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See detailTopology Analysis of the XRP Ledger
Tumas, Vytautas UL; Rivera, Sean UL; Magoni, Damien et al

Scientific Conference (2022, October 12)

XRP Ledger is one of the oldest, well-established blockchains. Despite the popularity of the XRP Ledger, little is known about its underlying peer-to-peer network. The structural properties of a network ... [more ▼]

XRP Ledger is one of the oldest, well-established blockchains. Despite the popularity of the XRP Ledger, little is known about its underlying peer-to-peer network. The structural properties of a network impact its efficiency, security and robustness. We aim to close the knowledge gap by providing a detailed analysis of the XRP overlay network. In this paper we examine the graph-theoretic properties of the XRP Ledger peer-to-peer network and its temporal characteristics. We crawl the XRP Ledger over two months and collect 1,290 unique network snapshots. We uncover a small group of nodes that act as a networking backbone. In addition, we observe a high network churn, with a third of the nodes changing every five days. Our findings have strong implications for the resilience and safety of the XRP Ledger. [less ▲]

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