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See detailCorrelated Wave Functions for Electron–Positron Interactions in Atoms and Molecules
Charry Martinez, Jorge Alfonso UL; Barborini, Matteo UL; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL

in Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation (2022), 18(4), 22672280

The positron, as the antiparticle of the electron, can form metastable states with atoms and molecules before its annihilation with an electron. Such metastable matter–positron complexes are stabilized by ... [more ▼]

The positron, as the antiparticle of the electron, can form metastable states with atoms and molecules before its annihilation with an electron. Such metastable matter–positron complexes are stabilized by a variety of mechanisms, which can have both covalent and noncovalent character. Specifically, electron–positron binding often involves strong many-body correlation effects, posing a substantial challenge for quantum-chemical methods based on atomic orbitals. Here we propose an accurate, efficient, and transferable variational ansatz based on a combination of electron–positron geminal orbitals and a Jastrow factor that explicitly includes the electron–positron correlations in the field of the nuclei, which are optimized at the level of variational Monte Carlo (VMC). We apply this approach in combination with diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC) to calculate binding energies for a positron e+ and a positronium Ps (the pseudoatomic electron–positron pair), bound to a set of atomic systems (H–, Li+, Li, Li–, Be+, Be, B–, C–, O– and F–). For PsB, PsC, PsO, and PsF, our VMC and DMC total energies are lower than that from previous calculations; hence, we redefine the state of the art for these systems. To assess our approach for molecules, we study the potential-energy surfaces (PES) of two hydrogen anions H– mediated by a positron (e+H22–), for which we calculate accurate spectroscopic properties by using a dense interpolation of the PES. We demonstrate the reliability and transferability of our correlated wave functions for electron–positron interactions with respect to state-of-the-art calculations reported in the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailExcitonic-insulator instability and Peierls distortion in one-dimensional semimetals
Barborini, Matteo UL; Calandra, Matteo; Mauri, Francesco et al

in Physical Review. B (2022), 105(7), 075122

The charge density wave instability in one-dimensional semimetals is usually explained through a Peierls-like mechanism, where the coupling of electrons and phonons induces a periodic lattice distortion ... [more ▼]

The charge density wave instability in one-dimensional semimetals is usually explained through a Peierls-like mechanism, where the coupling of electrons and phonons induces a periodic lattice distortion along certain modes of vibration, leading to a gap opening in the electronic band structure and to a lowering of the symmetry of the lattice. In this work, we study two prototypical Peierls systems: the one-dimensional carbon chain and the monatomic hydrogen chain with accurate ab initio calculations based on quantum Monte Carlo and hybrid density functional theory. We demonstrate that in one-dimensional semimetals at T=0, a purely electronic instability can exist independently of a lattice distortion. It is induced by spontaneous formation of low energy electron-hole pairs resulting in the electronic band gap opening, i.e., the destabilization of the semimetallic phase is due to an excitonic mechanism. [less ▲]

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