References of "2018"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'incartographiable
Roelens, Nathalie UL

in Cartographier. Regards croisés sur des pratiques littéraires et philosophiques contemporaines (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 240 (2 UL)
Full Text
See detailVulnérables. Les patients psychiatriques en Belgique (1914-1918).
Majerus, Benoît UL; Roekens, Anne

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Namur (2018)

L'objectif de cet ouvrage sera de mettre au jour et en perspective les conditions de vie des patients pris en charge par les institutions psychiatriques belges pendant l'occupation de 1914-1918.00Derrière ... [more ▼]

L'objectif de cet ouvrage sera de mettre au jour et en perspective les conditions de vie des patients pris en charge par les institutions psychiatriques belges pendant l'occupation de 1914-1918.00Derrière l'image consensuelle d?une petite Belgique unie dans l?adversité du premier conflit mondial, se dessinent des réalités bien complexes. Un des angles morts de ces années de guerre réside dans le sort des patients psychiatriques. Internés dans des grandes structures, tributaires des rations officielles, ceux-ci sont touchés par une surmortalité hors norme. Sans que cela n'émeuve grand monde? L?ouvrage est consacré à l'analyse de ce processus de fragilisation, encore très peu étudié. Des chapitres thématiques alternent avec l'évocation d'une certaine Élise qui a vécu ces événements de l?intérieur. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 191 (9 UL)
Full Text
See detailUn novembre rouge à Bruxelles?
Majerus, Benoît UL

Article for general public (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHistory of professional elder care
Majerus, Benoît UL

in Boll, Thomas; Ferring, Dieter; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Cultures of Care - Handbook of Gerontopsychology (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 254 (9 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBlockchain Orchestration and Experimentation Framework: A Case Study of KYC
Shbair, Wazen UL; Steichen, Mathis UL; François, Jérôme UL et al

in The First IEEE/IFIP International Workshop on Managing and Managed by Blockchain (Man2Block) colocated with IEEE/IFIP NOMS 2018 (2018)

Conducting experiments to evaluate blockchain applications is a challenging task for developers, because there is a range of configuration parameters that control blockchain environments. Many public ... [more ▼]

Conducting experiments to evaluate blockchain applications is a challenging task for developers, because there is a range of configuration parameters that control blockchain environments. Many public testnets (e.g. Rinkeby Ethereum) can be used for testing, however, we cannot adjust their parameters (e.g. Gas limit, Mining difficulty) to further the understanding of the application in question and of the employed blockchain. This paper proposes an easy to use orchestration framework over the Grid'5000 platform. Grid'5000 is a highly reconfigurable and controllable large-scale testbed. We developed a tool that facilitates nodes reservation, deployment and blockchain configuration over the Grid'5000 platform. In addition, our tool can fine-tune blockchain and network parameters before and between experiments. The proposed framework offers insights for private and consortium blockchain developers to identify performance bottlenecks and to assess the behavior of their applications in different circumstances. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 563 (30 UL)
Full Text
See detailDu moyen âge à nos jours, expériences et représentations de la folie à Paris
Majerus, Benoît UL

Book published by Parigramme (2018)

Que faire des fous ? Les enfermer, les éloigner, les soigner ? Sur les bords de Seine comme ailleurs, les réponses ont varié dans l’histoire suivant la compréhension des pathologies mentales et la ... [more ▼]

Que faire des fous ? Les enfermer, les éloigner, les soigner ? Sur les bords de Seine comme ailleurs, les réponses ont varié dans l’histoire suivant la compréhension des pathologies mentales et la capacité d’y apporter des soins. Mais Paris s’est illustré singulièrement en trois circonstances. En 1795, tout d’abord, quand l’utopie de la libération des aliénés a offert un écho aux idéaux révolutionnaires. À la fin du XIXe siècle, ensuite, alors que la psychiatrie française attirait tous les regards… y compris celui du jeune Sigmund Freud qui vint suivre les enseignements du professeur Charcot à la Salpêtrière. Et c’est dans les années 1950 que furent découverts à l’hôpital Sainte-Anne les neuroleptiques, inaugurant une « révolution chimique » appelée à bouleverser durablement les approches thérapeutiques. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 136 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa désinstutionnalisation psychiatrique. Un phénomène introuvable en Belgique dans les années 1960 et 1970?
Majerus, Benoît UL

in Guillemain, Hervé; Klein, Alexandre; Thifault, Marie-Claude (Eds.) Fin de l’asile ?: histoire de la déshospitalisation psychiatrique dans l’espace francophone au XXe siècle (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 204 (7 UL)
Full Text
See detailBibliographie - La folie à Paris
Majerus, Benoît UL

in Majerus, Benoît (Ed.) La folie à Paris (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 305 (5 UL)
See detailThe Power of Nuisance. The European Parliament's Gain in Power in the Area of Community Social Policy, 1952-1979
Roos Geb. Herzog, Mechthild UL

Doctoral thesis (2018)

The European Parliament (EP) today has significant powers in the EU legislation process. Yet, it was not intended to be more than a consultative assembly at the founding of the European Communities in the ... [more ▼]

The European Parliament (EP) today has significant powers in the EU legislation process. Yet, it was not intended to be more than a consultative assembly at the founding of the European Communities in the 1950s. This thesis argues that the EP’s gain in power cannot be fully understood without an examination of its first two and a half decades of operation, prior to direct elections. Long before the Parliament was assigned formal powers, Members of the EP (MEPs) succeeded in gaining influence on Community policy-making through a supranational activism driven by ideas of ever closer integration. This thesis demonstrates how the EP swiftly outgrew the role of an ineffectual ‘talking shop’ and developed noteworthy – though mostly informal – parliamentary powers already prior to its first direct elections in 1979. EP activism was facilitated by the growing willingness of the other Community institutions and member state governments to accept the EP’s increasing involvement, and a range of exogenous developments such as crises, providing fertile ground for the MEPs’ endeavour to empower their institution. This thesis demonstrates that the EP’s gain in formal power from the late 1970s and 1980s was the result, not the beginning, of institutionalisation processes within the EP leading to increasing parliamentary influence. This thesis is based on a corpus of ca. 4,000 EP documents from the period 1952-1979 (such as resolutions, reports, parliamentary questions and minutes of debates), and on 25 semi- structured interviews with former MEPs and EP staff members. It analyses through a historical- sociological institutionalist approach the ideational, sociological and institutional factors that induced MEPs – delegates from the national parliaments at the time – to invest considerable time and effort into an institution which promised no significant political impact, no career advancement, and no acknowledgement by voters. This thesis studies the EP’s institutional evolution through the lens of Community social policy – a policy area regarding which Treaty provisions were limited and Community competences very narrow. Even though this area was handled by national governments rather as a byproduct in the establishment of the Common Market, it developed into fertile ground for the MEPs’ ideas-driven activism, and provided the delegates with ample opportunities to develop and institutionalise procedures of parliamentary involvement in Community policy-making. This thesis shows that the European Parliament, prior to its first direct elections, must not be thought of as the institution described in the Communities’ founding Treaties. Instead, whilst largely operating within its Treaty-assigned remit, the pre-1979 EP should rather be considered the sum of the actions of its members. This thesis provides an in-depth study of the institutionalisation processes which resulted from the delegates’ activism, both constrained and enabled by established rules and procedures, and of the endogenous and exogenous factors in the EP’s environment which influenced these institutionalisation processes. This thesis also offers a detailed analysis of the ideas, logics of appropriateness and aspects of socialisation influencing the MEPs’ behaviour in the area of social policy. Even though the shaping of the EP’s powers was obviously not in the hands of MEPs alone, this dissertation reveals that the MEPs’ pursuit of more European integration was the main driving factor behind the EP’s gradual empowerment prior to 1979. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 167 (24 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGame Addiction Scale Assessment Through a Nationally Representative Sample of Young Adult Men: Item Response Theory Graded–Response Modeling
Khazaal, Yasser; Breivik, Kyrre; Billieux, Joël UL et al

in Journal of Medical Internet Research (2018), 20(8), 10058

Background: The 7-item Game Addiction Scale (GAS) has been validated under standard confirmatory factor analysis and exhibits good psychometric properties. Whether this scale satisfies the necessary ... [more ▼]

Background: The 7-item Game Addiction Scale (GAS) has been validated under standard confirmatory factor analysis and exhibits good psychometric properties. Whether this scale satisfies the necessary conditions for consideration by item response theory (IRT) modeling remains unknown. However, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) recently proposed criteria, in its section 3, to define internet gaming disorder (IGD) to promote research on this possible condition. Objective: The objective of our study was to (1) analyze GAS in the context of IRT (graded-response) modeling; (2) investigate differential item functioning (DIF), a feature of IRT modeling, in 2 subsamples; and (3) contribute to the ongoing (IGD) debate related to the validity of the DSM-5 criteria using GAS items as a proxy. Methods: We assessed 2 large representative samples of Swiss men (3320 French-speaking and 2670 German-speaking) with GAS. Results: All items comprised high discrimination parameters. GAS items such as relapse, conflict, withdrawal, and problems (loss of interests) were endorsed more frequently in more severe IGD stages, whereas items related to tolerance, salience (preoccupation), and mood modification (escape) were endorsed more widely among participants (including in less severe IGD stages). Several DIF effects were found but were classified as negligible. Conclusions: The results of the analyses partly support the relevance of using IRT to further establish the psychometric properties of the GAS items. This study contributes to testing the validity of the IGD criteria, although cautious generalization of our findings is required with GAS being only a proxy of the IGD criteria. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailItaconic acid indicates cellular but not systemic immune system activation
Meiser, Johannes; Kraemer, Lisa; Jäger, Christian UL et al

in Oncotarget (2018), 9(63),

Itaconic acid is produced by mammalian leukocytes upon pro-inflammatory activation. It appears to inhibit bacterial growth and to rewire the metabolism of the host cell by inhibiting succinate ... [more ▼]

Itaconic acid is produced by mammalian leukocytes upon pro-inflammatory activation. It appears to inhibit bacterial growth and to rewire the metabolism of the host cell by inhibiting succinate dehydrogenase. Yet, it is unknown whether itaconic acid acts only intracellularly, locally in a paracrine fashion, or whether it is even secreted from the inflammatory cells at meaningful levels in peripheral blood of patients with severe inflammation or sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine the release rate of itaconic acid from pro-inflammatory activated macrophages in vitro and to test for the abundance of itaconic acid in bodyfluids of patients suffering from acute inflammation. We demonstrate that excretion of itaconic acid happens at a low rate and that it cannot be detected in significant amounts in plasma or urine of septic patients or in liquid from bronchial lavage of patients with pulmonary inflammation. We conclude that itaconic acid may serve as a pro-inflammatory marker in immune cells but that it does not qualify as a biomarker in the tested body fluids. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMatthew J. Perry, Gender, Manumission, and the Roman Freedwoman, Cambridge University Press 2014
Binsfeld, Andrea UL

in Historische Zeitschrift (2018), 306

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (1 UL)
See detailSatellite Communications in the 5G Era
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Arapoglou, Pantelis-Daniel

Book published by IET (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 364 (17 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnalysis of carbohydrate degradation during fermentation by an adapted Anthron-method
Greger, Manfred UL; Schlienz, Markus UL; Benito Martin, Patricia Cristina UL

in Landtechnik (2018), 73(3), 81-94

To measure the degradation of carbohydrates during fermentation the photometrical Anthron method has been adapted. The method has been verified in mesophilic batch tests with the model substrates glucose ... [more ▼]

To measure the degradation of carbohydrates during fermentation the photometrical Anthron method has been adapted. The method has been verified in mesophilic batch tests with the model substrates glucose (water-soluble), corn-starch and cellulose (both insoluble in water). First, the content of soluble carbohydrates was measured. For determination of carbo-hydrates in soluble phase, the samples were filtered (syringe PTFE-filter with mesh size 0.45 μm) to separate the solution from all types of particles, particulate carbohydrates included. The soluble phase reacted with the Anthron solution for 8 minutes at 100 °C. Afterwards, the coloration reaction was stopped by a quick (5 min) cooling step in ice water to ensure repeatability of the method considering a larger number of samples to be measured. Afterwards samples had been equilibrated at room temperature for at least 30 minutes. Before measurement, the sample had to be diluted to reduce on the one hand the intensity of the background and on the other hand to obtain the measuring range (l = 625 nm) of soluble carbohydrates of 10 to 100 mg/l. The total carbohydrate content, which consists of the soluble and particulate fraction, was determined by an additional pre-hydrolysis step (50 % sulfuric acid at 100 °C during 8 minutes) before the Anthron reaction was started. To measure insoluble carbohydrates, e.g. starch and cellulose, they had to pass an additional pre-hydrolysis step, which is performed before filtration and the subsequent Anthron reaction. This additional step (in the following called “indirect method”) is necessary to measure the part of insoluble respectively polymeric carbohydrates of a sample. The amount of particulate carbohydrates is further be calculated by the difference between total and soluble carbohydrates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 275 (11 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeconstruction
Van Der Walt, Johan Willem Gous UL

in Sellers, Mortimer; Kirste, Stephan (Eds.) Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 125 (7 UL)
Full Text
See detailJeu de miroirs entre conservation des archives comptables et prescription commerciale, note sous Cour d'appel (Lux)., 24 mai 2017
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Pasicrisie Luxembourgeoise: Recueil Trimestriel de la Jurisprudence Luxembourgeoise (2018), 38(1/2018), 534-545

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (0 UL)
See detailPor que ensinar história digital nas universidades?
Lucchesi, Anita UL

Speeches/Talks (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAt the borders of languages: the role of ideologies in the integration of forced migrants in multilingual Luxembourg
Kalocsanyiova, Erika UL

in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (2018)

This paper considers the role of language ideologies in the linguistic integration of forced migrants. It discusses the findings of an ethnographic exploration that was conducted in Luxembourg with five ... [more ▼]

This paper considers the role of language ideologies in the linguistic integration of forced migrants. It discusses the findings of an ethnographic exploration that was conducted in Luxembourg with five individuals who sought refuge there. A network of teachers and institutional representatives constituted the secondary pool of research participants. Through analysis of metalinguistic discourse and narrative episodes, the paper scrutinises the instrumental and integrative dimensions of language. In particular, it draws attention to and problematises the hegemonic ideologies that inform linguistic integration. By bringing into focus multilingual realities and mobile aspirations, this research seeks to provide a new impetus to the reconceptualisation of integration. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 144 (9 UL)