC) beams using chloride corrosion-damaged steel reinforcements and subjected to sulphate ions environment. To this end, ten RC beams were studied which contained 5% sodium chloride and implemented by a series of drying-immersion cycling (15% sodium sulphate immersion solution). Test results indicated that the flexural capacity, ductility, and stiffness of the beams were improved at early stage of the corrosion. This was attributed to the fact that concrete strength and steel-concrete interfacial bond were enhanced. The former is for the filling effects of micro-expansive Ettringite and gypsum sulphate, while the latter is due to the slight surface corrosion pits of steel bars at the stage. However, the mechanical properties of the beams decreased subsequently for the deteriorations in the concrete strength due to excessive expansion of Ettringite and gypsum sulphate, and the degradation of self-property of reinforcement and its interface bond with the concrete. Based on the study, the deterioration mechanism of RC beams under chloride-sulphate environment was discussed and its main determining factors at different stages were analysed. [less ▲]

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See detailAre Mutation Scores Correlated with Real Fault Detection? A Large Scale Empirical study on the Relationship Between Mutants and Real Faults
Papadakis, Mike UL; Shin, Donghwan; Yoo, Shin et al

in 40th International Conference on Software Engineering, May 27 - 3 June 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden (2018)

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See detailSchulleistungen und Wohlbefinden bei Schülerinnen und Schülern mit Hochbegabung
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

in Rathmann, Katharina; Hurrelmann, Klaus (Eds.) Leistung und Wohlbefinden in der Schule: Herausforderung Inklusion (2018)

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See detailHochbegabte: eine besondere Minderheit?
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

Article for general public (2018)

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See detailMigrations- und fluchtspezifische berufsbezogene Potenziale identifizieren: Theoretische und praktische Erkenntnisse
Schlachzig, Laura; Koch, Alexandra; Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

in Brohm-Badry, Michaela; Peifer, Corinna; Grewe, Julian (Eds.) et al Wie Menschen wachsen: Positiv-psychologische Entwicklung von Individuum, Organisation und Gesellschaft (2018)

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See detailDer "March for Science" in Deutschland und die Werte der Wissenschaft
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2018)

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See detailDénationaliser le passé, désétatiser le politique : les apports d'un dialogue nouveau entre historiographies française et italienne des formations politiques de la fin du Moyen Âge
Abeles, Solal UL

in Genet, Jean-Philippe (Ed.) Les vecteurs de l'idéel, vi, Mutations des sociétés politiques et systèmes de communication (2018)

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See detailMessir: A Text-First DSL-Based Approach for UML Requirements Engineering (Tool Demo)
Ries, Benoît UL; Capozucca, Alfredo UL; Guelfi, Nicolas UL

in Proceedings of the 11th ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Software Language Engineering SLE'18 (2018)

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