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See detailA Systematic Review of Model-Driven Security
Nguyen, Phu Hong UL; Klein, Jacques UL; Kramer, Max et al

in The 20th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference Proceedings (2013, December)

To face continuously growing security threats and requirements, sound methodologies for constructing secure systems are required. In this context, Model-Driven Security (MDS) has emerged since more than a ... [more ▼]

To face continuously growing security threats and requirements, sound methodologies for constructing secure systems are required. In this context, Model-Driven Security (MDS) has emerged since more than a decade ago as a specialized Model-Driven Engineering approach for supporting the development of secure systems. MDS aims at improving the productivity of the development process and quality of the resulting secure systems, with models as the main artifact. This paper presents how we systematically examined existing published work in MDS and its results. The systematic review process, which is based on a formally designed review protocol, allowed us to identify, classify, and evaluate different MDS approaches. To be more specific, from thousands of relevant papers found, a final set of the most relevant MDS publications has been identified, strictly selected, and reviewed. We present a taxonomy for MDS, which is used to synthesize data in order to classify and evaluate the selected MDS approaches. The results draw a wide picture of existing MDS research showing the current status of the key aspects in MDS as well as the identified most relevant MDS approaches.We discuss the main limitations of the existing MDS approaches and suggest some potential research directions based on these insights. [less ▲]

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See detailVeins filled with the dilluted sap of rationality. A critical reply to Rens Bod
Fickers, Andreas UL

in BMGN - Low Countries Historical Review (2013), 128(4), 155-163

This article argues – in contradiction to the thesis developed by Rens Bod – that the hermeneutic tradition of humanities is not obsolete, especially when trying to understand the opportunities and ... [more ▼]

This article argues – in contradiction to the thesis developed by Rens Bod – that the hermeneutic tradition of humanities is not obsolete, especially when trying to understand the opportunities and challenges of using digital technologies for future research. The practice of digital history will have to be based on the critical analysis of the creation, enrichment, editing and retrieval of digital data as much as on the application of classical source criticism and historical contextualisation. If 'content' or rather 'data' is king in digital humanities, as imagined by Bod, context is its crown – at least for digital historians. [less ▲]

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See detailPattern Matching for Building Feature Extraction
Lagunas, Eva UL; Amin, Moeness; Ahmad, Fauzia et al

in IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters (2013)

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See detailDo eating behaviors in the general population account for country variance in glycemic control among adolescents with diabetes: the Hvidoere Study Group and the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study.
Due, Pernille; De Beaufort, Carine UL; Damsgaard, Mogens Trab et al

in Pediatric diabetes (2013), 14(8), 554-561

BACKGROUND: The Hvidoere Study Group (HSG) has demonstrated major differences in glycemic control between pediatric diabetes centers which remain largely unexplained. This study investigates whether these ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The Hvidoere Study Group (HSG) has demonstrated major differences in glycemic control between pediatric diabetes centers which remain largely unexplained. This study investigates whether these differences are partly attributable to healthy eating norms in the background population. METHODS: The study involved adolescents from 18 countries from (i) the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study (HBSC) and (ii) the HSG. There were 94 387 participants from representative HBSC samples of 11-, 13- and 15-yr-olds and 1483 11- to 15-yr-old adolescents with diabetes from the HSG. The frequency of intake of fruit, vegetables, sweets, sugary soft drinks, and daily breakfast was compared between the two groups. The glycemic control of the adolescents in the HSG cohort was determined by measuring glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). RESULTS: Across countries in the HSBC survey, there was substantial variation in prevalence of healthy eating behavior and even greater variation between adolescents from the HSG centers. In all countries more adolescents with diabetes reported healthy eating behavior compared to national norms. In individuals healthy eating behavior had a significant effect on the individual level HbA1c. There was no significant correlation between the frequencies of these healthy eating behaviors at (i) the national level and (ii) diabetes center level and the center mean HbA1c. CONCLUSIONS: Although individual healthy eating behavior is associated with better glycemic control at the individual level, such eating behavior does not explain the center differences in HbA1c. Similarly, the reported healthy eating norm of the background populations does not explain the variation in glycemic control among centers. [less ▲]

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See detailFaster Print on Demand for Prêt à Voter
Culnane, Chris; Heather, James; Joaquim, Rui UL et al

in Journal of Election Technology and Systems (2013), 2(1),

Printing Prêt à Voter ballots on demand is desirable both for convenience and security. It allows a polling station to serve numerous different ballots, and it avoids many problems associated with the ... [more ▼]

Printing Prêt à Voter ballots on demand is desirable both for convenience and security. It allows a polling station to serve numerous different ballots, and it avoids many problems associated with the custody of the printouts. This paper describes a new proposal for printing Prêt à Voter ballots on demand. The emphasis is on computational efficiency suitable for real elections, and on very general ballot types. [less ▲]

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See detailA novel GATA6 mutation in a child with congenital heart malformation and neonatal diabetes.
Eifes, Serge UL; Chudasama, Kishan K.; Molnes, Janne et al

in Clinical Case Reports (2013), 1(2), 86-90

Diabetes in neonates is a monogenetic disease and genetic analysis is warranted to allow best treatment, prognosis, and genetic counseling. Transcription factor mutations may have a variable expression ... [more ▼]

Diabetes in neonates is a monogenetic disease and genetic analysis is warranted to allow best treatment, prognosis, and genetic counseling. Transcription factor mutations may have a variable expression and different organs may be involved. [less ▲]

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See detailL'obligation de restitution du dépositaire d'OPC en droit Luxembourgeois
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Journal des Tribunaux Luxembourg (2013)

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See detailInternational Financial Management Association Best Paper Prize
Wolff, Christian UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2013)

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See detailA comprehensive metatranscriptome analysis pipeline and its validation using human small intestine microbiota datasets
Ramiro Garcia, Javier UL

in BMC genomics (2013), 14(1), 530

Background Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies can be applied in complex microbial ecosystems for metatranscriptome analysis by employing direct cDNA sequencing, which is known as RNA sequencing ... [more ▼]

Background Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies can be applied in complex microbial ecosystems for metatranscriptome analysis by employing direct cDNA sequencing, which is known as RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). RNA-seq generates large datasets of great complexity, the comprehensive interpretation of which requires a reliable bioinformatic pipeline. In this study, we focus on the development of such a metatranscriptome pipeline, which we validate using Illumina RNA-seq datasets derived from the small intestine microbiota of two individuals with an ileostomy. Results The metatranscriptome pipeline developed here enabled effective removal of rRNA derived sequences, followed by confident assignment of the predicted function and taxonomic origin of the mRNA reads. Phylogenetic analysis of the small intestine metatranscriptome datasets revealed a strong similarity with the community composition profiles obtained from 16S rDNA and rRNA pyrosequencing, indicating considerable congruency between community composition (rDNA), and the taxonomic distribution of overall (rRNA) and specific (mRNA) activity among its microbial members. Reproducibility of the metatranscriptome sequencing approach was established by independent duplicate experiments. In addition, comparison of metatranscriptome analysis employing single- or paired-end sequencing methods indicated that the latter approach does not provide improved functional or phylogenetic insights. Metatranscriptome functional-mapping allowed the analysis of global, and genus specific activity of the microbiota, and illustrated the potential of these approaches to unravel syntrophic interactions in microbial ecosystems. Conclusions A reliable pipeline for metatransciptome data analysis was developed and evaluated using RNA-seq datasets obtained for the human small intestine microbiota. The set-up of the pipeline is very generic and can be applied for (bacterial) metatranscriptome analysis in any chosen niche. [less ▲]

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See detailFacebook’s Real Name Policy: Bye-Bye, Max Mustermann?
Schmitz, Sandra UL

in Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and Electronic Commerce Law (2013), 4(3), 190-204

Facebook requires all members to use their real names and email addresses when joining the social network. Not only does the policy seem to be difficult to enforce (as the prevalence of accounts with ... [more ▼]

Facebook requires all members to use their real names and email addresses when joining the social network. Not only does the policy seem to be difficult to enforce (as the prevalence of accounts with people’s pets or fake names suggests), but it may also interfere with European (and, in particular, German) data protection laws. A German Data Protection Commissioner recently took action and ordered that Facebook permit pseudonymous accounts as its current anti-pseudonymous policy violates § 13 VI of the German Telemedia Act. This provision requires telemedia providers to allow for an anonymous or pseudonymous use of services insofar as this is reasonable and technically feasible. Irrespective of whether the pseudonymous use of Facebook is reasonable, the case can be narrowed down to one single question: Does German data protection law apply to Facebook? In that respect, this paper analyses the current Facebook dispute, in particular in relation to who controls the processing of personal data of Facebook users in Germany. It also briefly discusses whether a real name policy really presents a fix for anti-normative and anti-social behaviour on the Internet. [less ▲]

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See detail56. Aktualisierungslieferung - §§ 14, 43, 52b, 62, 64 RStV
Cole, Mark UL; Hartstein; Ring et al

Book published by Jehle-Rehm (2013)

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See detailFake can be just as good? Discussing Europeanisation in the Western Balkans
Blondel, Cyril UL

Scientific Conference (2013, November 29)

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See detailPour un droit des sociétés coopératives et mutualistes en OHADA. Contribution à l'élaboration d'un droit de l'économie sociale et solidaire
Tadjudje, Willy UL

Doctoral thesis (2013)

Legislation plays a very important role in the economic and social development. This is why the Law must be constantly adjusted to suit the particular circumstances of its recipients. This statement ... [more ▼]

Legislation plays a very important role in the economic and social development. This is why the Law must be constantly adjusted to suit the particular circumstances of its recipients. This statement applies to all branches of law, including the law of social and solidarity economy organizations. For a long time, they have been neglected. But in recent years, due to their contribution to the fight against the problems faced by Africa (unemployment, poverty, financial and social exclusion, etc.), these organizations are increasingly considered by legislators. There were legislations applicable to cooperatives in all States Parties to the OHADA Treaty, both before and after the independences. Similarly, in some countries, in the 1990s, the first laws governing mutual societies were adopted. However, these frameworks were generally described as inadequate or insufficient. That was precisely why OHADA decided to integrate cooperatives and mutual societies in its legislative agenda. Its task was to modernize the cooperative law and to fill legislative gaps in mutual society's law. The project was launched in 2001. But between 2004 and 2007, a lively discussion took place and led to the exclusion of mutual society from the OHADA legislation. Therefore, on 15th December 2010, was adopted a OHADA Uniform Act on cooperatives law only. Following the rejection of mutual societies by OHADA, the UEMOA continued its draft law on the same subject, which was adopted in 2009. The objective of this research is to criticize the withdrawal of mutual societies from the OHADA legislation and to plead for a reintroduction of a uniform act on cooperatives and mutual societies. At the time, the OHADA had relied on three main reasons to oust mutual societies: the difficulty to build rules applicable to two legal forms of organization in a single text, the fact that mutual societies are not part of business law that OHADA is supposed to harmonize and the initiation of a legislation on mutual societies in the UEMOA zone at the same period. Throughout the first part of this research, we show that cooperatives and mutual societies share a broad consensus, which is sufficient to demonstrate that they can be treated together under a unique law. In the second part, we note that mutual societies can take the legal form of society, which integrates them in the OHADA law. Also, because of the symbolic supremacy of the OHADA over the UEMOA, we explain how the OHADA legislator could consult his counterpart from the UEMOA in the perspective to avoid duplicative legislations. Once the establishment of this framework, we discussed the process of building such a uniform act. We found that the context is difficult because of the failure of previous experiences, and the need to build a suitable law. Despite this difficult environment, rules can be explored. The appropriate way is to first set the common provisions and then the particular ones, knowing that all of them may help to pave the way for a law of social and solidarity economy. [less ▲]

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See detailWas ist Gesundheit?
Vögele, Claus UL

in Verhaltenstherapie (2013), 23

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See detailSocial Inequality and the transition to retirement in Europe and the US
Ponomarenko, Valentina UL

Poster (2013, November 28)

This study examines the transition to retirement in a comparative analysis. The intersection to retirement has been linked with diverse consequences in past research. On one side, studies find negative ... [more ▼]

This study examines the transition to retirement in a comparative analysis. The intersection to retirement has been linked with diverse consequences in past research. On one side, studies find negative effects on psychological well-being of retirement due to loss of employment, social networks and stability through work life. Others present results of a positive effect connected to pension. From a life course perspective, experiences in one’s employment history might impact the transition to and the retirement period itself. I hypothesize on the individual level that transition to retirement is influenced by working life experience and quality. The transition to retirement might be easier for people with a higher socio-economic status thus high education as well as financial resources. On the other hand, the experience of unemployment or lower job placement might cause depression or a decline of life satisfaction. The Theory of Cumulative Advantages and the mechanism of scarring propose that unemployment will have a long-life effect on the career. But is the effect even sustaining in old age? How does the transition to retirement influence life satisfaction and what impact has scarring? To answer these questions I will make use of SHARE and HRS longitudinal data on well-being of seniors and their socioeconomic situation and work history. The rich variation of countries in SHARE makes it possible to compare different welfare regimes. As SHARE lacks liberal countries, I will include the US to have a more consistent picture. [less ▲]

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See detailBank resolution regime : an integral part of financial crisis management?
Pajic, Aleksandra UL

Doctoral thesis (2013)

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See detailLatest development in steel and glass engineering
Odenbreit, Christoph UL

Presentation (2013, November 27)

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See detailSynthesis, Characterization, and Electronic Structure of Single-Crystal SnS, Sn2S3, and SnS2
Burton, Lee A.; Colombara, Diego UL; Abellon, Ruben D. et al

in Chemistry of Materials (2013), 25(24), 4908-4916

Tin sulfide is being widely investigated as an earth-abundant light harvesting material, but recorded efficiencies for SnS fall far below theoretical limits. We describe the synthesis and characterization ... [more ▼]

Tin sulfide is being widely investigated as an earth-abundant light harvesting material, but recorded efficiencies for SnS fall far below theoretical limits. We describe the synthesis and characterization of the single-crystal tin sulfides (SnS, SnS2, and Sn2S3) through chemical vapor transport, and combine electronic structure calculations with time-resolved microwave conductivity measurements to shed light on the underlying electrical properties of each material. We show that the coexistence of the Sn(II) and Sn(IV) oxidation states would limit the performance of SnS in photovoltaic devices due to the valence band alignment of the respective phases and the ''asymmetry'' in the underlying point defect behavior. Furthermore, our results suggest that Sn2S3, in addition to SnS, is a candidate material for low-cost thin-film solar cells. [less ▲]

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