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See detailBead Geometry Prediction in Laser-Wire Additive Manufacturing Process Using Machine Learning: Case of Study
Mbodj, Natago Guilé UL; Abuabiah, Mohammad UL; Plapper, Peter UL et al

in Applied Sciences (2021), Volume 11(Issue 24),

In Laser Wire Additive Manufacturing (LWAM), the final geometry is produced using the layer-by-layer deposition (beads principle). To achieve good geometrical accuracy in the final product, proper ... [more ▼]

In Laser Wire Additive Manufacturing (LWAM), the final geometry is produced using the layer-by-layer deposition (beads principle). To achieve good geometrical accuracy in the final product, proper implementation of the bead geometry is essential. For this reason, the paper focuses on this process and proposes a layer geometry (width and height) prediction model to improve deposition accuracy. More specifically, a machine learning regression algorithm is applied on several experimental data to predict the bead geometry across layers. Furthermore, a neural network-based approach was used to study the influence of different deposition parameters, namely laser power, wire-feed rate and travel speed on bead geometry. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, a test split validation strategy was applied to train and validate the machine learning models. The results show a particular evolutionary trend and confirm that the process parameters have a direct influence on the bead geometry, and so, too, on the final part. Several deposition parameters have been found to obtain an accurate prediction model with low errors and good layer deposition. Finally, this study indicates that the machine learning approach can efficiently be used to predict the bead geometry and could help later in designing a proper controller in the LWAM process. [less ▲]

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