References of "2003"
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See detailEuropean Union diabetes indicators: Fact or fiction?
De Beaufort, Carine UL; Reunanen, A.; Raleigh, V. et al

in European Journal of Public Health (2003), 13(3 SUPPL.), 51-54

Diabetes mellitus is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in EU/EFTA countries. Monitoring risk factors for diabetes and its complications will offer the possibility to evaluate the ... [more ▼]

Diabetes mellitus is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in EU/EFTA countries. Monitoring risk factors for diabetes and its complications will offer the possibility to evaluate the development in time as well as the influence of possible interventions. In this investigation a list with core and secondary indicators is proposed. Availability of these indicators and their data sources is discussed. An important variability of data sources is used in EU/EFTA countries, interfering with the comparability of the outcome. Further harmonisation as well as continuous evaluation of data sources will be necessary to provide reliable tools to monitor diabetes mellitus and its outcome on a routine basis. [less ▲]

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See detailGrundschulkinder in Harmonie bringen: Eine Kultur des Bewegens
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in Grundschulmagazin (2003), 71(3/4), 29-32

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See detailSemiclassical theory for transmission through open billiards: Convergence towards quantum transport
Wirtz, Ludger UL; Stampfer, C.; Rotter, S. et al

in PHYSICAL REVIEW E (2003), 67(1),

We present a semiclassical theory for transmission through open quantum billiards which converges towards quantum transport. The transmission amplitude can be expressed as a sum over all classical paths ... [more ▼]

We present a semiclassical theory for transmission through open quantum billiards which converges towards quantum transport. The transmission amplitude can be expressed as a sum over all classical paths and pseudopaths which consist of classical path segments joined by "kinks," i.e., diffractive scattering at lead mouths. For a rectangular billiard we show numerically that the sum over all such paths with a given number of kinks K converges to the quantum transmission amplitude as K-->infinity. Unitarity of the semiclassical theory is restored as K approaches infinity. Moreover, we find excellent agreement with the quantum path-length power spectrum up to very long path length. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential-energy surfaces for charge exchange between singly charged ions and a LiF surface
Wirtz, Ludger UL; Burgdorfer, J.; Dallos, M. et al

in Physical Review. A (2003), 68(3),

We analyze the adiabatic potential-energy surfaces relevant for neutralization of singly charged ions in slow vertical incidence onto a lithium fluoride surface. The surface is represented by a cluster of ... [more ▼]

We analyze the adiabatic potential-energy surfaces relevant for neutralization of singly charged ions in slow vertical incidence onto a lithium fluoride surface. The surface is represented by a cluster of varying size augmented by point charges of alternating sign in order to include the proper Madelung potential of the ionic crystal. Our calculation proceeds on the multiconfiguration self-consistent-field and multireference configuration-interaction levels. Size-consistency corrections based on the Davidson correction and multireference averaged quadratic coupled cluster methods are included as well. We emphasize the importance of a proper treatment of electron correlation signifying the polarization of the surrounding cluster environment in ab initio calculations of charge transfer at surfaces. From the topology of the surfaces, in particular the existence or absence of avoided crossings (or, more generally, conical intersections), qualitative predictions for the neutralization process can be made. The comparative analysis of potential curves for H+, C+, S+, and Ne+ projectiles provides an explanation for the recently observed threshold behavior for potential sputtering. [less ▲]

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See detailLiouville master equation for multielectron dynamics: Neutralization of highly charged ions near a LiF surface
Wirtz, Ludger UL; Reinhold, C. O.; Lemell, C. et al

in Physical Review. A (2003), 67(1),

We present a simulation of the neutralization of highly charged ions in front of a lithium fluoride surface including the close-collision regime above the surface. The present approach employs a Monte ... [more ▼]

We present a simulation of the neutralization of highly charged ions in front of a lithium fluoride surface including the close-collision regime above the surface. The present approach employs a Monte Carlo solution of the Liouville master equation for the joint probability density of the ionic motion and the electronic population of the projectile and the target surface. It includes single as well as double particle-hole (de)excitation processes and incorporates electron correlation effects through the conditional dynamics of population strings. The input in terms of elementary one- and two-electron transfer rates is determined from classical trajectory Monte Carlo calculations as well as quantum-mechanical Auger calculations. For slow projectiles and normal incidence, the ionic motion depends sensitively on the interplay between image acceleration towards the surface and repulsion by an ensemble of positive hole charges in the surface ("trampoline effect"). For Ne10+ we find that image acceleration is dominant and no collective backscattering high above the surface takes place. For grazing incidence, our simulation delineates the pathways to complete neutralization. In accordance with recent experimental observations, most ions are reflected as neutral or even as singly charged negative particles, irrespective of the charge state of the incoming ions. [less ▲]

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See detailV° Cautionnement, Gage, Hypothèque
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Menut, B. (Ed.) Le creancier et le recouvrement de sa creance (2003)

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See detailDécision de la Cour de cassation, 2ème Civ., 21 décembre 2002
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Droit et Procédures (2003)

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See detailDécision de la Cour de cassation, 1ère Civ., 20 mai 2003
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Clunet (2003)

Portée des conventions bilatérales d’entraide judiciaire.

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See detailDécision de la Cour de Justice des Communautés européennes, Dijon, 23 avril 2002
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Clunet (2003)

Effet de titre des sentences arbitrales.

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See detailLe projet européen de saisie des avoirs bancaires est-il compatible avec le droit anglais ?
Cuniberti, Gilles UL

in Isnard, J.; Normand, J. (Eds.) L'amenagement du droit de l'execution dans l'espace communautaire - bientot les premiers instruments (2003)

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See detailMicroarray analysis of tumor necrosis factor alpha induced gene expression in U373 human glioblastoma cells.
Schwamborn, Jens Christian UL; Lindecke, Antje; Elvers, Margitta et al

in BMC Genomics (2003), 4(1), 46

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) is able to induce a variety of biological responses in the nervous system including inflammation and neuroprotection. Human astrocytoma cells U373 have been ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) is able to induce a variety of biological responses in the nervous system including inflammation and neuroprotection. Human astrocytoma cells U373 have been widely used as a model for inflammatory cytokine actions in the nervous system. Here we used cDNA microarrays to analyze the time course of the transcriptional response from 1 h up to 12 h post TNF treatment in comparison to untreated U373 cells. TNF activated strongly the NF-kappaB transcriptional pathway and is linked to other pathways via the NF-kappaB target genes JUNB and IRF-1. Part of the TNF-induced gene expression could be inhibited by pharmacological inhibition of NF-kappaB with pyrrolidine-dithiocarbamate (PDTC). NF-kappaB comprises a family of transcription factors which are involved in the inducible expression of genes regulating neuronal survival, inflammatory response, cancer and innate immunity. RESULTS: In this study we show that numerous genes responded to TNF (> 880 from 7500 tested) with a more than two-fold induction rate. Several novel TNF-responsive genes (about 60% of the genes regulated by a factor > or = 3) were detected. A comparison of our TNF-induced gene expression profiles of U373, with profiles from 3T3 and Hela cells revealed a striking cell-type specificity. SCYA2 (MCP-1, CCL2, MCAF) was induced in U373 cells in a sustained manner and at the highest level of all analyzed genes. MCP-1 protein expression, as monitored with immunofluorescence and ELISA, correlated exactly with microarray data. Based on these data and on evidence from literature we suggest a model for the potential neurodegenerative effect of NF-kappaB in astroglia: Activation of NF-kappaB via TNF results in a strongly increased production of MCP-1. This leads to a exacerbation of neurodegeneration in stoke or Multiple Sclerosis, presumably via infiltration of macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: The vast majority of genes regulated more than 3-fold were previously not linked to tumor necrosis factor alpha as a search in published literature revealed. Striking co-regulation for several functional groups such as proteasome and ribosomal proteins were detected. [less ▲]

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See detailDrying and prolysis of wood particles: experiments and simulation.
Peters, Bernhard UL; Bruch, Christian

in Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2003), 70

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See detailLa nouvelle autorité des marchés financiers
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL

in Droit & patrimoine (2003), (121), 63-63

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See detailSozialpädagogische Qualität. Problembezogene Analysen zur Konzeptualisierung eines Modells
Köpp, Christina; Neumann, Sascha UL

Book published by Juventa (2003)

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See detailPax1 and Pax9 activate Bapx1 to induce chondrogenic differentiation in the sclerotome.
Rodrigo, Isabel; Hill, Robert E.; Balling, Rudi UL et al

in Development (2003), 130(3), 473-82

We have previously shown that the paired-box transcription factors Pax1 and Pax9 synergistically act in the proper formation of the vertebral column. Nevertheless, downstream events of the Pax1/Pax9 ... [more ▼]

We have previously shown that the paired-box transcription factors Pax1 and Pax9 synergistically act in the proper formation of the vertebral column. Nevertheless, downstream events of the Pax1/Pax9 action and their target genes remain to be elucidated. We show, by analyzing Pax1;Pax9 double mutant mice, that expression of Bapx1 in the sclerotome requires the presence of Pax1 and Pax9, in a gene dose-dependent manner. By using a retroviral system to overexpress Pax1 in chick presomitic mesoderm explants, we show that Pax1 can substitute for Shh in inducing Bapx1 expression and in initiating chondrogenic differentiation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that Pax1 and Pax9 can transactivate regulatory sequences in the Bapx1 promoter and that they physically interact with the Bapx1 promoter region. These results strongly suggest that Bapx1 is a direct target of Pax1 and Pax9. Together, we conclude that Pax1 and Pax9 are required and sufficient for the chondrogenic differentiation of sclerotomal cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (2 UL)
See detailForum Comment
König, Ariane UL

in Science & Technology (2003), XX

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (9 UL)
See detailDe l'entourage comtal à l'entourage royal: le cas des Luxembourg (XIIe-première moitié du XIVe siècles)
Margue, Michel UL

in Marchandisse, Alain; Kupper, Jean-Louis (Eds.) À l'ombre du pouvoir. Les entourages princiers au Moyen Âge (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (7 UL)
See detailLuxemburg und Avesnes. Territorialpolitik und Ritterideal (1250-1350)
Margue, Michel UL

in Thorau, Peter; Penth, Sabine; Fuchs, Rüdiger (Eds.) Regionen Europas – Europa der Regionen. Festschrift für Kurt-Ulrich Jäschke zum 65. Geburtstag (2003)

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See detailDer Kaiser und sein Bischof. Kaiser Heinrich VII. und seine besten Ritter im Epos der Voeux de l'épervier (kurz nach 1313)
Margue, Michel UL

in Quellen und Abhandlungen zur mittelrheinischen Kirchengeschichte, 105 (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (0 UL)