References of "Hesse, Markus 50001977"
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See detailLogistics: Situating flows in a spatial context
Hesse, Markus UL

in Geography Compass (2020)

The origins of logistics lie in military and imperial methods of expansion and control of geographical space. It is principally associated with the more recent contexts of business management and ... [more ▼]

The origins of logistics lie in military and imperial methods of expansion and control of geographical space. It is principally associated with the more recent contexts of business management and engineering. Logistics systems are now the conveyor belts of the global system of trade, commerce and production, and its associated techniques and strategies aim at optimizing flows and throughput within discrete units (such as firms), in economic networks and across geographical space. Because flows are important determinants for the development of places, logistics has the power to structure territories. Therefore, it has raised considerable interest in the field of geography, not only with regard to cities and their dense agglomeration of people, buildings and infrastructure, but also in geopolitical terms as it fosters the exploration, control and surveillance of areas. The paper presents a critical account of logistics operations and their relevance for the making (and unmaking) of territories, related policy dimensions and future challenges for research. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen Alphabet Inc. plans Toronto's waterfront: New post-political modes of urban governance
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Urban Planning (2020), 5(1), 69-83

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when ... [more ▼]

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when one of the big digital corporations enters the field of real estate and land use development and urban planning, how existing institutions respond to this, and how modes of urban governance are affected. Alphabet Inc.’s plans for Toronto’s waterfront provided insights into these questions. Our investigations traced a complex web of place-making practices that involved all levels of government, the general public, and networks of actors throughout the private sector. Methodologically, the discourse was reconstructed with local fieldwork, interviews with key actors, participating in tours and public meetings, and secondary sources. It was found that Alphabet Inc.’s plan to build a world-class digital city contained some lessons for urban studies and urban planning practice. First, Alphabet Inc.’s plans, which unfolded amidst initiatives to expand the knowledge economy, confirmed concerns that the trajectory of neoliberal, market-driven land use and speculation along the waterfront remains unchanged. Second, digital infrastructures are potentially a Trojan Horse. Third, it was seen that municipalities and their modes of urban planning are vulnerable to the political economic manoeuvrings of large corporate power. Fourth, Alphabet Inc. operates as a post-political package driven by a new coalition of politics, where the smart city is sold as a neutral technology. The controversies surrounding the project, however, stirred a civic discourse that might signal a return of the political. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom the “project within the project” to the “city within the city”? Governance and Management Problems in Large Urban Development Projects Using the Example of the Science City Belval, Luxembourg
Leick, Annick UL; Hesse, Markus UL; Becker, Tom UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2020), 78(3), 1-17

The paper explores the issue of new urban development areas from two specific perspectives: on the one hand, rather than concentrating on housing, we address the question of science and research, in ... [more ▼]

The paper explores the issue of new urban development areas from two specific perspectives: on the one hand, rather than concentrating on housing, we address the question of science and research, in particular university locations and science parks, as a central guiding principle for urban expansion. On the other hand, the paper focuses on the analysis of urban management and governance practices and, more specifically, the disjoining of large projects from their common urban planning context. Emphasis is put on the fact that such undertakings are defined as ‘projects’ and that they are subordinated to a specific management approach. Amid debates concerning large-scale urban development projects and urban governance, we develop the thesis that the risk for projects to unfold as a sort of ‘foreign matter’ in the urban realm increases as the degree to which they are subject to proven planning processes and regulatory practices diminishes. This argument will be empirically illustrated with Belval, the science city in the south of Luxembourg, which is developed ever since 2003 and whose progress is critically assessed here. The general conclusions include planning requirements for dealing with new large-scale development projects. [less ▲]

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See detailMobility policy through the lens of policy mobility: The post-political case of introducing free transit in Luxembourg
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Journal of Transport Geography (2020), 83

This viewpoint paper addresses the issue of fare-free public transport (FFPT) in the context of policy mobility, the strand of urban studies literature that examines how policy formulations developed in ... [more ▼]

This viewpoint paper addresses the issue of fare-free public transport (FFPT) in the context of policy mobility, the strand of urban studies literature that examines how policy formulations developed in one place tend to ‘travel’ and inform and inspire plans elsewhere as good or best practices. We argue that the promotion of policies may not reflect a serious attempt to solve a sustainability or socio-economic issue. Rather, the institutions in charge have different targets in mind. FFPT in Luxembourg is thus more a reflection of a post-political process where politics are severed from the political. [less ▲]

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See detail"Property States" und Finanzialisierung der Stadtentwicklung
Hesse, Markus UL

in Hertweck, Florian (Ed.) Architektur auf gemeinsamem Boden. Positionen und Modelle zur Bodenfrage (2019)

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See detailDas Nicht-Sagbare thematisieren
Hesse, Markus UL

Article for general public (2019)

Der Beitrag thematisiert das Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Politik im Allgemeinen sowie in Luxemburg, insbesondere mit Blick auf Geographie und Raumplanung.

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See detailCities seen through a relational lens
Hesse, Markus UL; Wong, Catherine UL

in Geographische Zeitschrift (2019)

This paper applies a relational approach to global urbanization with respect to the economic flows and relationships that help local places to position themselves globally. The paper ties in with the ... [more ▼]

This paper applies a relational approach to global urbanization with respect to the economic flows and relationships that help local places to position themselves globally. The paper ties in with the increasing functional and economic integration of urban areas – an integration that is not primarily related to economic or population size but an outcome of specialization and a politics of niche sovereignty. Empirically the paper draws upon case studies of three different places: Geneva (Switzerland), Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) and the citystate of Singapore. We reconstruct the different ways in which these three became part of global networks, and how the crafting of political frameworks based on niche making has fostered their rise in global significance. [less ▲]

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See detailQualitatives Wachstum in Stadt und Land? Elefant im Raum und zugleich leerer Signifikant
Becker, Tom UL; Hesse, Markus UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in Reckinger, Carole; Urbé, Robert (Eds.) Sozialalmanach 2019. Schwéierpunkt: Qualitativen Wuesstem (2019)

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See detailOnlinehandel, Logistik und Verkehr
Flämig, Heike; Hesse, Markus UL

in RaumPlanung (2019), 202(3-4/2019), 30-35

The paper explores the implications that result from rising online shopping and the related patterns of distribution in European cities. The particular consequences of new modes of logistics distribution ... [more ▼]

The paper explores the implications that result from rising online shopping and the related patterns of distribution in European cities. The particular consequences of new modes of logistics distribution for cities and for urban planning are being discussed. While the paper is cautious against the assumption of an exploding freight transport resulting from online-shopping behaviour (it yet seems to be moderate so far), the paper calls for a more comprehensive awareness for the overall imprint of logistics changes in urban regions. Respective concepts for urban and transport planning are needed, in order to make cities and their distribution patterns more sustainable. [less ▲]

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See detailMetropolisierung oder die Zweite Häutung der Stadt
Hesse, Markus UL

Article for general public (2019)

Der Begriff der Metropole kennzeichnet üblicher Weise große Städte, die durch die Kombination von hoher Bevölkerungszahl, wirtschaftlicher Stärke und kultureller Ausstrahlung geprägt sind. Parallel dazu ... [more ▼]

Der Begriff der Metropole kennzeichnet üblicher Weise große Städte, die durch die Kombination von hoher Bevölkerungszahl, wirtschaftlicher Stärke und kultureller Ausstrahlung geprägt sind. Parallel dazu werden in jüngster Zeit auch kleinere Standorte beachtet, die relativ rasch gewachsen sind. Als Erklärungsansatz dient hier der Prozess der „Metropolisierung“. Luxemburg ist idealtypisch dafür. [less ▲]

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See detailEmerging city regions: urban expansion, transformation and discursive construction
Hesse, Markus UL

in Schwanen, Tim; Van Kempen, Ronald (Eds.) Handbook of Urban Geography (2019)

This chapter takes a critical look at city regions from an urban geography perspective. As subject matter, it first identifies city regions that have evolved through the course of urban growth and ... [more ▼]

This chapter takes a critical look at city regions from an urban geography perspective. As subject matter, it first identifies city regions that have evolved through the course of urban growth and expansion, representing an assemblage of an urban core and associated neighbour cities and suburbs that are functionally linked. Second, it also addresses the specialization of some of these city regions that host advanced services, political functions, higher education infrastructure or gateway functions, which make them being classified as ‘metropolitan’ regions. Further, it emphasizes the processes through which regions are labelled and thus created as metropolitan areas: ‘metropolization’. This labelling includes indicator-based observations, political manifestations and also discursive representations. [less ▲]

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See detailTU DO@50 -- ein froher Wunsch für die Zukunft
Hesse, Markus UL

in Gruehn, Dietwald; Reicher, Christa; Wiechmann, Thorsten (Eds.) 50 Jahre Dortmunder Raumplanung (2019)

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See detailFree Transit in Luxembourg: A case of post-political urban governance through policy mobility
Hesse, Markus UL; Carr, Constance UL

in Witlox, Frank (Ed.) Moving Towards More Sustainable Mobility and Transport through Smart Systems - Proceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2019 (2019)

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See detailSmart Cities, ‚big politics‘ und die Privatisierung der urbanen Governance
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

Article for general public (2019)

Die Diskussion über Smart Cities hat in den letzten Jahren einen regelrechten Hype in Stadtpolitik, -forschung und -wirtschaft hervorgebracht. Die digitale Optimierung von Gebäuden, Quartieren oder ganzen ... [more ▼]

Die Diskussion über Smart Cities hat in den letzten Jahren einen regelrechten Hype in Stadtpolitik, -forschung und -wirtschaft hervorgebracht. Die digitale Optimierung von Gebäuden, Quartieren oder ganzen Stadträumen, so könnte man Smart Cities definieren, hat auch Luxemburg erfasst. Während das Wirtschaftsministerium die Vision einer intelligenten digitalen Spezialisierung verfolgt, präsentiert sich die Hauptstadt seit geraumer Zeit als Bühne der Smart City. Als Kontrast zu diesen Bildern analysieren wir ein prominentes Beispiel, das die Vision einer kontrollierten, technologisch und ökonomisch durchoptimierten Stadt vermittelt – Quayside, das Konversionsprojekt der Alphabet Inc. in Torontos Hafengebiet. [less ▲]

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