References of "van de Maele, Jens 50038885"
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See detailOrganising a “Temporary History Lab” in Esch-sur-Alzette (2019)
Harnoncourt, Julia UL; van de Maele, Jens UL

Scientific Conference (2022, August 17)

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See detailA Dusty Road to the Riviera?
van de Maele, Jens UL

Article for general public (2022)

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See detail‘As Efficient as a Factory’: Architectural and Managerial Discourses on Government Office Buildings in Belgium, 1919-39
van de Maele, Jens UL

in Architectural History (2022), 65

This article investigates the impact of managerial ideologies on projects for new governmental office buildings in Belgium in the 1920s and 1930s. Following the prewar publication of F. W. Taylor’s ... [more ▼]

This article investigates the impact of managerial ideologies on projects for new governmental office buildings in Belgium in the 1920s and 1930s. Following the prewar publication of F. W. Taylor’s ‘scientific management’ theories, the scientisation of office activities was propagated by efficiency experts throughout the western world. In Belgium, as in France, the work of the mining engineer Henri Fayol was particularly influential. According to Fayol, private and public bureaucracies had to follow identical managerial principles, notably that all employees were to observe one another as much as possible. These ideas of visibility overlapped with the emphasis on transparency and open planning coming from quite a different quarter, namely Le Corbusier, Hannes Meyer and other modernist architects in the 1920s and 1930s. Yet how Fayol’s ideal was to be realised without compromising the traditional need for privacy for high-ranking office workers remained unresolved. The article explores the ideas of two crucial expert groups — architects and managerial experts — over these issues as they developed in Belgium in the inter-war years. In the 1920s, the mining engineer Max-Léo Gérard called for ministerial buildings that facilitated ‘collaborative work’ and the information scientist Paul Otlet advocated an ideal type of government offices based on an architectural diagram that facilitated mutual observation. In the 1930s, the architect Stanislas Jasinski proposed remodelling the centre of Brussels as a series of office blocks, in a design copied from Le Corbusier’s cruciform skyscrapers in the Plan Voisin. Such ideas received official endorsement with the Royal Commissariat for Administrative Reform under Louis Camu, which proposed to strengthen the societal role of governmental bureaucracy by rehousing the civil service in an enormous office complex close to the parliament. Contrasting with the idealism of these unrealised plans was one of the few government projects actually built, the Ministry of Science and Arts headquarters designed in 1929 by the in-house architect Georges Hano. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the Past in Public: Recent Public History Exchanges in Southern Luxembourg
Harnoncourt, Julia UL; van de Maele, Jens UL

Scientific Conference (2021, October 07)

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See detailReview of: Tommaso Milani, 'Hendrik de Man and social democracy: The idea of planning in Western Europe, 1914-1940'
van de Maele, Jens UL

in Journal of Belgian History (2021), (1-2), 183-185

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See detailThe Twentieth-Century Ministerial Office Building as a Laboratory of Government
van de Maele, Jens UL

in Moderne Stadtgeschichte (2021), (2), 147-166

Within the historiographical field of “political architecture”, ministerial office buildings have always been a somewhat marginal subject, undeservedly deemed of secondary importance in relation to more ... [more ▼]

Within the historiographical field of “political architecture”, ministerial office buildings have always been a somewhat marginal subject, undeservedly deemed of secondary importance in relation to more “representative” types of political buildings. Dwelling on the insights of the nineteenth-century essayist Bagehot and the office historians Duffy and Gardey, my contribution postulates that from the early twentieth century onward, ministerial office architecture has become an essential functional component of any political configuration, as well as a phenomenon defined by a complex interrelationship between physical realities and managerial norms. Even though various historiographical contributions from the last two decades have successfully scrutinised the reciprocal conceptual relations between politics and architecture in relation to ministerial offices, the huge influence of internationally circulating managerial norms such as Taylorism has strangely remained under the radar. Using the example of Belgium during the interwar period, I seek to demonstrate how such norms were strongly mobilised when new ministerial office buildings were planned, and how their propagators even considered “modern” and “efficient” office architecture to be an agent of broad social reform. With this case study, I would like to call attention to the need for a transnational comparative perspective covering the intermingled domains of politics, architecture, and management. [less ▲]

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See detailTagungsbericht: Rethinking the Histories and Legacies of Industrial Cities
Derian, Maxime UL; van de Maele, Jens UL

in Moderne Stadtgeschichte (2021), (1), 145-150

The history of (Western) European industrial cities is often told as a tragic tale of rise and decline: from rapid industrialisation in the late 19th century and economic prosperity during the Trente ... [more ▼]

The history of (Western) European industrial cities is often told as a tragic tale of rise and decline: from rapid industrialisation in the late 19th century and economic prosperity during the Trente glorieuses to the structural changes of the late 1970s and the subsequent deindustrialisation of the 1980s and 1990s – decades in which most mines and steelworks closed down, unemployment rates went up, new social problems emerged, workers’ identities eroded, and once prosperous urban centres became faced with shrinking populations and empty stores in their shopping streets. Finally, since the 2000s, former industrial towns have tried to reinvent themselves as creative and cultural centres. If we take a closer look, however, we can see that the socio-economic, demographic and cultural transitions were more complex than suggested by a simple rise-and-decline narrative. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking History Together: Public Participation in Museums
Cauvin, Thomas UL; Konstantinou, Katerina; Boccalatte, Paola et al

Scientific Conference (2020, December 15)

The international online symposium brought together scholars, museum professionals and heritage practitioners to discuss how participatory history is constructed, developed, and implemented in museums ... [more ▼]

The international online symposium brought together scholars, museum professionals and heritage practitioners to discuss how participatory history is constructed, developed, and implemented in museums. 'Making History Together: Public Participation in Museums' took place on 15 December 2020 and has brought together participants and case studies from all over the world. Sessions include discussions on co-creation and co-production, community of interpretation, digital public participatory practices, empowerment, and overall impact on making history in museums. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom Bentham to Guadet: ‘Auditory visibility’ in nineteenth-century theories on government offices
van de Maele, Jens UL

in International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity (2019), 7

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See detailGläserne Zwischenwände für effektive Kontrollen: Das belgische Regierungsbüro in der Zwischenkriegszeit
van de Maele, Jens UL

in Bernasconi, Gianenrico; Nellen, Stefan (Eds.) Das Büro: Zur Rationalisierung des Interieurs, 1880-1960 (2019)

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See detailBruxelles, novembre 1918 : De la guerre à la paix ?
van de Maele, Jens UL; Kesteloot, Chantal

in Science Connection (2018)

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See detailLes immeubles de bureaux / De bureaugebouwen
van de Maele, Jens UL; Devos, Rika

in Pesztat, Yaron (Ed.) Blaton, une dynastie de constructeurs / Blaton, een dynastie van bouwers (2017)

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See detailAn 'architecture of bureaucracy': Technocratic planning of government architecture in Belgium in the 1930s
van de Maele, Jens UL

in Lloyd Thomas, Katie; Amhoff, Tilo; Beech, Nick (Eds.) Industries of Architecture (2016)

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