References of "Zanaj, Skerdilajda 50003354"
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See detailEthnocentric preferences and the environment with international trade
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

We define a model of international trade with two countries, two vertically differentiated goods, and heterogenous consumers concerning their willingness to pay for quality. Trade generates two sources of ... [more ▼]

We define a model of international trade with two countries, two vertically differentiated goods, and heterogenous consumers concerning their willingness to pay for quality. Trade generates two sources of pollution: the production of domestic and traded goods, and their transportation between countries. Consumers in both countries manifest home bias which translates into ethnocentric preferences: (i) consumer perceive the quality of the domestic good amplified; and (ii) consumers thrive additional satisfaction when consuming a domestic good rather than a foreign one since only the former can satisfy their sense of place. By contrast, they suffer a psychological penalty when consuming a foreign product. We investigate the role of trade costs and ethnocentric attitude in shaping the equilibrium configuration of the international duopoly. Finally, we uncover the environmental damage from production and from transport in presence of ethnocentrism. [less ▲]

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See detailFiscal effects of migrants in Europe: a quantile regression approach
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Scaramozzino, Pasquale

E-print/Working paper (2020)

In this paper, we explore the fiscal impact of immigrants in Europe applying a quantile regression approach to data from the European Survey on Living Conditions (EU-SILC) for the period 2007-2015. Our ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we explore the fiscal impact of immigrants in Europe applying a quantile regression approach to data from the European Survey on Living Conditions (EU-SILC) for the period 2007-2015. Our estimations show that not only on average but also in almost all income quantiles, the fiscal position of both European and non-European migrants is not significantly different from that of native citizens. Furthermore, non-EU migrants are net contributors as compared to the corresponding native citizens in the Netherlands and Belgium for various quantiles. Lastly, we examine the link between migrants’ fiscal position and the fiscal perception of native European citizens measured using ESS data. We find a conflicting relationship: countries where migrants are perceived negatively are instead countries where they are net fiscal contributors and vice versa. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the long run sustainability of small jurisdictions
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

in Journal of Industrial and Business Economics (2020)

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See detailPoverty in Russia: the Role of the Marital Status and Gender
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

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See detailMigration: A theoretical comparison on countries’ welfare
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

in International Journal of Economic Theory (2019)

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See detailProfit taxation and royalties: evidence from gold mines in Sub-Saharan Africa
Bertinelli, Luisito UL; Bourgain, Arnaud UL; Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

In this paper, we analyze theoretically and empirically the effects of tax changes on firms’ profits in extractive industries. In the theoretical part, we assume a country that levies a profit tax and a ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we analyze theoretically and empirically the effects of tax changes on firms’ profits in extractive industries. In the theoretical part, we assume a country that levies a profit tax and a royalty on the profits of extractive firms to maximize its tax revenues. The mining companies may reduce their taxable income by cost manipulation. By analyzing the optimal choice of the government and of the firms, we first establish the optimal tax policy and then we investigate the impact of the optimal fiscal policy on firms’ profits. In the empirical part of the paper, we estimate the effect of the profit tax and royalty on the extracting firms’ profit in African countries during the period spanning from 2007 to 2018. We use the Mining Intelligence database to constitute a panel of annual individual data from a database of 363 gold mines located in 21 Sub-Saharan countries. We obtain an inverse relationship between the tax rate change of the two tax instruments and the profit of the firms. [less ▲]

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See detailCommodity taxation and regulatory competition
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Picard, Pierre M UL; Moriconi, Simone

in International Tax and Public Finance (2019), 26(4),

The purpose of this paper is twofold. We first investigate whether product market regulations affect commodity taxation in open-to-trade economies, and second, we study the strategic interaction in ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is twofold. We first investigate whether product market regulations affect commodity taxation in open-to-trade economies, and second, we study the strategic interaction in regulatory measures between trading partner countries. We present a two-country general equilibrium model in which destination-based commodity taxes finance public goods, and product market regulation affects both the number of firms in the market and product diversity. Based on data for 21 OECD countries over the 1990–2008 period, we provide empirical evidence suggesting that product market regulations are strategic complement policies and that domestic regulations have a negative impact on domestic commodity taxation. [less ▲]

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See detailA tax competition approach to resource taxation in developing countries
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

in Resources Policy (2019)

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See detailConsumption home bias and ethnocentrism: an international duopoly
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

We define a model with two countries and two vertically differentiated goods, a high and a low-quality variant, and heterogenous consumers with respect to their willingness to pay for quality. Consumers ... [more ▼]

We define a model with two countries and two vertically differentiated goods, a high and a low-quality variant, and heterogenous consumers with respect to their willingness to pay for quality. Consumers in one country are ethnocentric in consumption. They thrive additional satisfaction when consuming a domestic good rather than a foreign one since only the former can satisfy their sense of place. We investigate the role of trade costs and ethnocentric attitude in shaping the equilibrium configuration of the international duopoly. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial division in the market: conspicous consumption with nationalist feelings
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

In this paper, we explore the effects of conspicuous goods as a means of social division between native citizens and migrants. We push forward the hypothesis that choosing a particular good can confer a ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we explore the effects of conspicuous goods as a means of social division between native citizens and migrants. We push forward the hypothesis that choosing a particular good can confer a sense of place. We introduce this idea in an international vertical differentiation market with two variants and two social groups: migrants and natives. Natives are narrow-minded since they attribute a positive social value to the variant that complies with their own consumption culture. Migrants are open-minded. When consumers belonging to different groups meet, they exchange information about their consumption habits and consumption well-being that reveals their consumption culture: narrow-minded versus open-minded. Consequently, after meeting, some consumers may change beliefs (narrow-minded to open-minded or vice versa) and consumption choices. Using a dynamic model, we fully elucidate the steady-state equilibrium and highlight the impact of nationalism on migrant integration. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring Fiscal Effects of Immigration In Europe: A quantile Approach
Joxhe, Majlinda UL; Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

Scientific Conference (2018, June)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fiscal impact of immigration in Europe using a quantile regression approach. These estimation methods provide a richer characterization of the data ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fiscal impact of immigration in Europe using a quantile regression approach. These estimation methods provide a richer characterization of the data, allowing us to consider the impact of a co-variate (which one) on the entire distribution and not merely its conditional mean. Using data from European Survey on Living Conditions (EU-SILC), we estimate the net fiscal position of immigrants in Europe between 2007-2015. The net fiscal position is the difference between social services obtained and personal taxes paid leading to be either a fiscal contributor or a fiscal dependent. On average, the fiscal impact of both European and non-European migrants is not different from that of native citizens. Surprisingly, when using a quantile approach, we find that non-EU migrants belonging to the upper tail of the distribution and to the lowest one, are much more contributors as compared with the corresponding native citizens. At last, we find a very contrasting relationship between the fiscal perception of European citizens regarding immigrants and the calculated fiscal impact of immigrants: countries, where immigrants are perceived negatively, are instead countries where migrants are net fiscal contributors and vice-versa [less ▲]

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See detailHealth and Pollution in a Vertically Differentiated Duopoly
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

E-print/Working paper (2018)

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See detailGreen consumption and relative preferences in a vertically differentiated international oligopoly
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Tarola, Ornella; Ceccantoni, Giulia

in Ecological Economics (2018)

We consider an open to trade two-country model with two vertically differentiated goods and relative preferences in consumption. These preferences are such that consumers obtain satisfaction from their ... [more ▼]

We consider an open to trade two-country model with two vertically differentiated goods and relative preferences in consumption. These preferences are such that consumers obtain satisfaction from their own consumption in relation to the consumption of the others. Product differentiation is along an environmental quality dimension and countries are asymmetric in average income. Analyzing the equilibrium configuration, we find that, when relative preferences are relegated to the poorer country producing the brown good, the process of trade liberalization can favor the polluting firm, while penalizing the green rival. In these circumstances, trade liberalization can be environmentally detrimental. At the opposite, trade liberalization always favors the green producer when relative preferences are observed in both countries, with possibly positive effects on global emissions. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration: a theoretical comparison on countries' welfare
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

in International Journal of Economic Theory (2018)

We compare the effects of migration on the production of public goods, income taxes, and on the welfare of residents in the sending and in the receiving country. Migration is driven by income di¤erences ... [more ▼]

We compare the effects of migration on the production of public goods, income taxes, and on the welfare of residents in the sending and in the receiving country. Migration is driven by income di¤erences between countries. Alternative wage adjustment scenarios are considered: fully flexible wages; upward rigidity, and unemployment. We show that in all scenarios, emigration is welfare detrimental for the origin country. Migration is welfare improving for the destination country in presence of flexible wages and upward rigidity, but it has detrimental effects in presence of unemployment. [less ▲]

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See detailImmigrazione: un peso oppure una benedizione per i paesi europei?
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Article for general public (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (17 UL)
See detailKnowdledge diffusion and price dynamics in a vertically differentiated market
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; MARCO, MARINI; JEAN, GABSZEWICZ

Presentation (2017, May 24)

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See detailCOMMODITY TAXATION AND REGULATORY COMPETITION
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

Presentation (2017, May 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 UL)
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See detailMeasuring fiscal effects of migrants in EU
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL; Joxhe, Majlinda UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (7 UL)