References of "2010"      in Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others     Showing results 81 to 100 of 1952     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10     Das Leistungsstörungs-und Gewährleistungsrecht/Inexécution du contrat et responsabilité pour vices de la chose vendue/ Non-performance and remediesAncel, Pascal Scientific Conference (2010, October 19)Detailed reference viewed: 45 (1 UL) Measuring the interactions among variables of functions over the unit hypercubeMarichal, Jean-Luc ; Mathonet, Pierre in Torra, Vicenc; Narukawa, Yasuo; Daumas, Marc (Eds.) Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence: Proceedings 7th International Conference, MDAI 2010, Perpignan, France, October 27-29, 2010 (2010, October 19)By considering a least squares approximation of a given square integrable function $f\colon[0,1]^n\to\R$ by a multilinear polynomial of a specified degree, we define an index which measures the overall ... [more ▼]By considering a least squares approximation of a given square integrable function $f\colon[0,1]^n\to\R$ by a multilinear polynomial of a specified degree, we define an index which measures the overall interaction among variables of $f$. This definition extends the concept of Banzhaf interaction index introduced in cooperative game theory. Our approach is partly inspired from multilinear regression analysis, where interactions among the independent variables are taken into consideration. We show that this interaction index has appealing properties which naturally generalize the properties of the Banzhaf interaction index. In particular, we interpret this index as an expected value of the difference quotients of $f$ or, under certain natural conditions on $f$, as an expected value of the derivatives of $f$. These interpretations show a strong analogy between the introduced interaction index and the overall importance index defined by Grabisch and Labreuche [7]. Finally, we discuss a few applications of the interaction index. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 93 (3 UL) Samuel Hirsch between the Particular and the Universal Paradigm: Sociopolitical and Philosophical Evolution of his WeltanschauungMeyers, Christian Presentation (2010, October 19)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 UL) Working memory in kindergarten children: Its structure and relationship to fluid intelligence and mathematical abilitiesHornung, Caroline Doctoral thesis (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 75 (5 UL) Peer interactions in the primary classroomMeyer, Anne Doctoral thesis (2010)The present research focuses on peer interactions engaged with the accomplishment of learning activities in the primary classroom. It is driven by the interest and need to understand learning and social ... [more ▼]The present research focuses on peer interactions engaged with the accomplishment of learning activities in the primary classroom. It is driven by the interest and need to understand learning and social interaction taking place in peer group-s, and how the participants orient to the sequential organization of social interaction. The research draws on audio and video data stemming from the primary classroom in Luxembourg, and aims at 1) describing and analyzing the interactional organization of learning activities, 2) describing and analyzing the resources and methods, i.e. expert-novice-practices mobilized by young learners when orienting to the accomplishment of a learning activity, and 3) describing the opportunities for participation and for learning that may take place when learners orient to the accomplishment of a learning activity in peer interaction. Peer interaction is depicted as one form of a community of practice within which learning is situated and observable as learners in and through the deployment of expert-novice-practices orient to, and adapt to micro-shifts in the participation framework when accomplishing a learning activity. Results point to the fact that not only are expert-novice-practices deployed when young learners work in interaction, but these practices are also found to be inextricably linked to the constitution of expert-novice identities - this again has implications for how the learners orient to the accomplishment of a learning activity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 113 (1 UL) Identité sociale d'étudiant, employabilité et décrochage universitaire de jeunes belges, français, luxembourgeois et roumains, à l'heure de BologneAmara, Marie-Emmanuelle Doctoral thesis (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 56 (2 UL) Internationale Wohnmobilität im ländlichen SaarlandFrys, Wioletta; Nienaber, Birte Scientific Conference (2010, October 14)Detailed reference viewed: 61 (1 UL) Local Languaging: Literacy Products and Practices in Gambian SocietyJuffermans, Kasper Doctoral thesis (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 186 (1 UL) Collaborative Nonlinear Model-Predictive Motion Planning and Control of Mobile Transport Robots for a Highly Flexible Production SystemWangmanaopituk, Suparchoek; Voos, Holger ; Kongprawechnon, Wareein ScienceAsia (2010), 36(4), 333-341This study is based on a new approach for an advanced microproduction system or highly flexible production systems where all necessary production and assembly processes are connected in a very flexible ... [more ▼]This study is based on a new approach for an advanced microproduction system or highly flexible production systems where all necessary production and assembly processes are connected in a very flexible way using autonomous mobile transport and handling robots. Each robot has to follow its planned paths while avoiding collisions with other robots. In addition, problem-specific constraints for a defined microproduction system, such as limitations of the velocity and accelerations of the robots, have to be fulfilled. This paper focuses on a two-level model predictive optimizing approach. On a global long-term level, simple dynamic models of the robots are used to compute optimal paths under differential constraints where a safety distance between all robots is achieved. Since many uncertainties and unforeseen events could occur, all robots also use a nonlinear model predictive control approach on a local real-time level. This control approach solves the path following and the collision avoidance problems in parallel, while also taking into account differential constraints of the single robots. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 84 (5 UL) Evaluation of GNSS as a Tool for Monitoring Tropospheric Water VapourAhmed, Furqan Bachelor/master dissertation (2010)Global Navigation Satellite Systems have the potential to become a significant tool in climate research ... [more ▼]Global Navigation Satellite Systems have the potential to become a significant tool in climate research due to the fact that GNSS data can be processed in order to estimate the propagation delay experienced by the signal in atmosphere. If the ground pressure and temperature is known, the signal propagation path delay can be related to the amount of water vapour in the atmosphere. This thesis project focuses on the evaluation of GNSS as a tool for atmospheric water vapour estimation. In the first part of the project, various GNSS data processing software packages were compared by processing the same set of data and performing a statistical comparison of the estimates of zenith total delay obtained by each package. The software packages compared are GIPSY‐OASIS, Bernese GNSS Processing Software, GAMIT and magicGNSS. Also different strategies and methods, such as double‐differencing and precise point positioning,  are  investigated.  The  output from the  packages  is  validated  using  delay measurements obtained from ECMWF and RCA numerical models. It was observed that the output from climate models agrees with that from the software packages and the output from various software packages have a similarity between each other within 3 millimeters. In the second part of the project, simulations of new GNSS are carried out using in‐house software developed at Chalmers and SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden in order to investigate new methods and possible future improvements. The effect of local errors on atmospheric delay estimates from GPS, GLONASS and Galileo was studied through simulations. A hypothetical system formed by combination of the constellations of GPS, GLONASS and Galileo was also simulated and it was found to be least susceptible to local errors. Simulations were performed by varying some Keplerian orbital elements for Galileo system and it was observed that an orbit inclination between 60 degree and 65 degree would have been optimum for Galileo system. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 148 (15 UL) Pain modulation induced by Heterotopic Noxious Counter-Stimulation (HNCS) : psychophysiological assessment of adequate stimulation paradigms and sex-related effectsStreff, Anouk Doctoral thesis (2010)This work comprises three studies whose main concern was to find a valid tonic pain model able to trigger a genuine diffuse noxious pain inhibition. All studies were performed in healthy, drug-free ... [more ▼]This work comprises three studies whose main concern was to find a valid tonic pain model able to trigger a genuine diffuse noxious pain inhibition. All studies were performed in healthy, drug-free volunteers and whereas the first two are validation studies, the third is an application study of the previous two. The aim of the first study was to characterize the cold pressor (CPT) and hot water immersion test (HIT) from a physiological and a psychophysical point of view. A second issue was to clarify the origin of potential autonomic responses during both tests; are they related to baroreflex activity or rather a consequence of the pain experience per se? The study was performed in 30 volunteers aged 19-57 (median 24) years, and consisted of a single session including one CPT (4 ± 0.2°C) and one HIT (47 ± 0.5°C) with a cut-off-point of 5 minutes. Participants were randomly assigned to sequence order (the sequence of both trials was alternated) and groups were paralleled with respect to gender. Cardiovascular, respiratory and electrodermal activities as well as subjective pain intensity were continuously monitored. Pain detection and tolerance thresholds as well as pain unpleasantness and nervous tension were assessed additionally. Both tests were found to be comparable with respect to intensity of subjective pain and time course, but a significantly higher blood pressure increase during CPT could be observed, compared to the HIT. In conclusion, the HIT appears to be less confounded with baroreflex activity and hence seems to be a more adequate tonic pain model. The second study tested the internal validity of inter-digital web pinching (IWP) with regard to its potential as DNIC-trigger. 24 gender-matched participants, aged 21-54 (median 25) years, volunteered for the controlled study. The protocol included the assessment of thermal and mechanical perceptual wind-up (WU) before and after a HIT (47.5 °C) or an IWP (15 N) of 2 minutes duration each. WU pain was induced by 10 repetitive (1 Hz) contact heat (max. 49°C; 5 5 mm thermode) or 10 ballistic impact stimuli (0.5 g at 9m/s) on the phalanges of the non-dominant hand. Cardiovascular and corrugator muscle activity as well as pain experience were permanently monitored. Both heterotopic noxious counter-stimulation (HNCS) types produced a similar pain experience, but a more pronounced cardiovascular activity was observed for the HIT. Painful water immersion is though accompanied by a stronger baroreceptor activity. WU pain was significantly reduced for both pain modalities, although the inhibition was somewhat stronger for the HIT than the IWP. The IWP, being practically uncontaminated by baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), proved its validity as DNIC-trigger. The third study investigated temporal characteristics of electrically elicited pain and nocifensive RIII-reflex activity in a gender-balanced sample of 28 volunteers aged 21-38 (median 27) years, using IWP as HNCS, a tonic pain model previously validated to be BRS-unrelated. Sex-related differences in the post HNCS time courses of pain perception were identified with women demonstrating a more rapid return to baseline compared to men. Interestingly, an opposite pattern was observed regarding nociceptive reflex activity with a steeper return rate of electromyographic responses in males, whereas those of women remained attenuated over the entire observation period. These findings may reflect a stronger defensive response to pain in women. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 154 (5 UL) Toward an Integral Pluralism in Sociocultural Research-Theme analysis of research biographies and integrative frameworksMolz, Markus Doctoral thesis (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 97 (1 UL) Shoppers, Tourists & Socialism: Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia (1950s-1980s)Stefan, Oana Adelina ; Kladnik, AnaPresentation (2010, October 10)Detailed reference viewed: 56 (0 UL) State Aid, Subsidy and Tax Incentives under EU and WTO LawMicheau, Claire Doctoral thesis (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 194 (10 UL) Itinéraires luxembourgeois et européens.Evolutions et souvenirs: 1945-1985Werner, Pierre; Danescu, Elena ; Danescu, Elena Book published by GNOSIS - 3th edition. Fully revised and corrected edition (2010)lDetailed reference viewed: 102 (11 UL) 'A New Medea' in late medieval French narrativesLeglu, Catherine in Simon, Anne; Bartel, Heike (Eds.) Unbinding Medea : Interdisciplinary approaches to a classical myth from Antiquity to the 21st century (2010)Within a themed volume dedicated to the reception and adaptation of the story of Medea in many media and genres, this chapter presents texts and images of the 15th century that point to a tendency to ... [more ▼]Within a themed volume dedicated to the reception and adaptation of the story of Medea in many media and genres, this chapter presents texts and images of the 15th century that point to a tendency to interpret Medea as a tragic heroine rather than a monstrous mother. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 79 (0 UL) Numerische Aspekte bei der Berechnung von GRACE Schwerefeldern mit Hilfe des Ansatzes der differentiellen GravimetrieWeigelt, Matthias ; Keller, W.Poster (2010, October)Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 UL) Das ‚Erlernen’ von globaler Weinkultur anhand regionalen Weinen. Normen und Aneignungen einer sensorischen ExpertiseReckinger, Rachel Scientific Conference (2010, October)Das aktuelle Spannungsfeld der Globalisierung des Essens- und Getränkeangebot sowie des gleichzeitigen Bedeutungsgewinns von regionalen (Nischen-)Produkten erscheint besonders deutlich am Beispiel vom ... [more ▼]Das aktuelle Spannungsfeld der Globalisierung des Essens- und Getränkeangebot sowie des gleichzeitigen Bedeutungsgewinns von regionalen (Nischen-)Produkten erscheint besonders deutlich am Beispiel vom Wein. Einerseits lässt sich, auf der Seite der Produktion, eine Standardisierung der Herstellungsweisen und eine Konzentration der Besitzverhältnisse, insbesondere in den ‚neuen’ Weinländern – aber gleichzeitig, wenngleich in andersartiger Form, in den ‚alten’ Weinländern – ausmachen. Parallel dazu werden ‚Terroir’-orientierte Weinproduzenten als Hüter von valorisiertem, vermeintlich tradiertem Wissen und als Boten einer letztlich geografisch determinierten Geschmackspalette konstruiert. Andererseits ist, auf der Seite des Konsums, seit den 1980er Jahren eine ständig steigende Tendenz zur Ästhetisierung vom Weingenuss zu verzeichnen, der durch das degustative, mitunter mikro-parzellarische, Weinwissen von einem (publizistischen) Expertentum rationalisiert wird. So erleben alltagsweltliche Weintrinker/-innen diese Tätigkeit als einen Bereich, der, um in seinen Potenzialitäten ausgeschöpft werden zu können, nur mittels Wissens zugänglich sei. Dementsprechend steigt die Anzahl an Personen, die an Weinverkostungskursen ‚für Anfänger/-innen’ teilnehmen. Die drei Kurse in Luxemburg, die durch teilnehmende Beobachtung und mittels Experten/-innengesprächen mit den Kursleitern/-innen und Tiefeninterviews mit Teilnehmenden analysiert wurden (Reckinger 2008), zeichnen sich durch jeweils unterschiedliche – jedoch engagierte – Positionierungen in Bezug auf globalisierte und regionale Produkttypen aus. Dabei erscheinen Transnationalität, Regionalisierung und Einzigartigkeit (der Winzer/-innen sowie der geografischen Gegebenheiten) als performative Werte, die jedoch ausschliesslich durch ,autonomes’ sensorisches Wahrnehmen und Einordnen zu erschliessen seien, d.h. durch Subjektivität und Kontingenz. Dieses normative Angebot wird von den Kursteilnehmenden ambivalent rezipiert, je nachdem wie selbstzentriert, soziabilitätszentriert oder objektzentriert sie motiviert sind. Letzteres wird von den Kursleitern/-innen als Faktor zur Evaluierung von Qualität(en) hervorgehoben – seien sie standardisiert, pluralisiert oder hybridisiert. Demgegenüber bleibt das alltagsweltliche polysensorische Erleben einer alternativen Normativität von Identifikationspotential verhaftet. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 112 (1 UL) Eco-systems biology: a new frontier in microbiologyWilmes, Paul Scientific Conference (2010, October)Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL) Zusammenhänge zwischen der subjektiven zirkadianen Phasenlage und psychischen Variablen.Specht, M.; Kemper, Christoph ; Bongard, S. et alPoster (2010, October)Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 UL)