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See detailDéfis et pratiques dans l’établissement de l’identité des demandeurs lors des processus migratoires
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Coda, Nicolas UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Article for general public (2018)

La note de synthèse présente les principaux résultats de l’étude réalisée en 2017 par le Point de contact Luxembourgeois du Réseau Européen des Migrations intitulée : « Défis et pratiques dans ... [more ▼]

La note de synthèse présente les principaux résultats de l’étude réalisée en 2017 par le Point de contact Luxembourgeois du Réseau Européen des Migrations intitulée : « Défis et pratiques dans l’établissement de l’identité des demandeurs lors des processus migratoires ». Cette étude vise à présenter un aperçu des principaux défis auxquels les autorités compétentes au Luxembourg sont confrontées lors de l’établissement et de la vérification de l’identité des ressortissants de pays-tiers dans le cadre des différentes procédures de migration (asile, retour, migration légale) ainsi que des pratiques mises en œuvre pour relever ces défis. Cette note se base essentiellement sur les informations recueillies jusqu’en juillet 2017 et n’englobe donc que peu d’évolutions qui ont pu se produire après cette date. [less ▲]

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See detailWealth inequality, frailty, and memory impairment: Is wealthier = healthier true at all older ages?
Leist, Anja UL

Scientific Conference (2018, December)

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See detailHydroxycoumarin OT-55 kills CML cells alone or in synergy with imatinib or Synribo: Involvement of ER stress and DAMP release
Mazumder, A; Lee, JY; Talhi, O et al

in Cancer Letters (2018)

We synthetized and investigated the anti-leukemic potential of the novel cytostatic bis(4-hydroxycoumarin) derivative OT-55 which complied with the Lipinski's rule of 5 and induced differential toxicity ... [more ▼]

We synthetized and investigated the anti-leukemic potential of the novel cytostatic bis(4-hydroxycoumarin) derivative OT-55 which complied with the Lipinski's rule of 5 and induced differential toxicity in various chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell models. OT-55 triggered ER stress leading to canonical, caspase-dependent apoptosis and release of danger associated molecular patterns. Consequently, OT-55 promoted phagocytosis of OT-55-treated CML cells by both murine and human monocyte-derived macrophages. Moreover, OT-55 inhibited tumor necrosis factor α-induced activation of nuclear factor-кB and produced synergistic effects when used in combination with imatinib to inhibit colony formation in vitro and Bcr-Abl+ patient blast xenograft growth in zebrafish. Furthermore, OT-55 synergized with omacetaxine in imatinib-resistant KBM-5 R cells to inhibit the expression of Mcl-1, triggering apoptosis. In imatinib-resistant K562 R cells, OT-55 triggered necrosis and blocked tumor formation in zebrafish in combination with omacetaxine. [less ▲]

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See detailGesundheit und Wohlbefinden von Kindern und Jugendlichen - Bericht zur HBSC-Befragung luxemburgischer Schülerinnen und Schüler 2014
Heinz, Andreas UL; van Duin, Claire UL; Catunda, Carolina UL et al

Book published by University of Luxembourg (2018)

The following report contains the results of the Luxembourgish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, which was conducted in the year 2014. The HBSC study is a cross-national survey study ... [more ▼]

The following report contains the results of the Luxembourgish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, which was conducted in the year 2014. The HBSC study is a cross-national survey study that collects data every four years in school classes across Europe, Asia and Canada. In Luxembourg, students from primary and secondary schools that teach according to the Luxembourgish curriculum were included in the study. This report contains the data of 7233 students aged 11 to 18 years old. The HBSC study inquires about a wide range of topics, including questions on subjective well-being, nutrition, physical activity, social relationships in- and outside of school, use of addictive substances and sexual behaviour. This report examines these topics mainly with regard to socio-demographic characteristics. With regards to gender, neither boys nor girls are at a clear disadvantage for the researched themes. The position of boys and girls depends on the theme, which means that for certain themes boys are at a disadvantage, whereas for other themes girls are at a disadvantage. Boys indicate higher rates of substance use (alcohol, tobacco and cannabis), higher rates of overweight and they watch more television than girls. However, girls report less physical activity, lower rates of breakfast consumption, more health complaints and lower life satisfaction compared to boys. For almost all the indicators examined, the 11-12-year-olds have the best scores and often the next group (13-14-year-olds) is already performing significantly worse. The only exception in this pattern was found for the variable of bullying: the older the students are, the less often they are victims of bullying. The age 12-13 is therefore considered a critical phase of life from a health perspective. Additionally, the social status of students is of relevance for their health. The large majority of indicators show that the higher the family affluence, the better the results reported by students. Students from the Fondamental are younger, and thus obtain better scores for the majority of indicators than the students from secondary schools. Within secondary schools, better scores are obtained by Secondaire classique students compared to Secondaire technique students. In the international comparison, Luxembourgish students are inconspicuous and often placed in the midfield with average scores. Compared to students in other countries, Luxembourgish students report to do more sports and they report fewer occasions of drunkenness in their life. However, Luxembourg obtained low scores for two indicators: Luxembourgish students have a high number of health complaints (e.g. pain, problems falling asleep, nervousness) and their life satisfaction is relatively low. [less ▲]

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See detailLa fiducie et la structuration des fonds d'investissement de droit français
Riassetto, Isabelle UL; Storck, Michel

in Mélanges en l'honneur du professeur Claude Witz (2018)

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See detailLes inégalités scolaires dans le système secondaire luxembourgeois dans une perspective dans les temps
Hadjar, Andreas UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Backes, Susanne UL

in University of Luxembourg, LUCET; Ministère de l’Éducation nationale, de l’Enfance et de la Jeunesse, SCRIPT (Eds.) Rapport national sur l'éducation au Luxembourg 2018 (2018)

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See detailSuccessive convex approximation algorithms for sparse signal estimation with nonconvex regularizations
Yang, Yang UL; Pesavento, Marius; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing (2018), 12(6), 1286-1302

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See detailGood Business: The Economic Case for Protecting Human Rights
Baglayan, Basak UL; Landau, Ingrid; Mcvey, Marisa et al

Report (2018)

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See detailInteroperability of EU Databases and Access to Personal Data by National Police Authorities under Article 20 of the Commission Proposals
Quintel, Teresa Alegra UL

in European Data Protection Law Review (2018), 4/2018(4), 470-482

This contribution assesses data protection concerns relating to the processing of personal data carried out pursuant to Article 20 of the interoperability proposals, which were published by the European ... [more ▼]

This contribution assesses data protection concerns relating to the processing of personal data carried out pursuant to Article 20 of the interoperability proposals, which were published by the European Commission on 12 December 2017. The proposals seek to enable all centralised EU databases for security, border and migration management to be interconnected by 2023. Under Article 20 of the proposals, Member States would be permitted to implement national provisions that allow national police authorities to query one of the interoperability components with biometric taken during an identity check. Such queries shall prevent irregular migration and ensure a high level of security within Union. In particular, this article seeks to examine the data protection concerns arising with regard to streamlined law enforcement access to non-law enforcement databases included in the interoperable framework, and addresses risks for individuals to become subject to unfair processing under Article 20 of the interoperability proposal. [less ▲]

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See detailPower and Load Optimization in Interference-Coupled Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access Networks
Lei, Lei UL; You, Lei; Yang, Yang UL et al

in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM) 2018 (2018, December)

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See detailA Family of Lightweight Twisted Edwards Curves for the Internet of Things
Ghatpande, Sankalp UL; Groszschädl, Johann UL; Liu, Zhe UL

in Blazy, Olivier; Yeun, Chan Y. (Eds.) Information Security Theory and Practice, 12th IFIP WG 11.2 International Conference, WISTP 2018, Brussels, Belgium, December 10-11, 2018, Proceedings (2018, December)

We introduce a set of four twisted Edwards curves that satisfy common security requirements and allow for fast implementations of scalar multiplication on 8, 16, and 32-bit processors. Our curves are ... [more ▼]

We introduce a set of four twisted Edwards curves that satisfy common security requirements and allow for fast implementations of scalar multiplication on 8, 16, and 32-bit processors. Our curves are defined by an equation of the form -x^2 + y^2 = 1 + dx^2y^2 over a prime field Fp, where d is a small non-square modulo p. The underlying prime fields are based on "pseudo-Mersenne" primes given by p = 2^k - c and have in common that p is congruent to 5 modulo 8, k is a multiple of 32 minus 1, and c is at most eight bits long. Due to these common features, our primes facilitate a parameterized implementation of the low-level arithmetic so that one and the same arithmetic function is able to process operands of different length. Each of the twisted Edwards curves we introduce in this paper is birationally equivalent to a Montgomery curve of the form -(A+2)y^2 = x^3 + Ax^2 + x where 4/(A+2) is small. Even though this contrasts with the usual practice of choosing A such that (A+2)/4 is small, we show that the Montgomery form of our curves allows for an equally efficient implementation of point doubling as Curve25519. The four curves we put forward roughly match the common security levels of 80, 96, 112 and 128 bits. In addition, their Weierstraß representations are isomorphic to curves of the form y^2 = x^3 - 3x + b so as to facilitate inter-operability with TinyECC and other legacy software. [less ▲]

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See detailL'art pariétal dans l'oeuvre de Jean Rouaud : d'une cosmogonie préhistorique à une métaphysique poétique
Freyermuth, Sylvie UL

in Elseneur (2018), 33

This paper concerns the analysis of the representations of ornamented caves in Jean Rouaud’s work. The study highlights, through strong intertextual relations, the continuum which links the cycles of Jean ... [more ▼]

This paper concerns the analysis of the representations of ornamented caves in Jean Rouaud’s work. The study highlights, through strong intertextual relations, the continuum which links the cycles of Jean Rouaud’s creation through this theme, so that it is necessary to go beyond the fascination developed by the author about the prehistorical cave paintings. Then it’s suitable to question the recurrence of the pattern of the ornamented cave in Jean Rouaud’s texts. This work reveals a poetical thought of the writer about emergence of art in Préhistoires (2007); the pictorial art, hidden in the loins of the earth, replaces the tale. La femme promise (2009) also stages an ornamented cave, but this time, it is to think about humanity evolution concerning the beauty and the good. Last, La splendeur escamotée de frère Cheval ou le secret des grottes ornées (2018) traces the passage from a prehistorical cosmogony to author’s poetical metaphysics. [less ▲]

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See detailFriend or Foe? Portraying the German Occupier in Luxembourg (1914-1918).
Camarda, Sandra UL

in Mutations. Mémoires et Perspectives du Bassin Minier (2018), (10), 161-167

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See detailWeb History in Context
Schafer, Valerie UL; Thierry, Benjamin

in Brügger, Niels; Milligan, Ian (Eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Web History FIRST EDITION (2018)

The presence now of the Web in every area of life demands studies which constitute it simultaneously both as itself a contextualising object and as anchored in a context. Contextualising because today it ... [more ▼]

The presence now of the Web in every area of life demands studies which constitute it simultaneously both as itself a contextualising object and as anchored in a context. Contextualising because today it directly influences an infinite number of objects, which can no longer be studied without taking account of their echoes online. In transmedia dynamics in particular, we can see how the Web is increasingly becoming an ever-present backdrop to controversies, to the configuration of information and even to interpersonal relationships. Equally, the Web must find its own contextualisation, first of all – since we are historians – from a diachronic perspective. The first challenge is not to remain within the limits set by the technology itself. This twofold approach (the Web in context and the Web as context) suggests how focused we need to be on the construction of an ever-changing socio-technical reality – a return to a totalising, process-focused history which takes account of ongoing developments. We should resist the effects of any discourse tending to fix realities or establish, in hieratic or metonymic fashion, an image of ‘THE’ Web. The present analysis falls into three main sections, which interrogate, in turn, the diachronic or temporal contextualisation, the boundaries or spatial contextualisation, and finally collective and individual experiences of the Web. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench memories about the ARPANET: a conversation with Michel Élie and Gérard Le Lann
Schafer, Valerie UL; Paloque-Bergès, Camille

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2018)

Although the ARPANET was a United States-funded project that was deeply rooted in US post-war science and technology policies, it had an international dimension from its very early days. The memories of ... [more ▼]

Although the ARPANET was a United States-funded project that was deeply rooted in US post-war science and technology policies, it had an international dimension from its very early days. The memories of Michel Elie and Gerard Le Lann are oriented towards their US experience. They testify to an early French presence in the ARPANET project at two stages of its history: in 1969–1970, when the first nodes came into activity, and in 1973–1974, when TCP, which evolved into TCP/IP and became the Internet’s flagship protocol, was defined, replacing NCP, which was at the heart of the ARPANET. They thus highlight crucial but different sides of the ARPANET’s genesis. [less ▲]

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See detailLa sémiotique visuelle naissante : Greimas et sa postérité
Colas-Blaise, Marion UL

in La Part de l'Oeil (2018), (32), 275-295

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See detailHenri Hellenbrand: un Luxembourgeois anonyme dans les rangs de la Légion étrangère
Sauer, Arnaud UL

in Être d'ailleurs en temps de guerre (1914-1918). Étrangers à Dudelange, Dudelangeois à l'étranger (2018)

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See detailHealth access and wealth: Does capital structure matter?
Paccoud, Ivana; Leist, Anja UL

Scientific Conference (2018, December)

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See detailThe Giant has woken up: the European Union’s Plans for the Future of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Kafteranis, Dimitrios UL

in Irish Journal for European Law (2018), 21

Detailed reference viewed: 171 (16 UL)