References of "2007"
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See detailAuto aprendizaje en el deporte: Que estrategias utilizan hombres y mujeres?
Bund, Andreas UL

in Arboleda Sierra, Rodrigo (Ed.) Aprendizaje motor: elementos para una teoría de la ensenanza de las habilidades motrices (2007)

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See detailL’émotion à contretemps du héros épique
Erchadi, Armand UL

Speeches/Talks (2007)

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See detailProgressive methods in multiple criteria decision analysis
Meyer, Patrick UL

Doctoral thesis (2007)

Our work mainly focusses on the study and the development of progressive methods in the field of Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis, i.e., iterative procedures presenting partial conclusions to the ... [more ▼]

Our work mainly focusses on the study and the development of progressive methods in the field of Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis, i.e., iterative procedures presenting partial conclusions to the Decision Maker that can be refined at further steps of the analysis. The thesis is divided into three parts. The first one is intended to be a general analysis of the concept of progressiveness. The last two parts develop progressive methods related first to Multiattribute Value Theory and second to outranking methods. [less ▲]

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See detailPrudent ranking rules: Theoretical contributions and applications
Lamboray, Claude UL

Doctoral thesis (2007)

The subject of this PhD thesis is about ordinal ranking rules. An ordinal ranking rule is a procedure which combines several initial rankings into a global ranking. Given the difficulty and ambiguity of ... [more ▼]

The subject of this PhD thesis is about ordinal ranking rules. An ordinal ranking rule is a procedure which combines several initial rankings into a global ranking. Given the difficulty and ambiguity of aggregating ordinal data, it is worthwhile studying ranking rules which, depending on the initial data, do not lead to one, but to several global rankings, hence leaving some indeterminateness about the final result. It appears that the concept of a prudent order, initially introduced by Arrow and Raynaud, is a possible answer from such a perspective. In this approach, pairwise majority margins are computed which count for any two alternatives the number of initial rankings that prefer the first over the second alternative. A prudent order is then defined as a linear order which maximizes the smallest pairwise majority margin. It was our main objective in this thesis to gain a better understanding of the family of prudent ranking rules. According to our definition, a prudent ranking rule is a rule which outputs only prudent orders. To achieve this goal, we pursued different strategies: i) axiomatic characterizations which highlight the distinctive features of a ranking rule, ii) comparison of the properties or results of prudent ranking rules to those of other ranking rules, and iii) empirical simulations allowing for more quantitative conclusions. The thesis is divided into 3 parts. Part I contains an introduction to the ordinal ranking problem. Our main theoretical contributions can be found in Part II. Finally, Part III illustrates the use of prudent ranking rules in two fields of applications. [less ▲]

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See detailFuzzy Logic User Adaptive Navigation Control System For Mobile Robots In Unknown Environments
Olivares Mendez, Miguel Angel UL; Fernadez Madrigal, Juan Antonio

in Intelligent Signal Processing, 2007. WISP 2007. IEEE International Symposium on (2007, October)

This paper presents a software implementation of a user adaptive fuzzy control system for autonomous navigation in mobile robots for unknown environments. This system has been tested in a pioneer mobile ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a software implementation of a user adaptive fuzzy control system for autonomous navigation in mobile robots for unknown environments. This system has been tested in a pioneer mobile robot and on a robotic wheelchair, fitted with PLS laser sensor to detect the obstacles and odometry sensors for localization of robots and the goal positions. The system is able to drive the robots to their goal position avoiding static and dynamic obstacles, without using any pre-built map. Our approach learn from user behaviors in the way it can resolve different situations against obstacles or walls.We propose and implement two updates for the fuzzy system. For the implementation of the learning algorithm we use a weighting scheme giving a value for each fuzzy-rule, this value is based on the synapse-weight idea and represent the contribution of each rule in the system output. We also create of a more important sector in the definition of the fuzzy-variables, based on a statistics system that measure the uses of all the sets of the variables in order to contract the size of the rule-base. [less ▲]

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See detailAgentic extraversion and mobilization of effort: Effects on autonomic activation components
Chavanon, M.-L.; Leue, A.; Kemper, Christoph UL et al

Scientific Conference (2007, October)

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See detailUn protocole de sauvegarde / reprise coordonné pour les applications à flot de données reconfigurables
Besseron, Xavier UL; Pigeon, Laurent; Gautier, Thierry et al

in Technique et Science Informatiques (2007)

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See detailThe histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A mediates upregulation of 5-lipoxygenase promoter activity by recruitment of Sp1 to distinct GC-boxes
Schnur, N.; Seuter, Sabine UL; Katryniok, C. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (2007), 1771(10), 1271-1282

The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TsA) potently induces 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) promoter activity in reporter gene assays as well as 5-LO mRNA expression. We identified two proximal Sp1/Sp3 ... [more ▼]

The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TsA) potently induces 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) promoter activity in reporter gene assays as well as 5-LO mRNA expression. We identified two proximal Sp1/Sp3 binding sites in the 5-LO gene promoter mediating the TsA effect in both 5-LO-negative HeLa cells and in 5-LO expressing Mono Mac 6 (MM6) cells, the tandem GC-boxes, by contrast, were not important for the TsA effect. TsA neither altered the protein expression levels of Sp1/Sp3 nor of the histone deacetylases HDAC1/2, nor did it apparently change the protein complex formation by these factors. Also, treatment of cells with TsA did not change the binding affinity of Sp1/Sp3 in cell extracts, as tested by DAPA analysis using probes containing the proximal GC boxes. However, in the living cell TsA induced Sp1, Sp3 and RNA polymerase II recruitment to the 5-LO promoter without changing the acetylation status of histone protein H4. Cotransfection studies suggest that both Sp1 and Sp3 can mediate the TsA effect. This is the first report demonstrating that Sp3 is involved in the regulation of 5-LO promoter activity. In summary, we show that TsA increases 5-LO promoter activity by the enhanced recruitment of Sp1 and Sp3 to the 5-LO promoter. [less ▲]

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See detailThe integration of rural regions of Ireland and Poland into the European Union
Nienaber, Birte UL; Kriszan, Michael

Scientific Conference (2007, September 24)

Against the background of the enlargement of the European Union, Ireland is often mentioned as a key example for the Central and Eastern European countries of a successful European integration process ... [more ▼]

Against the background of the enlargement of the European Union, Ireland is often mentioned as a key example for the Central and Eastern European countries of a successful European integration process. Thereby, the development of the complete Republic of Ireland since the EU accession in 1973 is analyzed. If you survey separately the economic and social development of urban and rural regions, it emerges that the rural regions could hardly participate in the economic success of Ireland and that disparities have increased. Many farmers are depended on public welfare to make a living, as the Irish living costs have increased during the last years. Consequently today about one third of the Irish households live - in spite of the economic success of the Celtic Tiger - under the relative poverty line. Against the background of this depletion process, the question comes up whether Ireland can act as a paradigm for the European integration process of Poland. Looking at the initial situation of Ireland in 1973 and the current situation in Poland, several parallels exist, however, also strong distinctions. While major similarities can be determined with the agricultural structures as well as with the social value system, developments in Poland are still subject to the not yet completed transformation process from a socialistic to a democratic and capitalistic system. Moreover, the different size and amount of population of these two countries must be considered regarding the European integration process. On the basis of two rural regions as examples -Powiat Zlotow in Northwestern Poland and County Mayo in Western Ireland – rural development shall be presented and compared at the time of EU accession as well as today. Concluding perspectives of the transferability on the regional level shall be pointed out. [less ▲]

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See detailKE Tableaux for Public Announcement Logic
de Boer, Mathijs UL

Scientific Conference (2007, September 06)

Public announcement logic (PAL) is a simple dynamic epistemic logic extending reasoning about knowledge of agents with a modal operator for simultaneous and transparent knowledge updates. This logic is no ... [more ▼]

Public announcement logic (PAL) is a simple dynamic epistemic logic extending reasoning about knowledge of agents with a modal operator for simultaneous and transparent knowledge updates. This logic is no more expressive than epistemic logic (EL) without updates, but exhibits compact representation of a number of complex epistemic situations. A labeled tableau proof system to reason with these updates directly is presented here. This system can analyse and present well-known epistemic puzzles like `muddy children' and `three wise men'. Using the KE tableau system as a basis, the modal and propositional characteristics of epistemic updates can be separated. [less ▲]

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See detailARE WORKING MEMORY MEASURES FREE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL INFLUENCES?
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Santos, F; Martin, Romain UL et al

Scientific Conference (2007, September)

This research investigated the hypothesis that working memory skills are independent of environmental factors such as socio-economic or cultural background. Study 1: Twenty Brazilian children aged 6 and 7 ... [more ▼]

This research investigated the hypothesis that working memory skills are independent of environmental factors such as socio-economic or cultural background. Study 1: Twenty Brazilian children aged 6 and 7 years from low socio-economic status families were evaluated on measures of working memory (verbal short-term memory and verbal complex span, taken form the AWMA: Automated Working Memory Assessment) and of vocabulary (expressive and receptive). They were compared with typically developing Brazilian children from the same region, matched on age, sex, and nonverbal ability from families of higher socio-economic status. Children from the low socioeconomic status group obtained significantly lower scores on the vocabulary tests but not on the verbal short-term memory measures, compared to their peers from a higher socio-economical background. Both groups differed on one of the two complex span measures - counting recall - but performed equally well on backwards digit recall. The results indicate that tests of verbal short-term memory and also backwards digit recall provide measures of cognitive abilities that are not biased by the quality of the child's socio-economical background. Study 2: The Brazilian children were also compared to a population of Portuguese- speaking, immigrant children growing up in Luxembourg, evaluated on the same measures. Results will specify whether or not, in addition to being independent of socioeconomic background, verbal short-term memory and backwards digit recall are also free of cultural bias. As these measures are also highly sensitive to language ability, they may provide useful methods for diagnosing language disorder that are independent of environmental opportunity. [less ▲]

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See detail'If I don't learn English, I'm going to suffer': Gambian lower basic school children's voice in the medium of instruction debate
Juffermans, Kasper UL

in Caligrama: Revista de Estudos e Pequisas em Linguagem e Midia = Caligrama: Journal of Studies and Researches on Communication, Language and Media (2007), 3(2), 1-16

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See detailAggregation Functions for Multicriteria Decision Aid (invited lecture)
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

Scientific Conference (2007, September)

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See detailLinks between working memory, phonological awareness, and language learning
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Gathercole, S. E.

Scientific Conference (2007, September)

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between working memory, phonological awareness and developing language skills in a population of children growing up in a multilingual context ... [more ▼]

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between working memory, phonological awareness and developing language skills in a population of children growing up in a multilingual context involving the three languages of Luxembourgish, German, and French. A sample of 122 children from Luxembourg aged 5 to 7 years participated in the study, completing assessments of phonological short-term memory, complex working memory, phonological awareness, native and foreign vocabulary knowledge, language comprehension and reading. The data were best characterized by a model of working memory that consisted of two related but separable components - corresponding to phonological short-term memory and the central executive - that were distinct from phonological awareness. Language abilities in both the native and foreign languages were more strongly associated with phonological short-term memory than other factors in the model. The findings lend strong support to the proposal that vocabulary learning in particular is mediated, in part at least, by phonological short-term memory. [less ▲]

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See detailSelbstgesteuertes Lernen im und durch Sport: Potenzial, Probleme und empirische Perspektive
Bund, Andreas UL

Scientific Conference (2007, September)

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See detailSelbstgesteuertes Lernen im und durch Sport: Potenzial, Probleme und empirische Perspektive
Bund, Andreas UL

in Backhaus, Jost; Borkenhagen, Frederik; Funke-Wienecke, Jürgen (Eds.) Sport - Stadt - Kultur (2007, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (1 UL)