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See detailModular Support Toolkit for Teachers
Scheuer, Claude UL; Heck, Sandra UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

In the frame of the BMC-EU project (Basic motor competencies in Europe), a support framework and a modular support toolkit on the basis of the concept of basic motor competences and the results of the ... [more ▼]

In the frame of the BMC-EU project (Basic motor competencies in Europe), a support framework and a modular support toolkit on the basis of the concept of basic motor competences and the results of the data collection in phase 1 of the project was developed as part of intellectual output 3. The aim of this toolkit is to be implemented mainly at the level of regular physical education lessons to initiate adaptations regarding the content and methods in physical education instruction. In a first step, the support framework was developed for getting from the diagnosis of the students’ basic motor competencies and the strengths and weaknesses identified in the assessment to concrete interventions. Based on this framework, supportive handouts in form of a modular support toolkit were developed, ready to be implemented in concrete educational situations to support students with additional needs in basic motor competencies. The modular support toolkit includes guidelines for the interpretation of MOBAK (Motorische Basiskompetenzen; German for basic motor competencies) test results, the MOBAK support framework, a glossary, as well as the modular support toolkit with materials for physical education teachers in the form of MOBAK task description cards and MOBAK activity cards based on principles of variation and on a competence-oriented approach. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic Competence of Physical Education Teachers
Heck, Sandra UL; Scheuer, Claude UL

in Peters, Michael A. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Teacher Education (2019)

Diagnostic competence is considered as a central aspect of teacher competence. It generally aims at specifying the needs for support and linking them with pedagogical didactical measures (Niederkofler et ... [more ▼]

Diagnostic competence is considered as a central aspect of teacher competence. It generally aims at specifying the needs for support and linking them with pedagogical didactical measures (Niederkofler et al. 2018; Schrader 2013). Facing the heterogeneity of learning groups, teachers’ diagnostic competences in assessing students’ characteristics and potential are becoming increasingly relevant. The ability to judge students’ prerequisites adequately is generally seen as a vital basis for an instruction adapted to students’ abilities. Up to now, diagnostic competences are considered as a core aspect of teachers’ expertise. While diagnostic competence includes measures of diagnostic accuracy, related to level, rank, and differentiation, it is not determined by a single ability. It, for instance, also embraces the judgment of requirements of learning materials as an essential element for initiating successful learning processes. The better the diagnostic competence is, the better the difficulty of tasks and materials are estimated. This is not only relevant for lesson preparation but also during a lesson while judging scenarios adequately and consequently adapting teaching and learning processes (Ohle and McElvany 2015; Schrader 2013). [less ▲]

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See detailEthical Aspects in Teaching Physical Education
Scheuer, Claude UL; Thill, Jean-Luc

in Peters, Michael A. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Teacher Education (2019)

Physical Education in schools can contribute positively to children and young people’s development in many ways. Besides the important contribution that Physical Education has on physical and motor ... [more ▼]

Physical Education in schools can contribute positively to children and young people’s development in many ways. Besides the important contribution that Physical Education has on physical and motor development, it can also be an important vehicle for cognitive, personal, social, and emotional development too. Such development is enhanced through informed thinking, caring, and enlightened Physical Education teaching by teachers who are operating within an ethical framework of good practice. Children and young people, as well as their families, should have every confidence that when in school Physical Education teachers treat learners with respect and understanding. Thus, it is of primordial importance that Physical Education teachers promote good practice and procedures by complying to values-related principles while being ever vigilant and aware of their responsibilities toward the children and young people in their care. In this entry, we explore ethical practice in Physical Education from the perspective of ethical teaching and the role the subject can play in contribution to the development of ethical awareness in children and young people. [less ▲]

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See detailSchola Ludens Europaea - Papers Dedicated to Roland Naul
Scheuer, Claude UL; Dreiskämper, Dennis

Book published by Meyer & Meyer (2019)

This collection of essays celebrates the 70th birthday of Professor Roland Naul. The chapters, written by colleagues and friends, illustrate the development of sport and physical activity research over ... [more ▼]

This collection of essays celebrates the 70th birthday of Professor Roland Naul. The chapters, written by colleagues and friends, illustrate the development of sport and physical activity research over four decades. They give an overview and update of relevant fields that determined the academic work of Roland Naul and new insights. Chapters have been grouped under the following aspects: Roland Naul as Schola Ludens Europaea, with a focus on his special fields of interest and research; general education and sport education including the relationship between sport pedagogy and social pedagogy; old and new challenges for the Olympic Games movement, as described from the perspective of different countries; health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA), a key policy area which Roland Naul has helped shape in the European Union; and finally, sport policy on a local level. This commemorative publication acknowledges the merits of Roland Naul for European studies in physical education and youth sports, as well as for the sport policy context in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailThe challenge of HEPA for physical education in Europe
Scheuer, Claude UL

in Scheuer, Claude; Dreiskämper, Dennis (Eds.) Schola Ludens Europaea - papers Dedicated to Roland Naul (2019)

One of the priorities on the political agenda related to sport in the EU over the past years has been health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA). This political priority impacts also physical education (PE ... [more ▼]

One of the priorities on the political agenda related to sport in the EU over the past years has been health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA). This political priority impacts also physical education (PE) as the only school subject where all students are physically active, in a sense that international recommendations on daily physical activity can at least be partly reached. In turn, European associations focusing on PE face challenges to address the priority of HEPA as part of their respective missions. However, HEPA can be considered as a chance for these associations to raise their profile and the profile of PE as a school subject when accentuating their potential to promote HEPA in school settings. In the following, this chapter will focus on HEPA as a relevant political priority for PE in Europe, before focusing on two European associations active in the field of PE: the European Physical Education Association (EUPEA) and the European Council for Physical Education and Youth Sport (CEREPS, Conseil Européen des Recherches en Éducation Physique et Sportive). Roland Naul is an individual member of EUPEA and a founding member of CEREPS. Furthermore, the Willibald-Gebhardt Institute is an institution member of both EUPEA and CEREPS. [less ▲]

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See detailErasmus+-funded HEPA: Promoting projects in Europe
Scheuer, Claude UL; Repond, Rose-Marie; Holzweg, Martin

in Scheuer, Claude; Dreiskämper, Dennis (Eds.) Schola Ludens Europaea - Papers Dedicated to Roland Naul (2019)

The European Physical Education Association (EUPEA) was founded in 1991 in Brussels and brings together as the umbrella organization of the national Physical Education Associations in Europe members from ... [more ▼]

The European Physical Education Association (EUPEA) was founded in 1991 in Brussels and brings together as the umbrella organization of the national Physical Education Associations in Europe members from more than 30 European countries Europe. The mission of EUPEA is focusing on the promotion of and the advocacy for physical education in Europe, described in the Declaration of Madrid from 1991, amended in Brussels 2011, with the main slogan ‘No Education without Physical Education’. From 2014 to 2015, EUPEA started its activities in European projects in two Preparatory Actions for European Partnerships on Sport: ● The Pro Safe Sport project (PSS) coordinated by the Enlarged Partial Agreement for Sport (EPAS) of the Council of Europe, elaborating guidance, recommendations and training to sport administrators and coaches on physical, psychological and social well-being in sport. ● Recall: Games of the Past – Sports for Today, a project coordinated by TAFISA and supported by 12 partner organizations coming from all over Europe, aiming to reintroduce traditional sports and games into the daily lives of young people as a means to tackle social challenges of today. Since the implementation of the new Erasmus+ programme by the European Commission in 2014, one of EUPEA’s core strategies to implement its mission is to participate in European projects based on collaborative partnerships. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnosis and Monitoring of Basic Motor Competencies among Third-Graders in Luxembourg. An Assessment Tool for Teachers
Scheuer, Claude UL; Bund, Andreas UL; Herrmann, Christian

in Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science (2019), 23(3), 258-271

Basic motor competencies (in German: Motorische Basiskompetenzen; MOBAK) are performance dispositions empowering children to participate in the movement culture. For the diagnosis of basic motor ... [more ▼]

Basic motor competencies (in German: Motorische Basiskompetenzen; MOBAK) are performance dispositions empowering children to participate in the movement culture. For the diagnosis of basic motor competencies, a test instrument consisting of 15 test items for assessing third graders’ basic motor competencies was developed (MOBAK-LUX-3) and validated empirically. Basic motor competencies were operationalized as test items in the form of basic motor qualifications, which are cultural tools formulated as a minimum standard. Data (MOBAK-LUX-3, age, gender, migration background, weight, height, sport club membership, weekly physical activity) were collected in 2015 amongst third-graders in elementary school in Luxembourg (N = 488; 50.4% female; M age = 8.8 years, SD = .51). A confirmatory factor analysis confirmed a four-factor structure (locomotion, object control, moving in water, object locomotion; CFI = .94; TLI = .92; RMSEA = .036; WRMR = 0.89). Five classes with different competence profiles were determined through latent class analysis. The MOBAK-LUX-3 test instrument satisfies test theory requirements and can be used to determinate motor competence profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailMotor tests for primary school aged children: A systematic review
Scheuer, Claude UL; Herrmann, Christian; Bund, Andreas UL

in Journal of Sports Sciences (2019)

Motor testing in education has gained in relevance in light of recent developments in educational systems (Köller & Baumert, 2012). The purpose of this systematic review was to identify studies using ... [more ▼]

Motor testing in education has gained in relevance in light of recent developments in educational systems (Köller & Baumert, 2012). The purpose of this systematic review was to identify studies using motor tests in primary school children aged 4 to 12 years and to synthetize information about the quality and application of the test instruments used. A systematic review of 910 records identified by a search of nine databases yielded 144 papers reporting motor testing in primary school age children,including 25 articles reporting on the quality of 20 test instruments. In the selected articles, tests grounded on the constructs of “motor abilities” and/or “motor skills” are the most frequent and are mostly used for monitoring purposes or for impact research. Tests based on the construct “motor competencies” have become popular only recently, being relevant for educational motor testing due to their curricular validity. The test instruments have been investigated towards their validity and reliability to different extents. However, for several test instruments factorial validity has not been established and more validation studies are needed to improve their psychometric quality especially if used in educational contexts. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical Education and Teacher Education in Luxembourg
Scheuer, Claude UL

in MacPhail, Anne; Tannehill, Deborah; Avsar, Züleyah (Eds.) European Physical Education Teacher Education Practices: Initial, Induction, and Professional Development (2019)

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See detailA review of selected physical education teacher education texts in German (2017-2018)
Scheuer, Claude UL

in International Journal of Physical Education (2019), 56(1), 2-10

This review article is based on research articles in several scientific journals published in German over the past two years (January 2017 to December 2018). Short descriptions of the reviewed journals ... [more ▼]

This review article is based on research articles in several scientific journals published in German over the past two years (January 2017 to December 2018). Short descriptions of the reviewed journals are provided in the review published in IJPE issue 1/2008 (Holzweg, & Budde, 2008) and are not repeated in this article. In total, more than 60 journal issues were reviewed: ten issues of Bewegung & Sport (previously known under the title Bewegungserziehung), eight issues of the German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research (previously known under the title Sportwissenschaft), ten issues of Sportpädagogik, 24 issues of Sportunterricht, eight issues of Zeitschrift für Sportpädagogische Forschung, as well as six issues of Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie. All articles published in the above journals in the respective period relating to physical education teacher education were taken into account in the present review article. The reviewed articles are divided into two categories: one focusing on physical education teachers’ professionalization, and the other focusing on instructional aspects in physical education. [less ▲]

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See detailMotorische Basiskompetenzen Luxemburger Grundschüler und Grundschülerinnen - Ausgewählte Forschungsergebnisse
Scheuer, Claude UL; Bund, Andreas UL

in Luxembourg Center for Educational Testing (LUCET) (Ed.) Nationaler Bildungsbericht (2018)

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See detailCompétences motrices de base des élèves du fondamental au Luxembourg
Scheuer, Claude UL; Bund, Andreas UL

in Rapport national sur l'éducation au Luxembourg 2018 (2018)

L'examen systématique des compétences des élèves prend de plus en plus d'impor-tance dans le domaine de l'éducation. Dans le domaine de l'éducation à la motricité, l'approche MOBAK (Motorische ... [more ▼]

L'examen systématique des compétences des élèves prend de plus en plus d'impor-tance dans le domaine de l'éducation. Dans le domaine de l'éducation à la motricité, l'approche MOBAK (Motorische Basiskompetenzen) s'est imposée dans l'évaluation des compétences motrices de base. Les outils de test MOBAK, développés pour la classe de première (cycle 2.1) et la classe de troisième (cycle 3.1) par l'Université du Luxembourg sur mandat du SCRIPT, sont régulièrement utilisés sur une base volontaire au niveau national depuis l'année scolaire 2014/2015. Les résultats de ces enquêtes montrent qu'environ un tiers des élèves du Luxembourg a besoin de soutien dans au moins une compétence motrice. Les filles réussissent moins bien que les garçons, en particu-lier dans le domaine « Manipulation d'un objet ». [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent Challenges for Physical Education. Keynotes, Invited Symposia and Selected Contributions of the 12th FIEP European Congress
Scheuer, Claude UL; Bund, Andreas UL; Holzweg, Martin

Book published by Logos Verlag (2018)

At the 12th FIEP European Congress in Luxembourg, leading researchers and educationalists from all over Europe and beyond addressed current challenges and developments in the field of physical education ... [more ▼]

At the 12th FIEP European Congress in Luxembourg, leading researchers and educationalists from all over Europe and beyond addressed current challenges and developments in the field of physical education. The present book includes contributions from all keynote speakers, as well as from the invited symposia hosted by international umbrella organizations, such as FIEP, the International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education (ICSSPE), the European Physical Education Association (EUPEA), the European Primary Physical Education Network (EPPEN) or the International Federation for Adapted Physical Activity (IFAPA). Furthermore, selected contributions to the parallel oral sessions and the FIEP New Leaders Program were included. All the contributions focus on the following congress key topics: • Physical Education in Early Childhood and Primary Education • Physical Education in Secondary Education • Physical Literacy • Physical Education Teacher Education • Physical Education and Physical Activity in Active School Communities • Intercultural Learning and Inclusion in Physical Education • Physical Education and New Technologies [less ▲]

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See detailThe vision and mission of CEREPS, a European council of research in physical education and physical activity
Scheuer, Claude UL; Naul, Roland

in Scheuer, Claude; Bund, Andreas; Holzweg, Martin (Eds.) Current Challenges for Physical Education. Keynotes, Invited Symposia and Selected Contributions of the 12th FIEP European Congress (2018)

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a survey instrument for detecting basic motor competencies in elementary school children
Scheuer, Claude UL; Bund, Andreas UL; Becker, Werner et al

in Cogent Education (2017)

Basic motor competencies (in German: Motorische Basiskompetenzen; MOBAK) are motor performance dispositions formulated as minimum standards that empower children to participate in the culture of human ... [more ▼]

Basic motor competencies (in German: Motorische Basiskompetenzen; MOBAK) are motor performance dispositions formulated as minimum standards that empower children to participate in the culture of human movement. In opposition to movement-specific and process-oriented fundamental movement skills assessing the quality of movement execution, basic motor competencies are context-specific and product-oriented and focus on the mastery of minimum motor demands. Consequently, the promotion of basic motor competencies is a central goal of physical education, as they are essential prerequisites to be able to develop a physically active lifestyle. For the diagnosis of basic motor competencies, teachers need valid survey instruments that can help them to adapt their didactic-methodical action. For this purpose, a test battery for the assessment of the basic motor competencies of third graders was developed (MOBAK-3) and subjected to empirical validation (N = 399; 50.4% female; M = 8.45 years, SD = .52). The exploratory structural equation modeling indicates a structure with three factors named “Locomotion,” “Object-control” and “Moving in water”. This structure could be confirmed in the confirmatory factor analysis (CFI = .998; RMSEA = .009) [less ▲]

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See detailMotorische Basisqualifikationen in Luxemburg
Scheuer, Claude UL; Bund, Andreas UL; Rethorst, Sabine et al

Scientific Conference (2015, November)

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See detailA review of the assessment of basic motor qualifications and competencies in school
Herrmann, Christian; Bund, Andreas UL; Gerlach, Erin et al

in International Journal of Physical Education (2015), 52(3), 2-13

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See detailA review of selected physical education teacher education texts in Germen (2013-2014)
Scheuer, Claude UL

in International Journal of Physical Education (2015), 52(1), 10-20

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See detailThe History of Physical Education in Luxembourg
Scheuer, Claude UL

in Zivanovic, Nenad; Pavlovic, Petar; Antala, Branislav (Eds.) et al History of Physical Education in Europe. Volume I (2015)

Physical education was established in Luxembourg in the 19th century by the Germans Euler and Stammer, based on the ideas and conceptions of Spieß. At that time, lessons in gymnastics were first held on ... [more ▼]

Physical education was established in Luxembourg in the 19th century by the Germans Euler and Stammer, based on the ideas and conceptions of Spieß. At that time, lessons in gymnastics were first held on an optional basis (1848), then compulsory for preparatory classes (1860), and finally compulsory for classes of lower secondary school (1892). Back then, Gymnastics were recognized as a subject mainly because of their recreative quality compared to intellectual activities. In 1908/1909, physical education became compulsory in all school grades at all levels. Objectives, content, and methods were inspired by the Belgian example and postulated the rational method of the Swede Per Hendrik Ling. This concept did not experience significant changes until the beginning of the 1970s, when the Ministry of Education defined two major strands in the physical education curriculum: basic activities and sport-oriented activities. This curriculum had different parts for boys and girls, with a focus on traditional cooperative games for boys and rhythm and dance activities for girls. It was only in 1980 that the dualistic, utilitarian, and rational conceptions of the 19th century were replaced by a new curriculum based on actual scientific and pedagogical findings. This process led to a sport-oriented concept – similar to the concepts in place in German-speaking countries at that time – which was implemented in 1985 and remained in place until 2009, considering physical activities with educating, competitive, exhilarant, and prophylactic aims. A new and very innovative curriculum concept was finally implemented in 2009. [less ▲]

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