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See detailChildren in Migration: The Ukrainian Crisis: Challenges and Lessons learned
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Presentation (2022, July 19)

This presentation gives an overview of the Temporary Protection Directive and its implementation in Member States due to the unprovoked invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation and how Member States ... [more ▼]

This presentation gives an overview of the Temporary Protection Directive and its implementation in Member States due to the unprovoked invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation and how Member States have dealt with the issue of Ukrainian children in regard to guardianship, housing and education. [less ▲]

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See detailTemporary Protection in the EU - State of Play
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Presentation (2022, June 16)

On 24 February 2022, the armed forces of the Russian Federation launched an unprovoked full-scale invasion of Ukraine. This was an unprecedented act of aggression against a sovereign and independent ... [more ▼]

On 24 February 2022, the armed forces of the Russian Federation launched an unprovoked full-scale invasion of Ukraine. This was an unprecedented act of aggression against a sovereign and independent country and goes against fundamental principles of international law. It has been strongly condemned by the international community, including the European Union. As of mid-May, over six million Ukrainian and international refugees are fleeing the war to neighbouring EU and third countries (including Moldova) and eight million people have been displaced internally. This massive inflow of Ukrainian refugees into the EU resulted in the Council adopting the implementing Decision 2022/382 of 4 March 2022, introducing temporary protection as a means of dealing with the crisis. This is the first time, that the Temporary Protection Directive has been triggered in the Member States. The EMN has collected information in relation to the Temporary Protection Directive implementation in Member States (e.g. registration) and how the rights conferred to the Beneficiaries of Temporary Protection are provided (e.g. accommodation, healthcare, education, social welfare, etc.) The objective of this workshop is to increase participants’ knowledge in handling information related to the implementation of TPD. The target audience are EMN Member States and the EMN Service Provider but participation is also open to Commission policy officers, EU MS officials and EU agencies. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport annuel sur les migrations et l'asile 2021 – Luxembourg
Mellinger, Lukas UL; Holzapfel-Mantin, Nicole UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL et al

Report (2022)

Ce rapport décrit les tendances statistiques en matière de migration, d’asile et d’intégration, les changements législatifs ou politiques et retrace les débats nationaux importants qui ont eu lieu au ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport décrit les tendances statistiques en matière de migration, d’asile et d’intégration, les changements législatifs ou politiques et retrace les débats nationaux importants qui ont eu lieu au Luxembourg au cours de l’année 2021. Les principaux changements et débats au cours de l'année 2021 étaient de nature législative ; en particulier deux lois ont été adoptées : La loi du 16 juin 2021 modifiant la loi sur l'immigration est entrée en vigueur le 5 juillet 2021. Cette loi modifie la loi sur l'immigration, en allégeant la charge administrative pour les ressortissants de pays tiers, et en modifiant certaines dispositions relatives aux travailleurs transférés intragroupe, aux stagiaires et au regroupement familial. La loi du 16 juin 2021 modifiant la loi sur l'asile est entrée en vigueur le 5 juillet 2021. Cette loi modifie les voies de recours à disposition des demandeurs de protection internationale (DPI). Elle renforce leur efficacité et garantit une sécurité juridique maximale dans le cadre des transferts sous le règlement Dublin, des décisions définitives de clôture de la procédure relative à une demande de protection internationale et des décisions de retrait de la protection internationale. Par ailleurs, la loi du 30 juillet 2021 portant modification de la loi modifiée du 8 mars 2017 sur la nationalité luxembourgeoise (ci-après loi sur la nationalité) est entré en vigueur le 22 août 2021. Selon cette loi, un candidat (descendant en ligne directe d'un ancêtre luxembourgeois) au recouvrement de la nationalité luxembourgeoise doit signer la déclaration de recouvrement de la nationalité luxembourgeoise auprès de l'officier d'état civil avant le 31 décembre 2022. En 2021, trois projets de loi concernant divers volets des politiques d’intégration ou d’immigration ont été déposés à la Chambre des Députés ; la procédure législative de ces trois projets étant toujours en cours au moment de la rédaction du présent rapport. Le 2 septembre 2021, le gouvernement a déposé à la Chambre des Députés le projet de loi n°7877, visant à modifier la loi électorale modifiée du 18 février 2003 (ci-après la loi électorale). Le texte du projet vise à soutenir la participation politique du nombre sans cesse croissant de résidents non luxembourgeois en abolissant la condition de durée de résidence de cinq ans des citoyens de l'UE et de pays tiers habitant au Luxembourg pour pouvoir participer aux élections communales, tant au niveau de l’électorat actif que passif. Par ailleurs, la date de clôture de l'inscription des résidents de nationalité étrangère sur les listes électorales communales est ramenée de 87 jours à 55 jours avant l’échéance électorale. Le 26 novembre 2021, le Conseil de gouvernement a approuvé un projet de loi proposant de modifier la loi sur l'immigration. Ce projet de loi vise à assurer une gestion plus efficace de l'éloignement des ressortissants de pays tiers résidant illégalement sur le territoire en structurant les différentes catégories de mesures d'éloignement de manière claire et cohérente. Ce projet de loi a été déposé à la Chambre des Députés le 19 janvier 2022 sous le n°7954. Le projet de loi n°7881 sur les échanges d’informations relatives aux ressortissants de pays tiers à l’Union européenne ainsi que le système européen d’information sur les casiers judiciaires (ECRIS) a été déposé à la Chambre des Députés le 10 septembre 2021. Ce système permettra de rechercher les inscriptions du casier judiciaire des ressortissants de pays tiers qui ont fait l’objet de décisions de justice de juridictions pénales d'autres États membres de l'UE. Comme déjà indiqué dans le Rapport Annuel sur les Migrations et l'Asile 2020 du EMN Luxembourg, le gouvernement prévoit de réformer la loi modifiée du 16 décembre 2008 sur l'accueil et l'intégration des étrangers (ci-après loi sur l'intégration). Les premières consultations d'acteurs sociétaux ont déjà été réalisées en 2020 et ce processus s'est poursuivi en 2021. De multiples consultations avec les acteurs de la société civile, les partenaires sociaux et les communes ont eu lieu et, dans ce contexte, l'OCDE a publié son étude intitulée « Vers un processus d'intégration réussi : Le fonctionnement du système d'intégration et ses acteurs au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg » le 25 novembre 2021. Début 2021, le « Pakt vum Zesummeliewen » (PvZ) a remplacé le Plan communal intégration (PCI) afin de créer un processus d'intégration plus dynamique et pluriannuel pour une inclusion plus forte des communes luxembourgeoises. La formation continue des résidents luxembourgeois a été rendue plus accessible et des cours supplémentaires, adaptés aux demandeurs de protection internationale (DPI) et aux bénéficiaires de protection internationale (BPI), ont été insérés dans l’offre de formation du Service de formation des adultes (SFA). Le Luxembourg a entamé le processus de planification de l'extension de son système de soins de santé public. Il est prévu d'offrir un accès aux soins de santé aux personnes vulnérables, pas couvertes jusqu'à présent. Le Luxembourg a réagi à l'évolution de la situation en Afghanistan depuis la prise du pouvoir par les Talibans en août 2021. Le Luxembourg a suspendu les décisions concernant les demandes de protection internationale des Afghans jusqu'à ce que des informations suffisantes et fiables soient disponibles. Entre la prise du pouvoir par les Talibans en août et la fin de l'année 2021, 71 ressortissants afghans ont bénéficié d'une protection internationale. Ce chiffre inclut 45 ressortissants afghans évacués d'Afghanistan. Le Luxembourg s'est en outre engagé à réinstaller d’autres personnes. Si l'année 2021 a continué à être marquée par la pandémie de COVID-19, plusieurs développements importants, tels que la disponibilité de vaccins et de tests rapides, ont réorienté l'activité de lutte contre la pandémie sur des voies différentes de celles de 2020. L'accent a été mis sur les tests et la vaccination de tous les Luxembourgeois, y compris les DPI et les personnes en situation de séjour irrégulier. Toutefois, la seule frontière extérieure du Luxembourg, à savoir l'aéroport international du Luxembourg, est restée fermée aux ressortissants de pays tiers (RPT). La réglementation luxembourgeoise en matière d'entrée sur le territoire, a été ajustée à de multiples reprises et de manière dynamique en fonction de l'évolution de la pandémie, tout en prévoyant plusieurs dérogations permettant l'entrée de certaines catégories de ressortissants de pays tiers. Le 22 décembre 2021, un règlement grand-ducal a prolongé cette fermeture de la frontière du 31 décembre 2021 au 31 mars 2022. [less ▲]

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See detailAnnual Report on Migration and Asylum 2021 – Luxembourg
Holzapfel, Nicole UL; Mellinger, Lukas UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL et al

Report (2022)

The Annual Report on Migration and Asylum presents the statistical trends and developments in migration, asylum and integration, changes in legislation or policies, and it traces significant national ... [more ▼]

The Annual Report on Migration and Asylum presents the statistical trends and developments in migration, asylum and integration, changes in legislation or policies, and it traces significant national debates, which occurred in Luxembourg during the year 2021. Several of the most notable changes and debates in Luxembourg during the year of 2021 were of legislative nature: The Law of 16 June 2021 amending the Immigration Law entered into force on 5 July 2021. This law changes the legislation on immigration, by lightening the administrative burden for third-country nationals, and by altering certain provisions relating to intra-corporate transferees, trainees and family reunification. The Law of 16 June 2021 amending the Asylum Law entered into force on 5 July 2021. This law modifies the remedies available to applicants for international protection (AIPs). It increases their effectiveness and guarantees maximum legal certainty in the context of transfers under the Dublin Regulation, as well as in the case of final decisions to close proceedings on an application for international protection and of decisions to withdraw international protection. Bill 7844 was introduced to Parliament on 15 June 2021 to amend the amended Law of 8 March 2017 on Luxembourgish Nationality (hereinafter Nationality Law) and entered into force on 22 August as the Law of 30 July 2021. According to the Nationality Law, a candidate (a direct line descendant of a Luxembourg ancestor) for the recovery of Luxembourgish nationality must start to (re)claim her/his Luxembourg nationality before the registrar before 31 December 2022. In 2021, three noteworthy bills were introduced to parliament with their legislative procedure still ongoing at the time of writing.On 2 September 2021, the government introduced to Parliament Bill 7877, intending to amend the amended Electoral Law of 18 February 2003, hereinafter the Electoral Law. This bill intends to support political participation of the steadily growing number of non-Luxembourgish residents and it foresees the abolishment of the 5-year residency clause on active and passive voting rights for EU- and non-EU citizens residing in Luxembourg. Further, the date of closure for the registration on the electoral list before the elections for non-Luxembourg citizens to register on the municipal electoral rolls would be reduced from 87 days to 55 days. On 26 November 2021, the Government Council approved a bill proposing to amend the Immigration Law. This bill aims to ensure a more effective management of the removal of third-country nationals illegally residing on the territory by structuring the different categories of removal measures (mesures d’éloignement) in a clear and coherent way. On 19 January 2022 this bill was introduced to Parliament as Bill 7954. Bill 7881 on the exchange of information relating to nationals of countries outside the European Union as well as the European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS) was introduced to Parliament on 10 September 2021. This system will make it possible to search for entries in the criminal records of third-country nationals against which court decisions have been issued by the criminal courts of other EU Member States. Several developments occurred with respect to integration in 2021. As already noted in the 2020 Annual Report on Migration and Asylum of the EMN Luxembourg, the Government plans to reform the amended Law of 16 December 2008 on the reception and integration of foreigners. Initial accompanying consultations have already been solicited in 2020 and this process continued in 2021. Multiple consultations with stakeholders from civil society, social partners and the municipalities took place and, in this context, the OECD-study “Towards a successful integration process: The functioning of the integration system and its actors in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg” was published on 25 November 2021. At the beginning of 2021, the Pact of Living Together (Pakt vum Zesummeliewen – PvZ) replaced the Communal Integration Plan (PCI) to create a more dynamic and multi-year integration process for a stronger inclusion of Luxembourg’s municipalities. Continuing education for Luxembourg residents has been made more accessible and additional courses, which are tailored to AIPs and beneficiaries of international protection (BIPs), have been included into the training portfolio of the Adult Education Service (SFA). Luxembourg has initiated the planning process of extending its current public health care system. It is foreseen to offer vulnerable population groups, who have not been covered to date, low-threshold easy access to health care. Further, Luxembourg has been reacting on the changing situation in Afghanistan since the takeover of power by the Taliban in August 2021. Luxembourg has halted decisions on applications for international protection by Afghans until sufficient reliable information will be available. Between the takeover of power through the Taliban in August until the end of 2021, 71 Afghan nationals have been granted international protection. This includes 45 Afghan nationals evacuated from Afghanistan. Luxembourg has further committed to resettle additional people. While the year 2021 continued to be marked by the COVID-19 pandemic, several important developments, such as the availability of vaccines and rapid tests, did redirect pandemic activity on to different paths than in 2020. The focus lay on testing as well as on getting everyone in Luxembourg, including AIPs and persons in a situation of irregular stay, vaccinated. Yet, Luxembourg’s only external border, that is Luxembourg’s international airport, remained closed for third-country nationals. Luxembourg’s entry regulations, which were adjusted multiple times and in a dynamic fashion in line with the evolution of the pandemic, however, created several exemptions that allowed for the entry of certain third-country nationals. As of 22 December 2021, this border closure was extended from 31 December 2021 to 31 March 2022 by means of Grand Ducal Regulation. For more information, please consult the attached report. [less ▲]

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See detailTemporary Protection in the EU - State of Play
Mellinger, Lukas UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Report (2022)

On 24 February 2022, the armed forces of the Russian Federation launched an unprovoked full-scale invasion of Ukraine. This was an unprecedented act of aggression against a sovereign and independent ... [more ▼]

On 24 February 2022, the armed forces of the Russian Federation launched an unprovoked full-scale invasion of Ukraine. This was an unprecedented act of aggression against a sovereign and independent country and goes against fundamental principles of international law. It has been strongly condemned by the international community, including the European Union. As of mid-March, over three million Ukrainian and international refugees are fleeing the war to neighbouring EU and third countries (including Moldova). This massive inflow of Ukrainian refugees into the EU resulted in the Council adopting the implementing Decision 2022/382 of 4 March 2022, introducing temporary protection as a means of dealing with the crisis. [less ▲]

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See detailAnnual Report on Migration and Asylum Part 1 2021 Luxembourg
Holzapfel, Nicole UL; Mellinger, Lukas UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL et al

Report (2022)

KEY POINTS 1. The Law of 16 June 2021 amending the Immigration Law changes the legislation on immigration, by lightening the administrative burden for third-country nationals, and by altering certain ... [more ▼]

KEY POINTS 1. The Law of 16 June 2021 amending the Immigration Law changes the legislation on immigration, by lightening the administrative burden for third-country nationals, and by altering certain provisions relating to intercorporate transferees, trainees and family reunification. 2. The Law of 16 June 2021 amending the Asylum Law modifies the remedies available to applicants of international protection (AIPs). This law increases their effectiveness and guarantees maximum legal certainty in the context of transfers under the Dublin Regulation, as well as in the case of final decisions to close proceedings on an application for international protection and of decisions to withdraw international protection. 3. Bill 7877, introduced to Parliament on 2 September 2021, proposes abolishing the 5-year residency clause on active and passive voting rights in municipal elections for EU- and non-EU citizens residing in Luxembourg [less ▲]

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See detailEMN Ad-Hoc Queries (AHQ), Informs & other outputs
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Learning material (2022)

The training aims to explain to all the members of the EMN on what are the rules for launching and answering the ad-hoc queries through the EMN AHQ Tool.

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See detailPreliminary findings: EMN-OECD InformDigitalisation and Artificial Intelligence
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Scientific Conference (2022, January 27)

This presentation provides the preliminary findings of the EMN-OECD Inform on Digitalisation and Artificial Intelligence. It aims to analyse the use of digitalisation and artificial intelligence in ... [more ▼]

This presentation provides the preliminary findings of the EMN-OECD Inform on Digitalisation and Artificial Intelligence. It aims to analyse the use of digitalisation and artificial intelligence in migration management. [less ▲]

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See detailThird-country national victims of trafficking in human beings: Detection, identification and protection in Luxembourg
Petry, Ralph UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2021)

This study provides an overview of the current procedures and practices regarding the detection, identification and protection of victims of trafficking in human beings from third-countries in Luxembourg ... [more ▼]

This study provides an overview of the current procedures and practices regarding the detection, identification and protection of victims of trafficking in human beings from third-countries in Luxembourg. Since 2016, Luxembourg saw a number of significant developments with regard to legislation, institutional and policy reforms, as well as debates and awareness campaigns related to the detection, identification, and protection of (presumed) third-country national victims of trafficking in human beings. These include, among others, several legislative developments strengthening procedural safeguards and the fight against certain forms of exploitation; the establishment of a National Action Plan on ‘Trafficking in Human Beings’ (including a confidential roadmap for relevant stakeholders in the field) and a National Action Plan on ‘Prostitution’ (which also relates to trafficking in human beings); an enhanced cooperation on the Benelux level; the creation of the Search for Fugitives and Victim Protection Unit of the Judicial Police (including reinforcement in 2021); the appointment of contact person for the fight against trafficking in human beings at the Directorate of Immigration and a ‘trafficking’ reference person in each of its departments; the reinforcement of the support for victims of trafficking (including the establishment of a common space (‘INFOTRAITE’) for the two approved assistance services SAVTEH and COTEH); an increase and broadening of the basic and specialised training for various stakeholders; and the organisation of information and awareness raising campaigns. At the same time, the national referral mechanism in Luxembourg has remained the same since its establishment: all stakeholders who detect a (presumed) third-country national victim of trafficking in human beings are obliged to refer cases to the Organised Crime Unit and the Search for Fugitives and Victim Protection Unit of the Judicial Police. Only the Judicial police can formally identify a victim of trafficking and notify the Directorate of Immigration of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs in view of issuing a reflection period of 90 days to the third-country national. Before the expiration of the reflection period, the Directorate of Immigration consults with the Police in order to determine whether a residence permit for victims of trafficking in human beings may be issued to the third-country national. For all the details, including challenges and good practices in the area of detecting, identifying, and protecting victims of trafficking in human beings in Luxembourg, have a look at the EMN Luxembourg Study. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration Internationale au Luxembourg: Système d'observation permanente des migrations OCDE
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2021)

Le Luxembourg reste un pays attractif à l’immigration. Entre 2019 et 2020 la population luxembourgeoise a continué à augmenter principalement en raison de l’immigration nette, passant de 626.108 à 634.730 ... [more ▼]

Le Luxembourg reste un pays attractif à l’immigration. Entre 2019 et 2020 la population luxembourgeoise a continué à augmenter principalement en raison de l’immigration nette, passant de 626.108 à 634.730 habitants (+1,4%), mais d’une manière plus discrète que les années précédentes. La part luxembourgeoise représente 52,8% de la population et les ressortissants étrangers 47,2%. La pandémie a dominé la politique en matière d’immigration et asile pendant l’année 2020 et 2021. Ces politiques ont impacté tous les secteurs au Luxembourg y compris les volets de l’immigration et de l’asile. La fermeture des frontières extérieures de l’Union Européenne, la réintroduction temporaire des contrôles aux frontières internes de l’espace Schengen (décrétées par l’Allemagne, la Belgique et la France) et la perturbation du trafic aérien international ont affecté les mouvements migratoires vers et au départ du Luxembourg. La limitation des mouvements des ressortissants pays tiers (RPT) s’est compliquée suite à la déclaration de l’état de crise entre le 18 mars et le 13 mai 2020 et la fermeture des services d’immigration et asile. Néanmoins, afin d’éviter qu’ils ne tombent dans une situation irrégulière, les autorités luxembourgeoises ont étendu la durée de validité des titres et cartes de séjour et des visas de manière automatique. De même, le traitement des dossiers et la prise de décision par la Direction de l’immigration se sont poursuivis sans interruption. L’interdiction d’entrée des RPT (avec des exceptions pour certaines catégories) a été maintenue jusqu’au 30 juin 2021. Une baisse significative du nombre de titres de séjour délivrés, de demandes d'autorisation temporaire de séjour et de visas de court séjour a été constatée, ainsi qu’une diminution de presque 50% des demandes de protection internationale. Le regroupement familial est resté le principal type de titre de séjour en 2020. Les limitations de mouvements ont aussi une incidence sur les transferts sous le règlement Dublin ainsi que sur les retours vers le pays d’origine. Au cours de l’année 2020, le Luxembourg a continué à maintenir ses engagements de solidarité internationale avec la relocalisation et la réinstallation des demandeurs de protection internationale (DPI) puisque 25 personnes (dont 16 mineurs) ont été relocalisées et 14 réinstallées. La réception des DPI s’est poursuivie car l’Office national de l’accueil (ONA) n’a pas fermé ses guichets. Un défi majeur est constitué par les taux d’occupation élevés dans les structures d’hébergement de l’ONA. La crise du logement affecte particulièrement les bénéficiaires de protection internationale (BPI) qui peinent à trouver un logement en-dehors des structures d’accueil réservées en principe aux DPI. Dans ce contexte l’ONA a poursuivi ses efforts à inciter les communes à promouvoir la mise en place de structures d’hébergement pour DPI et/ou de possibilités d’hébergement pour BPI. [less ▲]

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See detailLe point du contact national luxembourgeois du Réseau européen des migrations
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Petry, Ralph UL

Presentation (2021, October 26)

The presentation describes the structure, aims and objectives of the European Migration Network and the structure, aim and activities of EMN Luxembourg.

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See detailMeasuring progress to address statelessness in the EU and Georgia
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Report (2021)

Member States reported statistics from a range of sources or categories. The time period covered by the statistics, which was not specified in the information request, also varied. If a date is not ... [more ▼]

Member States reported statistics from a range of sources or categories. The time period covered by the statistics, which was not specified in the information request, also varied. If a date is not specified, it is assumed that statistics refer to the time of the answer period for the ad hoc query which was April/May 2021. Sources/categories reported include residence permit data, population register data, statutory stateless persons, persons without citizenship, unknown/undetected nationality, nationality not specified and recognised stateless persons. T [less ▲]

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See detailMigration and mobility of third-country national labour workers to and inside Europe during the Covid-19 pandemic – a legal analysis
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Comparative Migration Studies (2021), 9(22), 17

The Covid-19 pandemic took most EU Member States of the European Union by surprise, as they underestimated the rapid spread of the contagion across the continent. The response of the EU Member States was ... [more ▼]

The Covid-19 pandemic took most EU Member States of the European Union by surprise, as they underestimated the rapid spread of the contagion across the continent. The response of the EU Member States was asymmetrical, individualistic and significantly slow. The first measures taken were to close down the internal borders. The European Union's response was even slower, and it was not until 17th March 2020 that the external borders were closed. These actions affected legal migration into the European Union from four perspectives: it affected 1) the mobility of those third-country nationals who were on a temporary stay in the EU Member States; 2) the entry of third-country nationals to do seasonal work; 3) legal migrants entering and staying; and 4) the status of the third-country nationals already residing in the EU Member States, especially those experiencing a loss of income. This article will deal with the EU Member States' measures to manage the immigration services, as a case study how Luxembourg dealt to avoid that temporary staying migrants and regular migrants fall into irregularity. Finally, we will focus on the vulnerability of third-country nationals with the rising risk of unemployment and the risk of being returned to their country of origin. The article will also analyse access to healthcare and unemployment benefits. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of COVID-19 in the migration area (EMN OECD UMBRELLA INFORM)
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Sheridan, Anne

Report (2021)

The COVID-19 pandemic has created profound changes in all areas of migration and asylum. EU Member States and OECD countries have made many efforts to keep the pandemic under control, entailing impacts ... [more ▼]

The COVID-19 pandemic has created profound changes in all areas of migration and asylum. EU Member States and OECD countries have made many efforts to keep the pandemic under control, entailing impacts such as border closures, travel restrictions, and the need to introduce sanitary measures. Beginning with the pandemic’s impact on permits and entry conditions, the Inform reports on contingency measures to keep systems operational and to mitigate the impacts on migrants and citizens to the extent possible. For instance, the reduction of in-person immigration related services was largely replaced by electronic or postal communication to ensure continuity in processes. In EU Member States and Norway, the automatic extension of residence permits or the removal of the obligation to leave in some cases, were some of the measures taken to reduce the impact of COVID-19. Most EU Member States provided financial support for migrant workers affected by the pandemic, either due to unemployment or loss of income, and made COVID-19 related healthcare services available to all migrants. Although restrictions were imposed on the admission of migrants, continued admission was granted for jobs deemed essential to meet labour market needs, notably in areas of health, agriculture, and transport. New digital tools have been critical in providing asylum and migration services, although the Inform notes that it has also raised new challenges. In the area of asylum, for instance, providing effective and fair application and appeals processes has become more complicated by having remote interviews, and depends largely on the applicants’ ability to use and access electronic means. Both the requests for asylum and the number of returns carried out have reduced in 2020 as a result of the pandemic. The landscape also changed for international students, where in-person attendance was discouraged if not suspended altogether. Many students returned home, and in some cases, were able to continue their studies remotely, while processes to renew residence permits were moved online. The joint research shows that public authorities have acted swiftly to introduce new measures or adapt their systems to confront the migration challenges caused by the pandemic, or in some cases, to simply continue to use pre-existing on-line systems. While the long-term impacts are hard to predict, the last chapter of the inform looks towards future migration policies and how these might be shaped in the context of the digitalisation of migration management, the need for bio-secure borders, and the expansion of teleworking digital nomads. The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (FRONTEX) provided inputs to the publication. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of COVID-19 in the migration area in EU and OECD countries
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Sheridan, Anne

Scientific Conference (2021, April 30)

The European Migration Network (EMN) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have published updated information on the impact of COVID-19 in the migration area. The new ... [more ▼]

The European Migration Network (EMN) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have published updated information on the impact of COVID-19 in the migration area. The new Umbrella Inform completes the joint EMN and OECD Inform series between on the impact of COVID-19 on migration and asylum in the EU Member States and non-EU OECD countries throughout 2020. Updates include changes in border procedures, provision of COVID-19 related healthcare services to migrants, the shifting landscape of the labour market, international protection, international students, and return issues. [less ▲]

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See detailDetention and alternatives to detention in international protection and return procedures in Luxembourg
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Petry, Ralph UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2021)

The main objective of this study of the European Migration Network is to provide objective and reliable information about the usage of detention and alternatives to detention in international protection ... [more ▼]

The main objective of this study of the European Migration Network is to provide objective and reliable information about the usage of detention and alternatives to detention in international protection and return procedures in Luxembourg. Luxembourgish legislation, namely the amended Law of 29 August 2008 on Free Movement of Persons and Immigration (Immigration Law) and the Law of 18 December 2015 on International Protection and Temporary Protection (Asylum Law), foresees three alternatives to detention: - Alternative 1: Reporting obligations, which includes the obligation to surrender a passport, travel document or identity document; - Alternative 2: Home custody (+ electronic monitoring, if necessary); - Alternative 3: Deposition of a financial guarantee of 5.000€. In principle, the assessment between detention or alternatives to detention is made at the same time as when the grounds for detention are considered, as long as the Directorate of Immigration, as the responsible authority, has all the necessary information to decide if an alternative to detention can be ordered. Furthermore, the possibility to impose an alternative to detention is in principle systemically considered, as both relevant laws foresee that the detention decision is ordered in writing by the Minister on the basis of a case-by-case assessment, where necessary and if other less coercive measures cannot be effectively applied. Grounds for detention are generally rejected in favour of an alternative to detention if the person concerned falls within the category of vulnerable groups and if person is able to proof effective guarantees of representation to prevent the risk of absconding. This latter obligation on the third-country national to revert the legal presumption that there is a risk of absconding remains the main challenge because effective guarantees of representation are not defined by law. This is particularly challenging in the context of return procedures, where this legal presumption exists in nearly all cases where a third-country national has no valid identity, travel or residence documents. In the absence of such effective guarantees of representation, the Minister in charge of Immigration and Asylum generally does not make the decision to apply an alternative to detention. Consequently, the research in the context of this study has shown that alternatives to detention are only rarely used in Luxembourg, with the important exception of home custody in the Emergency Housing Structure of Kirchberg (‘Structure d’hébergement d’urgence Kirchberg’ – SHUK). The SHUK serves as a semi-open return facility for applicants for international protection and irregularly staying third-country nationals whose fingerprints have already been registered in Eurodac by another Member State and are therefore likely to be transferred to that Member State, in accordance with the Dublin III Regulation. A placement at the SHUK corresponds to home custody. The rare use of alternatives to detention also results in the fact that there is generally not much data available in this regard, with the important exception of home custody in the SHUK, which is more widely used. [less ▲]

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See detailThird-country National Labour Workers' Mobility to and inside Europe during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Nienaber, Birte UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Scientific Conference (2021, April 15)

This presentation analyses the situation generated by the Covid-19 pandemic crisis regarding border closures and the reintroduction of temporary border controls at the internal borders in the EU and the ... [more ▼]

This presentation analyses the situation generated by the Covid-19 pandemic crisis regarding border closures and the reintroduction of temporary border controls at the internal borders in the EU and the impact that this border closures and the pandemic had on third-country nationals living or visiting the European Union. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of European Migration Network in supporting European migration policymakers: Mechanisms, Tools and contemporary challenges
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Scientific Conference (2021, March 26)

The role of the EMN in the collection of information to provide timely, comparable information to EU and national policymakers.

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See detailAccess to housing and education for children in migration: challenges and good practices
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Scientific Conference (2021, March 10)

This presentation focus on the access to housing and education for children in migration, the challenges confronted and the good practices detected.

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See detailNOWHERELAND REVISITED IN TIMES OF PANDEMIC 2020
Trummer, Ursula; Novak-Zezula, Sonja; Dauvrin, Marie et al

Report (2021)

Undocumented Migrants (UDM) belong to the most vulnerable groups in times of global emergency situations. COVID-19 does hit hardest the most vulnerable groups and it is important to create an evidence ... [more ▼]

Undocumented Migrants (UDM) belong to the most vulnerable groups in times of global emergency situations. COVID-19 does hit hardest the most vulnerable groups and it is important to create an evidence base to guide policy making. The Center for Health and Migration, Vienna, has initiated a stock-taking of national regulations concerning access to health and social care for UDM. The initiative aims to create a landscape of policy frameworks to inform policy making and practice development. National experts on health and migration are contacted and asked to provide information on the respective legal frameworks in the following categories: work, housing, compulsory education, social welfare, and health. A validated template is used for data collection. [less ▲]

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