References of "1988"
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See detailMurine Genes with homology to Drosophila segmentation genes.
Dressler, G. R.; Deutsch, U; Balling, Rudi UL et al

in Development (1988), 0(104), 181-186

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (2 UL)
See detailGaInAs camel diodes grown by MBE
Marso, Michel UL; Chin, A.; Bhattacharya, P. et al

in Proceedings of the 18th European Solid State Device Research Conference (ESSDERC 88), Montpellier, France, 1988, J. de Physique, Colloque C4, suppl. 9 (1988)

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (0 UL)
See detailAuslösung und Dämpfung von Feindseligkeit
Montada, Leo UL; Boll, Thomas UL

in Untersuchungen des Psychologischen Dienstes der Bundeswehr (1988), 23

Auf der Basis einer kognitionspsychologischen Analyse verschiedener aggressionsbezogener Gefühle (Wut, Ärger, Hass, Neid, Empörung) werden bei Wehrpflichtigen Bedingungen der Entstehung und Dämpfung von ... [more ▼]

Auf der Basis einer kognitionspsychologischen Analyse verschiedener aggressionsbezogener Gefühle (Wut, Ärger, Hass, Neid, Empörung) werden bei Wehrpflichtigen Bedingungen der Entstehung und Dämpfung von Feindseligkeit im Sinne von Hass gegenüber einem Vorgesetzten untersucht. Drei Indikatoren der Feindseligkeit wurden erhoben: (1) positive Gefühle bei einer Schädigung des Vorgesetzten, (2) Häufigkeit unwillkürlich interferierender Schädigungsvorstellungen und (3) negative Bewertung des Vorgesetzten. Feindseligkeit wurde im Wesentlichen als Funktion von fünf Variablen erwartet: (1) erlebte Beeinträchtigung durch den Vorgesetzten, (2) wahrgenommene Absichtlichkeit der Beeinträchtigung, (3) wahrgenommene Machtlosigkeit gegenüber dem Vorgesetzten, (4) Ablehnung von Rechtfertigungsgründen für das Handeln des Vorgesetzten und (5) Widerstandswille gegenüber diesem. Dämpfende Effekte auf Feindseligkeit sollten erlebte Sicherheit in sozialen Kontexten haben (Selbstvertrauen, wahrgenommene Unterstützung durch Kameraden oder höhere Vorgesetzte, Gerechtigkeit in der eigenen Einheit) sowie positive Bewertung der Bundeswehr und der Wehrpflicht. Alle Variablen wurden mit eigens konstruierten Fragebogen an einer Untersuchungsstichprobe von 426 Soldaten aus fünf Ausbildungsquartalen und unterschiedlich "harten" Einheiten erhoben. Wesentliche Ergebnisse waren: Die Kernvariablen wirkten in erwarteter Richtung auf Feindseligkeit. Die Indikatoren für erlebte Sicherheit wirkten insgesamt erwartungsgemäß dämpfend auf Feindseligkeit, was die direkten linearen Effekte anbelangt. Die Moderatoreffekte von Sicherheitsvariablen auf die Beziehung zwischen erlebter Beeinträchtigung und Feindseligkeit waren größtenteils erwartungswidrig: je höher die Sicherheit, um so grösser die Effekte erlebter Beeinträchtigung auf Feindseligkeit. Die Validität der Feindseligkeitsmaße wird diskutiert, und praktische Schlussfolgerungen, die die Vermeidung oder Dämpfung von Feindseligkeit betreffen, werden gezogen. [less ▲]

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See detailLa détermination du prix dans les contrats commerciaux portant vente de marchandises - Réflexions comparatives
Corbisier, Isabelle UL

in Revue Internationale de Droit Comparé (1988), 40(4), 767-831

La question de la détermination du prix dans la vente se rattache dans de nombreux systèmes juridiques (nous envisageons ici les droits français, belge, anglais, américain et louisianais) au principe de l ... [more ▼]

La question de la détermination du prix dans la vente se rattache dans de nombreux systèmes juridiques (nous envisageons ici les droits français, belge, anglais, américain et louisianais) au principe de l'autonomie de la volonté « principle of freedom of contract ». Cette étude démontre que l'application de ce principe doit être infléchie, voire même remise en question, dans un contexte contemporain de relations commerciales dont la complexité et la durée appellent une approche plus flexible. Nous verrons dans quelle mesure ce résultat a été atteint sur les plans tant nationaux qu'international. Une utilisation plus généralisée de certains standards devrait résulter en une plus grande uniformisation de conceptions dont la diversité est finalement moins grande qu'il n'y paraît. TEXTE INTEGRAL DE L'ARTICLE SOUS LE LIEN INTERNET INDIQUE Ci-DESSOUS [less ▲]

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See detail[Diagnostic and prognostic value of plasma ANP determination after myocardial infarction].
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Biegel, H.; Heinrichs, S. et al

in Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie (1988), 77 Suppl 2

In the present study the prognostic value of ANP measurement was investigated in 52 patients undergoing coronary angiography. 22 normotensive and 30 hypertensive subjects were included. A significant ... [more ▼]

In the present study the prognostic value of ANP measurement was investigated in 52 patients undergoing coronary angiography. 22 normotensive and 30 hypertensive subjects were included. A significant inverse correlation between left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) and plasma ANP was found in normotensives, but not in hypertensives. In patients with chronic myocardial infarction, there was no difference in ANP levels compared to patients without infarction in either group, provided that EF was normal. However, hypertensives showed a 35% increase in ANP compared to normotensives. This was true for subjects with and without myocardial infarction. These results show that in normotensives ANP levels have a prognostic value on a statistical rather than an individual basis. This does not apply to hypertensives, whose ANP level is increased by factors other than impaired ejection fraction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (0 UL)
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See detailSI nociceptive neurons participate in the encoding proces by which monkeys perceive the intnesity of noxious thermal stimulation
Kenshalo, Dan R; Chudler, Eric H; Anton, Fernand UL et al

in Brain Research (1988), 454(1-2), 378-382

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 UL)
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See detailSelective excitation by capsaicin of mechano-heat sensitive nociceptors in rat skin
Szolcsanyi, Janos; Anton, Fernand UL; Reeh, Peter-Werner et al

in Brain Research (1988), 446(2), 262-268

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (0 UL)
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See detailMeasurement of the nalgesic efects of aspirin with a new experimantal algesimetric procedure
Fortser, Clemens; Anton, Fernand UL; Reeh, Peter-Werner et al

in Pain (1988), 32(2), 215-222

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 UL)
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See detail[Elevated levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and plasma catecholamines in arterial hypertension--indications for an interaction].
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Nitsch, J.; Biegel, T. et al

in Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie (1988), 77(7), 407-12

In this study plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and of the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine were investigated in hypertensive patients (HT) (n = 30). 22 normotensive patients (NT ... [more ▼]

In this study plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide and of the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine were investigated in hypertensive patients (HT) (n = 30). 22 normotensive patients (NT) served as controls. Hypertensives showed an elevated ANP-level in comparison with controls (46.8 +/- 3.3 vs. 36.8 +/- 3.3 pg/ml, M +/- SEM, p less than 0.01). When patients with myocardial infarction or with reduced ejection fraction were excluded, the same relation was demonstrated (49.3 +/- 3.2 vs. 33.6 +/- 2.0 pg/ml, p less than 0.01). Plasma norepinephrine was 230.8 +/- 52.3 pg/ml in HT compared with 138.0 +/- 19.6 pg/ml in NT (p less than 0.05). Epinephrine was 70.8 +/- 10.5 vs. 54.8 +/- 9.7 pg/ml in HT and NT. To exclude an increased left ventricular enddiastolic - and hence left atrial - pressure as the cause for the elevation of ANP and norepinephrine, HT and NT were matched for the same levels of enddiastolic pressure (LVEDP) (n = 18). For each level of LVEDP ANP was higher in HT than in NT (p less than 0.01). The same held true for norepinephrine (p less than 0.05) and to a lesser extent for epinephrine (p = 0.09). Our results demonstrate that patients with essential hypertension exhibit markedly elevated levels for ANP and catecholamines which is not due to myocardial failure. We propose that the increased secretion of the vasodilatory hormone ANP serves as counterregulation against the vasoconstrictor norepinephrine. The endocrine function of the heart may play a pivotal role in the modulation of sympathetic activity. [less ▲]

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See detailOxygenated sterols and intracellular calcium dynamics - comparison with cholesterol and clinical application
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Stimpel, M; Locher, R et al

in Beck, J; Crastes de Paulet, A (Eds.) Biological activities of oxygenated sterols (1988)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (0 UL)
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See detailDiagnostische und prognostische Bedeutung der Plasma-ANP-Messung nach Myokardinfarkt
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Biegel, T; Heinrichs, S et al

in Plasmabestimmung des atrialen natriuretischen Peptids (1988)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (0 UL)
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See detailMorphometrically verified differences between neurons of the thalamic ventral posteromedial nucleus (VPM) and of its ventral periphery (VPMvp)
Brandt, Heike; Brüggemann, Johannes; Hanesch, Ulrike UL et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1988), 411

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 UL)
See detailNaturalismuskritik und Autonomie der Ethik
Sosoe, Lukas UL

Book published by Alber (1988)

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (0 UL)
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See detail[Concentrations of amiodarone and flecainide in plasma and saliva--indications for the active transport of flecainide].
Nitsch, J.; Kohler, U.; Neyses, Ludwig UL et al

in Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie (1988), 77(2), 99-102

Only the free protein-unbound drug concentration in plasma is pharmacologically active. The concentration of some drugs in saliva is equal to the free drug level. We compared concentrations (in plasma ... [more ▼]

Only the free protein-unbound drug concentration in plasma is pharmacologically active. The concentration of some drugs in saliva is equal to the free drug level. We compared concentrations (in plasma before, 30 and 60 min after the morning dose, in saliva before, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after the morning dose) of amiodarone (n = 8, 2 x 200 mg orally per day) and flecainide (n = 16, 2 x 100 mg) administered as chronic antiarrhythmic treatment. Drug levels were measured by "high performance liquid chromatography". Results: Just prior to the first morning dose, amiodarone concentrations in plasma were 1.0-2.9 (2.0 +/- 0.6) micrograms/ml, in saliva 0.02-0.25 micrograms/ml; flecainide in plasma 80-560 (316 +/- 163) ng/ml, in saliva 630-3700 (1749 +/- 963) ng/ml. After the morning dose we found maximal flecainide plasma levels of 462 +/- 203 and saliva levels of 3218 +/- 2857 ng/ml. The highest flecainide concentrations in the saliva (13,400 and 11,300 ng/ml) were found in two patients 30 and 60 min after the morning dose. Flecainide, but not amiodarone, is excreted actively in the saliva, probably indicating an enteroenteric circulation. This should be considered to reduce life-threatening flecainide intoxications by gastric and intestinal lavage and suction. The concentration of flecainide in the saliva does not represent the non-protein-bound free drug level in the plasma. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (0 UL)
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See detailThe incidence of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in subjects aged 0-19 years in Luxembourg: a retrospective study from 1977 to 1986
De Beaufort, Carine UL; Michel, G.; Glaesener, G.

in Diabetologia (1988), 31(10), 758-761

A decrease in the incidence of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in the age group 0-14 years has been observed from north to south over north-western Europe. To evaluate whether this trend ... [more ▼]

A decrease in the incidence of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in the age group 0-14 years has been observed from north to south over north-western Europe. To evaluate whether this trend could be found in Luxembourg (a small country between the Netherlands and France) we performed a retrospective study over a period of 10 years. Information concerning all Type 1 diabetic patients (aged 0-19 years at diagnosis), diagnosed between January 1, 1977 and December 31, 1986 was obtained through paediatricians, internists, general practitioners and the Luxembourg Diabetes Association (LDA). The LDA was used as the ascertainment group (to estimate the real number and incidence of Type 1 diabetes mellitus). During the study period 91 Type 1 diabetic patients aged between 0-19 years were diagnosed. An incidence of 11.2 was found in boys (0-19 years). Girls in the same age group showed a considerably lower incidence of 8.8. Standardised incidence (using as standard the world population) revealed an almost similar incidence in the Netherlands and Luxembourg (respectively 10.3 and 10.2) for the age group aged 0-14 years. In France a considerably lower incidence is found (3.6). To what extent different methodology contributes to the differences remains to be clarified. Further prospective studies are necessary to investigate the role of environmental and genetic factors. © 1988 Springer-Verlag. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (0 UL)
See detailDemonstranten und Polizisten." Motive, Erfahrungen und Eskalationsbedingungen.
Willems, Helmut UL; Erckert, Roland; Goldbach, Harald et al

Book published by Beltz Juventa-Verlag. (1988)

Detailed reference viewed: 192 (3 UL)
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See detailUrinary C-peptide: A useful tool for evaluating the endogenous insulin reserve in cohort and longitudinal studies of diabetes in childhood
De Beaufort, Carine UL; Den Boer, N. C.; Bruining, G. J. et al

in Annals of Clinical Biochemistry (1988), 25(5), 552-559

Increasing research into the remission phase of type I diabetes mellitus stresses the importance of a non-traumatic and reliable method for the evaluation of endogenous insulin production. We compared 24 ... [more ▼]

Increasing research into the remission phase of type I diabetes mellitus stresses the importance of a non-traumatic and reliable method for the evaluation of endogenous insulin production. We compared 24-h urinary C-peptide excretion (UCE) with plasma C-peptide values before and after stimulation with 1 mg glucagon in 24 type I diabetic children. Fasting plasma C-peptide values and stimulated plasma C-peptide values showed a linear correlation with 24 h UCE. Mean plasma C-peptide levels correlated inversely with the exogenous insulin dose. A slightly better correlation was found between the exogenous insulin dose and 24 h UCE. Control data of 24 h UCE were obtained from healthy siblings. A linear correlation with ages was found up to 10 years of age above which UCE values seem to reach a plateau. This effect of age, as well as the frequency of sampling was taken into account in the derivation of 95% reference intervals for UCE. The measurement of 24 h UCE appears to be a useful parameter to assess endogenous insulin production in diabetic children, provided that age is taken into account. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (3 UL)
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See detailInsulin antibodies in diabetic children before treatment: A marker for islet B-cell destruction?
De Beaufort, Carine UL; Binder, C.; Bruining, G. J. et al

in Diabetic Medicine: A Journal of the British Diabetic Association (1988), 5(5), 441-443

Insulin antibodies were measured in the sera of 28 newly diagnosed diabetic children (age 8.0 ± 4.0 (±SD) years) prior to insulin therapy and after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. The levels at diagnosis and ... [more ▼]

Insulin antibodies were measured in the sera of 28 newly diagnosed diabetic children (age 8.0 ± 4.0 (±SD) years) prior to insulin therapy and after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. The levels at diagnosis and after 12 months were compared to endogenous insulin production at onset and after 12 to 14 months. Endogenous insulin production was evaluated through the measurement of 24-h urinary C-peptide excretion, fasting plasma C-peptide levels and plasma C-peptide levels after glucagon stimulation. Insulin antibodies were detected in 29% of the patients (8 out of 28). In all but one patient antibodies binding porcine and human insulin were detected. No relationship was found between the presence of antibodies binding human or porcine insulin at diagnosis and age. After 1 year 27 out of 28 patients presented insulin antibodies. No relationship was found between the presence of insulin antibodies before therapy and 1 year after therapy. Insulin antibodies prior to diagnosis showed no relationship with the urinary C-peptide excretion at diagnosis (with antibodies 67 ± 27%, without antibodies 76 ± 11%). However, after 1 year significantly lower urinary C-peptide excretions were found in patients with insulin antibodies prior to therapy (with antibodies, 17 ± 7%, without antibodies, 31 ± 5%, p < 0.02). Peak plasma C-peptide levels after 1 year were possibly lower in patients with insulin antibodies before treatment (with antibodies 0.17 ± 0.06 nmol/l, without antibodies 0.26 ± 0.04 nmol/l, p < 0.1). Fasting C-peptide levels did not differ significantly between the two groups after 1 year of therapy (with antibodies 0.11 ± 0.03 nmol/l, without antibodies 0.14 ± 0.02 nmol/l). Thus, insulin auto-antibodies may be a marker for islet B-cell destruction in Type 1 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailPolizei, Protest und Eskalation: Die Bedeutung der Konflikterfahrungen junger Polizeibeamter
Willems, Helmut UL

in Neue Soziale Bewegungen und Kontrolle (1988), 1(2), 11-20

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (0 UL)