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ORBi

Image to analysis pipeline: single and double balloons kyphoplasty Baroli, Davide ; Hauseux, Paul ; Hale, Jack et al Poster (2016, December 12) In this work, we present a semi-automatic pipeline from image to simulation of a patient fractured vertebra after the kyphoplastic augmentation with two balloons. In this procedure, the CT-scan medical ... [more ▼] In this work, we present a semi-automatic pipeline from image to simulation of a patient fractured vertebra after the kyphoplastic augmentation with two balloons. In this procedure, the CT-scan medical image are pre-processed using open-source software Slice3D for segmentation and 3D reconstruction operation. Then, using geometric processing the 3D surface geometry is enhanced to avoid degenerate element and trigging phenomena on vertebra and cement area. We perform a finite element analysis to evaluate the risk of subsequent vertebral fracture. Finally using Monte-Carlo technique, we assess the propagation of uncertainty of material parameter on the evaluation of this risk. Based on the developed semi-automatic pipelines, it is possible to perform a patient-specific simulation that assesses the successful of kyphoplasty operation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 221 (35 UL)Numerical methods for fracture/cutting of heterogeneous materials Sutula, Danas ; Agathos, Konstantinos ; Ziaei Rad, Vahid et al Presentation (2016, December) Detailed reference viewed: 198 (15 UL)Uncertainty quantification for soft tissue biomechanics Hauseux, Paul ; Hale, Jack ; Bordas, Stéphane Poster (2016, December) Detailed reference viewed: 229 (20 UL)Shape Optimization Directly from CAD: an Isogeometric Boundary Element Approach Using T-splines ; ; Bordas, Stéphane Report (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 319 (5 UL)Isogeometric finite element analysis of time-harmonic exterior acoustic scattering problems ; ; Bordas, Stéphane E-print/Working paper (2016) We present an isogeometric analysis of time-harmonic exterior acoustic problems. The infinite space is truncated by a fictitious boundary and (simple) absorbing boundary conditions are applied. The ... [more ▼] We present an isogeometric analysis of time-harmonic exterior acoustic problems. The infinite space is truncated by a fictitious boundary and (simple) absorbing boundary conditions are applied. The truncation error is included in the exact solution so that the reported error is an indicator of the performance of the isogeometric analysis, in particular of the related pollution error. Numerical results performed with high-order basis functions (third or fourth orders) showed no visible pollution error even for very high frequencies. This property combined with exact geometrical representation makes isogeometric analysis a very promising platform to solve high-frequency acoustic problems. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 186 (16 UL)Bayesian inference for material parameter identification in elastoplasticity Rappel, Hussein ; Beex, Lars ; Hale, Jack et al Scientific Conference (2016, September 07) Detailed reference viewed: 244 (29 UL)Stochastic FE analysis of brain deformation with different hyper-elastic models Hauseux, Paul ; Hale, Jack ; Bordas, Stéphane Scientific Conference (2016, September) Detailed reference viewed: 263 (29 UL)Multi-scale modelling of fracture Bordas, Stéphane ; ; et al Speeches/Talks (2016) We present recent models on complexity reduction for computational fracture mechanics Detailed reference viewed: 188 (7 UL)Numerical studies of magnetic particles concentration in biofluid (blood) under the influence of high gradient magnetic field in microchannel ; Bourantas, Georgios ; et al Scientific Conference (2016, July 15) Detailed reference viewed: 154 (9 UL)Linear elastic fracture simulation directly from CAD: 2D NURBS-based implementation and role of tip enrichment ; ; et al in International Journal of Fracture (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 282 (21 UL)Simulating topological changes in real time for surgical assistance Bordas, Stéphane ; ; et al Speeches/Talks (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 442 (38 UL)A Bayesian approach for parameter identification in elastoplasticity Rappel, Hussein ; Beex, Lars ; Hale, Jack et al Scientific Conference (2016, June 09) Detailed reference viewed: 146 (15 UL)Phase field approach to fracture: Towards the simulation of cutting soft tissues Ziaei Rad, Vahid ; Hale, Jack ; et al Scientific Conference (2016, June 08) Detailed reference viewed: 330 (11 UL)Weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation in isogeometric analysis Tomar, Satyendra ; ; et al Presentation (2016, June 07) In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis, the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the same non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry ... [more ▼] In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis, the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the same non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry representation of the domain, is employed for the numerical solution of the problem over the domain. However, there are situations where this tight integration is a bane rather than a boon. Such situations arise where, e.g., (1) the geometry of the domain is simple enough to be represented by low order NURBS, whereas the unknown (exact) solution of the problem is sufficiently regular, and thus, the numerical solution can be obtained with improved accuracy by using NURBS of order higher than that required for the geometry, (2) the constraint of using the same space for the geometry and the numerical solution is particularly undesirable, such as in the shape and topology optimization, and (3) the solution of the problem has low regularity but for the curved boundary of the domain one can employ higher order NURBS. Therefore, we propose to weaken this constraint. An extensive study of patch tests on various combinations of polynomial degree, geometry type, and various cases of varying degrees and control variables between the geometry and the numerical solution will be discussed. It will be shown, with concrete reasoning, that why patch test fails in certain cases, and that those cases should be avoided in practice. Thereafter, selective numerical examples will be presented to address some of the above-mentioned situations, and it will be shown that weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation offers more flexibility in choosing the numerical solution spaces, and thus, improved accuracy of the numerical solution. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 173 (9 UL)Weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation in isogeometric analysis Bordas, Stéphane ; Tomar, Satyendra ; et al Scientific Conference (2016, June 05) In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis, the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the same non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry ... [more ▼] In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis, the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the same non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry representation of the domain, is employed for the numerical solution of the problem over the domain. However, there are situations where this tight integration is a bane rather than a boon. Such situations arise where, e.g., (1) the geometry of the domain is simple enough to be represented by low order NURBS, whereas the unknown (exact) solution of the problem is sufficiently regular, and thus, the numerical solution can be obtained with improved accuracy by using NURBS of order higher than that required for the geometry, (2) the constraint of using the same space for the geometry and the numerical solution is particularly undesirable, such as in the shape and topology optimization, and (3) the solution of the problem has low regularity but for the curved boundary of the domain one can employ higher order NURBS. Therefore, we propose to weaken this constraint. An extensive study of patch tests on various combinations of polynomial degree, geometry type, and various cases of varying degrees and control variables between the geometry and the numerical solution will be discussed. It will be shown, with concrete reasoning, that why patch test fails in certain cases, and that those cases should be avoided in practice. Thereafter, selective numerical examples will be presented to address some of the above-mentioned situations, and it will be shown that weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation offers more flexibility in choosing the numerical solution spaces, and thus, improved accuracy of the numerical solution. Powered by [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 150 (5 UL)Generalizing the isogeometric concept: weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation in IGA Tomar, Satyendra ; ; et al Presentation (2016, June 02) In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis [2, 1], the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the ... [more ▼] In the standard paradigm of isogeometric analysis [2, 1], the geometry and the simulation spaces are tightly integrated, i.e. the non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS) space, which is used for the geometry representation of the domain, is also employed for the numerical solution of the problem over the domain. However, in certain situations, such as, when the geometry of the domain can be represented by low order NURBS but the numerical solution can be obtained with improved accuracy by using NURBS of order higher than that required for the geometry; or in the shape and topology optimization where the constraint of using the same space for the geometry and the numerical solution is not favorable, this tight coupling is disadvantageous. Therefore, we study the effect of decoupling the spaces for the geometry representation and the numerical solution, though still using the prevalent functions in CAD/CAGD. To begin with, we perform the patch tests on various combinations of polynomial degree, geometry type, and various cases of varying degrees and control variables between the geometry and the numerical solution. This shows that certain cases, perhaps intuitive, should be avoided in practice because patch test fails. The above-mentioned situations are further explored with some numerical examples, which shows that weakening the tight coupling between geometry and simulation offers more flexibility in choosing the numerical solution spaces. [1] J. Cottrell, T.J.R. Hughes, and Y. Bazilevs. Isogeometric Analysis: Toward Integration of CAD and FEA, volume 80. Wiley, Chichester, 2009. [2] T.J.R. Hughes, J. Cottrell, and Y. Bazilevs. Isogeometric analysis: CAD, finite elements, NURBS, exact geometry and mesh refinement. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194:4135–4195, 2005. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 180 (11 UL)Virtual-power-based quasicontinuum methods for discrete dissipative materials Beex, Lars ; Bordas, Stéphane Scientific Conference (2016, June) Detailed reference viewed: 85 (2 UL)Efficient propagation of uncertainty through an inverse non-linear deformation model of soft tissue Hauseux, Paul ; Hale, Jack ; Bordas, Stéphane Scientific Conference (2016, June) Detailed reference viewed: 179 (24 UL)Isogeometric boundary element methods for three dimensional static fracture and fatigue crack growth ; ; et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering (2016) Detailed reference viewed: 235 (13 UL)Linear smoothing over arbitrary polytopes for compressible and nearly incompressible linear elasticity ; Tomar, Satyendra ; Bordas, Stéphane et al Scientific Conference (2016, June) We present a displacement based approach over arbitrary polytopes for compressible and nearly incompressible linear elastic solids. In this approach, a volume-averaged nodal projection operator is ... [more ▼] We present a displacement based approach over arbitrary polytopes for compressible and nearly incompressible linear elastic solids. In this approach, a volume-averaged nodal projection operator is constructed to project the dilatational strain into an approximation space of equal or lower-order than the approximation space for the displacement field, resulting in a locking-free method. The formulation uses the usual Wachspress interpolants over arbitrary polytopes and the stability of the method is ensured by the addition of bubble like functions. The smoothed strains are evaluated based on the linear smoothing procedure. This further softens the bilinear form allowing the procedure to search for a solution satisfying the divergence- free condition. The divergence-free condition of the proposed approach is verified through systematic numerical study. The formulation delivers optimal convergence rates in the energy and L2-norms. Inf-sup tests are presented to demonstrated the stability of the formulation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 236 (3 UL) |
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