References of "Wu, Kunmin 50032538"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailQuantum friction in the Hydrodynamic Model
Wu, Kunmin UL; Schmidt, Thomas UL; Farias, Maria Belen UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

We study the phenomenon of quantum friction in a system consisting of a polarizable atom moving at a constant speed parallel to a metallic plate. The metal is described using a charged hydrodynamic model ... [more ▼]

We study the phenomenon of quantum friction in a system consisting of a polarizable atom moving at a constant speed parallel to a metallic plate. The metal is described using a charged hydrodynamic model for the electrons. This model featuring long-range interactions is appropriate for a clean metal in a temperature range where scattering due to Coulomb interactions dominates over the scattering of electron by impurities. We find that a quantum friction force between the atom and the metal surface exists even in the absence of intrinsic damping in the metal, but that it only starts once the velocity of the atom exceeds the effective speed of sound in the metal. We argue that this condition can be fulfilled most easily in metals with nearly empty or nearly filled bands. We make quantitative predictions for the friction force to the second and fourth order in the atomic polarizability, and show that the threshold behavior persists to all orders of the perturbation theory. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (9 UL)