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Nonlinear FEM code with Finite elasticity lecture note written by L.A. Mihai ; Bordas, Stéphane Learning material (2015) Detailed reference viewed: 400 (10 UL)Interfacial shear stress optimization in sandwich beams with polymeric core using non-uniform distribution of reinforcing ingredients ; ; et al in Composite Structures (2015) Core shearing and core/face debonding are two common failure states of sandwich beams which are mainly the result of excessive shear stresses in the core. Generally, the core made of homogeneous Fiber ... [more ▼] Core shearing and core/face debonding are two common failure states of sandwich beams which are mainly the result of excessive shear stresses in the core. Generally, the core made of homogeneous Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) shows better shear resistance in comparison with that made of pure polymer. Usually, this enhancement is however somewhat limited. This paper proposes a methodology to decrease interfacial stresses by presenting the optimal distribution of reinforcing ingredients in the polymeric matrix. For this purpose, a Non-Uniform Rational Bspline (NURBS) based reinforcement distribution optimizer is developed. This technique aims at the local stress minimization within any arbitrary zone of the design domain. In our methodology, optimization and model analysis (calculation of the objective function and the design constraints) have common data sets. The quadratic NURBS basis functions smoothly define the reinforcement distribution function as a NURBS surface. The core and face sheets are modeled as multi-patches and compatibility in the displacement field is enforced by the penalty method. An adjoint sensitivity method is devised to minimize the objective function within areas of interest defined over arbitrary regions in the design domain. It is also used for efficient updating of design variables through optimization iterations. The method is verified by several examples. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 226 (12 UL)Three-Dimensional Crack Propagation with Global Enrichment XFEM and Vector Level Sets ; ; et al Scientific Conference (2015) Detailed reference viewed: 234 (4 UL)Gradient Smoothing in Finite Elasticity: near-incompressibility ; Bordas, Stéphane ; Report (2015) Detailed reference viewed: 143 (10 UL)An efficient goal-oriented sampling strategy using reduced basis method for parametrized elastodynamic problems ; ; et al in Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations (2015), 31(2), 575-608 Detailed reference viewed: 148 (3 UL)Equilibrium morphology of misfit particles in elastically stressed solids under chemo-mechanical equilibrium conditions ; Bordas, Stéphane ; in Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids (2015), 81 Detailed reference viewed: 192 (6 UL)Enriched finite elements for branching cracks in deformable porous media ; ; et al in Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements (2015), 50 In this paper, we propose and verify a numerical approach to simulate fluid flow in deformable porous media without requiring the discretization to conform to the geometry of the sealed fractures ... [more ▼] In this paper, we propose and verify a numerical approach to simulate fluid flow in deformable porous media without requiring the discretization to conform to the geometry of the sealed fractures (possibly intersecting). This approach is based on a fully coupled hydro-mechanical analysis and an extended finite element method (XFEM) to represent discrete fractures. Convergence tests indicate that the proposed scheme is both consistent and stable. The contributions of this paper include: (1) a new junction enrichment to describe intersecting fractures in deformable porous media; (2) the treatment of sealed fractures. We employ the resulting discretization scheme to perform numerical experiments, to illustrate that the inclination angles of the fractures and the penetration ratio of the sealed fractures are two key parameters governing the flow within the fractured porous medium. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 280 (7 UL)A staggered cell-centered finite element method for compressible and nearly-incompressible linear elasticity on general meshes ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis (2015), 53(4), 2051-2073 We propose a new numerical method, namely, the staggered cell-centered finite element method for compressible and nearly incompressible linear elasticity problems. By building a dual mesh and its ... [more ▼] We propose a new numerical method, namely, the staggered cell-centered finite element method for compressible and nearly incompressible linear elasticity problems. By building a dual mesh and its triangular submesh, the scheme can be constructed from a general mesh in which the displacement is approximated by piecewise linear (P1) functions on the dual submesh and, in the case of nearly incompressible problems, the pressure is approximated by piecewise constant (P0) functions on the dual mesh. The scheme is cell centered in the sense that the solution can be computed by cell unknowns of the primal mesh (for the displacement) and of the dual mesh (for the pressure). The method is presented within a rigorous theoretical framework to show stability and convergence. In particular, for the nearly incompressible case, stability is proved by using the macroelement technique. Numerical results show that the method, compared with other methods, is effective in terms of accuracy and computational cost. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 151 (2 UL)Fundamental solutions and dual boundary element methods for fracture in plane Cosserat elasticity ; Bordas, Stéphane in Proceedings of the Royal Society a-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences (2015), 471(2179), In this paper, both singular and hypersingular fundamental solutions of plane Cosserat elasticity are derived and given in a ready-to-use form. The hypersingular fundamental solutions allow to formulate ... [more ▼] In this paper, both singular and hypersingular fundamental solutions of plane Cosserat elasticity are derived and given in a ready-to-use form. The hypersingular fundamental solutions allow to formulate the analogue of Somigliana stress identity, which can be used to obtain the stress and couple-stress fields inside the domain from the boundary values of the displacements, microrotation and stress and couple-stress tractions. Using these newly derived fundamental solutions, the boundary integral equations of both types are formulated and solved by the boundary element method. Simultaneous use of both types of equations (approach known as the dual boundary element method (BEM)) allows problems where parts of the boundary are overlapping, such as crack problems, to be treated and to do this for general geometry and loading conditions. The high accuracy of the boundary element method for both types of equations is demonstrated for a number of benchmark problems, including a Griffith crack problem and a plate with an edge crack. The detailed comparison of the BEM results and the analytical solution for a Griffith crack and an edge crack is given, particularly in terms of stress and couple-stress intensity factors, as well as the crack opening displacements and microrotations on the crack faces and the angular distributions of stresses and couple-stresses around the crack tip. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 125 (2 UL)Virtual and smoothed finite elements: A connection and its application to polygonal/polyhedral finite element methods ; Bordas, Stéphane ; in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2015), 104(13), 1173-1199 We show both theoretically and numerically a connection between the smoothed finite element method (SFEM) and the virtual element method and use this approach to derive stable, cheap and optimally ... [more ▼] We show both theoretically and numerically a connection between the smoothed finite element method (SFEM) and the virtual element method and use this approach to derive stable, cheap and optimally convergent polyhedral FEM.We show that the stiffness matrix computed with one subcell SFEM is identical to the consistency term of the virtual element method, irrespective of the topology of the element, as long as the shape functions vary linearly on the boundary. Using this connection, we propose a new stable approach to strain smoothing for polygonal/polyhedral elements where, instead of using sub-triangulations, we are able to use one single polygonal/polyhedral subcell for each element while maintaining stability. For a similar number of degrees of freedom, the proposed approach is more accurate than the conventional SFEM with triangular subcells. The time to compute the stiffness matrix scales with the O.dof s/1:1 in case of the conventional polygonal FEM, while it scales as O.dof s/0:7 in the proposed approach. The accuracy and the convergence properties of the SFEM are studied with a few benchmark problems in 2D and 3D linear elasticity. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 129 (2 UL)Advances in Applied Mechanics Bordas, Stéphane Book published by Elsevier (2014) Advances in Applied Mechanics draws together recent significant advances in various topics in applied mechanics. Published since 1948, Advances in Applied Mechanics aims to provide authoritative review ... [more ▼] Advances in Applied Mechanics draws together recent significant advances in various topics in applied mechanics. Published since 1948, Advances in Applied Mechanics aims to provide authoritative review articles on topics in the mechanical sciences, primarily of interest to scientists and engineers working in the various branches of mechanics, but also of interest to the many who use the results of investigations in mechanics in various application areas, such as aerospace, chemical, civil, environmental, mechanical and nuclear engineering. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 1104 (47 UL)Isogeometric locking-free plate element: a simple first order shear deformation theory for functionally graded plates ; Hale, Jack ; et al in Composite Structures (2014), 118 An effective, simple, robust and locking-free plate formulation is proposed to analyze the static bending, buckling, and free vibration of homogeneous and functionally graded plates. The simple first ... [more ▼] An effective, simple, robust and locking-free plate formulation is proposed to analyze the static bending, buckling, and free vibration of homogeneous and functionally graded plates. The simple first-order shear deformation theory (S-FSDT), which was recently presented in Thai and Choi (2013) [11], is naturally free from shear-locking and captures the physics of the shear-deformation effect present in the original FSDT, whilst also being less computationally expensive due to having fewer unknowns. The S-FSDT requires C1-continuity that is simple to satisfy with the inherent high-order continuity of the non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) basis functions, which we use in the framework of isogeometric analysis (IGA). Numerical examples are solved and the results are compared with reference solutions to confirm the accuracy of the proposed method. Furthermore, the effects of boundary conditions, gradient index, and geometric shape on the mechanical response of functionally graded plates are investigated. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 496 (27 UL)Shape optimisation with isogeometric boundary element methods ; Bordas, Stéphane ; Presentation (2014, December) Detailed reference viewed: 138 (3 UL)Multiscale computational mechanics: industrial applications Bordas, Stéphane ; ; Beex, Lars et al Presentation (2014, November 25) Detailed reference viewed: 191 (7 UL)Multiscale fracture across scales and time Bordas, Stéphane ; Scientific Conference (2014, November 11) Multi-scale Computational Mechanics in Aerospace Engineering Flying is today one of the safest ways to spend our time. In the United Kingdom, for example, it is 33,000 times more likely to die from a ... [more ▼] Multi-scale Computational Mechanics in Aerospace Engineering Flying is today one of the safest ways to spend our time. In the United Kingdom, for example, it is 33,000 times more likely to die from a clinical error than from an air crash. This is probably the consequence of over a century of experience building, starting with the Wright brothers at the beginning of the 20th century to the most recent aerospace developments culminating in technological giants such as the Airbus A380 and the Boeing Dreamliner, through the enlightening catastrophic events of the "Comet Aircraft”, ``Liberty Ships'' and many others. Yet, with the increasing urge to increase flight efficiency, decrease costs and Carbon emissions, airlines have been pushed to drive down the weight of aircraft, whilst guaranteeing their safety. This push for lighter aircraft has progressively seen a reduction in the use of metallic components which have been slowly replaced by composite materials. Such composite materials are made up of two or more phases of which they exploit the mechanical complementarity. For some applications, such as thermal barrier coatings, thermal complementarity is also leveraged. Yet, these novel materials, and especially their failure mechanisms and durability have proven difficult to understand, both through physical and virtual, in silico, experiments. One of the reasons for this is the large ratio between the size of the smallest constituent relevant in the description of failure mechanisms (e.g. 5-10 micron diameter carbon fibres) and the size of the structure (79m wingspan A380). In this presentation, we will briefly review advances in modeling and simulation of failure across the scales. We will discuss non exhaustively some of the recent advances in this field, ranging from adaptive atomistic modeling of fracture to algebraic model reduction methods for severely non-linear problems, including homogenization. We will also discuss the relevance of such simulations in daily engineering practice and claim that devising interactive simula- tors able to let engineers interact with the composite structure of interest and thus develop intuition about these advanced and complex materials. We will conclude by making a parallel between the difficulties encountered in modeling complex aerospace components and those met in personalized medicine, by discussing briefly the concept of Digital Twin. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 430 (14 UL)Multiscale Quasicontinuum Methods for Dissipative Truss Models and Beam Networks Beex, Lars ; ; et al Presentation (2014, November 05) Detailed reference viewed: 140 (4 UL)Cardiff/Luxembourg Computational Mechanics Research Group Bordas, Stéphane ; ; Hale, Jack et al Poster (2014, November) Detailed reference viewed: 187 (7 UL)Discrete Multiscale Modelling and Future Research Plans concerning Metals (presentation) Beex, Lars ; Bordas, Stéphane ; Rappel, Hussein et al Presentation (2014, October 14) Detailed reference viewed: 151 (10 UL)Discrete Multiscale Modelling and Future Research Plans concerning Metals Beex, Lars ; Bordas, Stéphane ; Rappel, Hussein et al Presentation (2014, October 14) Detailed reference viewed: 150 (11 UL)Geometry-Independent Field approximaTion: CAD-Analysis Integration, geometrical exactness and adaptivity ; ; et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering (2014) In isogeometric analysis (IGA), the same spline representation is employed for both the geometry of the domain and approximation of the unknown fields over this domain. This identity of the geometry and ... [more ▼] In isogeometric analysis (IGA), the same spline representation is employed for both the geometry of the domain and approximation of the unknown fields over this domain. This identity of the geometry and field approximation spaces was put forward in the now classic 2005 paper [20] as a key advantage on the way to the integration of Computer Aided Design (CAD) and subsequent analysis in Computer Aided Engineering (CAE). [20] claims indeed that any change to the geometry of the domain is automatically inherited by the approximation of the field variables, without requiring the regeneration of the mesh at each change of the domain geometry. Yet, in Finite Element versions of IGA, a parameterization of the interior of the domain must still be constructed, since CAD only provides information about the boundary. The identity of the boundary and field representation decreases the flexibility in which this parameterization can be generated and somewhat constrains the modeling and simulation process, because an approximation able to represent the domain geometry accurately need not be adequate to also approximate the field variables accurately, in particular when the solution is not smooth. We propose here a new paradigm called Geometry-Independent Field approximaTion (GIFT) where the spline spaces used for the geometry and the field variables can be chosen and adapted independently while preserving geometric exactness and tight CAD integration. GIFT has the following features: (1) It is possible to flexibly choose between different spline spaces with different properties to better represent the solution of the problem, e.g. the continuity of the solution field, boundary layers, singularities, whilst retaining geometrical exactness of the domain boundary. (2) For multi-patch analysis, where the domain is composed of several spline patches, the continuity condition between neighboring patches on the solution field can be automatically guaranteed without additional constraints in the variational form. (3) Refinement operations by knot insertion and degree elevation are performed directly on the spline space of the solution field, independently of the spline space of the geometry of the domain, which makes the method versatile. GIFT with PHT-spline solution spaces and NURBS geometries is used to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Keywords : Super-parametric methods, Isogeometric analysis (IGA), Geometry-independent Spline Space, PHT-splines, local refinement, adaptivity [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 1126 (30 UL) |
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