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See detailStriving for Less: Minimally-Supervised Pseudo-Label Generation for Monocular Road Segmentation
Robinet, François UL; Akl, Yussef UL; Ullah, Kaleem UL et al

in IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters (2022), 7(4), 10628-10634

Identifying traversable space is one of the most important problems in autonomous robot navigation and is primarily tackled using learning-based methods. To alleviate the prohibitively high annotation ... [more ▼]

Identifying traversable space is one of the most important problems in autonomous robot navigation and is primarily tackled using learning-based methods. To alleviate the prohibitively high annotation-cost associated with labeling large and diverse datasets, research has recently shifted from traditional supervised methods to focus on unsupervised and semi-supervised approaches. This work focuses on monocular road segmentation and proposes a practical, generic, and minimally-supervised approach based on task-specific feature extraction and pseudo-labeling. Building on recent advances in monocular depth estimation models, we process approximate dense depth maps to estimate pixel-wise road-plane distance maps. These maps are then used in both unsupervised and semi-supervised road segmentation scenarios. In the unsupervised case, we propose a pseudo-labeling pipeline that reaches state-of-the-art Intersection-over-Union (IoU), while reducing complexity and computations compared to existing approaches. We also investigate a semi-supervised extension to our method and find that even minimal labeling efforts can greatly improve results. Our semi-supervised experiments using as little as 1% and 10% of ground truth data, yield models scoring 0.9063 and 0.9332 on the IoU metric respectively. These results correspond to a comparative performance of 95.9% and 98.7% of a fully-supervised model's IoU score, which motivates a pragmatic approach to labeling. [less ▲]

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