References of "Schenten, Véronique 50003002"
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See detailRegulation of Neutrophil Degranulation and Cytokine Secretion: A Novel Model Approach Based on Linear Fitting
Naegelen, Isabelle UL; Beaume, Nicolas UL; Plançon, Sébastien UL et al

in Journal of Immunology Research (2015), 2015

Neutrophils participate in the maintenance of host integrity by releasing various cytotoxic proteins during degranulation. Due to recent advances, a major role has been attributed to neutrophil-derived ... [more ▼]

Neutrophils participate in the maintenance of host integrity by releasing various cytotoxic proteins during degranulation. Due to recent advances, a major role has been attributed to neutrophil-derived cytokine secretion in the initiation, exacerbation, and resolution of inflammatory responses. Because the release of neutrophil-derived products orchestrates the action of other immune cells at the infection site and, thus, can contribute to the development of chronic inflammatory diseases, we aimed to investigate in more detail the spatiotemporal regulation of neutrophil-mediated release mechanisms of proinflammatory mediators. Purified human neutrophils were stimulated for different time points with lipopolysaccharide. Cells and supernatants were analyzed by flow cytometry techniques and used to establish secretion profiles of granules and cytokines. To analyze the link between cytokine release and degranulation time series, we propose an original strategy based on linear fitting, which may be used as a guideline, to (i) define the relationship of granule proteins and cytokines secreted to the inflammatory site and (ii) investigate the spatial regulation of neutrophil cytokine release. The model approach presented here aims to predict the correlation between neutrophil-derived cytokine secretion and degranulation and may easily be extrapolated to investigate the relationship between other types of time series of functional processes. [less ▲]

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See detailHind limb unloading, a model of spaceflight conditions, leads to decreased B lymphopoiesis similar to aging
Lescale, Chloé; Schenten, Véronique UL; Djeghloul, Dounia et al

in FASEB Journal (2015), 29(2), 455-63

Within the bone marrow, the endosteal niche plays a crucial role in B-cell differentiation. Because spaceflight is associated with osteoporosis, we investigated whether changes in bone microstructure ... [more ▼]

Within the bone marrow, the endosteal niche plays a crucial role in B-cell differentiation. Because spaceflight is associated with osteoporosis, we investigated whether changes in bone microstructure induced by a ground-based model of spaceflight, hind limb unloading (HU), could affect B lymphopoiesis. To this end, we analyzed both bone parameters and the frequency of early hematopoietic precursors and cells of the B lineage after 3, 6, 13, and 21 d of HU. We found that limb disuse leads to a decrease in both bone microstructure and the frequency of B-cell progenitors in the bone marrow. Although multipotent hematopoietic progenitors were not affected by HU, a decrease in B lymphopoiesis was observed as of the common lymphoid progenitor (CLP) stage with a major block at the progenitor B (pro-B) to precursor B (pre-B) cell transition (5- to 10-fold decrease). The modifications in B lymphopoiesis were similar to those observed in aged mice and, as with aging, decreased B-cell generation in HU mice was associated with reduced expression of B-cell transcription factors, early B-cell factor (EBF) and Pax5, and an alteration in STAT5-mediated IL-7 signaling. These findings demonstrate that mechanical unloading of hind limbs results in a decrease in early B-cell differentiation resembling age-related modifications in B lymphopoiesis. [less ▲]

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See detailGravity changes during animal development affect IgM heavy-chain transcription and probably lymphopoiesis
Huin-Schohn, Cécile UL; Gueguinou, Nathan UL; Schenten, Véronique UL et al

in FASEB Journal (2013), 27(1), 333-341

Our previous research demonstrated that spaceflight conditions affect antibody production in response to an antigenic stimulation in adult amphibians. Here, we investigated whether antibody synthesis is ... [more ▼]

Our previous research demonstrated that spaceflight conditions affect antibody production in response to an antigenic stimulation in adult amphibians. Here, we investigated whether antibody synthesis is affected when animal development occurs onboard a space station. To answer this question, embryos of the Iberian ribbed newt, Pleurodeles waltl, were sent to the International Space Station (ISS) before the initiation of immunoglobulin heavy-chain expression. Thus, antibody synthesis began in space. On landing, we determined the effects of spaceflight on P. waltl development and IgM heavy-chain transcription. Results were compared with those obtained using embryos that developed on Earth. We find that IgM heavy-chain transcription is doubled at landing and that spaceflight does not affect P. waltl development and does not induce inflammation. We also recreated the environmental modifications encountered by the embryos during their development onboard the ISS. This strategy allowed us to demonstrate that gravity change is the factor responsible for antibody heavy-chain transcription modifications that are associated with NF-κB mRNA level variations. Taken together, and given that the larvae were not immunized, these data suggest a modification of lymphopoiesis when gravity changes occur during ontogeny.-Huin-Schohn, C., Guéguinou, N., Schenten, V., Bascove, M., Koch, G. G., Baatout, S., Tschirhart, E., Frippiat, J.-P. Gravity changes during animal development affect IgM heavy-chain transcription and probably lymphopoiesis. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of the Neutrophil NADPH Oxidase and S100A8/A9 in the Pathophysiology of Chronic Inflammation
Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Schenten, Véronique UL; Tschirhart, Eric UL

in Khatami, Mahin (Ed.) Inflammation, Chronic Diseases and Cancer - Cell and Molecular Biology, Immunology and Clinical Bases (2012)

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See detailAn essential role of STIM1, Orai1, and S100A8-A9 proteins for Ca2+ signaling and FcγR-mediated phagosomal oxidative activity
Steinckwich, Natacha; Schenten, Véronique UL; Melchior, Chantal UL et al

in Journal of Immunology (2011), 186(4), 2182-2191

Phagocytosis is a process of innate immunity that allows for the enclosure of pathogens within the phagosome and their subsequent destruction through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS ... [more ▼]

Phagocytosis is a process of innate immunity that allows for the enclosure of pathogens within the phagosome and their subsequent destruction through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Although these processes have been associated with increases of intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations, the mechanisms by which Ca(2+) could regulate the different phases of phagocytosis remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the Ca(2+) signaling pathways involved in the regulation of FcγRs-induced phagocytosis. Our work focuses on IgG-opsonized zymosan internalization and phagosomal ROS production in DMSO-differentiated HL-60 cells and neutrophils. We found that chelation of intracellular Ca(2+) by BAPTA or emptying of the intracellular Ca(2+) store by thapsigargin reduced the efficiency of zymosan internalization. Using an small interfering RNA strategy, our data establish that the observed Ca(2+) release occurs through two isoforms of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptors, ITPR1 and ITPR3. In addition, we provide evidence that phagosomal ROS production is dependent on extracellular Ca(2+) entry. We demonstrate that the observed Ca(2+) influx is supported by ORAI calcium release-activated calcium modulator 1 (Orai1) and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1). This result suggests that extracellular Ca(2+) entry, which is required for ROS production, is mediated by a store-operated Ca(2+) mechanism. Finally, our data identify the complex formed by S100A8 and S100A9 (S100 calcium-binding protein A8 and A9 complex), two Ca(2+)-binding proteins, as the site of interplay between extracellular Ca(2+) entry and intraphagosomal ROS production. Thus, we demonstrate that FcγR-mediated phagocytosis requires intracellular Ca(2+) store depletion for the internalization phase. Then phagosomal ROS production requires extracellular Ca(2+) entry mediated by Orai1/STIM1 and relayed by S100A8-A9 as Ca(2+) sensor. [less ▲]

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See detailSphingosine kinases regulate NOX2 activity via p38 MAPK-dependent translocation of S100A8/A9
Schenten, Véronique UL; Melchior, Chantal UL; Steinckwich, Nathalie et al

in Journal of Leukocyte Biology (2011), 89(4), 587-596

Neutrophils play a fundamental role in host defense by neutralizing pathogens through the generation of ROS by NOX2. In nonexcitable cells, Ca(2+) influx is essentially mediated via SOCE, a complex ... [more ▼]

Neutrophils play a fundamental role in host defense by neutralizing pathogens through the generation of ROS by NOX2. In nonexcitable cells, Ca(2+) influx is essentially mediated via SOCE, a complex mechanism in which depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores from the ER results in Ca(2+) entry through Ca(2+) SOCs at the plasma membrane. In this regard, it is well established that extracellular Ca(2+) entry participates to NOX2 activation. S1P, produced by SphKs, has been involved in Ca(2+) homeostasis and thus, could intervene in NOX2 regulation. The aim of this study was to characterize the importance of SphKs in NOX2 activation and the signaling cascade involved in this mechanism. Treatment of neutrophil-like dHL-60 cells by DHS, a SphK inhibitor, and SphK siRNA inhibited fMLF-induced NOX2 activity. Sequential activation of cells by thapsigargin and the phorbol ester PMA revealed that SphK-regulated NOX2 activity relies on intracellular Ca(2+) store depletion. Confocal microscopy and immunoblot analysis showed that stimulation by thapsigargin and PMA mediated S100A8/A9 recruitment to the plasma membrane and p38 MAPK activation. S100A8/A9 translocation decreased when SphK activity was blocked. This result was confirmed in purified human neutrophils, which were physiologically stimulated by fMLF. In addition, p38 MAPK was found to be regulated by SphKs. These results define a pathway leading to NOX2 activation, in which p38 MAPK-mediated S100A8/A9 translocation is regulated by Ca(2+) store depletion-dependent SphK activation. [less ▲]

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See detailiPLA 2 , a novel determinant in Ca2+ - and phosphorylation-dependent S100A8/A9 regulated NOX2 activity
Schenten, Véronique UL; Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Plançon, Sébastien UL et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Molecular Cell Research (2010), 1803(7), 840-847

The neutrophil NADPH oxidase (NOX2) is a key enzyme responsible for host defense against invading pathogens, via the production of reactive oxygen species. Dysfunction of NOX2 can contribute to ... [more ▼]

The neutrophil NADPH oxidase (NOX2) is a key enzyme responsible for host defense against invading pathogens, via the production of reactive oxygen species. Dysfunction of NOX2 can contribute to inflammatory processes, which could lead to the development of diseases such as atherosclerosis. In this paper, we characterize a pathway leading to NOX2 activation in which iPLA(2)-regulated p38 MAPK activity is a key regulator of S100A8/A9 translocation via S100A9 phosphorylation. Studies in cell-free or recombinant systems involved two Ca2+-binding proteins of the S100 family, namely S100A8 and S100A9, in NOX2 activation dependent on intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) elevation. Using differentiated HL-60 cells as a model of neutrophils, we provide evidence that [Ca2+](i)-regulated S100A8/A9 translocation is mediated by an increase in [Ca2+](i) through intracellular Ca2+ store depletion. Moreover, we confirm that p38 MAPK induces S100A9 phosphorylation, a mandatory precondition for S100 translocation. Based on a pharmacological approach and an siRNA strategy, we identify iPLA(2) as a new molecular player aiding S100 translocation and NOX2 activity. Inhibition of p38 MAPK activity and S100A9 phosphorylation by bromoenol lactone, a selective inhibitor of iPLA(2), indicated that p38 MAPK-mediated S100A9 phosphorylation is dependent on iPLA(2). In conclusion, we have characterized a pathway leading to NOX2 activation in which iPLA(2)-regulated p38 MAPK activity is a key regulator of S100A8/A9 translocation via S100A9 phosphorylation. [less ▲]

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See detailStore-operated Ca2+ channels formed by TRPC1, TRPC6 and Orai1 and non-store-operated channels formed by TRPC3 are involved in the regulation of NADPH oxidase in HL-60 granulocytes
Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Melchior, Chantal UL; Plançon, Sébastien UL et al

in Cell Calcium (2008)

Ca(2+) influx has been shown to be essential for NADPH oxidase activity which is involved in the inflammatory process. Ca(2+) conditions underlying the oxidative response are clearly delineated. Here, we ... [more ▼]

Ca(2+) influx has been shown to be essential for NADPH oxidase activity which is involved in the inflammatory process. Ca(2+) conditions underlying the oxidative response are clearly delineated. Here, we show that store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is required at the beginning of NADPH oxidase activation in response to fMLF (N-formyl-l-methionyl-l-leucyl-l-phenylalanine ) in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells. When extracellular Ca(2+) is initially removed, early addition of Ca(2+) after stimulation causes a complete restoration of Ca(2+) entry and H(2)O(2) production. Both Ca(2+) entry and H(2)O(2) production are decreased by purported SOCE blockers, 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borane (2-APB) and SK&F 96365. Endogenously expressed TRPC (transient receptor potential canonical) homologues and Orai1 were investigated for their role in supporting store-operated Ca(2+) channels activity. TRPC1, TRPC6 and Orai1 knock-out by siRNA resulted in the inhibition of Ca(2+) influx and H(2)O(2) production in response to fMLF and thapsigargin while suppression of TRPC3 had no effect on thapsigargin induced-SOCE. 2-APB and SK&F 96365 were able to amplify the reduction of fMLF-stimulated Ca(2+) entry and H(2)O(2) production observed in cells transfected by TRPC3 siRNA. In summary, Ca(2+) influx in HL-60 cells relies on different membrane TRPC channels and Orai1 for allowing NADPH oxidase activation. TRPC3 primarily mediates SOCE-independent pathways and TRPC1, TRPC6 and Orai1 exclusively contribute to SOCE. [less ▲]

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See detailCa2+-dependent regulation of NOX2 activity via MRP proteins in HL-60 granulocytes
Schenten, Véronique UL; Bréchard, Sabrina UL; Melchior, Chantal UL et al

in Calcium Binding Proteins (2008), 3(1), 25-30

Recently, two proteins of the S100 protein family, the myeloid-related calcium-binding proteins MRP-8 and MRP-14 have been implicated in the Ca2+-induced activation of the neutrophil NADPH oxidase (NOX2 ... [more ▼]

Recently, two proteins of the S100 protein family, the myeloid-related calcium-binding proteins MRP-8 and MRP-14 have been implicated in the Ca2+-induced activation of the neutrophil NADPH oxidase (NOX2) but the mechanism underlying this process remains unclear. In this study, the role of MRP-8/14 in the Ca2+-dependent regulation of NOX2 activity was characterized in neutrophil-like HL-60 cells using small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to knock-down endogenous MRP-8 and/or MRP-14 expression. Real-time PCR and Western blot revealed that MRP-8 and MRP-14 expression was 20 times higher in dimethylsulfoxide-differentiated neutrophil-like HL-60 cells compared to quiescent HL-60 cells. Knock-down of MRP-8 and MRP-14 in differentiated HL-60 cells decreased protein levels by 30 and 45% respectively. The impact of the reduced MRP-8/14 protein expression on NOX2 activity was investigated by measuring fMLF-induced H2O2 production. In cells simultaneously transfected with MRP-8 and MRP14 siRNAs, H2O2 production was reduced by 50%, suggesting that both MRP-8 and MRP-14 are required for NOX2 activity; single knock-downs were inefficient. To elucidate the role of Ca2+ in MRP8/14, and consequently in NOX2 activation, siRNA-transfected cells were treated with the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin prior to stimulation with PMA, a Ca2+-independent protein kinase C activator. PMA-induced H2O2 production was enhanced by ionomycin. This amplification of NOX2 activity was abolished by MRP8/14 knock-down, indicating that both MRP-8 and MRP-14 are necessary to regulate Ca2+-induced NOX2 activation. Taken together, our results suggest that the mechanism of MRPs activation is highly dependent on the increase of intracellular Ca2+ level for a full activation of NOX2. [less ▲]

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