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See detailDas ‚Erlernen’ von globaler Weinkultur anhand regionalen Weinen. Normen und Aneignungen einer sensorischen Expertise
Reckinger, Rachel UL

Scientific Conference (2010, October)

Das aktuelle Spannungsfeld der Globalisierung des Essens- und Getränkeangebot sowie des gleichzeitigen Bedeutungsgewinns von regionalen (Nischen-)Produkten erscheint besonders deutlich am Beispiel vom ... [more ▼]

Das aktuelle Spannungsfeld der Globalisierung des Essens- und Getränkeangebot sowie des gleichzeitigen Bedeutungsgewinns von regionalen (Nischen-)Produkten erscheint besonders deutlich am Beispiel vom Wein. Einerseits lässt sich, auf der Seite der Produktion, eine Standardisierung der Herstellungsweisen und eine Konzentration der Besitzverhältnisse, insbesondere in den ‚neuen’ Weinländern – aber gleichzeitig, wenngleich in andersartiger Form, in den ‚alten’ Weinländern – ausmachen. Parallel dazu werden ‚Terroir’-orientierte Weinproduzenten als Hüter von valorisiertem, vermeintlich tradiertem Wissen und als Boten einer letztlich geografisch determinierten Geschmackspalette konstruiert. Andererseits ist, auf der Seite des Konsums, seit den 1980er Jahren eine ständig steigende Tendenz zur Ästhetisierung vom Weingenuss zu verzeichnen, der durch das degustative, mitunter mikro-parzellarische, Weinwissen von einem (publizistischen) Expertentum rationalisiert wird. So erleben alltagsweltliche Weintrinker/-innen diese Tätigkeit als einen Bereich, der, um in seinen Potenzialitäten ausgeschöpft werden zu können, nur mittels Wissens zugänglich sei. Dementsprechend steigt die Anzahl an Personen, die an Weinverkostungskursen ‚für Anfänger/-innen’ teilnehmen. Die drei Kurse in Luxemburg, die durch teilnehmende Beobachtung und mittels Experten/-innengesprächen mit den Kursleitern/-innen und Tiefeninterviews mit Teilnehmenden analysiert wurden (Reckinger 2008), zeichnen sich durch jeweils unterschiedliche – jedoch engagierte – Positionierungen in Bezug auf globalisierte und regionale Produkttypen aus. Dabei erscheinen Transnationalität, Regionalisierung und Einzigartigkeit (der Winzer/-innen sowie der geografischen Gegebenheiten) als performative Werte, die jedoch ausschliesslich durch ,autonomes’ sensorisches Wahrnehmen und Einordnen zu erschliessen seien, d.h. durch Subjektivität und Kontingenz. Dieses normative Angebot wird von den Kursteilnehmenden ambivalent rezipiert, je nachdem wie selbstzentriert, soziabilitätszentriert oder objektzentriert sie motiviert sind. Letzteres wird von den Kursleitern/-innen als Faktor zur Evaluierung von Qualität(en) hervorgehoben – seien sie standardisiert, pluralisiert oder hybridisiert. Demgegenüber bleibt das alltagsweltliche polysensorische Erleben einer alternativen Normativität von Identifikationspotential verhaftet. [less ▲]

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See detailPerceived rights and stigmatisation of people with Alzheimer’s disease
Bourkel, Elisabeth UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Weber, Germain

Scientific Conference (2010, October)

The estimation of the autonomy and the competencies of a person with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a complicated process, which may sometimes rely on socially shared stereotypes of this disease and may thus ... [more ▼]

The estimation of the autonomy and the competencies of a person with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a complicated process, which may sometimes rely on socially shared stereotypes of this disease and may thus lead to the stigmatization of people with AD. This becomes especially evident when it comes to rights and responsibilities of persons with AD given that there is no clear-cut definition of these. The aim of the empirical study presented here was to examine perceived rights of people with AD and their relation with indicators of stigmatization. This was analyzed in a sample of laypersons (n=72) and a sample of health professionals working with persons with AD (n=113). In particular, the study questionnaire presented a vignette describing in one version a female and in the other version a male person at an early stage of AD followed by a list of 26 rights which had to be rated with respect to the target person on a 5 point Likert-scale. The list showed a factorial structure differing between five domains of perceived rights, namely “right of privacy and information”, right of autonomous living”, “citizen rights”, “right of self-determination and self-responsibility”, and “decision making by significant others”. Moreover, k=16 emotions towards the target person were analysed as indicators of social distancing. In subsequent steps of analyses, we tested if rights were differently perceived depending on (a) target person’s gender, (b) professional contact with persons with AD and (c) perceived social distancing. Results showed that the rate of agreement to the five identified domains rights was in general quite high across groups; furthermore, participants expressed a low level of social distancing and high pro-social emotional reactions towards persons with AD. Professionals accorded more rights to people with AD than laypersons, showed less social distancing and less pro-social and unpleasant emotions towards the target person. Social distance was higher towards the male target person who elicited more unpleasant emotional reactions and was rated more dangerous than a woman with AD. Findings are discussed with respect to the necessity of creating and developing a culture concerning the rights to be accorded to persons affected with AD. [less ▲]

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See detailBilaterales Training im Sportbogenschießen
Bund, Andreas UL; Wöltjen, Timm; Nitschke, Claus et al

in Leistungssport (2010), 40(5), 58-62

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (3 UL)
See detailEco-systems biology: a new frontier in microbiology
Wilmes, Paul UL

Scientific Conference (2010, October)

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See detailPlace and summation coding for canonical and non-canonical finger numeral representations
Di Luca, Samuel UL; Lefèvre, Nathalie; Pesenti, Mauro

in Cognition (2010), 117(1), 95-100

Fingers can be used to express numerical magnitudes, and cultural habits about the fixed order in which fingers are raised determine which configurations become canonical and which non-canonical. Although ... [more ▼]

Fingers can be used to express numerical magnitudes, and cultural habits about the fixed order in which fingers are raised determine which configurations become canonical and which non-canonical. Although both types of configuration carry magnitude information, it has been shown that the canonical ones are recognized faster and directly linked to number semantics. Here we tested whether this difference is a consequence of differences in the qualitative way of processing the two types of configurations. When participants named Arabic digits (Experiment 1) or verbal numerals (Experiment 2) primed by canonical and non-canonical finger configurations, qualitatively different priming patterns were observed for the two types of configurations. Canonical configurations activated a place coding representation, with priming spreading to close smaller and larger magnitudes as a function of the prime-target distance. Conversely, non-canonical configurations activated a summation coding representation priming smaller and equal magnitudes independently of the prime-target distance, and larger targets depending on this distance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 171 (1 UL)
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See detailPostcolonial ideologies of language in education: Voices from below on English and local language(s) in The Gambia
Van Camp, Kirsten; Juffermans, Kasper UL

in Cuvelier, Pol; du Plessis, Theodorus; Meeuwis, Michael (Eds.) et al Multilingualism from Below (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (0 UL)
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See detailDiagnostic competence in school transition recommendations
Gräsel, Cornelia; Nölle, Ines; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL et al

Scientific Conference (2010, October)

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See detailConjecture S-adique
Leroy, Julien UL

Presentation (2010, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (0 UL)
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See detailFinancial markets law column
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL; Didier, Ph.; Le Nabasque, Hervé

in Revue des Sociétés (2010)

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See detailSignal detection and synchronization for interference overloaded satellite broadcast reception
Grotz, Joel UL; Ottersten, Björn UL; Jens, Krause

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2010), 9(10), 3052-3063

We address fixed satellite broadcast reception with the goal of decreasing the aperture of the receiving antenna. The front-end antenna size is commonly determined by the presence of interference from ... [more ▼]

We address fixed satellite broadcast reception with the goal of decreasing the aperture of the receiving antenna. The front-end antenna size is commonly determined by the presence of interference from adjacent satellites. A small antenna aperture leads to interference from neighboring satellites utilizing the same frequency bands. We propose a reception system with M multiple input elements and with subsequent joint detection of desired and interfering signals that provides reliable communication in the presence of multiple interfering signals. An iterative least squares technique is adopted combining spatial and temporal processing and achieving robustness against pointing errors. Simulation results show how the proposed joint spatial and temporal adapted mechanism outperforms the simple combination of existing techniques under interference overloaded conditions. Also, we demonstrate how to accurately synchronize the signals as part of the detection procedure. The technique is evaluated in a realistic simulation study representing the conditions encountered in a DVB-S2 broadcast scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailIs the Potential for International Diversification Disappearing?
Jin, Xisong UL; Christoffersen, Peter; Errunza, Vihang et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (2 UL)
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See detailModuli spaces of noncommutative instantons: gauging away noncommutative parameters
Brain, Simon UL; Landi, Giovanni

in Quarterly Journal of Mathematics (2010), 63

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (0 UL)
See detailDynamic systems and the theoretical concept of problem solving in PISA 2012
Greiff, Samuel UL; Funke, Joachim

Scientific Conference (2010, September 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (1 UL)
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See detailInfluence of environmental conditions for the rheological properties of SCC
Weisheit, Sandro UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL; Greger, Manfred UL

in Professeur D. SC. A. Kamal H. Khayat (Ed.) CD-Proceedings, Paper ID: MS-096 (2010, September 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (4 UL)
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See detailRobust Dominating Set based Virtual Backbones for Wireless Ad hoc Networks
Schleich, Julien UL

Doctoral thesis (2010)

Ad hoc networks are infrastructure-less spontaneous networks generally composed of wireless and mobile devices. From a practical point of view, ad hoc technologies offer solutions when infrastructure ... [more ▼]

Ad hoc networks are infrastructure-less spontaneous networks generally composed of wireless and mobile devices. From a practical point of view, ad hoc technologies offer solutions when infrastructure-based network are too costly, damaged or not suitable. Despite a wide panel of scenarios and the huge number of ad hoc capable devices currently in use, this technology is not widely used because of technical considerations mainly related to the lack of a global coordinator. In this thesis, we propose two different approaches to create virtual backbones in order to organize ad hoc networks. In a first time, we propose a centralized algorithm based on DC programming and DCA to solve the Min m-Vertex Dominating Set Problem and in a second part, we develop distributed and asynchronous algorithms, relying on 2-hop knowledge only, to build k-Vertex Connected m-Vertex Dominating Set-based Virtual Backbones. A global overview of the domain is provided through an extensive state-of-the-art and a hierarchical classification. The efficiency of both approaches is demonstrated with a wide panels of simulations, from randomly generated graphs to more realistic scenarios. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (3 UL)
See detailConclusion- Rethinking Interethnic Reconciliation in the Western Balkans: Minorities, Borders, Governance
Blondel, Cyril UL; Petričušić, Antonija

Scientific Conference (2010, September 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (0 UL)