References of "Schafer, Valerie 50030545"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailWomen and ICT: A Time Travel
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2021, March 08)

Presentation of the workshop : To mark the International Day of Women Rights, the University of Luxembourg is organizing an online workshop on Women in Computing. ICT is today one of the most gendered ... [more ▼]

Presentation of the workshop : To mark the International Day of Women Rights, the University of Luxembourg is organizing an online workshop on Women in Computing. ICT is today one of the most gendered-divided fields. Gendered stereotypes suggesting that men are more interested in ICT are still active in shaping attitudes. However, this inequality has only started in the 80s. For instance, by 1943, in the USA, almost all people employed in computing were women. It is was common to believe that "programming requires lots of patience, persistence and a capacity for detail and those are traits that many girls have". The speakers of this workshop will shed light on the historical role of women in computing to help us understand how to improve gender inequality in ICT. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (1 UL)
See detailInnovative Models of Governance
Schafer, Valerie UL; Wieneke, Lars UL

Presentation (2021, February 24)

Over the course of three days (24–26 February 2021) we hold two panels a day, during which the research team of OPERAS-P (WG 6) presented their findings to gather feedback from invited experts and the ... [more ▼]

Over the course of three days (24–26 February 2021) we hold two panels a day, during which the research team of OPERAS-P (WG 6) presented their findings to gather feedback from invited experts and the audience. The different panels addressed specific scholarly communication topics: innovative governance models in social sciences and humanities (SSH), business models for open access books, multilingualism and bibliodiversity in SSH, opportunities and challenges of FAIRification of SSH data, the future of scholarly writing, and quality assessment of novel research and innovative publications in the SSH research. Wednesday, 24 February 2021 10:00–11:30 CET Innovative models of governance The discussion focused on a critical review of modes of governance in distributed organisations and in the digital area, and recommendations for a governance model that can help manage smoothly the wide diversity of cultural backgrounds, expertise, level of commitment within its community, which is typical of SSH communities. Coordinator: Valérie Schafer (C2DH, University of Luxembourg), Lars Wieneke (C2DH, University of Luxembourg) Panelists: Lionel Maurel (INSHS, CNRS), Francesca Musiani (The Center for Internet and Society, CNRS), Jane Winters (University of London) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 UL)
See detailReusing oral histories: challenges, issues, limits
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2021, February 18)

This short presentation, which is part of a roundtable, will analyse the reuse in oral history, the way Digital Humanities may provide new ways to apply close and distant reading to interviews and the ... [more ▼]

This short presentation, which is part of a roundtable, will analyse the reuse in oral history, the way Digital Humanities may provide new ways to apply close and distant reading to interviews and the challenges of contextualisation, FAIR Data, etc. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 UL)
See detailLe développement du numérique nous rend-il de plus en plus proches ?
Schafer, Valerie UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2021)

Préprogramme Traduction simultanée en français et en hongrois Jeudi 28 Janvier 2021 – EN LIGNE 17h00 – 17h20 Ouverture : Anna Sándor, Journaliste à nőklapja.hu et à HVG.hu 17h20 – 18h00 Table ronde : Le ... [more ▼]

Préprogramme Traduction simultanée en français et en hongrois Jeudi 28 Janvier 2021 – EN LIGNE 17h00 – 17h20 Ouverture : Anna Sándor, Journaliste à nőklapja.hu et à HVG.hu 17h20 – 18h00 Table ronde : Le développement du numérique nous rend-il de plus en plus proches ? Modération réalisée par Anna Sándor, ancienne journaliste à nőklapja.hu et à HVG.hu Participants : Ágnes Zsila, chercheur à l’Institut de Biologie de l’Université ELTE TTK ; (Chercheuse en psychologie, en théorie des jeux, impact des nouvelles technologies en particulier sur les jeunes) György Csepeli, sociologue, professeur émérite (ELTE) chercheur (FTI-iASK) ; (Chercheur en sociologie et psychologie sociale, ancien sous-secrétaire d’Etat hongrois à l’information) Valérie Schafer, Historienne et Professeure d’histoire contemporaine européenne, Université du Luxembourg 18h00 – 18h25 Questions et réponses 18h25 – 18h30 Conclusions [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom Print to Digital, from Document to Data: Digitalisation at the Publications Office of the European Union
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Open Information Science (2020), (4), 204-217

Since the 1970s, the Publications Office of the European Union, the official publisher of all the institutions and bodies of the EU, has had to adapt to a fast-changing situation as the number of EU ... [more ▼]

Since the 1970s, the Publications Office of the European Union, the official publisher of all the institutions and bodies of the EU, has had to adapt to a fast-changing situation as the number of EU Member States has grown and the number and nature of publications has evolved (including publishing public tenders of EU institutions and Member States in 1978 through a supplement to the Official Journal of the European Union and handling CELEX, an interinstitutional and multilingual automated documentation system for community law, in 1992). These changes occurred over several ages of computing. The computerisation of the Publications Office was primarily a response to the need for rationalisation and productivity, but the aim was also to gradually adapt to new types of document publication and consultation. These different stages of digitalisation required the constant transfer of information to a multitude of media. Supports, such as punched cards, optical discs and CD-ROMs, had varying life expectancies and are all evidence of attempts to digitise information before the Web. This evolution not only illustrates the need to constantly harmonise a large amount of information, it also highlights some continuities. It affects the management of information systems but also meets regularly updated standardisation, interoperability and sustainability needs within a complex ecosystem. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSous les pavés, l’archive ! Luttes sociales et archives du Web
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Le Temps des Médias (2020), 35

The archiving of the Web since 1996, thanks to Internet Archive, prior to the multiplication of institutional initiatives, notably in Europe, has created a massive born-digital heritage of social ... [more ▼]

The archiving of the Web since 1996, thanks to Internet Archive, prior to the multiplication of institutional initiatives, notably in Europe, has created a massive born-digital heritage of social movements. Evolutionary in time, in space and according to digital platforms, this heritage invites us to think about the notion of living archive, the relationship between memory and history, the writing of the history of social struggles, the potentialities and methodological as well as ethical risks it raises. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 UL)
See detailFrom the history of Internet to Internet and Web histories
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2020, November 18)

This presentation aims to describe the shift from the history of the Internet to Internet histories by analysing several factors (e.g. influence of media history, web sources, maintenance or platform ... [more ▼]

This presentation aims to describe the shift from the history of the Internet to Internet histories by analysing several factors (e.g. influence of media history, web sources, maintenance or platform studies, etc.). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailAnalysing transnational Events through Web archives
Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2020, November 04)

As a co-PI of the WARCnet project, programme chair of this second WARCnet meeting and head of WG2 dedicated to "Analysing transnational Events", Valérie Schafer will give an overview of the challenges ... [more ▼]

As a co-PI of the WARCnet project, programme chair of this second WARCnet meeting and head of WG2 dedicated to "Analysing transnational Events", Valérie Schafer will give an overview of the challenges, issues, achievements, results, case studies, next steps of WG2 since the launch of the WARCnet project. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailARPANET, toute une histoire...
Schafer, Valerie UL

in 1024 : Bulletin de la Société Informatique de France (2020), (30),

Le lecteur pourra non seulement suivre l’évolution du traitement de l’histoire d’ARPANET − et en filigrane la manière dont celle de l’informatique et du numérique a connu des tournants, mais aussi peut ... [more ▼]

Le lecteur pourra non seulement suivre l’évolution du traitement de l’histoire d’ARPANET − et en filigrane la manière dont celle de l’informatique et du numérique a connu des tournants, mais aussi peut-être poursuivre par la lecture des auteurs cités un parcours qui sort des narrations linéaires et témoigne de la complexité de l’histoire d’ARPANET et de son actualité. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (1 UL)
See detailLes héritages des débuts d’Internet et du Web
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2020, October 23)

Alors que l’an dernier étaient célébrés les 50 ans du réseau ARPANET et les 30 ans du World Wide Web, ces anniversaires étaient l’occasion de revenir largement sur les fondements du « réseau des réseaux » ... [more ▼]

Alors que l’an dernier étaient célébrés les 50 ans du réseau ARPANET et les 30 ans du World Wide Web, ces anniversaires étaient l’occasion de revenir largement sur les fondements du « réseau des réseaux ». Ce retour aux sources permettait de prendre la mesure des changements intervenus, mais aussi de continuités certaines, ainsi que de valeurs séminales qui sont régulièrement convoquées dans les débats contemporains. Cette intervention se propose de revisiter les héritages des débuts d’Internet et du Web en trois temps : celui de la mémoire, de la nostalgie et de la reconstruction d’un âge d’or d’abord. Ensuite nous aborderons les héritages et patrimoines matériels et immatériels de ces premières communications en réseaux, notamment le patrimoine nativement numérique (Born-Digital Heritage) que sont les archives du Web et les newsgroups de la communauté Usenet. Enfin nous nous intéresserons à la réactualisation récurrente de controverses nées dès les premiers âges du Web, voire en amont (en termes d’anonymisation, régulation, rôle des intermédiaires, neutralité, etc.). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailNetworked Governance and Multistakeholder Cooperation
Bouillard, Maxime; van Weyenbergh, Gaël; Schafer, Valerie UL et al

Presentation (2020, September 08)

At the crossroads of three topics of the workshop (Critical testimonies on the implementation or experiments with new modes of governance; Presentation and analysis of online decision-making tools ... [more ▼]

At the crossroads of three topics of the workshop (Critical testimonies on the implementation or experiments with new modes of governance; Presentation and analysis of online decision-making tools; Prospective outlook on the governance of knowledge and research infrastructures), this presentation allows us to discuss how to increase multistakeholder cooperation between scientists and other stakeholders in practice and to gather perspectives from different cultural backgrounds into the discussion. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailPerspectives on web archive studies: Taking stock, new ideas, next steps
Brügger, Niels; Schafer, Valerie UL; Winters, Jane

Diverse speeches and writings (2020)

A round doc discussion about studying web archives to understand the history of (trans)national web domains and of transnational events on the web. What do we know, are there any new ideas, and what could ... [more ▼]

A round doc discussion about studying web archives to understand the history of (trans)national web domains and of transnational events on the web. What do we know, are there any new ideas, and what could be the next steps? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (2 UL)
Full Text
See detailExploring special web archives collections related to COVID-19: The case of BnL
Schafer, Valerie UL; Els, Ben

in WARCnet papers (2020)

This WARCnet paper is the second in a series of interviews with Eu- ropean web archivists who have been involved in special collections related to COVID-19. The aim of the series is to provide a general ... [more ▼]

This WARCnet paper is the second in a series of interviews with Eu- ropean web archivists who have been involved in special collections related to COVID-19. The aim of the series is to provide a general overview of COVID-19 web archives. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVaria
Schafer, Valerie UL; Bahers, Jean-Baptiste

in Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires (2020), 121

Coordination d'un numéro spécial Varia avec JB Bahers en tant que responsables de la rubrique Varia de Flux

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFading Away... The challenge of sustainability in digital studies
Barats, Christine; Schafer, Valerie UL; Fickers, Andreas UL

in Digital Humanities Quarterly (2020), 14(3),

This paper emphasizes the need to think about sustainability as a key element of digital studies and digital hermeneutics. It addresses the inherent tensions between the long-term needs of data ... [more ▼]

This paper emphasizes the need to think about sustainability as a key element of digital studies and digital hermeneutics. It addresses the inherent tensions between the long-term needs of data preservation and maintenance on the one side, and the short life cycles of the data formats, platforms and infrastructures on the other side. Challenges are not limited to the technical maintenance of software, tools and data, but also apply to the wider institutional contexts, epistemic traditions and social practices in which the doing of research in social sciences and humanities are embedded. We explore these tensions at several levels, temporalities and key stages in research – namely data access and building a corpus, establishing a research framework and analysis, and finally the use/dissemination of results. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (8 UL)
Full Text
See detailExploring special web archives collections related to COVID-19: The case of INA
Schafer, Valerie UL; Thièvre, Jérôme; Banckemane, Boris

in WARCnet Papers (2020)

This WARCnet paper is the first in a series of interviews with Euro- pean web archivists who have been involved in special collections related to COVID-19. The aim of the series is to provide a general ... [more ▼]

This WARCnet paper is the first in a series of interviews with Euro- pean web archivists who have been involved in special collections related to COVID-19. The aim of the series is to provide a general overview of COVID-19 web archives. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailExploring the 20-year evolution of a research community: web-archives as essential sources for historical research
Brügger, Niels; Schafer, Valerie UL; Geeraert, Friedel et al

in Cahiers de la documentation (2020), 2

Le projet PROMISE ne pouvait se concevoir sans aborder la question de l’accès aux archives du web belge. En effet, s’il est important de les sauvegarder, c’est en raison de leur importance comme sources ... [more ▼]

Le projet PROMISE ne pouvait se concevoir sans aborder la question de l’accès aux archives du web belge. En effet, s’il est important de les sauvegarder, c’est en raison de leur importance comme sources d’information pour la recherche. Par conséquent, lors du colloque “Saving the Web: the Promise of a Belgian Web Archive”, l’accès et l’utilisation de ces archives spécifiques ont été largement abordés. Deux des intervenants lors de ce colloque, Valérie Schafer et Niels Brügger, ont accepté de partager leurs expériences respectives quant à l’utilisation d’archives web, celles-ci remontant parfois au début des années 2000. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 136 (3 UL)
See detailNetworked Governance, Enabling Multistakeholder Cooperation
Van Weyenbergh, Gael; Bouillard, Maxime; Wieneke, Lars UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020, June 12)

This workshop gathering 10 participants focused on finding the root cause for the need and purpose for multistakeholder cooperation between social scientists and civil society.

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGlobal technologies, glocal approach: a false paradox
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Esboços: histórias em contextos globais (2020), 27(45), 286-305

This article seeks to identify the factors that have led researchers to root their historical approach in a national or regional context, rather than a global one. This may seem paradoxical when the ... [more ▼]

This article seeks to identify the factors that have led researchers to root their historical approach in a national or regional context, rather than a global one. This may seem paradoxical when the Internet is thought to be global, and digital content and cultures at least partially cross-borders. These approaches are determined by reactions to a history of the Internet that has been far too focused on the United States from the outset, by a desire to consider this history in a given context, and by the historical sources. However, the use of national and regional approaches does not preclude the stimulating comparative or transnational perspectives that may renew this history in terms of infrastructure, missing narratives and user participation, as well as technical and human networks. We even suggest that studying the history of the places, people and communities that remain outside networks (whether by choice or by necessity) could tell us a lot about the global and asymmetric reality of the Internet. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 131 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInternet histories early career researcher award
Brügger, Niels; Goggin, Gerard; Milligan, Ian et al

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020)

The five papers of this special issue were candidates for the first Internet Histories Early Career Researcher Award. They represent the next generation of scholarship and show creative, original ... [more ▼]

The five papers of this special issue were candidates for the first Internet Histories Early Career Researcher Award. They represent the next generation of scholarship and show creative, original approaches to the study of internet history. These papers all help enrich our perspectives and broaden them in many ways, from Brazil to China, from Cyberactivitst to Civil Society at large, from Gender Studies to Platform Studies, from Emails to Interfaces, while demonstrating again that there is no unique path to write “Internet Histories.” [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (2 UL)