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See detailZerrbild "Zersiedelung": Anmerkungen zum Gebrauch und zur Dekonstruktion eines Begriffs.
Hesse, Markus UL; Kaltenbrunner, Robert

in D.I.S.P. Dokumente und Informationen zur Schweizerischen Orts-, Regional- und Landesplanung (2005), 41(1), 16-22

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See detailPädagogik und Pragmatismus. Gesellschaftstheorie und die Entwicklung der Pädagogik
Tröhler, Daniel UL; Oelkers, Jürgen

Book published by Pestalozzianum (2005)

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See detailLa recherche sur la Première Guerre mondiale : un champ disciplinaire en plein développement
Majerus, Benoît UL; Amara, Michael; Jaumain, Serge et al

in Amara, Michael; Jaumain, Serge; Majerus, Benoît (Eds.) et al Une ‘guerre totale’? La Belgique dans la Première Guerre mondiale. Nouvelles tendances de la recherche historique (2005)

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See detail1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 is a potent suppressor of interferon gamma-mediated macrophage activation.
Helming, Laura; Bose, Jens; Ehrchen, Jan et al

in Blood (2005), 106(13), 4351-8

1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2D3), the activated vitamin D3 hormone, is a key regulator of calcium homeostasis and thereby indispensable for bone metabolism. In addition, 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 ... [more ▼]

1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2D3), the activated vitamin D3 hormone, is a key regulator of calcium homeostasis and thereby indispensable for bone metabolism. In addition, 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 is known to mediate predominantly immunosuppressive responses in vitro and in vivo. It has been demonstrated that macrophages can produce 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 on activation with interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), although little is understood about the biologic significance of this response. We show here that 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 can selectively suppress key effector functions of IFN-gamma-activated macrophages. Among these are the suppression of listericidal activity, the inhibition of phagocyte oxidase-mediated oxidative burst, and the suppression of important IFN-gamma-induced genes, including Ccl5, Cxcl10, Cxcl9, Irf2, Fcgr1, Fcgr3, and Tlr2. The deactivation of IFN-gamma-stimulated macrophages is dependent on a functional vitamin D receptor and 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 acts specifically on IFN-gamma-activated macrophages, whereas the steroid has no effects on resting macrophages. Therefore, the 1alpha,25(OH)2D3-mediated suppression of macrophage functions is distinct from previously described macrophage deactivation mechanisms. In conclusion, our data indicate that the production of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 by IFN-gamma-stimulated macrophages might be an important negative feedback mechanism to control innate and inflammatory responses of activated macrophages. [less ▲]

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See detailDeutsch-Französische Grenzräume als interkulturelle Schnittstellen. Wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit im Raum Saarland-Lothringen
Wille, Christian UL

in Dokumente : Zeitschrift für den deutsch-französischen Dialog = Documents : revue du dialogue franco-allemand (2005), (1), 24-28

Nationale Grenzen verlieren durch die zunehmende Verflechtung europäischer Volkswirtschaften ihre trennende Wirkung, und die Zahl der Geschäftskontakte über Länderund Kulturgrenzen hinweg wächst stetig ... [more ▼]

Nationale Grenzen verlieren durch die zunehmende Verflechtung europäischer Volkswirtschaften ihre trennende Wirkung, und die Zahl der Geschäftskontakte über Länderund Kulturgrenzen hinweg wächst stetig. Eine transnationale Wirtschaftswelt öffnet aber nicht nur neue Handlungsräume, sie erfordert auch die Fähigkeit, mit Angehörigen anderer Kulturen kommunizieren und zusammenarbeiten zu können.... [less ▲]

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See detailEMPReSS: standardized phenotype screens for functional annotation of the mouse genome.
Brown, S D; Chambon, P; De Angelis, M H et al

in Nature Genetics (2005), (37), 1155

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See detailFamiliale Praxen und aufstiegsorientierte Werthaltungen - Zur Genese des Hierarchischen Selbstinteresses
Hadjar, Andreas UL

in Soziale Ungleichheit, kulturelle Unterschiede. Verhandlungen des 32. Kongresses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie in München 2004 (2005)

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See detailRepresentation of the Union's citizens by the European Parliament
Gerkrath, Jörg UL

in European Constitutional Law Review (2005), (1), 73-78

As it is obviously impossible for the modern ‘demos’ to assemble in order to take political decisions, democratic representation is an inevitable tool in large democracies. Representatives have to stand ... [more ▼]

As it is obviously impossible for the modern ‘demos’ to assemble in order to take political decisions, democratic representation is an inevitable tool in large democracies. Representatives have to stand for and to act for the people as a whole. Accordingly, the principle of representative or parliamentary democracy is a fundamental constitutional principle shared by all the Member States of the Union. Democracy doubtlessly works on the national level; the Member States' decisional powers, however, are fading with the constant transfer of competences towards the European level. This leads to a system of European ‘multi-level governance’ with wide consequences for the linkage between the represented peoples of the Member States and their representatives on both national and European levels. [less ▲]

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See detail(Neue) Unübersichtlichkeit im Großherzogtum
Wille, Christian UL

in Forum für Politik, Gesellschaft und Kultur in Luxemburg (2005), (251), 15-19

2006 ist das Europäische Jahr der Arbeitskräftemobilität. Mobile Arbeitnehmer gewinnen also nicht nur in der Großregion an Bedeutung, auch auf Europäischer Ebene nimmt man sich verstärkt dieses Themas an ... [more ▼]

2006 ist das Europäische Jahr der Arbeitskräftemobilität. Mobile Arbeitnehmer gewinnen also nicht nur in der Großregion an Bedeutung, auch auf Europäischer Ebene nimmt man sich verstärkt dieses Themas an. Entscheidungsträger aus Politik, Wirtschaft und Beschäftigung befassen sich im SaarLorLux-Raum bereits seit Jahrzehnten intensiv mit Arbeitskräftemobilität. Dabei stehen das Grenzgängerwesen und überwiegend Arbeitsmarktfragen sowie Mobilitätshemmnisse im Zentrum. Die Diskussionen weiten sich aber auch auf benachbarte Themengebiete aus und Grenzgänger befinden sich zunehmend im Fokus der Raum- und Verkehrsplanung, der Immobilienmärkte, des Einzelhandels oder des nicht unumstrittenen Diskurses einer Europäischen Modellregion SaarLorLux... [less ▲]

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See detailOn the complexity of representing sets of vertices in the n-cube
Couceiro, Miguel UL; Foldes, Stephan; Lehtonen, Erkko UL

in Tsitouras, C.; Simos, T. E.; Psihoyios, G. (Eds.) ICNAAM 2005 (2005)

Representations of an arbitrary set of vertices of an n-dimensional cube in terms of convex sets are compared with respect to their complexity. The notion of complexity used in the representations is ... [more ▼]

Representations of an arbitrary set of vertices of an n-dimensional cube in terms of convex sets are compared with respect to their complexity. The notion of complexity used in the representations is based on the union, symmetric difference and ternary median operations. Convexity of a set of vertices refers to Hamming distance or, equivalently, to the intersection of cubes with supporting hyperplanes. [less ▲]

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See detailSex in the city. La prostitution à Bruxelles pendant la Grande Guerre (1914-1918)
Majerus, Benoît UL

in Cahiers de la Fonderie (2005), (32), 51--54

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See detailReden wie Deutsche in Frankreich. Kultur prägt Kommunikation
Wille, Christian UL

in Interkulturell und global : Forum für interkulturelle Kommunikation, Erziehung, Bildung und globales Lernen (2005), (3/4), 219-222

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See detailDiuretic usage in heart failure: a continuing conundrum in 2005.
Gupta, S.; Neyses, Ludwig UL

in European heart journal (2005), 26(7), 644-9

Several large well-designed clinical trials have shown that the use of diuretics is beneficial in patients with hypertension. However, similarly robust data regarding their role in chronic heart failure ... [more ▼]

Several large well-designed clinical trials have shown that the use of diuretics is beneficial in patients with hypertension. However, similarly robust data regarding their role in chronic heart failure are lacking. Historically, diuretics were developed for treatment of sodium and water retention in oedematous disorders and clinically, they remain the most potent drugs available to relieve symptoms and eliminate oedema in the congested patient with heart failure. In the non-congested patient, however, diuretics continue to be used on a purely clinical basis without sufficient characterization of benefits, adverse effects, and potential influence on mortality. There are also concerns that chronic diuretic usage can cause adverse vascular effects, unfavourable neuroendocrine activation, electrolyte imbalances, and life-threatening arrhythmias. In this article, we review the limited evidence available regarding the benefits and perils of using diuretics in heart failure. [less ▲]

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See detailReview of M. Robson and P. Stockwell. Language in Theory
Weber, Jean-Jacques UL

in BELL. Belgian Essays on Language and Literature (2005), 3

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