References of "2016"
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See detailStudy on the quasi Fermi level splitting of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 absorber layers with Cu-rich and Cu-poor composition
Babbe, Finn UL; Choubrac, Léo UL; Siebentritt, Susanne UL

in IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. Conference Record (2016)

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See detailAcculturation strategies of young immigrants living in Belgium: The view of young Belgian nationals
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL et al

in Roland-Lévi, Christine; Denoux, Patrick; Voyer, Benjamin (Eds.) et al Unity, diversity and culture. Proceedings from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (2016)

In contemporary society, migration has become a key topic. According to Berry (1997), individuals might display different attitudes and behaviors in the process of acculturation, defined as cultural and ... [more ▼]

In contemporary society, migration has become a key topic. According to Berry (1997), individuals might display different attitudes and behaviors in the process of acculturation, defined as cultural and psychological changes resulting from the direct contact among members of multiple cultures. Whereas most research has concentrated on the acculturation strategies of immigrants, the aim of this study is to focus on the preferences of members of the receiving society. In particular, we analyze which strategy young Belgians consider the most suitable for immigrants to adopt, using a sample of Belgian students between the ages of 18 and 29 years living in Brussels. We account for several variables to shed light on the important aspects of intergroup relationships between host nationals and immigrants. [less ▲]

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See detailCell Fate Decision as High-Dimensional Critical State Transition
Mojtahedi, Mitra; Skupin, Alexander UL; Zhou, Joseph et al

in PLoS Biology (2016), 14(12), 2000640

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See detailCharacterization of competing distortions in YFe2O4
Blasco, J; Lafuerza, S; Garcia et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter (2016), 93

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See detailTemperature-dependent excitonic effects in the optical properties of single-layer MoS2
Molina-Sanchez, Alejandro UL; Palummo, Maurizia; Marini, Andrea et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter (2016), 93

The electron-phonon interaction alters substantially the conventional picture of the band structure. It also changes the properties of excitonic states, which are very pronounced in many 2D materials ... [more ▼]

The electron-phonon interaction alters substantially the conventional picture of the band structure. It also changes the properties of excitonic states, which are very pronounced in many 2D materials. Using many-body perturbation theory, the authors describe how the inclusion of temperature modifies the electronic bands of single-layer MoS2. Different bands and different regions in the Brillouin zone are affected in different ways by electron-phonon coupling. Using the temperature-broadened bands as input for the Bethe-Salpeter equation, the authors explain why, for the bound A and B excitons, the electron-phonon coupling changes mainly the position, and for the C exciton, only the width is affected by temperature, while the energy is rather constant. [less ▲]

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See detailFrontaliers atypiques dans la Grande-Région SaarLorLux
Wille, Christian UL; Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The Greater Region is characterised by the singular independence of its labour market between its different sectors. Cross-border commuting across national borders has been facilitated in a tangible way ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region is characterised by the singular independence of its labour market between its different sectors. Cross-border commuting across national borders has been facilitated in a tangible way by the process of European unification, as a result of which the status of cross-border commuters has been defined from the point of view of social and fiscal rights. This definition does not distinguish between border workers who migrate from their "home region" to the neighbouring country and those who come from the neighbouring country to the "home region" to join their place of work. The last-mentioned atypical border phenomenon is becoming increasingly important in the Greater Region. It is therefore in the context of residential mobility and atypical mobility of cross-border employees that the motivations of the latter as well as questions relating to the spatial organisation of daily practices are analysed in the context of the change of domicile. Aspects of social life at the place of residence will also be investigated and the subjective evaluation of residential migration will be detailed. The evaluation of each of these elements is based on the comparative study of atypical commuting at the border between Luxembourg and Lorraine/Saarland. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Parcs naturels dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Deshaies, Michel; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The nature parks are essentially rural areas, relatively extensive, whose landscapes, shaped mainly by traditional agricultural activities, have characteristics and aesthetic qualities favourable to the ... [more ▼]

The nature parks are essentially rural areas, relatively extensive, whose landscapes, shaped mainly by traditional agricultural activities, have characteristics and aesthetic qualities favourable to the reception and development of leisure activities and green tourism. Relatively far from the major urban areas, the landscapes have undergone little transformation under the influence of suburbanisation. The nature parks were set up at different times, within an institutional framework and with objectives that differed significantly depending on the legislation in force in the four countries; the emphasis was initially placed on nature protection, but from the 1990s onwards, sustainable local development became increasingly important. [less ▲]

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See detailPossessions en prêt au Haut Moyen Âge des Abbayes de Gorze et Wissembourg, de 661 à environ 860
Kasten, Brigitte; Schäfer, Jens; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

In the medieval world, the abbey had multiple meanings. On the one hand, it was a place of spiritual life where the abbey community lived, prayed and worked according to the strict ideals of the rule. The ... [more ▼]

In the medieval world, the abbey had multiple meanings. On the one hand, it was a place of spiritual life where the abbey community lived, prayed and worked according to the strict ideals of the rule. The schools, libraries and scriptoriums in which manuscripts were copied and partially decorated, also made it a centre of learning and the spread of knowledge. On the other hand, the abbeys were one of the largest landowners in the Middle Ages and their abbots were not only the superiors of religious communities but also the directors of large economic centres. The endowments for their foundation and donations from royalty or nobility provided the abbeys with considerable property. These assets were by no means a coherent mass in the vicinity of the abbey, but were rather scattered over long distances. The abbeys of Wissembourg and Gorze, through the cartularies that have come down to us, lend themselves to a more precise examination of the abbeys' economy. [less ▲]

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See detailSkin microbiome in melanomas and melanocytic nevi
Salava, A.; Aho, Velma UL; Pereira, P. et al

in European Journal of Dermatology (2016), 26(1), 49-55

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See detailSites du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Mendgen, Eva; Helfer, Malte UL; Pauly, Michel UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

In 2017, the Greater Region SaarLorLux has no less than twelve sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List. They date from different periods, from prehistory to the beginning of the 20th century, and belong ... [more ▼]

In 2017, the Greater Region SaarLorLux has no less than twelve sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List. They date from different periods, from prehistory to the beginning of the 20th century, and belong to different categories. Architectural and industrial monuments are part of the Greater Region's World Cultural Heritage, as are squares and entire cities, fortifications and cultural landscapes. The World Heritage sites bear witness to the rich European history and are a sign of the Greater Region's exceptional cultural diversity. They are also exceptionally beautiful and picturesque. Each of the World Heritage Sites is related to many other monuments, while providing its own context, history and spatial, cultural and social coordination system. In recent years, global and transnational aspects have gradually led to the listing of ensembles of sites and cultural landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailSources and Functions of Extracellular Small RNAs in Human Circulation.
Fritz, Joëlle UL; Heintz, Anna UL; Ghosal, Anubrata et al

in Annual review of nutrition (2016)

Various biotypes of endogenous small RNAs (sRNAs) have been detected in human circulation, including microRNAs, transfer RNAs, ribosomal RNA, and yRNA fragments. These extracellular sRNAs (ex-sRNAs) are ... [more ▼]

Various biotypes of endogenous small RNAs (sRNAs) have been detected in human circulation, including microRNAs, transfer RNAs, ribosomal RNA, and yRNA fragments. These extracellular sRNAs (ex-sRNAs) are packaged and secreted by many different cell types. Ex-sRNAs exhibit differences in abundance in several disease states and have, therefore, been proposed for use as effective biomarkers. Furthermore, exosome-borne ex-sRNAs have been reported to elicit physiological responses in acceptor cells. Exogenous ex-sRNAs derived from diet (most prominently from plants) and microorganisms have also been reported in human blood. Essential issues that remain to be conclusively addressed concern the (a) presence and sources of exogenous ex-sRNAs in human bodily fluids, (b) detection and measurement of ex-sRNAs in human circulation, (c) selectivity of ex-sRNA export and import, (d) sensitivity and specificity of ex-sRNA delivery to cellular targets, and (e) cell-, tissue-, organ-, and organism-wide impacts of ex-sRNA-mediated cell-to-cell communication. We survey the present state of knowledge of most of these issues in this review. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Nutrition Volume 36 is July 17, 2016. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/catalog/pubdates.aspx for revised estimates. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification, recovery, and refinement of hitherto undescribed population-level genomes from the human gastrointestinal tract
Laczny, Cedric Christian UL; Muller, Emilie UL; Heintz, Anna UL et al

in Frontiers in Microbiology (2016), 7(884),

Linking taxonomic identity and functional potential at the population-level is important for the study of mixed microbial communities and is greatly facilitated by the availability of microbial reference ... [more ▼]

Linking taxonomic identity and functional potential at the population-level is important for the study of mixed microbial communities and is greatly facilitated by the availability of microbial reference genomes. While the culture-independent recovery of population-level genomes from environmental samples using the binning of metagenomic data has expanded available reference genome catalogs, several microbial lineages remain underrepresented. Here, we present two reference-independent approaches for the identification, recovery, and refinement of hitherto undescribed population-level genomes. The first approach is aimed at genome recovery of varied taxa and involves multi-sample automated binning using CANOPY CLUSTERING complemented by visualization and human-augmented binning using VIZBINpost hoc. The second approach is particularly well-suited for the study of specific taxa and employs VIZBINde novo. Using these approaches, we reconstructed a total of six population-level genomes of distinct and divergent representatives of the Alphaproteobacteria class, the Mollicutes class, the Clostridiales order, and the Melainabacteria class from human gastrointestinal tract-derived metagenomic data. Our results demonstrate that, while automated binning approaches provide great potential for large-scale studies of mixed microbial communities, these approaches should be complemented with informative visualizations because expert-driven inspection and refinements are critical for the recovery of high-quality population-level genomes. [less ▲]

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See detailNeurological Diseases from a Systems Medicine Point of View.
Ostaszewski, Marek UL; Skupin, Alexander UL; Balling, Rudi UL

in Methods in Molecular Biology (2016), 1386

The difficulty to understand, diagnose, and treat neurological disorders stems from the great complexity of the central nervous system on different levels of physiological granularity. The individual ... [more ▼]

The difficulty to understand, diagnose, and treat neurological disorders stems from the great complexity of the central nervous system on different levels of physiological granularity. The individual components, their interactions, and dynamics involved in brain development and function can be represented as molecular, cellular, or functional networks, where diseases are perturbations of networks. These networks can become a useful research tool in investigating neurological disorders if they are properly tailored to reflect corresponding mechanisms. Here, we review approaches to construct networks specific for neurological disorders describing disease-related pathology on different scales: the molecular, cellular, and brain level. We also briefly discuss cross-scale network analysis as a necessary integrator of these scales. [less ▲]

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See detailOriginal oder Untertitel? Gleich-Berechtigung aller Kunstsparten: Zwei Beispiele
Tropper, Elisabeth UL; Ortmann, Katharina

in Positionen - Texte zur aktuellen Musik (2016), 106

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See detailNormal approximation on Poisson spaces: Mehler's formula, second order Poincaré inequalities and stabilization
Last, Guenter; Peccati, Giovanni UL; Schulte, Matthias

in Probability Theory and Related Fields (2016), 165(3), 667-723

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See detailRPSL meets lightning: A model-based approach to design space exploration of robot perception systems
Gammaitoni, Loïc UL; Hochgeschwender, Nico UL

in RPSL meets lightning: A model-based approach to design space exploration of robot perception systems (2016)

The design space of a robotic application defines at a meta level what are all of its possible implementations. Those possibilities are called design alternatives and differ on many different aspects, one ... [more ▼]

The design space of a robotic application defines at a meta level what are all of its possible implementations. Those possibilities are called design alternatives and differ on many different aspects, one being preferred to the other depending on how, where, when or what the application should do. Design Space Exploration (DSE) is the process of reviewing those design alternatives, prior to their implementation, with intention to verify that the set of all design alternatives to be implemented covers all the possible scenarios in which the application is to be executed. In this paper we address two challenges related to DSE, namely, (1) the formal definitions of design spaces, a non-trivial task due to the many dimensions to be taken into consideration, and (2) the automatisation of DSE, that is, enabling a domain expert to review design alternatives corresponding to a given design space effortlessly. In this paper, we address those challenges in the context of robot perception software systems by combining two already existing technologies, namely RPSL for the specification of robot perception system's design spaces and Lightning, a language workbench that we use to formalise RPSL and obtain, from RPSL specifications, corresponding design alternatives. [less ▲]

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See detailPreventing Coercion in E-Voting: Be Open and Commit
Jamroga, Wojciech UL; Tabatabaei, Masoud UL

in Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference on Electronic Voting (E-Vote-ID) (2016)

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See detailExpressing Receipt-Freeness and Coercion-Resistance in Logics of Strategic Ability: Preliminary Attempt
Tabatabaei, Masoud UL; Jamroga, Wojciech UL; Ryan, Peter UL

in The International Workshop on AI for Privacy and Security (PrAISe), 2016. (2016)

Voting is a mechanism of utmost importance to social processes. In this paper, we focus on the strategic aspect of information security in voting procedures. We argue that the notions of receipt-freeness ... [more ▼]

Voting is a mechanism of utmost importance to social processes. In this paper, we focus on the strategic aspect of information security in voting procedures. We argue that the notions of receipt-freeness and coercion resistance are underpinned by existence (or nonexistence) of a suitable strategy for some participants of the voting process. In order to back the argument formally, we provide logical ``transcriptions'' of the informal intuitions behind coercion-related properties that can be found in the existing literature. The transcriptions are formulated in the modal game logic ATL*, well known in the area of multi-agent systems. [less ▲]

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See detailInformation Security as Strategic (In)effectivity
Jamroga, Wojciech UL; Tabatabaei, Masoud UL

in 12th International Workshop on Security and Trust Management (STM), 2016. (2016)

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See detailWechselrahmen : medienhistorische Fallstudien zum Romananfang des 13. Jahrhunderts
Bendheim, Amelie UL

Book published by Winter (2016)

Die Studie unternimmt eine medien- und sozialhistorische Neubeschreibung des Erzählanfangs mittelhochdeutscher Romane. Im Kontext der semi-oralen Rezeptions- und Performanzsituation des Mittelalters ... [more ▼]

Die Studie unternimmt eine medien- und sozialhistorische Neubeschreibung des Erzählanfangs mittelhochdeutscher Romane. Im Kontext der semi-oralen Rezeptions- und Performanzsituation des Mittelalters werden Varianzen in der Überlieferung des Texteingangs nicht als Verderbnis betrachtet, sondern ihnen wird eine kommunikative Funktion zugeschrieben. Anhand detaillierter Einzelanalysen dreier Romane aus dem 13. Jahrhundert (Flore und Blanscheflur, Wigalois, Wigamur) wird die erzähltechnische und rezeptionslenkende Funktion des variablen Anfangsrahmens untersucht, die Rückschlüsse auf die (epochenspezifische) Wahrnehmung von Welt erlaubt. Mit dem textanalytischen Modell des ›Wechselrahmens‹ und der detaillierten Betrachtung paratextueller Elemente eröffnet die Studie neue Perspektiven auf den Erzählanfang als integralen Bestandteil des mittelalterlichen Romans. [less ▲]

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