References of "Maas, Stefan 50002241"
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See detailEnergy performance comparison of ventilation-based heating versus water-based heating systems in an efficient residential building
Shirani, Arsalan UL; Merzkirch, Alexander; Leyer, Stephan UL et al

in Fluid Dynamics & Material Processing (in press)

The application of air-based heating systems as a possible approach to reduce the construction costs in highly efficient residential buildings is becoming popular. Air-based heating systems have been well ... [more ▼]

The application of air-based heating systems as a possible approach to reduce the construction costs in highly efficient residential buildings is becoming popular. Air-based heating systems have been well-known for their usage in passive houses during the past three decades. Available studies on such systems tend mostly to focus only on comparing exhaust air heat pump technology with conventional systems in efficient buildings. Moreover, most of the existing studies ignore the usual presence of the electrical heaters as backup. Besides, a comprehensive study and comparison between different air-based heating system concepts is still missing. In this study, four different air-based heating system concepts separated by the type of heat source of heat pump for heating and domestic hot water are defined. These systems are compared to four conventional heating system, including floor heating and direct electrical system employing dynamic annual simulations. According to simulation results, the systems with floor heating have shown the best system efficiencies and the lowest energy demand in comparison to the other systems. The main reason for this was the lower supply temperatures of the floor heating systems. Between the air heating systems, the system equipped with an outdoor air heat pump showed a better energy performance than an exhaust air system. The main reason for this could be attributed to the power limitation of exhaust air heat pump systems. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of the bilateral subcutaneous plate in the minimal invasive stabilization of fragility fractures of the pelvis
Gerich, Torsten; Soliman, Ahmed Abdelsalam Mohamed UL; Kelm, Jens et al

in Trauma Case Reports (2022), 42

Introduction: Anterior pelvic ring fractures are common in geriatric patients. Current treatment algorithms recommend osteosynthesis if no pain free mobilisation is possible. For this a multitude of ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Anterior pelvic ring fractures are common in geriatric patients. Current treatment algorithms recommend osteosynthesis if no pain free mobilisation is possible. For this a multitude of surgical techniques have been described. Among these the Supraacetabular External Fixator (SEF) is regarded a simple and effective surgical procedure. However, this technique is associated with significant drawbacks. Alternatively, there is the option of an internal fixator or a formal plate osteosynthesis. It is the objective of this case report to present the Subcutaneous Iliopubic Plate (SIP) in a fragility fracture of the anterior and posterior pelvic ring. Case report: An 83-year-old female patient sustained a fracture of the anterior pelvic ring, the lateral sacrum and the medial femoral neck. After initially refusing any surgery, the patient agreed to have the endoprosthesis implanted first, and then secondarily to dorsoventral osteosynthesis of the pelvis. Dorsally a transiliosacral screw osteosynthesis was performed. Anteriorly a bilateral subcutaneous iliopubic plate-osteosynthesis was chosen, a plate position that is anterior to the aponeurosis. Conclusions: The subcutaneous plate has proven to be a quick and uncomplicated surgical procedure that is significantly better tolerated by patients than external stabilization. [less ▲]

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See detailAUSLEGUNG eines BIOMECHANISCHEN TESTSTANDES für das BECKEN einschließlich der MUSKELKRÄFTE des GANGZYKLUS
Soliman, Ahmed Abdelsalam Mohamed UL; Ricci, Pierre-Louis; Kedziora, Slawomir UL et al

Scientific Conference (2022, October 28)

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See detailBiomechanische Untersuchung zu verschiedenen Verfahren der Stabilisierung von Insuffizienzfrakturen des vorderen Beckenringes
Gerich, Torsten; Soliman, Ahmed Abdelsalam Mohamed UL; Ricci, Pierre-Louis et al

Poster (2022, October 26)

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See detailA Gaussian damage function combined with sliced finite-element meshing for damage detection
Schommer, Sebastian; Dakhili, Khatereh UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha et al

in Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring (2022)

Bridges are among the most important components of transportation systems. Timely damage detection of these structures not only ensures reliability but also prevents catastrophic failures. This paper ... [more ▼]

Bridges are among the most important components of transportation systems. Timely damage detection of these structures not only ensures reliability but also prevents catastrophic failures. This paper addresses the damage assessment of bridges based on model updating techniques. Artificial damage was introduced to a beam that was a part of a real prestressed concrete bridge. The magnitude of the damage was increased stepwise, and static loading experiments were conducted in each step. A linear Finite-Element (FE) model with solid elements that were clustered into slices was utilised. A Gaussian bell-shaped curve was used as a damage function to describe the crack location using only three parameters. The experiments focused on sagging under dead load. Damage identification was performed in two steps using a coarse and a refined model. Initially, the FE model with a coarse mesh was updated to approximately localise the damage. Then, the FE model is refined in the vicinity of the approximately localised damage, and damage identification was accurately achieved. The results show that after the second step, the maximum error value of damage localisation is less than 0.5%. This approach could be later used to detect small damages that are not visible. [less ▲]

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See detailDESIGN OF BIOMECHANICAL TESTING DEVICE FOR THE PELVIS INCLUDING GAIT MUSCLE FORCES
Soliman, Ahmed Abdelsalam Mohamed UL; Ricci, Pierre-Louis; Kedziora, Slawomir UL et al

Scientific Conference (2022, June 27)

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See detailIntegrating technology, education and practice to change energy behaviours in schools
Doherty, Edelle; Brychkov, Dmitry; Romero Herrera, Natalia et al

in CLIMA 2022 conference (2022, May)

Schools are learning communities where multiple stakeholders can collaborate to learn about energy efficiency, including via formal curricula, non-formal learning and day-to-day practices. Furthermore, by ... [more ▼]

Schools are learning communities where multiple stakeholders can collaborate to learn about energy efficiency, including via formal curricula, non-formal learning and day-to-day practices. Furthermore, by improving energy literacy among building occupants, the energy efficiency of schools can be improved. However, turning schools into learning communities rather than learning organizations is still problematic. This article details a case study realised in the form of the ENERGE project, which integrates technological, educational and practical activities in 13 post-primary schools from 6 European countries. Owing to an extensive collaboration of diverse stakeholders, the ENERGE project resulted in the origination of a learning community around energy efficiency in the schools. The outcomes of building a learning community within the ENERGE project included: capacity building (in the form of the ENERGE Committees and Teacher Network), the introduction of digital education (via the ENERGE digital platform), development of curriculum-based modules to raise energy literacy, and the establishment of a viable model for expanding ENERGE experience to other schools. The article concludes by explaining the benefits of the ENERGE approach for stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of various outdoor conditions on Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of bridges using data from Luxembourg
Dakhili, Khatereh UL; Kebig, Tanja; Maas, Stefan UL

in VDI-Berichte 2379, 7. VDI-Fachtagung Baudynamik 27. und 28. April 2022, Würzburg (2022, April)

An increasing number of bridges are approaching the end of their service life due to corrosion and fatigue. Damages can be detected by performing regular measurements of characteristic values and ... [more ▼]

An increasing number of bridges are approaching the end of their service life due to corrosion and fatigue. Damages can be detected by performing regular measurements of characteristic values and comparing them with reference state data when there is no damage in the bridge. Unfortunately, environmental factors such as temperature variations have a considerable impact on the measurements and structural properties, such as stiffness. Since these environmental effects can be in the same order as damage, it is important to quantify them and reduce their effect before damage assessment. This paper aims to establish a correct reference model by investigating the parameters that affect structural responses. Doing so enables discrimination between structural property changes caused by damage and parameters such as temperature variations, load uncertainties, and various bearings. In this regard, several static and dynamic experiments are performed on a full scale undamaged prestressed concrete beam from a demolished bridge, and the results are reported. [less ▲]

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See detailUmstellung eines Campingplatzes auf solare Energieversorgung
Latz, Sebastian UL; Maas, Stefan UL

in Konferenzbeiträge Bauphysiktage Kaiserslautern 2022 (2022), 5

Der fortschreitende Klimawandel verlangt ein Umschwenken, weg von der fossilen Energieversorgung und hin zu den Erneuerbaren, wobei nachhaltige Tourismusangebote auch verstärkt einbezogen werden müssen ... [more ▼]

Der fortschreitende Klimawandel verlangt ein Umschwenken, weg von der fossilen Energieversorgung und hin zu den Erneuerbaren, wobei nachhaltige Tourismusangebote auch verstärkt einbezogen werden müssen. Der Campingplatz Treviris liegt auf dem Gelände des Rudervereins Treviris Trier und verzeichnet jährlich von Mitte April bis Mitte Oktober zwischen 40 und 50.000 Übernachtungen. Im Zuge des Neubaus des Bootshauses wird der vorhandene Gasanschluss zurückgebaut und die gesamte Wärme- und Stromversorgung der Liegenschaft muss auf regenerative Energien umgestellt werden. So soll der Bedarf des Campingplatzes, des Bootshauses (KfW 40 EE), der angegliederten Wohnbebauung mit zehn Wohneinheiten (KfW 40+) sowie mehrere Ladestationen emissionsneutral durch Sonnenenergie versorgt werden. Hauptbestandteile des Konzeptes sind eine 105 kWpeak PV Anlage mit 90 kWh Batteriespeicher sowie zwei Wärmepumpen, die um eine 80 m² hybride solarthermische Photovoltaikanlage (PVT) auf dem Campingplatz ergänzt werden soll. Insbesondere die Warmwasserversorgung des Campingplatzes ist hierbei eine Herausforderung, da die auftretenden Leistungsspitzen von 4m3 Warmwasser (WW) in 2 h nicht ausschließlich mittels Wärmepumpe bereitgestellt werden können. Es wird auf Wärmespeicher mit zentraler Frischwasserstation zurückgegriffen. Für die Dimensionierung der Hauptkomponenten: PVT Feld, Wärmepumpe und Pufferspeicher wird eine Zeitreihenanalyse mit variierendem Bedarf und schwankendem Solarangebot durchgeführt. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of high-performance and conventional internal insulation materials based on hygrothermal analysis using in situ measurements and simulation
Latz, Sebastian UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Scholzen, Frank UL et al

in Bauphysik (2022), 1

Following the European directive to reduce CO2 emissions of existing buildings by improving energy efficiency, internal insulation systems play a central role in the renovation of historically valuable ... [more ▼]

Following the European directive to reduce CO2 emissions of existing buildings by improving energy efficiency, internal insulation systems play a central role in the renovation of historically valuable buildings which cannot be insulated from the outside for reasons of monumental protection, or in cases where no additional exterior space is available. However, besides the thermal property of insulation systems, there are other relevant properties to be considered before choosing an internal insulation system, such as the hygrothermal behavior which plays a particularly important role in diffusion-open interior insulation systems. As the internal insulation layer reduces the temperature of the existing wall during the heating season, its drying potential after rain events is considerably reduced. In addition to the effects of moisture from the outside (mainly wind driven rain), the entry of humidity from the inside through diffusion plays an important role. In the presented study, high performance insulation materials with nanostructure based on silicon dioxide and polyurethane are compared to conventional material based on wood fiber from a hygrothermal point of view by analyzing in situ measurements and simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailBridge damage assessment based on static and dynamic flexibility matrices
Dakhili, Khatereh UL; Kebig, Tanja; Schäfer, Markus UL et al

in Bridge Safety, Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle, Resilience and Sustainability (2022)

Being an indispensable part of transportation systems, Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of bridges has been increasingly studied. Various SHM techniques not only enhance reliability and safety but also ... [more ▼]

Being an indispensable part of transportation systems, Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of bridges has been increasingly studied. Various SHM techniques not only enhance reliability and safety but also reduce maintenance costs. Various bridge deteriorations change the structural properties, such as flexibility and stiffness. Therefore, damage assessment can be achieved by monitoring the structural matrices of bridges and tracking the deviations from the healthy-state or reference data. This paper focuses on damage detection of a prestressed concrete beam from a demolished bridge based on the flexibility matrix. The dynamic and static flexibility matrices are calculated numerically and experimentally when the beam is undamaged. The simulated and measured static flexibility matrices differ by only about 5 %. Additionally, the numerical dynamic flexibility matrix is strongly correlated with static results. The findings of this study can be employed as a basis for future damage detection applications when artificial damage is introduced. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of residual stress relaxation of aluminum alloys EN AW 6061/-82 T6 under cyclic loading
Repplinger, Christian UL; Sellen, Stephan UL; Kedziora, Slawomir UL et al

in Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures (2021)

Stress relaxation describes the reduction of stress under static or cyclic loading at a constant strain level. Several processes induce intentionally residual stresses, for example, autofrettage of thick ... [more ▼]

Stress relaxation describes the reduction of stress under static or cyclic loading at a constant strain level. Several processes induce intentionally residual stresses, for example, autofrettage of thick-walled pressurized tubes to improve their fatigue life. This well-known process induces residual compressive stresses at the critical inner surface by using a single static but controlled over- loading internal pressure. Relaxation of residual stresses due to cyclic loading in service would endanger the effectiveness of autofrettage and could finally lead to unexpected fatigue failure. In this study, strain-controlled experiments up to 500,000 load cycles and amending nonlinear finite element simulations were done for the aluminum alloys EN AW 6061 T6 and EN AW 6082 T6 to study potential cyclic stress relaxation in four-point bending tests after con- trolled single static plasticization for residual stress generation. This analysis identifies almost stable residual stresses for both materials under different cyclic strain-controlled load levels. [less ▲]

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See detailDichtungsanalyse von Elastomer-O-Ringen unter Hochdruck bei Raum- und Tieftemperatur
Repplinger, Christian UL; Sellen, Stephan UL; Maas, Stefan UL

in Repplinger, Christian (Ed.) 47. VDI-Jahrestagung: Schadensanalyse 2021 - Wasserstoff in metallischen Bauteilen und Mediale und klimatische Beanspruchung von polymeren Produkten (2021, October)

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See detailINVESTIGATING THE INFLUENCE OF PERSONALIZED MUSCULOSKELETAL MODELS ON THE CALCULATED STRESSES IN THE PELVIC RING
Soliman, Ahmed Abdelsalam Mohamed UL; Kedziora, Slawomir UL; Kelm, Jens et al

Poster (2021, September)

This study investigates the influence of personalizing musculoskeletal models (MS) on muscles, contact joints forces and on stresses in the pelvic ring bones during normal gait loading cycle. All ... [more ▼]

This study investigates the influence of personalizing musculoskeletal models (MS) on muscles, contact joints forces and on stresses in the pelvic ring bones during normal gait loading cycle. All calculated forces are utilized to predict stress states in pelvis bones using Finite Element (FE) software. Customized MS models provides more precise muscle and contact forces. Additionally, it enables more automatic coupling between MS and FE environments by data transfer. [less ▲]

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See detailVerringerung des Temperatureinflusses bei der Überwachung von Brücken am Beispiel von Messdaten aus Luxemburg
Kebig, Tanja UL; Dakhili, Khatereh UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2021)

A rising number of concrete bridges are showing increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. In addition to the regular standard visual inspection, the bridge’s condition can also be recorded using ... [more ▼]

A rising number of concrete bridges are showing increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. In addition to the regular standard visual inspection, the bridge’s condition can also be recorded using additional tests with repeated static loading and/or dynamic tests. To determine any damage to a structure and to check its structural stability, it is crucial to know the exact system properties of the bridge in its undamaged reference state. The system behavior is influenced by damage and bearing conditions and environmental influences, such as the structure’s temperature. The influence of temperature can even cause larger changes in the measured quantities (bending line or modal parameters) than real damage. Therefore, temperature effects should be compensated before any condition analysis. The present work aims to demonstrate the influence of different bearing types and temperature on a real bridge beam. For this purpose, various static and dynamic tests were performed in the undamaged reference state. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigating the influence of personalized musculoskeletal models on the calculated muscles and joints forces
Soliman, Ahmed Abdelsalam Mohamed UL; Kedziora, Slawomir UL; Kelm, Jens et al

Poster (2021, July)

It was the objective to analyze the influence of personalization of musculoskeletal models (MS) on muscle and contact joint forces for frequent daily movements. For normal gait cycle, we detect ... [more ▼]

It was the objective to analyze the influence of personalization of musculoskeletal models (MS) on muscle and contact joint forces for frequent daily movements. For normal gait cycle, we detect approximately 20% for some muscles attached to the pelvis, as well as for maximum hip-joint contact force. [less ▲]

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See detailRepeatability and precision of different static deflection measurements on a real bridge-part under outdoor conditions in view of damage detection
Kebig, Tanja UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Bender, Michél et al

in Cunha, A.; Caetano, E. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, SHMII 10 (2021, July)

A large number of concrete bridges show increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. The traditional visual inspection and subsequent assessment of concrete bridges is carried out regularly by an ... [more ▼]

A large number of concrete bridges show increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. The traditional visual inspection and subsequent assessment of concrete bridges is carried out regularly by an experienced engineer. This type of inspection can be time-consuming, costly and leading to errors. Hence, there is a great interest in complementary, alternative and easy-to-implement methods for condition monitoring of bridges. The University of Luxembourg tested different approaches on a part of a real bridge. Various tests were performed in the healthy reference state, e.g. loading tests with a movable test load according to today’s standards. The measurements in the reference state were repeated several times under outdoor conditions to monitor and document the real temperature influence. Displacement transducers were set up in the vertical and horizontal directions. Simultaneously, a new approach was used for determining the deflection with a laser-based system, that measured the displacements in the bridge’s longitudinal direction by an oblique reflector panel under a well-defined angle. The data gained from the laser-based measurement system were compared to the data from classical displacement transducers. In general, the comparison of the two measuring systems shows quite similar results. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental and analytical evaluation of exhaust air heat pumps in ventilation-based heating systems
Shirani, Arsalan UL; Merzkirch, Alexander UL; Roesler, Jennifer et al

in Journal of Building Engineering (2021)

Due to the significant energy loss in the building sector, energy efficiency of the buildings and their heating systems is gaining interest especially in the last decades. Application of exhaust air heat ... [more ▼]

Due to the significant energy loss in the building sector, energy efficiency of the buildings and their heating systems is gaining interest especially in the last decades. Application of exhaust air heat pumps as an energy efficient heating technology to cover the heating and venting demand of the building is becoming conventional. The exhaust air heat pumps are attracting considerable interest due to their normally reasonable price and small footprint. This heat pump type is often installed as part of an air based heating system together with electrical heaters. These electrical heaters are installed to cover the residual heating demand and/or to insure thermal comfort. The technology of exhaust air heat pumps has been investigated in several studies. Available studies on exhaust air heat pumps have tended mostly to focus on comparison between different technologies utilized in efficient buildings. Almost all of the existing studies have ignored the actual application of this technology in air based heating systems together with electrical heaters. In this sense, there is still a need for discussion on the influence of different buildings’ standards and control strategies on the heating system performance. The present paper aims to call into question the energy efficiency of exhaust air heat pumps under different boundary conditions. In this study, the results of a long time field monitoring are utilized in order to model the dynamic behavior of an exhaust air heat pump in MATLAB/Simulink. The impact of different boundary conditions on the heat pump’s efficiency is studied and additionally compared to previous studies. The developed model is used for annual simulations of air based hybrid heating systems in three different building standards. Finally, the influence of control strategy on the system performance is investigated. It is shown that under certain boundary conditions and control strategy, the studied system could provide an efficient heating system with acceptable user comfort. Nevertheless, applying conventional heating control methods or installing the system in buildings with high heating energy demand could lead to high electrical energy consumption and/or undesirable thermal comfort. [less ▲]

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See detailField monitoring data on a residential exhaust air heat pump system (air-to-air heat pump)
Shirani, Arsalan UL; Merzkirch, Alexander; Roesler, Jennifer et al

in Data in Brief (2021)

This data article presents the raw data used in the article “Experimental and analytical evaluation of exhaust air heat pumps in ventilation-based heating systems” (in review). The data set contains ... [more ▼]

This data article presents the raw data used in the article “Experimental and analytical evaluation of exhaust air heat pumps in ventilation-based heating systems” (in review). The data set contains measurement results of a field monitoring on a residential exhaust air heat pump system (air-to-air heat pump) in Germany. This data could be used to investigate the dynamic behaviour and performance of the exhaust air heat pump systems. The data set contains air temperature and humidity of all four sides of the heat pump unit. Moreover, the electrical consumption of the unit and the dynamic pressure difference on the exhaust side (as indication of the air volume rate) could be also found in the data set. [less ▲]

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