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See detailDie Psychotechnik im Dienste der Berufsberatung - eine Erinnerung an die Verdienste von Nicolas Braunshausen
Steffgen, Georges UL; Ewen, Norbert UL

in Psychologische Rundschau: Ueberblick Uber die Fortschritte der Psychologie in Deutschland, Oesterreich, und der Schweiz (in press)

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See detailWorkplace bullying exposure and subjective well-being – The mediating role of the frustration of the need for relatedness. A longitudinal six-wave study
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Scientific Conference (2019, November 08)

Workplace bullying is a serious phenomenon that has serious detrimental effects on victim’s health, attitudes, and work-related behavior. Drawing on self-determination theory, we propose that bullying ... [more ▼]

Workplace bullying is a serious phenomenon that has serious detrimental effects on victim’s health, attitudes, and work-related behavior. Drawing on self-determination theory, we propose that bullying exposure thwarts employee’s need for relatedness with the result of decreased well-being. Studies examining these mechanisms used either a cross-sectional design (Trépanier et al., 2013) or a longitudinal design with (not theoretically justified) long time intervals (i.e., 12-month time lag; Trépanier et al., 2015). Therefore, the aim of our study was to test this mediation in a longitudinal design with much shorter time intervals (i.e. monthly), whether to see if the bullying exposure also shows short-term effects on well-being. A six-wave online survey design with monthly time lag was employed and data were collected among U.S. employees. The sample consists of 1,595 respondents (55.8% females, n=890, ageM = 36.9, ageSD =10.3). Workplace bullying exposure was assessed with the S-NAQ (Notelaers et al., 2018), frustration of the need for relatedness with the Psychological Needs Thwarting Scale (Bartholomew et al., 2011) and well-being with the WHO-5 well-being-index (Topp et al., 2015). Cross-lagged mediation analysis within a structural equation modeling framework confirmed the mediation model: Bullying exposure was significantly related to a change in frustration of relatedness and frustration of relatedness was significantly related to a change in well-being across all waves. The study findings advance the field through showing that bullying exposure has not only a long-term effect on well-being but also a short one, and that this effect is mediated through the frustration of relatedness. [less ▲]

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See detailThe association between workplace bullying exposure and workplace bullying perpetration – The role of frustration of the need for relatedness
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Scientific Conference (2019, October 24)

Workplace bullying (WB) is a serious phenomenon that has serious detrimental effects on victim’s health, attitudes, and work-related behavior (Nielsen & Einarsen, 2012). WB is seen as an escalated ... [more ▼]

Workplace bullying (WB) is a serious phenomenon that has serious detrimental effects on victim’s health, attitudes, and work-related behavior (Nielsen & Einarsen, 2012). WB is seen as an escalated conflict, where both parties engage in increasing overt acts of aggression (e.g., Einarsen et al., 2011). This perspective is supported by one of the most robust finding in WB and aggression literature, the association between experienced workplace aggression and enacting in workplace aggression (e.g., Baillien et al., 2016). However, there are only a few studies that have researched the mechanism between these phenomena (Samnani & Singh 2012). Self-determination theory (SDT) might explain this link. As need frustration is linked to less self-control (Vansteenkiste & Ryan, 2012), the frustration of the need for relatedness might also lead to increased aggressive behavior. Drawing on SDT, we propose that bullying exposure thwarts employee’s need for relatedness that increase aggressive behavior. Thus, the aim of our study was to test this mediation in a longitudinal design with short time intervals (i.e. monthly). A six-wave online survey design with monthly time lag was employed and data were collected among U.S. employees. The sample consists of 1,595 respondents (55.8% females, n=890, ageM = 36.9, ageSD =10.3). Workplace bullying exposure was assessed with the S-NAQ (Notelaers et al., 2018). Being a perpetrator of bullying was measured by the same nine items of the S-NAQ, however, formulated in an active manner (e.g., Baillien et al., 2011). Finally, frustration of the need for relatedness was assessed with the Psychological Needs Thwarting Scale (Bartholomew et al., 2011). Cross-lagged mediation analysis within a path modeling framework only partially confirmed the proposed model: WB exposure was significantly related to a change in frustration of relatedness. However, frustration of relatedness did (most of the time) not increase WB perpetration, but WB exposure. These longitudinal findings underline the vicious circle nature of WB exposure. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy efficiency and indoor aire quality os seminar rooms in older buildings with and without mechanical ventilation
Maas, Stefan UL; da Cruz Antunes, Joël UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

in Bauphysik (2019), 41(October 2019, Heft 5), 243-251

The present paper reports on an experimental study performed in a seminar room of the University of Luxembourg in a building of the 1970ies without a major renovation. This lecture room is typical for ... [more ▼]

The present paper reports on an experimental study performed in a seminar room of the University of Luxembourg in a building of the 1970ies without a major renovation. This lecture room is typical for this building period and has a capacity of 60 seats. It is equipped with a mechanical ventilation system that is normally in operation on workdays for 11 hours a day in semester periods (8:00-19:00h), while windows can be opened manually. A Blower-Door-Test revealed that the room is not airtight. During a year, the ventilation system was shut “on” and “off” in periods of some weeks and the consumed final-energy was measured, as well as the indoor climate assessed by physical and psychological measurements. For instance, the measured CO2 concentrations are marginally better with the ventilation system "on", which was not perceived in any way by the occupants during the investigations. It was not possible to properly identify the impact of ventilation on the consumed heat-energy, as the room could not be thermally separated from the rest of the building. But with the system “on” there was a clear increase in consumed primary energy due to the electric consumption of the fans. No relationship between the perceived percentage of dissatisfied and perceived climate could be observed. It is concluded that the typical normal operation modus is questionable for seminar rooms in older buildings with variable occupancy and that a simple shut down or semi-automatic user controlled modus by low-cost retrofit seems advantageous. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of resilience on perceived chronic stress in undergraduate psychology students
Lenz, Hannah; Steffgen, Georges UL

Poster (2019, September 26)

The purpose of this exploratory study was to analyze the relationship between academic stressors and chronic stress in undergraduate psychology students, and to identify whether resilience and/or social ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this exploratory study was to analyze the relationship between academic stressors and chronic stress in undergraduate psychology students, and to identify whether resilience and/or social support function as mediators amid this relationship. Students from the University of Luxembourg and the University of Trier (N = 152) were recruited to fill out an online questionnaire consisting of the Trier inventory of chronic stress (Schulz et al., 2004), the resilience scale (Leppert et al., 2008), the perceived social support scale (Kliem et al., 2015), and five dimensions of academic stressors (Herbst et al., 2016). Results show a positive correlation between academic stressors and chronic stress. Multiple regression analysis prove that neither gender, home university, additional occupation nor social support are significant predictors of chronic stress. Compared to academic stressors and resilience, which account for more than 56% of the variance of students’ experienced chronic stress. Furthermore, academic stressors and chronic stress are mediated by resilience but not by perceived social support. The implications of the findings are discussed in terms of their relevance for the development of intervention programs against chronic stress of undergraduate students. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical activity of children and adolescents in Luxembourg during school, physical education and leisure time: An accelerometry-based study
Eckelt, Melanie UL; Bund, Andreas UL; Hutmacher, Djenna UL et al

Poster (2019, September 13)

Objectives: Due to its great importance for development and health, the physical activity (PA) of children has become a key issue in research over the last decade. Simultaneously, the measurement of PA ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Due to its great importance for development and health, the physical activity (PA) of children has become a key issue in research over the last decade. Simultaneously, the measurement of PA has been strongly improved through the development of user-friendly and reliably working accelerometer, which allow to track PA over several consecutive days in an objective way. Although the benefits of accelerometry are well documented also for children (e.g. Hager et al., 2015), especially cross-national studies such as the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) are still using questionnaires and are focused only on overall or leisure time PA. This study as part of the PALUX project (Physical Activity of Children and Youth in Luxembourg) aims to (1) measure children's daily PA patterns using up-to-date accelerometers while (2) differentiating between PA in school, physical education and leisure time. Methods: In total, 242 children and adolescents (134 girls and 108 boys) aged from 10-18 years from 9 different schools in Luxembourg wore the ActiGraph GT3X-BT- accelerometer at the hip for a period of seven consecutive days. Total time in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was calculated using the cut-of points from Evenson et al. (2008). Time spent in school and physical education were determined based on timetables provided by the schools. Results: Mean overall MVPA of participants over seven consecutive days was 307.6 min, with 98.4 min (32 %) during school time and 190.7 min (62 %) during leisure time. Only 16.7 min (6 %) of the school time MVPA were performed in physical education. Boys had more overall MVPA than girls (367.9 vs. 258.9 min, t(240) = 6.76, p < .01) due to significant differences in all areas considered here (schooltime: t(215) = 6.26, p < .01; leisure time: t(215) = 6.18, p < .01; physical education: t(188) = 3.07, p < .01). Children spent 25.6 min of an average physical education class of 77 min in MVPA, which is 19.71 % and thus much less than the 50 % recommended by the U.S. Department for Health and Human Sciences. Only 0.5% of the participants (1.2% of the boys and 0% of the girls) achieved this value. Discussion: Overall, 25.6 % of the children and adolescents in Luxembourg met WHO's PA guideline of at least 60 min MVPA per day, which is in line with results from other European countries. According to our data, the achieved MVPA is mainly due to leisure time activities, whereas the potential of school and physical education in providing and promoting PA has apparently not been fully exploited yet. The consistency of these findings will be examined in a second survey in 2019 [less ▲]

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See detailDifferences in physical activity among children with physically active and inactive parents
Eckelt, Melanie UL; Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Steffgen, Georges UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, September 13)

Objectives: Parental physical activity is considered as positively related to children´s physical activity (PA; Sallis, Prochaska & Taylor, 2000). Since parents serve as role models, have the potential to ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Parental physical activity is considered as positively related to children´s physical activity (PA; Sallis, Prochaska & Taylor, 2000). Since parents serve as role models, have the potential to influence the health-related behavior and, for instance, to alter a mainly sedentary lifestyle of their children (Beets, Cardinal & Alderman, 2010), the impact of parental PA has become a key issue in research. Many studies report associations between parental PA and the PA behavior of their children, e.g., the direct involvement of the parents in activities with their children is related to increased levels of their PA (Adkins, Sherwood, Story, & Davis, 2004; Beets, Vogel, Chapman, Pitetti, & Cardinal, 2007). However, the mechanisms of parental influence are still poorly understood and besides recent studies are based on self-reported data. Therefore, this study aims to examine if parental PA is related to the subjectively and objectively measured PA of their children. Methods: 237 Luxembourgish children and adolescents (134 girls and 103 boys) aged from 10-18 years participated in the study. Via a digital questionnaire, the children indicated if their mother and father are physically active on a regular basis and if they are active together with their parents. Furthermore, the children and adolescents indicated if they are active at least 60 minutes/ day and if they own a membership in a sports club (MoMo physical activity questionnaire). Additionally, children’s PA behavior was objectively assessed by wearing an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X-BT) for a period of seven consecutive days. Activity was categorized as sedentary, light physical activity or moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) using age-specific thresholds. Results: A multivariate ANOVA revealed significant differences in self-reported physical activity if the mother was physically active (F (2, 166) = 5.4, p < .01). Thus, children reported subjectively higher daily activity duration (p < .05) and more activities in a regular week (p < .01). There was no impact on self-reported PA if the father was active or the children were active with their parents together. Regarding the objective data, there were no significant differences between children with active parents and children with inactive parents. If the parents were active with their children together there were significant differences (F (3, 229) = 3.2, p < .05), thus MVPA per day was higher (p < .05) and the sedentary time was lower (p < .01). Neither subjective nor objective data revealed gender-specific differences. Discussion: In contrast to other studies, only the mother seems to have an influence on the subjective PA behavior of the children. The fact, that parents being active or in a sports club does not appear to enhance the PA of the children objectively. However, the objective PA is merely affected by being active together. According to this finding, joint activities of parents and children seem to be necessary to promote children’s PA effectively. It is important to note that in our study the parental PA was rated by the children. In future studies, parents should be included via self-report questionnaires and/or accelerometer. [less ▲]

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See detailHow is parental activity related to children's physical activity behavior?
Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Eckelt, Melanie UL; Bund, Andreas UL et al

Poster (2019, July 18)

Objectives: Social support from parents is considered a primary influence of youth’ physical activity (PA; Beets, Cardinal & Alderman, 2010). However, the mechanisms of parental influence are still poorly ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Social support from parents is considered a primary influence of youth’ physical activity (PA; Beets, Cardinal & Alderman, 2010). However, the mechanisms of parental influence are still poorly understood. As the theory of planned behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1985) is a well-supported theoretical framework to study youth’ engaging in PA, this study wants to investigate if an increased PA of the parents is enhancing the PA of their children and is related to different constructs of the TPB. Method: 264 students (52,6% females) from 11 to 21 years participated in the study. Via a digital questionnaire the students indicated if they are active at least 60 minutes a day, if their mother and father is physically active on a regular basis and if they are active together with their parents. Regarding the TPB, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intentions towards PA were assessed (Hagger, Chatzisarantis, Culverhouse & Biddle, 2003). Results: A multivariate ANOVA revealed that children reported higher PA rates, more intense attitudes and higher subjective norms towards PA when the father was physically active and when being active together with their parents. However, the perceived behavioral control was higher when children indicated that their mother was physically active. Discussion: As expected, results suggest that the reported PA of parents are related to the self-reported PA of children, and furthermore to the different constructs of the TPB. Especially fathers seem to be an important role model regarding PA, attitudes and subjective norms toward PA. [less ▲]

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See detailOverestimation of physical activity among young people: Does age and gender play a role?
Eckelt, Melanie UL; Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Steffgen, Georges UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, June 22)

Background and purpose: Due to the continuous decrease of physical activity (PA) of people in industrialized countries (Kohl et al., 2012), PA behavior and its psychological foundations has become a key ... [more ▼]

Background and purpose: Due to the continuous decrease of physical activity (PA) of people in industrialized countries (Kohl et al., 2012), PA behavior and its psychological foundations has become a key issue in health-related research. Studies show that most people tend to overesti-mate their habitual PA (Skender et al., 2016), however, there is very little research on the role of demographic variables in this respect. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether age and/or gender affect the (over)estimation of PA among children and adolescents. Methods: Data of 75 students (38 girls and 37 boys, 10 to 18 years) of various primary and sec-ondary schools were randomly included in the study. Habitual PA was assessed through an online self-report questionnaire (Schmidt et al., 2017) as well as by wearing an accelerometer (Acti-Graph GT3X-BT) over seven consecutive days. A multiple regression analysis was used to ana-lyze the impact of age and gender on the accuracy of PA estimation. Results: The students reported being active for at least 60 minutes on average on 4,0 ± 2,1 days per week, whereas the accelerometer data verify only 1,8 ± 1,6 days per week. Thus, a majority of 76% of the children and adolescents overestimated and 9% underestimated their PA. Almost 15% were correct in their PA estimation. However, results of the regression analysis indicate neither an effect of age ( = .003, p > .1) nor of gender ( = -.070, p > .1). Conclusions: Overestimation of PA is common not only among adults but also among children and adolescents. However, this misperception appears to be independent of age and gender, at least in the age group considered here. Future studies should examine further demographic and psychological variables in order to explain why most of the people significantly overestimate their habitual PA. [less ▲]

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See detailIs the effect of workplace bullying exposure on subjective well-being mediated through the frustration of the need for relatedness? A longitudinal six-wave study.
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Scientific Conference (2019, May 30)

Workplace bullying is a serious phenomenon that has serious detrimental effects on victim’s health, attitudes, and work-related behavior. Drawing on self-determination theory, we propose that bullying ... [more ▼]

Workplace bullying is a serious phenomenon that has serious detrimental effects on victim’s health, attitudes, and work-related behavior. Drawing on self-determination theory, we propose that bullying exposure thwarts employee’s need for relatedness with the result of decreased well-being. Studies examining these mechanisms used either a cross-sectional design (Trépanier et al., 2013) or a longitudinal design with (not theoretically justified) long time intervals (i.e., 12-month time lag; Trépanier et al., 2015). Therefore, the aim of our study was to test this mediation in a longitudinal design with much shorter time intervals (i.e. monthly), whether to see if the bullying exposure also shows short-term effects on well-being. A six-wave online survey design with monthly time lag was employed and data were collected among U.S. employees. The sample consists of 1,595 respondents (55.8% females, n=890, ageM = 36.9, ageSD =10.3). Workplace bullying exposure was assessed with the S-NAQ (Notelaers et al., 2018), frustration of the need for relatedness with the Psychological Needs Thwarting Scale (Bartholomew et al., 2011) and well-being with the WHO-5 well-being-index (Topp et al., 2015). Cross-lagged mediation analysis within a structural equation modeling framework confirmed the mediation model: Bullying exposure was significantly related to a change in frustration of relatedness and frustration of relatedness was significantly related to a change in well-being across all waves. The study findings advance the field through showing that bullying exposure has not only a long-term effect on well-being but also a short one, and that this effect is mediated through the frustration of relatedness. [less ▲]

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See detailMotivationsregulation im Sportunterricht und ihre Relevanz für die körperliche Aktivität in der Freizeit
Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Eckelt, Melanie UL; Bund, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, May 30)

Hintergrund: Angesichts der kontinuierlichen Abnahme der körperlichen Aktivität von Kindern und Jugendlichen erweist sich die Stärkung der Motivation im Sportunterricht als ein bedeutsamer Ansatz zur ... [more ▼]

Hintergrund: Angesichts der kontinuierlichen Abnahme der körperlichen Aktivität von Kindern und Jugendlichen erweist sich die Stärkung der Motivation im Sportunterricht als ein bedeutsamer Ansatz zur Sportaktivierung (Standage, Duda, & Ntoumanis, 2005). Die Selbstbestimmungstheorie (Deci & Ryan, 2000) postuliert, dass ein eher intrinsischer Regulationstyp sowie ein autonomie-förderndes Klima im Sportunterricht die Intention körperlicher Aktivität steigern. Basierend auf dem trans-kontextuellen Modell (Hagger, Chatzisarantis, Culverhouse, & Biddle, 2003) wird in der vorliegenden Studie geprüft, ob der motivationale Regulationstyp aus dem Sportunterricht selbigen hinsichtlich der körperlichen Aktivität im Freizeitbereich vorhersagen kann. Methode: 264 Schüler von 11 bis 21 Jahren (52.6% Mädchen) aus Luxemburg nahmen an der Studie teil. Neben der Bedürfnisunterstützung (Autonomie, Geselligkeit und Kompetenz; Standage, Duda, & Ntoumis, 2005), dem Regulationstyp im Sportunterricht (BPNES; Vlachopoulos, Ntoumanis, & Smith, 2010) sowie zur körperlichen Aktivität in der Freizeit (BREQ-II; Markland & Tobin, 2004) wurde auch die Intention zu körperlicher Aktivität erfasst (Hagger, et al. 2003). Ergebnisse: Eine SEM-Analyse belegt einen signifikanten Zusammenhang zwischen dem intrinsischen Regulationstyp im Sportunterricht und der intrinsischen Regulation zur körperlichen Aktivität in der Freizeit. Letztere erweist sich hierbei als positiver Prädiktor der Intentionsbildung. Zudem geht die Unterstützung der drei Grundbedürfnisse durch den Sportlehrer mit einer signifikant höheren intrinsischen Regulation sowie niedrigeren Amotivation im Sportunterricht einher. Schlussfolgerung: Die Befunde zeigen auf, dass ein intrinsischer Regulationstyp im Sportunterricht kontextübergreifend mit dem Regulationstyp im Freizeitbereich zusammenhängt, welcher wiederum die Aktivitätsintention erhöht. Die Implikationen dieser Befunde für den Sportunterricht werden im Rahmen des Vortrags diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailCompetence support in physical education: a predictor towards a more self-determined physical activity behavior?
Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Eckelt, Melanie UL; Bund, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, May 22)

Objectives: Given a widespread continuous decrease in children’s and adolescents’ physical activity (PA), the potential of physical education (PE) in promoting young people’s PA motivation and behavior ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Given a widespread continuous decrease in children’s and adolescents’ physical activity (PA), the potential of physical education (PE) in promoting young people’s PA motivation and behavior has become a key issue. Research in line with the trans-contextual model highlights the support of perceived autonomy in PE as a significant predictor for self-determined PA behavior in a leisure-time (LT) context (Hagger et al., 2003). However, the impact of competence and relatedness support still remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the role of support during PE, differentiated into three basic needs for behavioral regulation in PE and LT. It was expected that, in addition to perceived autonomy, competence and relatedness would be relevant predictors. Method: 244 students (139 girls) from Luxembourg, ranging from 11 to 21 years, participated in the study. Via a digital questionnaire, the scales need support (perceived autonomy, competence and relatedness; Standage, Duda, & Ntoumanis, 2005), basic needs (BPNES; Vlachopoulos, Ntoumanis, & Smith, 2010), and external and intrinsic motivation in PE (PLOC-R; Vlachopoulos et al., 2011) as well as in LT (BREQ-II; Markland & Tobin, 2004) were applied in the classroom. With regard to the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985), the attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and intentions toward PA were assessed (Hagger et al., 2003). Results: A SEM analysis showed that competence support in PE was the major predictor for self-determined behavior in PE, while perceived autonomy produced mixed findings. Relatedness support had a negative effect on external regulated behavior in PE. In accordance with the assumptions of the trans-contextual model, similar behavioral regulations in PE and LT were found. Furthermore, a more self-determined behavior in LT predicted higher attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control towards PA, which increased the intention of doing sports. Discussion: Results suggest that the children’s perceived support of competence from the teacher during PE is an important factor to increase self-determined PA behavior. Further intervention programs may focus on improving the perception of competence during PE in order to increase motivation. In addition, these findings underline the importance for future research to consider the different roles of perceived support of competence, autonomy and relatedness in PE. [less ▲]

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See detail5. Forschungsbericht zur Weiterentwicklung des Arbeitsqualitätsindexes in Luxemburg
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

Der „Quality of Work Index Luxembourg“ (QoW)-Survey, der von der Universität Luxemburg und der luxemburgischen Chambre des Salariés konzipiert wurde (Steffgen, Kohl, 2013; Sischka, Steffgen, 2015, 2016 ... [more ▼]

Der „Quality of Work Index Luxembourg“ (QoW)-Survey, der von der Universität Luxemburg und der luxemburgischen Chambre des Salariés konzipiert wurde (Steffgen, Kohl, 2013; Sischka, Steffgen, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019), wurde 2018 zum sechsten Mal durchgeführt. Ziel des Surveys ist es, die erlebte Arbeitssituation und -qualität luxemburgischer Arbeitnehmer zu erfassen. Der vorliegende Bericht dokumentiert die psychometrische Testung der Güte des aktuellen Erhebungsinstruments. In einem ersten Schritt erfolgt eine Beschreibung der Befragungsumstände sowie eine demographische Beschreibung der Stichprobe. Da die Erhebung 2018 als Mixed-Mode-Design – telefonische als auch Online-Befragung – durchgeführt wurde, wird auch analysiert, ob Stichprobenunterschiede zwischen den beiden Erhebungsmodi auftreten. Außerdem wird geklärt, ob es hinsichtlich demographischer Eigenschaften der Befragten, hinsichtlich der QoW-Skalen oder hinsichtlich verschiedener Well-Being-Maße zu systematischen Ausfällen seit der letzten Welle gekommen ist. Dann werden die Items der QoW- und Well-Being-Skalen auf fehlende Werte untersucht und es erfolgt eine Beschreibung der Items mittels verteilungsbeschreibender Maßzahlen und Balkendiagramme. In einem nächsten Schritt werden die Skalen mittels verschiedener Reliabilitätsstatistiken (Cronbach’s Alpha, Korrelationsanalysen der Items) sowie Koeffizienten zur Beschreibung der Skalenverteilung überprüft. Außerdem werden die Zusammenhänge der Skalen mittels Korrelationsanalysen überprüft. Im Anschluss daran wird die unterstellte Faktorenstruktur mittels konfirmatorischer Faktoren-analysen getestet. Die QoW-Skalen werden außerdem auf verschiedene Well-Being-Skalen regressiert, um deren Relevanz für den QoW-Index zu prüfen. Ebenso werden einige Längsschnitt-Regressionsanalysen durchgeführt, um zu überprüfen ob einige Arbeitsbedingungen längerfristige Effekte auf das Well-Being der Arbeitnehmer aufweisen. Die QoW-Befragung 2018 hat außerdem das Schwerpunktthema „Work-Life-Balance“ behandelt. Die Güte der Skalen zu diesem Thema wird ebenfalls geprüft. Im Anschluss werden dann Korrelationen mit den QoW- und Well-Being-Skalen berechnet. Abschließend wird das gesamte Erhebungsinstrument zusammenfassend diskutiert und Emp-fehlungen bezüglich zukünftiger Befragungen gegeben. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotion Regulation Difficulties in Adolescents with ADHD and/or Dyslexia
Battistutta, Layla UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Poster (2019, April 26)

Objectives: ADHD is commonly associated with emotion regulation (ER) problems. Although around 10-45% of adolescents with ADHD also present with specific learning disorders such as dyslexia, studies on ER ... [more ▼]

Objectives: ADHD is commonly associated with emotion regulation (ER) problems. Although around 10-45% of adolescents with ADHD also present with specific learning disorders such as dyslexia, studies on ER in dyslexia or comorbid cases of ADHD/dyslexia remain limited. The aim was to examine potential differences in ER abilities between 11 to 16-year-old adolescents diagnosed with ADHD, dyslexia as well as comorbid dyslexia/ADHD. Method: Preliminary data from an ongoing research project was analyzed for 3 diagnostic groups (AD(H)D: n=15; dyslexia: n=12; dyslexia/AD(H)D: n=9) paired on age (F<1, n.s.), gender (X2(2)=0.68, p=.71) and IQ (F<1, n.s.). ER was investigated experimentally using a frustration inducing task (Behavioral Indicator of Resiliency to Distress; BIRD; Lejuez et al., 2006) while assessing adolescents’ subjective positive and negative affect before and after the task (PANAS-C; Laurent et al., 1999). Additionally, adolescents completed questionnaires on alexithymia (AQC, Rieffe, Oosterveld & Terwogt, 2006) and difficulties in ER (DERS-SF; Kaufman et al., 2016). Results: Preliminary findings showed a significant effect of time (F(1,33)=6.46, p=.02, n2=.16) with higher negative affect reported after the task and a marginal diagnostic group effect (F(2,33)=3.05, p=.06, n2=.16) showing marginally higher negative affect for the comorbid group compared to the dyslexia group (p=.06). Marginally significant group differences (F(2, 33)=3.21, p=.05, n2=.16) also showed higher alexithymia scores for the comorbid group compared to the dyslexia group (p=.06) but alexithymia and post-task negative affect were not found to be correlated (r=.25, p=.13). No differences in self-reported ER difficulties were found (F(2,33)=2.52, p=.10, n2=.13) between the three diagnostic groups. Conclusion: These preliminary findings indicate that, compared to a single diagnosis of dyslexia, a dyslexia/ADHD comorbidity might potentially entail less developed ER skills. The ongoing data collection (bigger sample, control group) will help to further elucidate these tentative results in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailWeshalb wechseln Arbeitnehmer ihren Arbeitgeber?
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

4,4% der Befragten des Quality of Work Survey hat zwischen den Erhebungen 2017 und 2018 den Arbeitgeber gewechselt. Vor allem die jüngsten Arbeitnehmer (16 bis 24 Jahre) sowie Arbeitnehmer mit einer ... [more ▼]

4,4% der Befragten des Quality of Work Survey hat zwischen den Erhebungen 2017 und 2018 den Arbeitgeber gewechselt. Vor allem die jüngsten Arbeitnehmer (16 bis 24 Jahre) sowie Arbeitnehmer mit einer befristeten Arbeitsstelle wechselten eher ihren Arbeitgeber. Je geringer Partizipation und Feedback, je höher Mobbing, und je geringer Einkommenszufriedenheit, Ausbildungs- und Beförderungsmöglichkeiten ausfallen, desto höher die Wahrscheinlichkeit eines Arbeitgeberwechsels. Arbeitnehmer, die den Arbeitgeber gewechselt haben, weisen dann im Mittel einen Zuwachs an Wohlbefinden auf. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (4 UL)
See detailLerneffekte interaktiver Medien bei Kindern und Jugendlichen
Melzer, André UL; Happ, Christian; Steffgen, Georges UL

Report (2019)

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Full Text
See detail4. Forschungsbericht zur Weiterentwicklung des Arbeitsqualitätsindexes in Luxemburg
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

Der Survey zu dem „Quality of Work Index Luxembourg“ (QoW), der von der Universität Luxemburg und der luxemburgischen Chambré des Salariés entwickelt wurde (Steffgen, Kohl, 2013; Sischka, Steffgen, 2015 ... [more ▼]

Der Survey zu dem „Quality of Work Index Luxembourg“ (QoW), der von der Universität Luxemburg und der luxemburgischen Chambré des Salariés entwickelt wurde (Steffgen, Kohl, 2013; Sischka, Steffgen, 2015, 2016, 2017), wurde 2017 bereits zum fünften Mal mittels einer telefonischen Befragung durchgeführt. Ziel des Index ist es, die erlebte Arbeitssituation und -qualität luxemburgischer Arbeitnehmer zu erfassen. Der vorliegende Bericht dokumentiert die psychometrische Testung der Güte des aktuellen Erhebungsinstruments. Dazu erfolgt zunächst eine Beschreibung der für die Skalen genutzten Items, die Überprüfung der internen Konsistenz der jeweiligen Skala mittels verschiedener Reliabilitätsstatistiken (Cronbach’s Alpha, Korrelationsanalysen der Items) sowie Koeffizienten zur Beschreibung der Skalenverteilung. Konfirmatorische Faktorenanalysen dienen dazu, zu testen, ob die Items auf den a priori festgelegten Faktoren laden und ob sich die unterstellte Faktorenstruktur auch in den Daten zeigt. Außerdem werden die Zusammenhänge der Skalen mittels Korrelationsanalysen über-prüft. Die QoW-Skalen werden außerdem auf verschiedene Well-Being-Skalen regressiert, um deren Relevanz für den QoW-Index zu prüfen. Da der QoW Survey teilweise als Panelbefragung durchgeführt wird, wird außerdem geklärt, ob es hinsichtlich demographischer Eigenschaften der Befragten, hinsichtlich der QoW-Skalen oder hinsichtlich verschiedener Well-Being-Maße zu systematischen Ausfällen seit der letzten Welle gekommen ist. Ebenso werden einige Längsschnitt-Regressionsanalysen gerechnet, um zu überprüfen, ob einige Arbeitsbedingungen längerfristige Effekte auf das Well-Being der Arbeitnehmer aufweisen. Die QoW-Befragung 2017 hat außerdem das Schwerpunktthema „Digitalisierung“ behandelt. Die Themenblöcke werden mittels Latenter Profile-Analysen untersucht. Im Anschluss wird überprüft ob sich die extrahierten Profile hinsichtlich der QoW- und der Well-Being-Skalen unterscheiden. Abschließend wird das gesamte Erhebungsinstrument zusammenfassend diskutiert und Empfehlungen bezüglich der weiteren Entwicklung der Skalen gegeben. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailGender differences with regard to physical activity motivation and behavior in physical education and leisure time
Hutmacher, Djenna UL; Eckelt, Melanie UL; Bund, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, January)

Objectives: Given a widespread continuous decrease in children’s and adoles-cents’ physical activity (PA), the potential of physical education (PE) in promoting young people’s PA motivation and behavior ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Given a widespread continuous decrease in children’s and adoles-cents’ physical activity (PA), the potential of physical education (PE) in promoting young people’s PA motivation and behavior has become a key issue in research. Based on the self-determination theory (SDT) of Deci and Ryan (1985), the present study aimed to ex-amine gender differences with regard to PA motivation and behavior during PE and lei-sure time (LT). Previously, girls were found to be more self-determined than boys (Wil-liams & Deci, 1996), but showed lower self-reported PA and were meeting the PA guide-lines of the WHO to a lesser extent (Trost et al., 2002). Method: 244 students (139 girls and 125 boys) from 11 to 21 years participated in the study. PA motivation was assessed via a digital questionnaire containing the scales need support (Standage, Duda and Ntoumanis, 2005), basic needs (BPNES; Vlachopou-los, Ntoumanis & Smith, 2010), external and intrinsic motivation in PE (PLOC-R; Vla-chopoulos et al., 2011) and in LT (BREQ-II; Markland & Tobin, 2004). PA behavior was measured through a self-report questionnaire (Schmidt, Will, Henn, Reimers & Woll, 2016). Additionally, 76 students (38 girls and 38 boys) wore an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X-BT) over seven consecutive days to measure PA behavior objectively, too. Results: With regard to PA motivation, girls reported a lower fulfillment in the basic need of competence during PE and scored higher in the external motivation during PE and LT than boys. In contrast, boys reported higher rates of intrinsic motivation during PE and LT. Concerning PA behavior, boys showed higher PA than girls for self-reported and objectively measured PA in PE and LT. Independently of gender, higher levels of intrinsic motivation were associated with increased self-reported PA. Discussion: In conflict with previous findings, girls reported a lower intrinsic motiva-tion in PA than boys. As girls simultaneously show lower self-reported and objectively measured PA, future intervention programs should focus on strengthening the more in-ternally driven behavior of girls in order to foster regular PA. Key Reference: Deci, E.L. & Ran, R.M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behav-ior. New York: Plenum Press. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Quality of Work Index Luxembourg (QoWIL): A multidimensional approach and its links to well-being at work.
Sischka, Philipp UL; Fernandez de Henestrosa, Martha UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Scientific Conference (2019)

Quality of work is a very often used and complex concept. We will present a new conceptualization of quality of work, compare it with the European Working Conditions Survey framework to measure job ... [more ▼]

Quality of work is a very often used and complex concept. We will present a new conceptualization of quality of work, compare it with the European Working Conditions Survey framework to measure job quality (Eurofund, 2017), and structure it with the help of the Job Demands-Resources model (Bakker & Demerouti, 2017). Based on this conceptualization we developed and validated a new measure of quality of work, the Quality of Work Index – Luxembourg (QoWIL) in three different languages (German, French, Luxembourgish). The QoWIL is composed of 43 items, focusing on four areas of work – work intensity, job design, physical conditions, and social conditions (subdivided in eleven components) – which are particularly important for employees’ well-being. Data were collected via computer-assisted telephone interviews in a representative sample of 1,522 employees working in Luxembourg (aged 17–67 years; 57.2% male). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the proposed factors structure and scalar measurement invariance for the three different language versions. Internal consistencies were satisfactory for all subscales (Cronbach’s α between .70 and .87). Correlations and hierarchical regression analysis with different psychological health measures (i.e., burnout, general well-being, psychosomatic complaints, work satisfaction, vigor) and subjective work performance confirmed the construct validity of the new questionnaire. We conclude that the QoWIL is globally and on the level of the sub-categories an effective tool to measure work quality, which could be used to compare work quality between organizations and different countries. Furthermore, the current study confirms associations between the different components of quality of work and employees health. Therefore, this new tool allows to monitor and to benchmark quality of work and health outcomes and compare them with each other, across gender, age, nationality and work sector. [less ▲]

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See detailErster Forschungsbericht zur Weiterentwicklung der „Enquête concernant la qualité de vie et la motivation au travail“.
Sischka, Philipp UL; Fernandez de Henestrosa, Martha UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

Das Ministère de la Fonction publique et de la Réforme administrative hat 2017 eine Befragung mit dem Titel “Enquête concernant la qualité de vie et la motivation au travail” unter den Mitarbeitern des ... [more ▼]

Das Ministère de la Fonction publique et de la Réforme administrative hat 2017 eine Befragung mit dem Titel “Enquête concernant la qualité de vie et la motivation au travail” unter den Mitarbeitern des öffentlichen Dienstes durchgeführt. Die Universität Luxembourg wurde damit betraut, die psychometrische Qualität des Fragebogens zu prüfen, die Zusammenhänge zwischen den Gruppenvariablen zu untersuchen, die gruppenbezogene Vergleiche vorzulegen, die Befunde mit mit denen anderer Studien zu vergleichen sowie Handlungshinweise zur Optimierung der Arbeitsqualitàt vorzulegen (siehe Convention de recherche entre l‘Université du Luxembourg et le Minsitère de la Fonction Publique et de la Réforme administrative du 24. mai 2018). Entsprechend der Vorgaben der Konvention werden in dem vorliegenden ersten Bericht, die Befunde a) zu der psychometrischen Testung der Güte des aktuellen Erhebungsinstruments (Punkt 2.1.1 der Konvention), b) zu den gruppenbezogenen Vergleiche (Punkt 2.1.3, Satz 1 der Konvention) sowie c) zu den Zusammenängen zwischen den Gruppenvariablen (Punkt 2.1.2 der Konvention) vorgelegt. In einem ersten Schritt erfolgt zunächst eine Beschreibung der Items mittels verteilungsbe-schreibender Maßzahlen und Balkendiagramme, wobei die Items auch auf fehlende Werte un-tersucht werden. Ergebnisse der inhaltlichen und psychometrischen Itemprüfung zeigen, dass der Fragebogen z.T. noch wichtige Entwicklungsfelder aufweist. In einem zweiten Schritt werden exploratorische Faktorenanalysen durchgeführt, um einen Überblick über die Faktorstruktur des Fragebogens zu erhalten. Die Faktoranalysen erfolgen bezogen auf die einzelnen Themenblöcke (Zufriedenheit, Motivation, Wohlbefinden, Arbeits-bedingungen). Auf Basis der identifizierten Faktorstruktur wurden geeignete Items aus den vier Bereichen zu 17 Skalen zusammengefasst. In einem dritten Schritt erfolgt eine Analyse der internen Konsistenz der neu gebildeten Skalen. Zudem werden die Inter-Korrelationen dieser Skalen vorgelegt. Befunde zeigen, dass die meisten Skalen akzeptable bis exzellente Reliabilitätskoeffizienten aufweisen. Allerdings lassen sich erhöhte Inter-Korrelationen zwischen einigen Skalen identifizieren, die auf eine vorliegende Redundanz der Skalen deuten. In einem vierten Schritt werden gruppenbezogene Vergleiche hinsichtlich Geschlecht, Alters-gruppen, Beschäftigungssituation, Jahre im öffentlichen Dienst, Gehaltsgruppen, Anzahl Zusammenfassung II zugeordneter Mitarbeiter sowie Länge des Arbeitswegs zu den neu gebildeten Skalen durchgeführt und die Befunde präsentiert. Beispielsweise zeigen Mitarbeiter mit den wenigsten Jahren im öffentlichen Dienst tendenziell günstigere Werte hinsichtlich der vier Themenblöcke auf. In einem fünften Schritt werden Regressionsanalysen durchgeführt, um Zusammenhänge zwischen den Gruppenvariablen, Arbeitsbedingungen und den einzelnen Themenblöcken zu veranschaulichen. Die Befunde verdeutlichen, dass Zufriedenheit, Motivation und Wohl-befinden mit verschiedenen Arbeitsbedingungen assoziiert sind. In einem abschließenden Schritt wird das gesamte Erhebungsinstrument zusammenfassend diskutiert und Empfehlungen bezüglich der weiteren Entwicklung des Fragebogens und der Skalen gegeben. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 UL)