References of "Stimpel, M"
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See detail17beta-estradiol prevents programmed cell death in cardiac myocytes.
Pelzer, T.; Neumann, M.; deJager, T. et al

in Biochemical and biophysical research communications (2000), 268(1), 192-200

The cardioprotective effects of estrogens are clearly established. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Because programmed cell death (apoptosis) probably contributes to the loss of ... [more ▼]

The cardioprotective effects of estrogens are clearly established. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Because programmed cell death (apoptosis) probably contributes to the loss of cardiac myocytes in heart failure and because estrogens prevent apoptosis in breast cancer cells, we investigated whether the loss of cardiac myocytes by programmed cell death could be prevented by physiological doses of 17beta-estradiol. Apoptosis of cultured cardiac myocytes was induced by staurosporine. 17beta-estradiol (10 nM) had an antiapoptotic effect as determined by morphological analysis, vital staining using the Hoechst dye 33342 and terminal transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL). As a potential mechanism for the antiapoptotic effect of 17beta-estradiol we found a reduced activity of the ICE-like protease caspase-3 in hormone-treated myocytes. Furthermore, inhibition of apoptosis by estradiol was associated with a reduced activity of NF-kappaB transcription factors, particularly p65/RelA and p50. To our knowledge, these data provide the first indication that 17beta-estradiol in physiological concentrations inhibits apoptosis in cardiac myocytes. The antiapoptotic effect of estrogens might contribute to the known cardioprotective effect of estrogens and provides a starting point for the development of future treatment options. [less ▲]

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See detailAngiotensin converting enzyme inhibition modulates cardiac fibroblast growth.
Grohe, C.; Kahlert, S.; Lobbert, K. et al

in Journal of hypertension (1998), 16(3), 377-84

BACKGROUND: The progression of left ventricular hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis in hypertensive heart disease is influenced by sex and age. Although angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition has been ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The progression of left ventricular hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis in hypertensive heart disease is influenced by sex and age. Although angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition has been shown to prevent progression of the disease in postmenopausal women, the interaction of angiotensin II and estrogen in this process before and after the menopause is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor moexiprilat on serum, estrogen and angiotensin II-induced cardiac fibroblast growth. METHODS: Neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts were incubated with 1 and 10% fetal calf serum, 10(-7) mol/l angiotensin II, 10(-9) mol/l estrone, 10(-9) mol/l 17beta-estradiol and 10(-8) mol/l moexiprilat. Proliferation was measured in terms of incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine. Western blot analysis was performed using antibodies directed against the growth-related immediate early genes c-fos and Sp-1. All experiments were performed at least three times. RESULTS: Fetal calf serum stimulated cardiac fibroblast proliferation (1% fetal calf serum 2.0+/-0.028-fold; 10% fetal calf serum 2.7+/-0.028-fold). Angiotensin II and estrone stimulated proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts grown in the absence of fetal calf serum (angiotensin II 4.2+/-0.075-fold; estrone 2.9+/-0.034-fold) and further increased proliferation in the presence of 1% fetal calf serum (angiotensin 11 4.3+/-0.072-fold); estrone 3.8+/-0.045-fold) and 10% fetal calf serum (angiotensin II 4.8+/-0.112-fold; estrone 4.1+/-0.047-fold). Coincubation with moexiprilat specifically inhibited proliferation induced by angiotensin II and estrone but not by serum, and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade inhibited angiotensin II-induced but not estrone-induced cell growth. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of c-fos and Sp-1 was induced in a time-dependent fashion by angiotensin II (to maxima of 5.0-fold for c-fos and 3.0-fold for Sp-1) and estrone (15.2-fold for c-fos and 6.2-fold for Sp-1). This effect was completely inhibited by moexiprilat. CONCLUSIONS: Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition modulates cardiac fibroblast growth induced by angiotensin II and estrone. This mechanism might contribute to the beneficial effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition in postmenopausal patients with hypertensive heart disease. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of moexiprilat on oestrogen-stimulated cardiac fibroblast growth.
Grohe, C.; Kahlert, S.; Lobbert, K. et al

in British journal of pharmacology (1997), 121(7), 1350-4

1. The effects of 2-2-(1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl)-[amino-oxopropyl]-6,7-dimethoxy- 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3 carboxylic acid (moexiprilat), 17beta-oestradiol (E2), oestrone (ES) and ... [more ▼]

1. The effects of 2-2-(1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl)-[amino-oxopropyl]-6,7-dimethoxy- 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3 carboxylic acid (moexiprilat), 17beta-oestradiol (E2), oestrone (ES) and angiotensin II (AII) on growth and activation of oestrogen receptors and the immediate-early gene egr-1 were investigated in neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts of female and male origin. 2. In BrdU proliferation assays, oestrone (10(-7)- 10(-9) M) stimulated cardiac fibroblast growth in a concentration-dependent fashion (maximum at 10(-7) M, 4.0 fold +/- 0.14 in female and 3.1 fold +/- 0.06 in male cells, n=9, P<0.05), while E2 (10(-7)-10(-9) M) had no effect. Moexiprilat (10(-7)M) completely inhibited oestrone-induced cardiac fibroblast growth. 3. Angiotensin II (10(-7) M) induced cardiac fibroblast growth (female 4.1 fold +/- 0.1/male 3.9 fold +/- 0.2; n=9, P<0.05). Angiotensin II induced oestrogen receptor (maximum 21.8 fold at 60 min) and egr-1 (maximum 47.5 fold at 60 min) expression in a time-dependent fashion. 4. In immunoblot experiments, oestrogen activated oestrogen receptor (ES: 12.8 fold +/- 2.0; E2: 14.7 fold +/- 4.9; n=3, P<0.05) and egr-1 (ES: 5.1 fold, +/- 0.24; E2: 3.8 fold, +/- 0.25; n=3, P<0.05) expression. The induction of oestrogen receptor and egr-1 protein expression was time-dependent and inhibited by moexiprilat. 5. Our results show that oestrone and 17beta-oestradiol reveal a significant difference in their potential to activate cardiac fibroblast growth in female and male cells and that oestrone-stimulated growth is inhibited by moexiprilat. The inhibition of oestrone-stimulated cardiac fibroblast growth by moexiprilat may contribute to the beneficial effects seen in postmenopausal women with hypertensive heart disease treated with ACE inhibitors. [less ▲]

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See detailCardiac myocytes and fibroblasts contain functional estrogen receptors.
Grohe, C.; Kahlert, S.; Lobbert, K. et al

in FEBS letters (1997), 416(1), 107-12

Gender-based differences found in cardiovascular diseases raise the possibility that estrogen may have direct effects on cardiac tissue. Therefore we investigated whether cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts ... [more ▼]

Gender-based differences found in cardiovascular diseases raise the possibility that estrogen may have direct effects on cardiac tissue. Therefore we investigated whether cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts express functional estrogen receptors. Immunofluorescence demonstrated estrogen receptor protein expression in both female and male rat cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts. Nuclear translocation of the estrogen receptor protein was observed after stimulation of cardiomyocytes with 17beta-estradiol (E2). Cells transfected with an estrogen-responsive reporter plasmid showed that treatment with E2 induced a significant increase in reporter activity. Furthermore, E2 induced a significant increase in expression of the estrogen receptors alpha and beta, progesterone receptor and connexin 43 in cardiac myocytes. Cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts contain functional estrogen receptors and estrogen regulates expression of specific cardiac genes. These data suggest that gender-based differences in cardiac diseases may in part be due to direct effects of estrogen on the heart. [less ▲]

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See detailOxygenated sterols and intracellular calcium dynamics - comparison with cholesterol and clinical application
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Stimpel, M; Locher, R et al

in Beck, J; Crastes de Paulet, A (Eds.) Biological activities of oxygenated sterols (1988)

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See detailThe mechanism of action of calcium antagonists [DER WIRKUNGSMECHANISMUS DER KALZIUMANTAGONISTEN]
Stimpel, M.; Neyses, Ludwig UL

in Schweizerische Rundschau fur Medizin/Praxis (1985), 74(19), 483-490

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See detail[Divisible tablets--source of error in therapeutic drug dosages].
Stimpel, M.; Vetter, H.; Kuffer, B. et al

in Schweizerische Rundschau fur Medizin Praxis = Revue suisse de medecine Praxis (1985), 74(5), 84-6

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See detailHigh density lipoproteins--modulators of the calcium channel?
Stimpel, M.; Neyses, Ludwig UL; Locher, R. et al

in Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension (1985), 3(3), 49-51

It has recently been shown that human red blood cells possess a voltage-independent calcium channel which can be influenced by in vitro modification of the membraneous cholesterol content. To determine ... [more ▼]

It has recently been shown that human red blood cells possess a voltage-independent calcium channel which can be influenced by in vitro modification of the membraneous cholesterol content. To determine whether there is also a link between plasma lipids and the calcium influx through this channel under in vivo conditions, the calcium influx was measured in red blood cells from 51 male donors (aged 41 +/- 5 years). The influx through the channel was defined as the nitrendipine (15 mumol/l)-inhibitable part of 45Ca2+ influx. The Ca(2+)-ejecting ATPase was inhibited by vanadate. The results demonstrate a strong inverse relationship (r = -0.81; P < 0.001) between the plasma concentration of high density lipoproteins (HDL) and 45Ca2+ influx. No significant correlation was found between 45Ca2+ influx and triglycerides, low density lipoproteins (LDL), very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), total plasma cholesterol or extracellular electrolytes (K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+). The results indicate that HDL are involved in the modulation of the calcium channel and provide a link between the cellular cholesterol turnover and the calcium influx in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and hypertension. [less ▲]

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See detailStereospecific modulation of the calcium channel in human erythrocytes by cholesterol and its oxidized derivatives.
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Locher, R.; Stimpel, M. et al

in The Biochemical journal (1985), 227(1), 105-12

To study the effect of cholesterol and its pathophysiologically important oxidized derivatives (OSC) on the calcium entry channel, the human red blood cell was used as a model system. The calcium ejecting ... [more ▼]

To study the effect of cholesterol and its pathophysiologically important oxidized derivatives (OSC) on the calcium entry channel, the human red blood cell was used as a model system. The calcium ejecting adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) was inhibited by vanadate. The cells were loaded with OSC at concentrations between 1.25 X 10(-5) and 25 X 10(-5) mol/l. 22-Hydroxycholesterol, cholestan-3 beta,5 alpha,6 beta-triol, 5 alpha-cholestan-3 beta-ol,3 beta,5 alpha-dihydroxycholestan-6-one and 3 beta-hydroxy-5 alpha-cholestan-7-one stimulated 45Ca2+ influx by up to almost 90%, whereas 25-hydroxycholesterol, 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol, 20 alpha-hydroxycholesterol and 7-oxocholesterol inhibited influx by up to 75%. Both stimulation and inhibition were dependent on the amount of OSC incorporated into the membrane. More than 90% of the total modification of calcium influx by OSC was accounted for by an influence on the nitrendipine-inhibitable part of influx. Enrichment of cholesterol in the membrane greatly stimulated, and cholesterol depletion inhibited, Ca2+ influx. These results demonstrate that cholesterol and its oxidized derivatives are able to modulate the calcium channel in human red blood cells in a highly stereospecific manner. [less ▲]

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See detail[Mechanism of action of calcium antagonists].
Stimpel, M.; Neyses, Ludwig UL

in Schweizerische Rundschau fur Medizin Praxis = Revue suisse de medecine Praxis (1985), 74(19), 483-90

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See detailHuman red blood cells--an ideal model system for the action of calcium agonists and antagonists.
Stimpel, M.; Neyses, Ludwig UL; Locher, R. et al

in Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension (1984), 2(3), 577-80

To characterize the pharmacological properties of the slow calcium channel of human red blood cells, we studied the action of various calcium antagonists and two agonists on the 45Ca2+-influx. The Ca2 ... [more ▼]

To characterize the pharmacological properties of the slow calcium channel of human red blood cells, we studied the action of various calcium antagonists and two agonists on the 45Ca2+-influx. The Ca2+-ejecting ATPase was inhibited by vanadate. All dihydropyridine derivatives tested showed their inhibiting or stimulating effect on the channel at concentrations attainable in vivo (nitrendipine:Ki = 2.5; Bayer K 6244:Ki 5 microM; nicardipine:Ki = 15 microM, Ks = 0.5 microM; Ciba 28 392:Ki = 20, Ks = 0.3 microM; Ki = inhibition constant, Ks = stimulation constant). Of special interest was the biphasic behaviour (stimulation and inhibition) of the calcium antagonist nicardipine and the agonist Ciba 28 392. The maximum inhibition by the phenylalkylamine derivative verapamil was obtained at much higher concentrations (250 microM; Ki = 100). These data suggest that the calcium channel of human red blood cells has pharmacological properties very similar to the channel in heart and smooth muscle cells with respect to dihydropyridine action. Therefore, human red blood cells are an ideal model to study the action of calcium agonists and antagonists. [less ▲]

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See detailThe cholesterol content of the human erythrocyte influences calcium influx through the channel.
Locher, R.; Neyses, Ludwig UL; Stimpel, M. et al

in Biochemical and biophysical research communications (1984), 124(3), 822-8

In order to study the influence of the cholesterol content on the calcium entry channel, the human red blood cell was used as a model system. The cholesterol to lecithin ratio (C/L ratio) of the membrane ... [more ▼]

In order to study the influence of the cholesterol content on the calcium entry channel, the human red blood cell was used as a model system. The cholesterol to lecithin ratio (C/L ratio) of the membrane was modified experimentally by incubating the cells (15h, 25 degrees) with liposomes of defined C/L ratios. Subsequently, net 45Calcium-influx into the cell was measured by inhibiting the Ca-ejecting ATPase with vanadate. Additionally, the use of nitrendipine, a potent calcium channel inhibitor, during incubation allowed the determination of Ca-influx through the calcium channel. A positive correlation between the 45Ca++-influx and the molar C/L ratio of the membrane was found over a wide C/L range. A molar C/L ratio of 1.4 in the membrane increased calcium influx by 150 % compared to controls (molar C/L ratio = 0.8, calcium influx rate = 100 %), while a molar C/L ratio at less than 0.75 decreased calcium influx by 50 %. We conclude, that the cholesterol content of the membrane greatly influences the calcium channel and thus plays a pivotal role for the availability of calcium as a second messenger. These findings may provide a link between high plasma cholesterol and the development of atherosclerosis as well as enhanced platelet aggregability. [less ▲]

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See detailCholesterol and its oxidized derivatives modulate the calcium channel in human red blood cells.
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Stimpel, M.; Locher, R. et al

in Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension (1984), 2(3), 489-92

The human red blood cell was used as a model system in order to study the effect of cholesterol and its medically important oxidized derivatives (OSC = oxidized sterol compounds) on the calcium entry ... [more ▼]

The human red blood cell was used as a model system in order to study the effect of cholesterol and its medically important oxidized derivatives (OSC = oxidized sterol compounds) on the calcium entry channel. The calcium-ejecting adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) was inhibited by vanadate and the influx of 45Ca2-into the cells measured. The cells were loaded with OSC at concentrations between 0.075 and 1.5 micrograms OSC/10(7) cells. Two classes of OSC could be distinguished: one stimulating Ca2+ influx dose-dependently by almost 100% at maximum concentrations, the other inhibiting it dose-dependently by up to 80%. The calcium channel blocker nitrendipine inhibited influx by 70% at 15 microM. More than 90% of the total stimulation or inhibition was accounted for by an influence on the nitrendipine-inhibitable part of influx, i.e. the calcium channel. Cholesterol (incorporated using liposomes) had a stimulatory (+288%), cholesterol depletion an inhibitory effect on calcium influx (-18%). These results demonstrate that cholesterol and its oxidized derivatives modulate the calcium channel in a highly stereospecific manner and provide new insights into the mechanism of action and the atherogenic effect of these compounds. [less ▲]

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