References of "2016"
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See detailThe Italian Law on RPAS
Bergamasco, Federico UL

in The Law of Unmanned Aircraft Systems: an Introduction to the Current and Future Regulation under National, Regional and International Law (2016)

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See detailAn 'architecture of bureaucracy': Technocratic planning of government architecture in Belgium in the 1930s
van de Maele, Jens UL

in Lloyd Thomas, Katie; Amhoff, Tilo; Beech, Nick (Eds.) Industries of Architecture (2016)

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See detailStai scherzando? Are you kidding? Investigating the influence of dubbing on the Italian progressive
Viola, Lorella UL

in Italian Journal of Linguistics (2016)

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See detailThe dynamics of helping behavior for Jewish refugees during the Second World War: The importance of brokerage
During, Marten UL

in Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence (2016)

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See detailImpact of Patients’ Communication with the Medical Practitioners, on Their Adherence Declared to Preventive Behaviours, Five Years after a Coronary Angiography, in Luxembourg
Baumann, Michèle UL; Tchicaya, Anastase; Lorentz, Nathalie et al

in PLoS ONE (2016), 11(6), 0157321

Patients of the National Institute of Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology in Luxembourg who underwent coronary angiography were surveyed for hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes and ... [more ▼]

Patients of the National Institute of Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology in Luxembourg who underwent coronary angiography were surveyed for hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes and overweight/obesity between 2008/9 and 2013/4. For each cardiovascular risk factor (CVRFs), we analysed the associations between the quality of the patients' communication with the medical practitioner and their adherence declared to preventive behaviours. Methods 1,289 completed a self-administered questionnaire on communication with the medical practitioner (P’Com-5 items scale; Cronbach 0.87). 61.8%stopped smoking, 57.9% reduced or stopped their consumption of salt, 71.9% of fat, and 62.8%of sugar, and whereas 65% increased their consumption of fruit and vegetables and 19.8% increased their physical activity. Around 37% reported having made changes following their doctor's advice. 90% were followed by a cardiologist and 95.9% by an attending physician. Results No link was observed between declaration of physical activity, smoking, fats, and quality of communication. Significant associations: for increased consumption of fruit and vegetables was linked with the quality of doctor-patient communication when patients were overweight (OR = 1.081), obese (OR = 1.130), hypercholesterolemic (OR = 1.102), hypertensive (OR = 1.084) or diabetic (OR = 1.103). Reduction in salt intake was linked only to patients with hypertension (OR = 1.102), whereas reduction or cessation of sugar consumption was linked to overweight (OR = 1.093), and more so obese, (OR = 1.106), hypercholesterolemics (OR = 1.103) and diabetics (OR = 1.173). Conclusions Good doctor-patient communication was related to nutrition, particularly increased consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables. Accurate perception of CVRFs by both patients and medical practitioners is essential for CV protection. The aim of instructing patients is to encourage them to make informed decisions about how to change their lifestyle. In routinely, P’Com-5 scale can collect data to assess the improvement of the professional skills. It can be used in medical training to enhance the quality of the therapeutic communication, especially for nutritional coaching, and to evaluate its efficacy in reducing CVRFs. [less ▲]

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See detailTeacher judgments as measures of children's cognitive ability: A multilevel analysis
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Preckel, Franzis

in Learning and Individual Differences (2016), 52

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See detailSurveiller et exploiter. Les plans d'Hitler pour la Belgique
Majerus, Benoît UL

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailShort-term and medium-term effects of grade retention in secondary school on academic achievement and psychosocial outcome variables
Klapproth, Florian; Schaltz, Paule UL; Brunner, Martin et al

in Learning and Individual Differences (2016), 50

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See detailA Refactoring Approach to Enhance Software Development Process
Samir, Areeg UL; Darwish, Nagy Ramadan

in Software Engineering and Technology (2016), (August), 191--200

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See detailEstimating the Mental Health Effects of Social Isolation
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Rohde, Nicholas; Tang, Kam Ki et al

in Applied Research in Quality of Life (2016), 11

It is frequently hypothesized that feelings of social isolation are detrimental for an individual's mental health, however standard statistical models cannot estimate this effect due to reverse causality ... [more ▼]

It is frequently hypothesized that feelings of social isolation are detrimental for an individual's mental health, however standard statistical models cannot estimate this effect due to reverse causality between the independent and dependent variables. In this paper we present endogeneity-corrected estimates of the mental health consequences of isolation (based on self-assessed loneliness scores) using Australian panel data. The central identification strategy comes from a natural source of variation where some people within our sample are required by work or study commitments to move home. This relocation may break individuals' social ties, resulting in significantly higher reported feelings of loneliness and consequently may lower mental health scores. The method gives results that are significant, robust and pass a battery of diagnostic tests. Estimates indicate that feelings of isolation have large negative consequences for psychological well-being, and that the effects are larger for women and older people. The results suggest that at current levels, a 10% reduction applied to all individuals would reduce annual expenditure on mental illness in Australia by approximately $3B AUD, or around $150 AUD per person. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation to Poverty in Long-Run Panel Data
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew; Ghislandi, Simone

in Review of Economics and Statistics (2016), 98

We consider the link between poverty and subjective well-being, and focus in particular on potential adaptation to poverty. We use panel data on almost 54,000 individuals living in Germany from 1985 to ... [more ▼]

We consider the link between poverty and subjective well-being, and focus in particular on potential adaptation to poverty. We use panel data on almost 54,000 individuals living in Germany from 1985 to 2012 to show first that life satisfaction falls with both the incidence and intensity of contemporaneous poverty. We then reveal that there is little evidence of adaptation within a poverty spell: poverty starts bad and stays bad in terms of subjective well-being. We cannot identify any cause of poverty entry which explains the overall lack of poverty adaptation. [less ▲]

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See detailOn a Family of Achievement and Shortfall Inequality Indices
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya; Chattopadhyay, Nachiketa

in Health Economics (2016), 25

This paper identifies a family of absolute consistent inequality indices using a weakly decomposable postulate suggested by Ebert (2010). Since one member employs an Atkinson (1970) type aggregation we ... [more ▼]

This paper identifies a family of absolute consistent inequality indices using a weakly decomposable postulate suggested by Ebert (2010). Since one member employs an Atkinson (1970) type aggregation we refer to it as the Atkinson index of consistent inequality. A second member of this family parallels the Kolm (1976) index of inequality. Two innovative features of these indices are that no specific structure is imposed on the form of the index at the outset and no transformation of any existing index is considered to ensure consistency. Each of them regards an achievement distribution as equally unequal as the corresponding shortfall distribution. We apply these indices to study inequality in grip strength among 50+ year-old Europeans. [less ▲]

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See detailDensity-functional theory with screened van der Waals interactions applied to atomic and molecular adsorbates on close-packed and non-close-packed surfaces
Ruiz, Victor G.; Liu, Wei; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL

in Physical Review. B (2016), 93(3),

Modeling the adsorption of atoms and molecules on surfaces requires efficient electronic-structure methods that are able to capture both covalent and noncovalent interactions in a reliable manner. In ... [more ▼]

Modeling the adsorption of atoms and molecules on surfaces requires efficient electronic-structure methods that are able to capture both covalent and noncovalent interactions in a reliable manner. In order to tackle this problem, we have developed a method within density-functional theory (DFT) to model screened van der Waals interactions (vdW) for atoms and molecules on surfaces (the so-called DFT+vdW(surf) method). The relatively high accuracy of the DFT+vdW(surf) method in the calculation of both adsorption distances and energies, as well as the high degree of its reliability across a wide range of adsorbates, indicates the importance of the collective electronic effects within the extended substrate for the calculation of the vdW energy tail. We examine in detail the theoretical background of the method and assess its performance for adsorption phenomena including the physisorption of Xe on selected close-packed transition metal surfaces and 3,4,9,10-perylene-tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride (PTCDA) on Au(111). We also address the performance of DFT+vdW(surf) in the case of non-close-packed surfaces by studying the adsorption of Xe on Cu(110) and the interfaces formed by the adsorption of a PTCDA monolayer on the Ag(111), Ag(100), and Ag(110) surfaces. We conclude by discussing outstanding challenges in the modeling of vdW interactions for studying atomic and molecular adsorbates on inorganic substrates. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy on the quasi Fermi level splitting of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 absorber layers with Cu-rich and Cu-poor composition
Babbe, Finn UL; Choubrac, Léo UL; Siebentritt, Susanne UL

in IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. Conference Record (2016)

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See detailAcculturation strategies of young immigrants living in Belgium: The view of young Belgian nationals
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL et al

in Roland-Lévi, Christine; Denoux, Patrick; Voyer, Benjamin (Eds.) et al Unity, diversity and culture. Proceedings from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (2016)

In contemporary society, migration has become a key topic. According to Berry (1997), individuals might display different attitudes and behaviors in the process of acculturation, defined as cultural and ... [more ▼]

In contemporary society, migration has become a key topic. According to Berry (1997), individuals might display different attitudes and behaviors in the process of acculturation, defined as cultural and psychological changes resulting from the direct contact among members of multiple cultures. Whereas most research has concentrated on the acculturation strategies of immigrants, the aim of this study is to focus on the preferences of members of the receiving society. In particular, we analyze which strategy young Belgians consider the most suitable for immigrants to adopt, using a sample of Belgian students between the ages of 18 and 29 years living in Brussels. We account for several variables to shed light on the important aspects of intergroup relationships between host nationals and immigrants. [less ▲]

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See detailCell Fate Decision as High-Dimensional Critical State Transition
Mojtahedi, Mitra; Skupin, Alexander UL; Zhou, Joseph et al

in PLoS Biology (2016), 14(12), 2000640

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See detailCharacterization of competing distortions in YFe2O4
Blasco, J; Lafuerza, S; Garcia et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter (2016), 93

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See detailTemperature-dependent excitonic effects in the optical properties of single-layer MoS2
Molina-Sanchez, Alejandro UL; Palummo, Maurizia; Marini, Andrea et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter (2016), 93

The electron-phonon interaction alters substantially the conventional picture of the band structure. It also changes the properties of excitonic states, which are very pronounced in many 2D materials ... [more ▼]

The electron-phonon interaction alters substantially the conventional picture of the band structure. It also changes the properties of excitonic states, which are very pronounced in many 2D materials. Using many-body perturbation theory, the authors describe how the inclusion of temperature modifies the electronic bands of single-layer MoS2. Different bands and different regions in the Brillouin zone are affected in different ways by electron-phonon coupling. Using the temperature-broadened bands as input for the Bethe-Salpeter equation, the authors explain why, for the bound A and B excitons, the electron-phonon coupling changes mainly the position, and for the C exciton, only the width is affected by temperature, while the energy is rather constant. [less ▲]

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See detailFrontaliers atypiques dans la Grande-Région SaarLorLux
Wille, Christian UL; Helfer, Malte UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The Greater Region is characterised by the singular independence of its labour market between its different sectors. Cross-border commuting across national borders has been facilitated in a tangible way ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region is characterised by the singular independence of its labour market between its different sectors. Cross-border commuting across national borders has been facilitated in a tangible way by the process of European unification, as a result of which the status of cross-border commuters has been defined from the point of view of social and fiscal rights. This definition does not distinguish between border workers who migrate from their "home region" to the neighbouring country and those who come from the neighbouring country to the "home region" to join their place of work. The last-mentioned atypical border phenomenon is becoming increasingly important in the Greater Region. It is therefore in the context of residential mobility and atypical mobility of cross-border employees that the motivations of the latter as well as questions relating to the spatial organisation of daily practices are analysed in the context of the change of domicile. Aspects of social life at the place of residence will also be investigated and the subjective evaluation of residential migration will be detailed. The evaluation of each of these elements is based on the comparative study of atypical commuting at the border between Luxembourg and Lorraine/Saarland. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Parcs naturels dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Deshaies, Michel; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Helfer, Malte UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The nature parks are essentially rural areas, relatively extensive, whose landscapes, shaped mainly by traditional agricultural activities, have characteristics and aesthetic qualities favourable to the ... [more ▼]

The nature parks are essentially rural areas, relatively extensive, whose landscapes, shaped mainly by traditional agricultural activities, have characteristics and aesthetic qualities favourable to the reception and development of leisure activities and green tourism. Relatively far from the major urban areas, the landscapes have undergone little transformation under the influence of suburbanisation. The nature parks were set up at different times, within an institutional framework and with objectives that differed significantly depending on the legislation in force in the four countries; the emphasis was initially placed on nature protection, but from the 1990s onwards, sustainable local development became increasingly important. [less ▲]

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