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See detailNationwide implementation of media literacy training sessions on internet safety
Tiemann, Aline; Melzer, André UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

in Communications: the European Journal of Communication Research (2021)

Although numerous media literacy training sessions on internet safety for children and adolescents have been conducted, their number contrasts sharply with the few systematic studies on their ... [more ▼]

Although numerous media literacy training sessions on internet safety for children and adolescents have been conducted, their number contrasts sharply with the few systematic studies on their effectiveness. In this study, we describe the evaluation of nationwide-implemented training sessions on internet safety in Luxembourg, which included perceptions of learning outcomes and evaluations of implementation and effectiveness. Training data from 2011 to 2018 were analyzed, including 28,060 students and 5,031 teachers. Students reported pronounced learning effects, especially for younger students and for repeated training participation. Teachers greatly appreciated the implementation and effectiveness, which generally increased over the years. The perceived effectiveness of the training was significantly related to teachers’ planning to cover internet safety topics in future lessons. The present study shows that carefully planned and continuously evaluated training sessions on internet safety successfully support children’s understanding and teachers’ willingness to implement internet safety in their curriculum. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Psychotechnik im Dienste der Berufsberatung - eine Erinnerung an die Verdienste von Nicolas Braunshausen
Steffgen, Georges UL; Ewen, Norbert UL

in Psychologische Rundschau: Ueberblick Uber die Fortschritte der Psychologie in Deutschland, Oesterreich, und der Schweiz (2021), 72(3), 220-221

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See detailSchattenboxen um die psychotherapeutische Gesundheitsversorgung in Luxemburg
Steffgen, Georges UL

Article for general public (2021)

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See detailAuswirkungen der COVID-19-Pandemie auf den sozialen Zusammenhalt
Steffgen, Georges UL; Sischka, Philipp UL

in Benoy, Charles (Ed.) COVID-19 - Ein Virus nimmt Einfluss auf unsere Psyche (2021)

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See detailExtended telecommuting due to COVID-19 and the impact on working life
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis. Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences (2021)

The corona virus (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the working lives of people all over the world, amongst others, the labor market has seen a sharp increase in telecommuting. Therefore, the extent of ... [more ▼]

The corona virus (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the working lives of people all over the world, amongst others, the labor market has seen a sharp increase in telecommuting. Therefore, the extent of telecommuting in Luxembourg as well as definitions and different arrangements of telecommuting will be presented. Thereafter the chapter looks at merits and demerits of telecommuting and the boundary conditions of successfully working from home by focusing on the extraordinary situation under which telework currently takes place. In this regard, the effects of telecommuting on the individual, the organization and the society are outlined and discussed. Finally, the chapter closes highlighting requirements for effective telecommuting and describing ongoing research about the effects of telecommuting on different working conditions in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailVorwort
Böhmer, Matthias UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

in Böhmer, Matthias; Steffgen, Georges (Eds.) Trauer an Schulen. Basiswissen und Hinweise zum Umgang mit Sterben und Tod (2021)

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See detailUmgang mit Ärger und Aggressionen in Zeiten der Pandemie
Steffgen, Georges UL; de Boer, Claudia

in Benoy, Charles (Ed.) COVID-19 - Ein Virus nimmt Einfluss auf unsere Psyche (2021)

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See detailPsychological contract violation or basic need frustration? Psychological mechanisms behind the effects of workplace bullying
Sischka, Philipp UL; Melzer, André UL; Schmidt, Alexander F. et al

in Frontiers in Psychology (2021)

Workplace bullying is a phenomenon that can have serious detrimental effects on health, work-related attitudes, and the behavior of the target. Particularly, workplace bullying exposure has been linked to ... [more ▼]

Workplace bullying is a phenomenon that can have serious detrimental effects on health, work-related attitudes, and the behavior of the target. Particularly, workplace bullying exposure has been linked to lower level of general well-being, job satisfaction, vigor and performance, and higher level of burnout, workplace deviance, and turnover intentions. However, the psychological mechanisms behind these relations are still not well understood. Drawing on psychological contract and self-determination theory, we hypothesized that perceptions of contract violation and the frustration of basic needs mediate the relationship between workplace bullying exposure and well-being, attitudinal, and behavioral outcomes. Self-reported data were collected among employees with different working backgrounds (N = 1,257) via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk in an online survey. Results showed that feelings of contract violation and frustration of basic needs accounted for unique variation in well-being, work satisfaction, burnout, vigor, and turnover intentions, pointing to individual contributions of both psychological mechanisms. However, when controlled for frustration of basic needs, feelings of psychological contract violation were no longer a mediator between workplace bullying exposure and work performance. Helping employees to deal effectively with workplace bullying exposure might buffer its negative effects and reduce their experienced frustration of basic needs, preserving their well-being, vigor, and work performance and, eventually, prevent burnout. The present study is the first to concurrently elucidate the proposed psychological mechanisms and unique contributions of psychological contract violation and frustration of basic needs in the context of workplace bullying. [less ▲]

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See detailBEGYN: Auswirkungen von Bewegung und sportlicher Aktivität bei gynäkologischen Krebspatienten auf Lebensqualität, Körperzusammensetzung und prognoserelevante Biomarker
Zemlin, Cosima; Stuhlert, Caroline; Schleicher, Julia Theresa et al

Scientific Conference (2021)

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See detailTrauer an Schulen. Basiswissen und Hinweise zum Umgang mit Sterben und Tod
Böhmer, Matthias UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Book published by Springer (2021)

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See detailWie haben sich emotionale Anforderungen für Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg über die Zeit entwickelt?
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Im Rahmen dieser Newsletter wird analysiert, wie sich emotionale Anforderungen für Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg über die letzten Jahre entwickelt haben. Emotionale Anforderungen sind mit reduziertem Well ... [more ▼]

Im Rahmen dieser Newsletter wird analysiert, wie sich emotionale Anforderungen für Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg über die letzten Jahre entwickelt haben. Emotionale Anforderungen sind mit reduziertem Well-Being assoziiert. Dabei weisen Arbeitnehmer mit ausgeprägten emotionalen Anforderungen insbesondere ein höheres Burnoutlevel auf. Zwischen 2016 und 2020 kam es zu einem deutlichen Anstieg der emotionalen Anforderungen. Arbeitnehmerinnen weisen über die Zeit konstant höhere emotionale Anforderungen auf im Vergleich zu Arbeitnehmern. Insbesondere Arbeitnehmer in akademischen Berufen, Manager und Arbeitnehmer in Dienstleistungsberufen weisen über die Zeit konstant hohe emotionale Anforderungen auf. Bediener von Anlagen und Hilfsarbeitskräfte weisen dagegen einen Anstieg zwischen 2016 und 2020 auf. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Emotional Music on Facial Emotion Recognition in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Wagener, Gary; Berning, Madeleine; Pinto Coelho da Costa, Andreia UL et al

in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders (2020)

Impaired facial emotion recognition in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is in contrast to their intact emotional music recognition. This study tested whether emotion congruent music enhances ... [more ▼]

Impaired facial emotion recognition in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is in contrast to their intact emotional music recognition. This study tested whether emotion congruent music enhances facial emotion recognition. Accuracy and reaction times were assessed for 19 children with ASD and 31 controls in a recognition task with angry, happy, or sad faces. Stimuli were shown with either emotionally congruent or incongruent music or no music. Although children with ASD had higher reaction times than controls, accuracy only differed when incongruent or no music was played, indicating that congruent emotional music can boost facial emotion recognition in children with ASD. Emotion congruent music may support emotion recognition in children with ASD, and thus may improve their social skills. [less ▲]

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See detailAge differences in physical activity with regard to motivational regulation types in youth sport
Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Eckelt, Melanie UL; Bund, Andreas UL et al

Poster (2020, October 21)

A decline in physical activity (PA) with increasing age has been reported consistently (e.g., Bassett et al., 2015). In this sense, physical education (PE) has become a key issue to intercept youth, in ... [more ▼]

A decline in physical activity (PA) with increasing age has been reported consistently (e.g., Bassett et al., 2015). In this sense, physical education (PE) has become a key issue to intercept youth, in order to promote PA at an early age. To reduce the research gap with regard to the underlying mechanisms of this decline, we investigated the role of age for motivational aspects of the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000) concerning scholars’ basic needs (competence, relatedness, autonomy; Vlachopoulos, Ntoumanis, & Smith, 2010), PE teacher need-support (Standage, Duda, & Ntoumanis, 2005), and different motivational regulation types during PE (Vlachopoulos, Katartzi, Kontou, Moustaka, & Goudas, 2011). As a transfer of motivational regulation types from PE towards a leisure-time context has been found (Hagger & Chatzisarantis, 2016), this study furthermore analyzed the role of age in an out-of-school PA environment (Markland & Tobin, 2004). In total, 1889 scholars (50.9% males; 10 to 23 years) from 14 different schools participated in the study. Consistent with previous findings, the self-reported PA decreased with age. Further regression analysis revealed that the feeling of being competent during PE decreased with age, while the feeling of being autonomous increased. No differences regarding age and need-support during PE were found. Regarding the motivational regulation types during PE, the internal motivation decreased with age, while the external motivation increased. Concerning the leisure-time context, all motivational regulation types towards PA decreased with age. SEM-Models confirmed the significant relationship between motivational regulation types from PE to a leisure-time context. Overall, results suggest that a decrease of PA with age might be related to a decrease of internal motivation forms as years go by. Implications for promoting beneficial motivational regulation types during PE related to the age of scholars will be displayed. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes Motivation in Physical Education Have an Impact on Out-of-School Physical Activity over Time? A Longitudinal Approach
Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Eckelt, Melanie UL; Bund, Andreas UL et al

in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2020), 17(19), 7258

Previous research based on the trans-contextual model proposes that autonomous motivation in physical education (PE) is transferable to an out-of-school leisure-time (LT) context. However, only cross ... [more ▼]

Previous research based on the trans-contextual model proposes that autonomous motivation in physical education (PE) is transferable to an out-of-school leisure-time (LT) context. However, only cross-sectional and unidirectional analyses have been conducted. The present study used a longitudinal design assessing N = 1681 students (M = 14.68 years) on two occasions, measuring the following constructs: perceived need for support in PE, motivational regulation during PE and LT, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, intention, and physical activity behavior. Findings based on mixed effect models revealed that autonomy, competence, and relatedness support of the PE teacher were positively related to autonomous motivation. Moreover, similar motivational regulation types were found to significantly cross-lag across contexts. Through longitudinal mediation analyses, further support for the impact of autonomous motivation on physical activity, mediated by intention, attitude, and perceived behavioral control, was found. Suggestions for educational stakeholders regarding how to promote students’ autonomous motivation are provided. [less ▲]

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See detailSporty summer and lazy winter? PA of youth from a seasonal perspective.
Eckelt, Melanie UL; Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Steffgen, Georges UL et al

in Dela, Flemming; Müller, Erich; Tsolakidis, Elias (Eds.) Book of Abstracts (2020, October)

Objectives: Many children in Europe are insufficiently active (1), which makes the promotion of children´s physical activity (PA) a critical health promotion target. However, there are some uncontrollable ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Many children in Europe are insufficiently active (1), which makes the promotion of children´s physical activity (PA) a critical health promotion target. However, there are some uncontrollable factors such as amount of daylight, weather conditions, temperatures and precipitation levels that might influence PA behavior (2). Conditions for moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) seem to be optimal when the environmental temperature ranges between 20°C and 25°C (3). This study aims to examine if the season is related to the objectively measured PA of youth of Luxembourg. Methods: 150 youth (90 females and 60 males) aged from 10–17 (M = 12.37, SD = 2.14) years participated in this longitudinal study, which took place at two measurement periods, the first between October and December (winter) and the second between May and July (summer). PA behavior was objectively assessed by wearing an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X-BT) for seven consecutive days. Daily time spent in MVPA was calculated as an indicator of the youth’s PA behavior. Results: A repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant seasonal effect for MVPA per day (F(1, 1136.66) = 9.14, p < .05, partial η² = .06). More minutes of MVPA per day were accrued in summer (M = 53.24, SD = 21.40) than in winter (M = 49.04, SD = 20.88). Both in winter and in summer, MVPA per day differed significantly between females and males (winter: t(148) = 5.83, p < .001; summer: t(148) = 4.85, p < .001), whereby females (winter: M = 41.70, SD = 15.89; summer: M = 46.79, SD = 17.26) showed significantly fewer minutes in MVPA per day than males (winter: M = 60.05, SD = 22.67; summer: M = 62.91, SD = 23.43). However, there was no significant interaction between season and gender, F(1, 89.85) = .723, p = .397). Discussion: According to the results of this study, youth are less physically active in winter than in summer. Therefore, schools, sports clubs and communities should offer special PA programs for this season, which are independent from climatic conditions and equally suitable for females and males. Measuring PA throughout the year enables to monitor the activity behavior more accurate and may help in developing such programs. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Job demands-resources model: A validation with employees working in Luxembourg
Fernandez de Henestrosa, Martha UL; Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Poster (2020, September 02)

Purpose: The present study aimed to validate the job demands-resources model (Bakker & Demerouti, 2017) among a representative sample of the worker population in Luxembourg. Moreover, our purpose was to ... [more ▼]

Purpose: The present study aimed to validate the job demands-resources model (Bakker & Demerouti, 2017) among a representative sample of the worker population in Luxembourg. Moreover, our purpose was to identify which specific job demands and resources contribute the most to burnout and work engagement, respectively. Design: Data were collected via computer assisted telephone and web interview in a large sample of 1689 employees working in Luxembourg (55.2% male, Mage = 44.1, SDage = 10.3). Most participants worked in academic professions (31.4%, n = 531), followed by technicians and associate professionals (24.0%, n = 406), clerical support workers (11.7%, n = 197) and others (32.86%, n = 555). We employed the Quality of Work Index – Luxembourg (QoWIL) to measure several areas of work, including work intensity, job design, physical and social conditions (Sischka & Steffgen, 2019). Additionally, different employment conditions were measured to get an indicator of the employment quality in Luxembourg. Findings: Results of latent moderated structural equation modelling (LMS) indicated a good fit of the model to the data, χ2(411) = 1738.017, RMSEA = .04 (95% CI = 0.04 - 0.05), CFI =.92, SRMR = .06. All job resources (i.e. social support, autonomy and job security) significantly predicted work engagement, whereas all demands (i.e. workplace mobbing, work-life inference, emotional demands) significantly predicted burnout. Particularly, social support was the most important resource (ß = .29, p < .001, R2 = 11.4%), followed by job security (ß = .17, p < .001, R2 = 3.9%) and autonomy (ß = .11, p < .001, R2 = 1.4%). Workplace mobbing explained the largest percentage of variance in burnout (ß =. 47, p < .001, R2 = 41.6%), followed by work home inference (ß = .30, p < .001, R2 = 13.0%) and emotional demands (ß = 15, p < .001, R2 = 2.2%). While burnout had a negative impact on job performance (ß = -18, p < .001), work engagement did not predict the latter (ß = .07, p > .05). Besides, only one out of nine hypothesized interaction effects had a significant effect on work engagement (i.e. social support x mobbing, ß = 0.15, p < .001) and on burnout (i.e. social support x emotional demands, ß = -0.08, p < .05). Conclusion: Whereas the present findings provided strong support for the motivational and health impairment processes proposed by the JDR model, we found limited support for the interaction hypotheses. The results outline the importance of social conditions in explaining employees’ health, illustrating important starting points for organizational interventions that aim to promote well-being. Contributions: While other studies have tested the propositions of the JDR model by focusing on different work sectors, the present study includes a more comprehensive range of occupations,classified according to the ISCO-08. Given its large data set, it provides enough statistical support to detect interaction effects and allows for the correction of measurement errors using LMS. Furthermore, it follows the parsimony principle by specifying the most important starting points for interventions across occupations. [less ▲]

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See detailWas frustriert Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg an ihrem Arbeitsplatz?
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Im Rahmen dieser Newsletter wird analysiert, in welchem Umfang Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg an ihrem Arbeitsplatz von der Frustration dreier psychologischer Grundbedürfnisse – der Autonomie, der Kompetenz ... [more ▼]

Im Rahmen dieser Newsletter wird analysiert, in welchem Umfang Arbeitnehmer in Luxemburg an ihrem Arbeitsplatz von der Frustration dreier psychologischer Grundbedürfnisse – der Autonomie, der Kompetenz, und der Verbundenheit – betroffen sind. Hierbei zeigt sich durchgängig bei den Arbeitnehmern, dass die Frustration über fehlende Autonomie am Stärksten ausgeprägt ist. Spezifische Arbeitsbedingungen, wie z.B. fehlende Partizipation sowie geringes Well-Being sindzudem besonders hoch mit Frustration korreliert. Vergleiche zwischen unterschiedlichen Arbeitnehmergruppen zeigen auf, dass Frauen gegenüber Männern ein etwas höheres Ausmaß der Frustration von Verbundenheit und von Kompetenz erleben. Manager zeigen hingegen ein geringeres Ausmaß der Frustration von Verbundenheit im Vergleich zu Arbeitnehmern in anderen Berufen. Arbeitnehmer, die in NGOs arbeiten, weisen wiederum das geringste Ausmaß an Frustration über fehlende Autonomie auf. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical Activity Behavior of Children and Adolescents in Luxembourg - An Accelerometer-based Study
Eckelt, Melanie UL; Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Steffgen, Georges UL et al

in Journal of Physical Activity Research (2020), 5(1), 23-28

Due to the continuous decrease of physical activity of children in industrialized countries physical activity behavior has become a key issue in health-related research. The purpose of this study was to ... [more ▼]

Due to the continuous decrease of physical activity of children in industrialized countries physical activity behavior has become a key issue in health-related research. The purpose of this study was to assess objectively the daily physical activity of Luxembourgish children and adolescents and its distribution into school and leisure time. The physical activity behavior of 242 students (108 male students, 134 female students) with an average age of 12.84 years (SD = 2.37) was objectively assessed by wearing an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X-BT) for seven consecutive days. The average daily time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity was 47.75 minutes (SD = 19.75). 62 students accumulated the recommended 60 minutes per day. 32% of students’ total moderate to vigorous physical activity occurred during school time and 63% during leisure time. During physical education, students were engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity on average for 20.02%, whereas 46.93% of the time was spent being sedentary. Significant gender differences were found for all variables in favor of male students. Equally, physical activity in all areas decreased significantly with age. The Luxembourgish children and adolescents are insufficient physically active and the moderate to vigorous physical activity levels are mainly accounted by leisure time. Therefore, it seems reasonable for schools to create an environment that supports the physical activity throughout the school day to increase the daily physical activity, with special attention to female and older students. [less ▲]

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See detailZur Bedeutsamkeit des Sportunterrichtes: Der Einfluss der Motivation im Sportunterricht auf den außerschulischen Kontext - ein longitudinaler Ansatz
Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Eckelt, Melanie UL; Bund, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020, May 22)

Hintergrund: Hinsichtlich der kontinuierlichen Abnahme der körperlichen Aktivität von Kindern und Jugendlichen, rückt die Stärkung der Motivation als Ansatz zur Sportaktivierung immer mehr in den Fokus ... [more ▼]

Hintergrund: Hinsichtlich der kontinuierlichen Abnahme der körperlichen Aktivität von Kindern und Jugendlichen, rückt die Stärkung der Motivation als Ansatz zur Sportaktivierung immer mehr in den Fokus (Standage, Duda, & Ntoumanis, 2005). In ihrem trans-kontextuellen Modell postulieren Hagger und Chatzisarantis (2016) einen Zusammenhang zwischen intrinsischer Motivation im Sportunterricht und in der Freizeit. Dabei spielt die Unterstützung der Bedürfnisse durch die Sportlehrkraft eine wichtige Rolle, um die intrinsische Motivation der SchülerInnen im Sportunterricht und längerfristig in der Freizeit zu fördern, welche ein selbstbestimmtes körperliches Aktivitätsverhalten begünstigen soll. In der vorliegenden Studie wurden diese Annahmen in erweiterter Form im Längsschnitt geprüft. Methode: Es wurden N = 1681 SchülerInnen zwischen 10 und 23 Jahren (M = 14.7 Jahre; 50.7% weiblich) aus 14 luxemburgischen Schulen zu Beginn des Schuljahres (t1) und sechs Monate später am Ende des Schuljahres (t2) getestet. Neben der wahrgenommenen Bedürfnisunterstützung (Standage, Duda, & Ntoumanis, 2005) wurden die Motivationsregulation im Sportunterricht (PLOC-R; Vlachopoulos, Katartzi, Kontou, Moustaka, & Goudas, 2011) und in der Freizeit (BREQ-II; Markland & Tobin, 2004), sowie alle Konstrukte der Theorie des geplanten Handelns (Ajzen, 1991), und die körperliche Aktivität erhoben. Ergebnisse: Cross-Lagged-Panel Analysen zeigen, dass die intrinsische Motivation im Sportunterricht (t1) kontextübergreifend die intrinsische Motivation zur körperlichen Aktivität in der Freizeit (t2) vorhersagt (β = .12, p < .05). Selbiger Befund konnte auch für die Amotivation gefunden werden (β = .15, p < .05). Allerdings wurde kein kontextübergreifender Zusammenhang der extrinsischen Motivation gefunden (p > .05). Entgegen der postulierten Richtung des Modells, sagt eine höhere intrinsische Motivation der SchülerInnen (t1) eine höhere Wahrnehmung der Unterstützung der Grundbedürfnisse durch den Sportlehrer (t2) vorher (β = .10, p < .05). Die intrinsische Motivation in der Freizeit (t1) hängt zudem mit der Einstellung (β = .24, p < .05), subjektiven Norm (β = .11, p < .05), wahrgenommenen Verhaltenskontrolle (β = .12, p < .05), Intention (β = .16, p < .05) und der körperlichen Aktivität (β = .18, p < .05) zu t2 zusammen. Schlussfolgerung: Die Befunde bestätigen die Bedeutsamkeit des Sportunterrichts in dem Sinne, dass die intrinsische Motivation im Sportunterricht die Wahrnehmung der Bedürfnisunterstützung des Sportlehrers erhöht und kontextübergreifend mit der intrinsischen Motivation im Freizeitbereich zusammenhängt, welche wiederum ein selbstbestimmtes körperliches Aktivitätsverhalten in der Freizeit positiv bedingt. Eine Interventionsstudie im Sportunterricht bekräftigt diese Befunde in dem Sinne, dass die Autoren positivere Effekte fanden, wenn, zusätzlich zur alleinigen Autonomieunterstützung, internale Zielsetzungen in der Lehre eingesetzt wurden (Cheon, Reeve, & Song, 2019). [less ▲]

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