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See detailA Hybrid Approach to Optimal TOA-Sensor Placement With Fixed Shared Sensors for Simultaneous Multi-Target Localization
Xu, Sheng; Wu, Linlong UL; Doğançay, Kutluyıl et al

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2022)

This paper focuses on optimal time-of-arrival (TOA) sensor placement for multiple target localization simultaneously. In previous work, different solutions only using non-shared sensors to localize ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on optimal time-of-arrival (TOA) sensor placement for multiple target localization simultaneously. In previous work, different solutions only using non-shared sensors to localize multiple targets have been developed. Those methods localize different targets one-by-one or use a large number of mobile sensors with many limitations, such as low effectiveness and high network complexity. In this paper, firstly, a novel optimization model for multi-target localization incorporating shared sensors is formulated. Secondly, the systematic theoretical results of the optimal sensor placement are derived and concluded using the A-optimality criterion, i.e., minimizing the trace of the inverse Fisher information matrix (FIM), based on rigorous geometrical derivations. The reachable optimal trace of Cramér-Rao lower bound (CRLB) is also derived. It can provide optimal conditions for many cases and even closed form solutions for some special cases. Thirdly, a novel numerical optimization algorithm to quickly find and calculate the (sub-)optimal placement and achievable lower bound is explored, when the model becomes complicated with more practical constraints. Then, a hybrid method for solving the most general situation, integrating both the analytical and numerical solutions, is proposed. Finally, the correctness and effectiveness of the proposed theoretical and mathematical methods are demonstrated by several simulation examples. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated Trajectory Optimization and Cubature Kalman Filter for UAV-Based Target Tracking with Unknown Initial Position
Xu, Sheng; Wu, Linlong UL; MR, Bhavani Shankar et al

in 2022 IEEE 12th Sensor Array and Multichannel Signal Processing Workshop (SAM) (2022)

This paper investigates the target localization/tracking by angle-of-arrival (AOA) sensors carried on an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). In many practical applications, the UAV's own position is not ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the target localization/tracking by angle-of-arrival (AOA) sensors carried on an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). In many practical applications, the UAV's own position is not available, since the global position system (GPS) can hardly work in the indoor environment or interference region. Therefore, considering the unknown initial position of the UAV, a modified cubature Kalman filter (CKF) is developed to estimate both the target states and UAV's initial position jointly by leveraging a benchmark anchor. To further improve the estimation efficiency, we propose an algorithm to optimize the UAV flying trajectory by minimizing the the trace of the estimation covariance matrix in the CKF. According to the simulation results, an observation is found that the UAV will keeping flying alternatively between the anchor and target to guarantee the estimation performance. [less ▲]

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See detailRapid artificial intelligence solutions in a pandemic—The COVID-19-20 Lung CT Lesion Segmentation Challenge
Roth, Holger R.; Xu, Ziyue; Diez, Carlos Tor et al

in Medical Image Analysis (2022)

Artificial intelligence (AI) methods for the automatic detection and quantification of COVID-19 lesions in chest computed tomography (CT) might play an important role in the monitoring and management of ... [more ▼]

Artificial intelligence (AI) methods for the automatic detection and quantification of COVID-19 lesions in chest computed tomography (CT) might play an important role in the monitoring and management of the disease. We organized an international challenge and competition for the development and comparison of AI algorithms for this task, which we supported with public data and state-of-the-art benchmark methods. Board Certified Radiologists annotated 295 public images from two sources (A and B) for algorithms training (n=199, source A), validation (n=50, source A) and testing (n=23, source A; n=23, source B). There were 1,096 registered teams of which 225 and 98 completed the validation and testing phases, respectively. The challenge showed that AI models could be rapidly designed by diverse teams with the potential to measure disease or facilitate timely and patient-specific interventions. This paper provides an overview and the major outcomes of the COVID-19 Lung CT Lesion Segmentation Challenge - 2020. [less ▲]

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See detailRapid Artificial Intelligence Solutions in a Pandemic - The COVID-19-20 Lung CT Lesion Segmentation Challenge.
Roth, Holger; Xu, Ziyue; Diez, Carlos Tor et al

E-print/Working paper (2021)

Artificial intelligence (AI) methods for the automatic detection and quantification of COVID-19 lesions in chest computed tomography (CT) might play an important role in the monitoring and management of ... [more ▼]

Artificial intelligence (AI) methods for the automatic detection and quantification of COVID-19 lesions in chest computed tomography (CT) might play an important role in the monitoring and management of the disease. We organized an international challenge and competition for the development and comparison of AI algorithms for this task, which we supported with public data and state-of-the-art benchmark methods. Board Certified Radiologists annotated 295 public images from two sources (A and B) for algorithms training (n=199, source A), validation (n=50, source A) and testing (n=23, source A; n=23, source B). There were 1,096 registered teams of which 225 and 98 completed the validation and testing phases, respectively. The challenge showed that AI models could be rapidly designed by diverse teams with the potential to measure disease or facilitate timely and patient-specific interventions. This paper provides an overview and the major outcomes of the COVID-19 Lung CT Lesion Segmentation Challenge - 2020. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 UL)