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See detailSocial representations and interface layout: A new way of enhancing persuasive technology applied to organ donation
Barbier, Mathilde UL; Moták, Ladislav; De Gasquet, Camille et al

in PLoS ONE (2020)

Although campaigns promoting organ donation have proved their effectiveness, increasing the number of people who explicitly agree to become donors is still difficult. Based on the social marketing notion ... [more ▼]

Although campaigns promoting organ donation have proved their effectiveness, increasing the number of people who explicitly agree to become donors is still difficult. Based on the social marketing notion of persuasive technology, we reasoned that it was timely to focus on the design of this persuasive technology and to analyze its contribution in particularly challenging contexts such as organ donation. More specifically, the originality of the present study lay in the way we linked the field of persuasive technology to the theory of social representations, and combined them with an analysis of the ergonomic aspects of interface layout. This study had two complementary goals. The first was to determine whether the sociocognitive salience of the central elements of social representations (i.e., the most frequent and important themes related to the subject—here, organ donation—for individuals), can be used to achieve persuasive outcomes. The second was to determine whether interface layout, in terms of information location and background characteristics (color and contrast), can strengthen the persuasive impact. University students (N > 200) were exposed to a computer screen displaying a message involving either central or peripheral elements of the social representations of organ donation (status), placed either in the middle or on one side of the screen (location), and shown against either a white or a blue background (background). Eye-tracking data were recorded, in addition to self-reported data. In line with the elaboration likelihood model, results showed that participants who were exposed to central (vs. peripheral) elements of the social representations of organ donation followed the central route in processing information. Moreover, they had stronger attitudes, and more of them stated that they were actual organ donors. Importantly, however, at least for some variables, these status-related effects were not independent of the interface layout. More specifically, the persuasive impact of the central elements was enhanced when the information was displayed in the middle (vs. the side) of the screen and when it was displayed on a white (vs. blue) background. We discuss the theoretical and practical issues raised by these results. [less ▲]

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See detailGenome-wide linkage analysis of families with primary hyperhidrosis
Schote, Andrea B.; Schiel, Florian; Schmitt, Benedict et al

in PLoS ONE (2020)

Primary focal hyperhidrosis (PFH, OMIM %144110) is a genetically influenced condition characterised by excessive sweating. Prevalence varies between 1.0–6.1% in the general population, dependent on ... [more ▼]

Primary focal hyperhidrosis (PFH, OMIM %144110) is a genetically influenced condition characterised by excessive sweating. Prevalence varies between 1.0–6.1% in the general population, dependent on ethnicity. The aetiology of PFH remains unclear but an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, incomplete penetrance and variable phenotypes have been reported. In our study, nine pedigrees (50 affected, 53 non-affected individuals) were included. Clinical characterisation was performed at the German Hyperhidrosis Centre, Munich, by using physiological and psychological questionnaires. Genome-wide parametric linkage analysis with GeneHunter was performed based on the Illumina genome-wide SNP arrays. Haplotypes were constructed using easyLINKAGE and visualised via HaploPainter. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) with 100x coverage in 31 selected members (24 affected, 7 non-affected) from our pedigrees was achieved by next generation sequencing. We identified four genome-wide significant loci, 1q41-1q42.3, 2p14-2p13.3, 2q21.2-2q23.3 and 15q26.3-15q26.3 for PFH. Three pedigrees map to a shared locus at 2q21.2-2q23.3, with a genome-wide significant LOD score of 3.45. The chromosomal region identified here overlaps with a locus at chromosome 2q22.1-2q31.1 reported previously. Three families support 1q41-1q42.3 (LOD = 3.69), two families share a region identical by descent at 2p14-2p13.3 (LOD = 3.15) and another two families at 15q26.3 (LOD = 3.01). Thus, our results point to considerable genetic heterogeneity. WES did not reveal any causative variants, suggesting that variants or mutations located outside the coding regions might be involved in the molecular pathogenesis of PFH. We suggest a strategy based on whole-genome or targeted next generation sequencing to identify causative genes or variants for PFH. [less ▲]

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See detailTropical Fock-Goncharov coordinates for SL3-webs on surfaces II: naturality
Sun, Zhe UL; Douglas, Daniel C.

E-print/Working paper (2020)

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See detailMetaheuristics for the Online Printing Shop Scheduling Problem
Tessaro Lunardi, Willian UL; Birgin, Ernesto G.; Ronconi, Débora P. et al

in European Journal of Operational Research (2020)

In this work, the online printing shop scheduling problem introduced in (Lunardi et al., Mixed Integer Linear Programming and Constraint Programming Models for the Online Printing Shop Scheduling Problem ... [more ▼]

In this work, the online printing shop scheduling problem introduced in (Lunardi et al., Mixed Integer Linear Programming and Constraint Programming Models for the Online Printing Shop Scheduling Problem, Computers & Operations Research, to appear) is considered. This challenging real scheduling problem, that emerged in the nowadays printing industry, corresponds to a flexible job shop scheduling problem with sequencing flexibility; and it presents several complicating specificities such as resumable operations, periods of unavailability of the machines, sequence-dependent setup times, partial overlapping between operations with precedence constraints, and fixed operations, among others. A local search strategy and metaheuristic approaches for the problem are proposed and evaluated. Based on a common representation scheme, trajectory and populational metaheuristics are considered. Extensive numerical experiments with large-sized instances show that the proposed methods are suitable for solving practical instances of the problem; and that they outperform a half-heuristic-half-exact off-the-shelf solver by a large extent. Numerical experiments with classical instances of the flexible job shop scheduling problem show that the introduced methods are also competitive when applied to this particular case. [less ▲]

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See detailMetaheuristics for the Online Printing Shop Scheduling Problem - Supplementary Material
Tessaro Lunardi, Willian UL; Birgin, Ernesto G.; Ronconi, Débora P. et al

Report (2020)

This document presents further numerical results of the experiments concerning the classical instances of the flexible job shop scheduling problem, performed in (Lunardi et al., Metaheuristics for the ... [more ▼]

This document presents further numerical results of the experiments concerning the classical instances of the flexible job shop scheduling problem, performed in (Lunardi et al., Metaheuristics for the Online Printing Shop Scheduling Problem, submitted). Additionally, this document gathers the best makespan values (upper bounds and lower bounds) found by state-of-the-art algorithms. [less ▲]

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See detailCompetence-Orientation in Teaching Physical Education
Heck, Sandra UL; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Peters, Michael A. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Teacher Education (2020)

In recent years, curriculum development has shifted to competence-oriented approaches in many European countries and beyond. Contents of the respective competence-oriented curricula may vary depending on ... [more ▼]

In recent years, curriculum development has shifted to competence-oriented approaches in many European countries and beyond. Contents of the respective competence-oriented curricula may vary depending on the specific cultural, social and political background, and accordingly also on the individual decision-makers. They may however comprehensively be defined as “a curriculum that emphasizes the complex outcomes of a learning process (i.e. knowledge, skills and attitudes to be applied by learners), rather than mainly focused on what learners are expected to learn about in terms of traditionally defined content” (UNESCO-International Bureau of Education, 2012). Competence-based curricula are thus criteria-based and goals-oriented, flexible and adaptive to students’ and school contexts. They have in common that learning outcomes are considered as an essential evidence of having acquired competencies. Further, they attest to the effectiveness of education systems at delivering quality education and effective learning. What learners can acquire, however, depends not only on a clear definition of intended competencies and learning outcomes. It is also related to questions like how the learning contents are packaged and presented, how they are taught, where they are taught and acquired, how learners are facilitated, and also how their acquisition is verified (UNESCO-International Bureau of Education, 2012). National and regional policies and curricula thus only pave the way to competence-oriented teaching. They can however only be successful if they are accepted and well implemented by the teacher and if they take place in a positive learning environment (UNESCO-International Bureau of Education, 2012). Accordingly, subject didactics in physical education like in any other subject have to cover two roles: contributing to determine educational standards and developing concepts for competence-oriented teaching (Gogoll & Kurz, 2013). Having this double mission in mind, this chapter is opening by exploring what competence-orientation means, first in general and secondly, more specifically, in physical education classes. It continues by transferring the theoretical knowledge into the practical implementation of competence-oriented tasks. To conclude, a critical glance is thrown on the concept of competence-orientation in physical education. [less ▲]

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See detailA Remote Carrier Synchronization Technique for Coherent Distributed Remote Sensing Systems
Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL; Martinez Marrero, Liz UL; Querol, Jorge UL et al

in IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing (2020)

Phase, frequency, and time synchronization are crucial requirements for many applications, such as multi-static remote sensing and communication systems. Moreover, the synchronization solution becomes ... [more ▼]

Phase, frequency, and time synchronization are crucial requirements for many applications, such as multi-static remote sensing and communication systems. Moreover, the synchronization solution becomes even more challenging when the nodes are orbiting or flying on airborne or spaceborne platforms. This paper compares the available technologies used for the synchronization and coordination of nodes in distributed remote sensing applications. Additionally, this paper proposes a general system model and identifies preliminary guidelines and critical elements for implementing the synchronization mechanisms exploiting the inter-satellite communication link. The distributed phase synchronization loop introduced in this work deals with the self-interference in a full-duplex point to point scenario by transmitting two carriers at each node. All carriers appear with different frequency offsets around a central frequency, called the application central-frequency or the beamforming frequency. This work includes a detailed analysis of the proposed algorithm and the required simulations to verify its performance for different phase noise, AWGN, and Doppler shift scenarios. [less ▲]

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See detailA Narrative Review of Motor Competence in Children and Adolescents: What We Know and What We Need to Find Out
Lopes, Luis; Santos, Rute; Coelho e Silva, Manuel et al

in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2020), 18(1), 1-20

Lack of physical activity is a global public health problem causing not only morbidity and premature mortality, but it is also a major economic burden worldwide. One of the cornerstones of a physically ... [more ▼]

Lack of physical activity is a global public health problem causing not only morbidity and premature mortality, but it is also a major economic burden worldwide. One of the cornerstones of a physically active lifestyle is Motor Competence (MC). MC is a complex biocultural attribute and therefore, its study requires a multi-sectoral, multi-, inter- and transdisciplinary approach. MC is a growing area of research, especially in children and adolescents due to its positive association with a plethora of health and developmental outcomes. Many questions, however, remain to be answered in this field of research, with regard to: (i) Health and Developmental-related Associations of MC; (ii) Assessment of MC; (iii) Prevalence and Trends of MC; (iv) Correlates and Determinants of MC; (v) MC Interventions, and (vi) Translating MC Research into Practice and Policy. This paper presents a narrative review of the literature, summarizing current knowledge, identifying key research gaps and presenting questions for future investigation on MC in children and adolescents. This is a collaborative effort from the International Motor Competence Network (IMCNetwork) a network of academics and researchers aiming to promote international collaborative research and knowledge translation in the expansive field of MC. The knowledge and deliverables generated by addressing and answering the aforementioned research questions on MC presented in this review have the potential to shape the ways in which researchers and practitioners promote MC and physical activity in children and adolescents across the world. [less ▲]

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See detailDisorganized attachment in adolescence: Emotional and physiological dysregulation during the Friends and Family Interview and a conflict interaction
Decarli, Alessandro; Pierrehumbert, Blaise; Schulz, André UL et al

in Development and Psychopathology (2020)

The current study examined the effects of attachment on autonomy, relatedness and emotion regulation during an attachment interview (Friends and Family Interview; FFI) and a parent-child conflict ... [more ▼]

The current study examined the effects of attachment on autonomy, relatedness and emotion regulation during an attachment interview (Friends and Family Interview; FFI) and a parent-child conflict interaction (Family Interaction Task; FIT) in 49 adolescents (11 to 17 years old). Disorganized adolescents showed a steeper decrease in heart rate variability (HRV) than organized ones, during both the FFI and the FITs. Dismissing adolescents showed a more pronounced decrease in HRV during the FFI than secure and preoccupied individuals; no differences were found between these groups in HRV during the FITs. The results suggest that disorganized adolescents had more difficulties in regulating their emotions during both the FFI and the FITs, whereas dismissing individuals seemed effectively challenged only during the interview. [less ▲]

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See detailIWalk tours in Esch and Luxembourg city
Bronec, Jakub UL

Computer development (2020)

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See detailHeat transport in overdamped quantum systems
Salehi Kadijani, Mohammad Sadeq UL; Schmidt, Thomas UL; Esposito, Massimiliano UL et al

in Physical Review. B (2020)

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See detailWind Music during the Nazi occupation in Luxembourg from 1940 to 1944
Sagrillo, Damien François UL

Scientific Conference (2020, December 18)

From 1940 to 1944 Luxembourg was governed by the National Socialist regime. Besides the many human destinies, social life also had to bear the consequences. The keyword is "Gleichschaltung" (co-ordination ... [more ▼]

From 1940 to 1944 Luxembourg was governed by the National Socialist regime. Besides the many human destinies, social life also had to bear the consequences. The keyword is "Gleichschaltung" (co-ordination). In my lecture, I will provide some examples to show how this abusive and arbitrary interference affected the activities of the music associations. [less ▲]

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See detailPerforming a historical re-enactment: the making of a 16mm home movie
van der Heijden, Tim UL

Presentation (2020, December 18)

In this presentation, I will “perform” the making of a 16mm home movie based on my media archaeological experiments with an original Ciné-Kodak film camera from 1930. A split screen montage shows the ... [more ▼]

In this presentation, I will “perform” the making of a 16mm home movie based on my media archaeological experiments with an original Ciné-Kodak film camera from 1930. A split screen montage shows the recorded analogue film fragments besides footage that illustrates the process of making the film captured by my documentation equipment, including a digital video camera, GoPro and 360 degree camera. My contribution aims to discuss and re-evaluate the performative nature of media archaeological experiments, and how digital (documentation) tools enable new forms of presentation, explication and dissemination of historical tacit knowledge in early-twentieth century amateur filmmaking. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge Scale Parallel Simulation For Extended Discrete Element Method
Mainassara Chekaraou, Abdoul Wahid UL

Doctoral thesis (2020)

Numerical models are commonly used to simulate or model physical processes such as weather forecasts, fluid action, rocket trajectory, building designs, or biomass combustion. These simulations are ... [more ▼]

Numerical models are commonly used to simulate or model physical processes such as weather forecasts, fluid action, rocket trajectory, building designs, or biomass combustion. These simulations are immensely complex and require a hefty amount of time and computation, making it impossible to run on a standard modern laptop in a reasonable and fair period. This research work targets large-scale and parallel simulations of DEM and DEM-CFD couplings using high-performance computing techniques and optimizations. This thesis aims to analyze, contribute, and apply the DEM approach using the XDEM multi-Physics toolbox to physical processes that have been reluctant to be used due to their required computational resources and time. The first step of this work is to analyze and investigate the performance bottlenecks of the XDEM software. Therefore, the latter has been profiled and some critical parts as the contact detection were identified as the main bottlenecks of the software. A benchmark has also been set up to assess each bottleneck part’s performance using a baseline case. This step is crucial as it defines the general guidelines to follow in optimizing any application in general. A complete framework has been developed from scratch and aims to test and compare several contact detection algorithms and implementations. The framework, which also has a parallel version, has been used to select an appropriate algorithm and implementation for the XDEM software. The link-cell approach, combined with a new Verlet list concept, proved to be the best option for significantly reducing the contact detection part’s computational time. The Verlet buffer concept developed during this thesis takes the particle flow regime into account when selecting the skin margin to enhance the algorithm’s efficiency further. In order to target the high-performance computers for large-scale simulations, a full hybrid distributed-shared memory parallelization has been introduced by adding a fine-grain OpenMP implementation layer to the existing MPI approach. A shared memory parallelization allows taking full advantage of personal workstations with modern CPU architecture. On the other hand, a hybrid approach is one of the best ways to fully exploit the computing node capacities of our modern CPU clusters that mainly have a NUMA architecture. Macro-benchmarking performance analysis showed that we could entirely exploit 80% (speed-up) of 85 computing nodes representing 2380 cores on the ULHPC supercomputer. Finally, a life-size biomass combustion furnace is developed and used as an application test to demonstrate the complex and heavy cases that the XDEM software can accommodate at this time. The furnace is the combustion chamber of a 16 MW geothermal steam super-heater, partoftheEnelGreenPower"Cornia2." powerplant located in Italy. It proves that DEM, in general, and XDEM in particular, can be used for real case applications that discourage users due to their complexity and especially the time required to deliver the outcome results. [less ▲]

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See detailHolo Study – Mixed Reality Framework for Industrial Engineering Education and Training
Minoufekr, Meysam UL; Plapper, Peter UL

in Trends in Technical & Scientific Research (2020), 4(5), 0131-0135

Nowadays, students struggle with understanding complex production processes and kinematics of machine tools and robots. While professors mostly have been dealing with these subjects for many years ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, students struggle with understanding complex production processes and kinematics of machine tools and robots. While professors mostly have been dealing with these subjects for many years, students have only short time to be introduced to the complex nature of these topics. Mixed Reality allows students to engage hands-on in their subjects to reach new dimensions of understanding. Making challenging topics for students accessible by creating a more visual and tactile experience. The applications for entertainment and gaming are off the charts, but the implications for augmented reality in education and science are also undoubtedly massive. The project focusses on making education as interactive as possible, which helps both, teachers and students receive a unique tool for communicating phenomena and processes that are difficult to describe verbally. As a result, a complex knowledge becomes simple, an involvement of students grows, the quality of education increases [less ▲]

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