References of "Schafer, Valerie 50030545"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailWeb Archives of the COVID Crisis: Digital Voices, Preservation and Loss
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2021, September 16)

This roundtable, which is organized by the WARCnet network and chaired by Valérie Schafer (C2DH, University of Luxembourg), aims to shed light on the issues, challenges, values and limits of web archiving ... [more ▼]

This roundtable, which is organized by the WARCnet network and chaired by Valérie Schafer (C2DH, University of Luxembourg), aims to shed light on the issues, challenges, values and limits of web archiving during the COVID crisis. It will combine analysis by web archivists and scholars and entwine analysis of web archiving practices and preserved web content, in order to address several key issues related to the conference, such as the “silences” and “noises” of these archives. The first part of the roundtable will focus on web archives collections that have been created during the COVID-19 crisis by many institutions throughout Europe. Friedel Geeraert (The State Archives of Belgium and the Royal Library of Belgium) will provide a short comparative overview of the strategies of web archiving institutions in Europe, that the team documented through an oral history campaign, while Nicola Bingham (The British Library, UK) will offer more precise overviews of the collections that were gathered respectively by the UK Web Archive and the IIPC (International Internet Preservation Consortium). Claude Mussou (Ina THEQUE, France) will explore the archiving of Twitter at the Institut national de l’audiovisuel (France). Niels Brügger (Aarhus University, Denmark) and Jane Winters (SAS, University of London) will then discuss memories and heritage of the COVID-crisis through the lens of these web archives. Finally the last part will focus on research approaches, notably close and distant reading, and the collective and individual traces, social and political expressions at stake in these web archives: Valérie Schafer will comment on the distant reading approach within these archives. Sophie Gebeil (Aix-Marseille University, France) will underline issues related to “carers” and social struggles. Valérie Schafer will also briefly mention the gendered approach of the COVID crisis that the working group is currently conducting. This roundtable will be followed by a discussion with the audience in order to deepen the topics that are at the core of the conference, whether it be loss, preservation, the political “we”, feelings, etc. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGlobal Governance. A Short History of Debates Born with the Telegraph and Popularized by the Internet
Musiani, Francesca; Schafer, Valerie UL

in Musiani, Francesca; Schafer, Valerie (Eds.) Global Governance. A Short History of Debates Born with the Telegraph and Popularized by the Internet (2021, September)

Scholars have successfully attempted to historicize global governance, comparing the Internet to telephone and broadcasting, from a primarily legal standpoint. Among these scholars, historians have also ... [more ▼]

Scholars have successfully attempted to historicize global governance, comparing the Internet to telephone and broadcasting, from a primarily legal standpoint. Among these scholars, historians have also studied particular issues that are relevant to Internet governance, e.g. openness and net neutrality. History is relevant for the concept of global governance for at least two reasons: to historicize the concept in itself through the Internet/digital age (the evolution and enrichment of the notion in the past 30 years, with key turning points such as the creation of ICANN and WSIS) and to flesh out continuities through time with other “global media” or “global issues,” such as international standardization, multi-stakeholderism, and communication rights. This chapter addresses these issues at three levels: periodization of the key concept of “global governance” since the 90s; evolution of the state of the art/research on global (Internet) governance; analysis of global governance in the broader field of media and communication. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 UL)
See detailDigital Roots. Historicizing Media and Communication Concepts of the Digital Age
Balbi, Gabriele; Ribeiro, Nelson; Schafer, Valerie UL et al

Book published by De Gruyter (2021)

As media environments and communication practices evolve over time, so do theoretical concepts. This book analyzes some of the most well-known and fiercely discussed concepts of the digital age from a ... [more ▼]

As media environments and communication practices evolve over time, so do theoretical concepts. This book analyzes some of the most well-known and fiercely discussed concepts of the digital age from a historical perspective, showing how many of them have pre-digital roots and how they have changed and still are constantly changing in the digital era. Written by leading authors in media and communication studies, the chapters historicize 16 concepts that have become central in the digital media literature, focusing on three main areas. The first part, Technologies and Connections, historicises concepts like network, media convergence, multimedia, interactivity and artificial intelligence. The second one is related to Agency and Politics and explores global governance, datafication, fake news, echo chambers, digital media activism. The last one, Users and Practices, is finally devoted to telepresence, digital loneliness, amateurism, user generated content, fandom and authenticity. The book aims to shed light on how concepts emerge and are co-shaped, circulated, used and reappropriated in different contexts. It argues for the need for a conceptual media and communication history that will reveal new developments without concealing continuities and it demonstrates how the analogue/digital dichotomy is often a misleading one. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (0 UL)
See detailInternet : voyage au bout du réseau
Schafer, Valerie UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2021)

Participation avec Camille Paloque-Bergès à l'émission Eurêka (58') d'A. Beauchamp sur l'histoire d'Internet.

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHistoricizing Media and Communication Concepts of the Digital Age: Global Governance
Musiani, Francesca; Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2021, July 02)

History is relevant for the concept of global governance for at least two reasons: to historicize the concept in itself through the Internet/digital age (the evolution and enrichment of the notion in the ... [more ▼]

History is relevant for the concept of global governance for at least two reasons: to historicize the concept in itself through the Internet/digital age (the evolution and enrichment of the notion in the past 30 years, with key turning points such as the creation of ICANN and WSIS) and to flesh out continuities through time with other “global media” or “global issues,” such as international standardization, multi-stakeholderism and communication rights. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes archives du Web luxembourgeois. Histoire, enjeux et perspectives
Els, Ben; Maurer, Yves; Schafer, Valerie UL

in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2021), 73

Cet article entend contribuer à faire découvrir l’archivage du Web luxembourgeois, son histoire, sa continuité par rapport à d’autres initiatives européennes, ses atouts et ses spécificités, avant de ... [more ▼]

Cet article entend contribuer à faire découvrir l’archivage du Web luxembourgeois, son histoire, sa continuité par rapport à d’autres initiatives européennes, ses atouts et ses spécificités, avant de proposer des réflexions sur les usages scientifiques qui peuvent en âtre faits, et ce au-delà de la seule histoire du numérique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWeb archiving of the COVID crisis in Europe : Close reading's challenges
Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2021, July 02)

The second part of this panel focuses on the methodologies and research approaches at stake when scholars face such rich but also heterogeneous collections: Susan Aasman (University of Groningen, The ... [more ▼]

The second part of this panel focuses on the methodologies and research approaches at stake when scholars face such rich but also heterogeneous collections: Susan Aasman (University of Groningen, The Netherlands), Karin de Wild (Leiden University, The Netherlands) and Nicola Bingham will provide feedback on a very concrete experiment that the working group is conducting through a Datathon based on metadata and derived data. This distant reading approach is complemented by a more qualitative approach, which also raises challenges, as Valérie Schafer will explain. The presentation of several concrete research topics will further demonstrate the methodological challenges at stake. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDigging into Digital Roots: introduction
Ribeiro, Nelson; Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2021, July)

Presentation of the project at stake (a collective book whose idea was born within the ECREA Communication History Section), its approach and theoretical framework.

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (2 UL)
Full Text
See detailWorkshop : Data as a new resource? Similarities and differences of data vs. material resources
Schafer, Valerie UL; Veraart, Frank; Niet, Irene

Scientific Conference (2021, June 29)

This exploratory workshop is dedicated to scholars interested in technological developments related to digital technologies and resource developments. The workshop focusses on three notions: (1 ... [more ▼]

This exploratory workshop is dedicated to scholars interested in technological developments related to digital technologies and resource developments. The workshop focusses on three notions: (1) historical parallels of digital data with the development of other key material resources, (2) data as a commodity and its infrastructure, and (3) sustainability issues and (big)data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL)
See detailTatou pour un débat connecté
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2021, June 25)

Cette intervention explore les dispositifs télématiques et notamment le 3617 Tatou mis en place au moment de la réforme des PTT pour permettre information, communication et participation au débat.

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL)
See detailRoundtable on online virality at the 4th RESAW conference
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2021, June 17)

Roundtable on Online Virality (organised by the HIVI project. Chair: Valérie Schafer, University of Luxembourg) Speakers: Pierre-Carl Langlais (Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier III), Frédéric Clavert ... [more ▼]

Roundtable on Online Virality (organised by the HIVI project. Chair: Valérie Schafer, University of Luxembourg) Speakers: Pierre-Carl Langlais (Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier III), Frédéric Clavert (University of Luxembourg), Ditte Laursen (The Royal Danish Library), Tuğçe Oklay (University Paris 8 Vincennes – Saint-Denis), Surbhi Tandon (Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University), Durgesh Tripathi (GGS Indraprastha University) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (0 UL)
See detailInternational Round Table: “Different Cultures in Digital History”
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2021, June 08)

The aim of the round table is to bring together specialists in digital history and experts who use digital tools in historical research and education. History as an academic field is undergoing major ... [more ▼]

The aim of the round table is to bring together specialists in digital history and experts who use digital tools in historical research and education. History as an academic field is undergoing major changes as a result of the transformative impact of digital technologies. These technologies affect the very nature of sources, the practice of data collection and processing, and also the way in which historical knowledge is acquired and disseminated. The task of defining “digital history” has given rise to much debate and discussion, but developing an understanding of the field and the wide-ranging potential for interaction between history and digital technologies can offer insights into the future development of historical research and education. Analysing the challenges and opportunities of this interdisciplinary union can inform and enrich the various cultures within digital history and beyond. A number of prominent speakers from different cultures of digital history and related disciplines will participate in the round table: Prof. Leonid Borodkin is a Professor of the History Faculty of Lomonosov Moscow State University, the Chair of the Department for Historical Information Science, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Science (Russia). Prof. Hannu Salmi is a Professor of Cultural History at the University of Turku and has been Academy Professor since 2017 (Finland). Prof. Peter Gautschi is a Professor of History Education, Head of the Lucerne Institute of History Education and Memory Cultures, UTE Lucerne (Switzerland). Prof. Valérie Schafer has been a Professor in Contemporary European History at the C²DH (Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History) at the University of Luxembourg since February 2018. Dr Mareike König is deputy director of the German Historical Institute in Paris. She is also director of its library and its digital humanities department. The round table will be organised and moderated by Nadezhda Povroznik (Center for Digital Humanities) and Frédéric Clavert (C²DH). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (0 UL)
See detail4rth RESAW conference
Schafer, Valerie UL; Clavert, Frédéric UL

Presentation (2021, June)

The 4th RESAW conference, organised by the C²DH (Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History) at the University of Luxembourg, is part of a remote Web archiving week starting on 14 June 2021 ... [more ▼]

The 4th RESAW conference, organised by the C²DH (Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History) at the University of Luxembourg, is part of a remote Web archiving week starting on 14 June 2021, which will involved a series of RESAW pre-conference workshops in parallel to the IIPC General Assembly, followed by the IIPC conference organised by the BnL (Bibliothèque nationale du Luxembourg) on 15-16 June 2021 (all details about the programme and registrations are available at https://netpreserve.org/ga2021/), then the RESAW conference. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (0 UL)
See detailThe Web Archives Long View
Schafer, Valerie UL; Winters, Jane

Presentation (2021, May 26)

This research seminar aims to explicitly consider that research happens in context. This presentation proposes to address the topic of born-digital heritage and in particular of web archives in context ... [more ▼]

This research seminar aims to explicitly consider that research happens in context. This presentation proposes to address the topic of born-digital heritage and in particular of web archives in context. It aims to question the past, present and future paths of research based on the plethora of born-digital sources that developed from the mid-1990s. Analysis of web archives requires both taking into account the very shaping of these archives - e.g. web archiving in context - and placing research on these web archives in context, from the early studies of the 2000s which focused on the nature of web archives themselves and the methods for studying them to current research that takes them as sources for exploring digital cultures. Thus, the first two parts of our presentation, devoted respectively to the history of web archiving and of web archives in research, will explore the multiple contextual elements at work. These may be related to the Web itself and its evolution, to institutional policies, or to crawling and analysis tools, and understanding them is crucial for addressing the current and future challenges that will arise for researchers, whether they concern transnational approaches, ethical issues or a claim for enhanced contextualization. In conclusion we will broaden the question to digital humanities, and consider why web archive studies have remained relatively marginalised in digital humanities discourse. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (1 UL)
See detailTable ronde : comment faire réseau autour des archives du web ?
Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2021, May 17)

Table ronde : comment faire réseau autour des archives du web ? Intervenants : Emmanuelle Bermès (Bibliothèque nationale de France), Dominique Cardon (medialab, Sciences Po), Stéphanie Groudiev (Campus ... [more ▼]

Table ronde : comment faire réseau autour des archives du web ? Intervenants : Emmanuelle Bermès (Bibliothèque nationale de France), Dominique Cardon (medialab, Sciences Po), Stéphanie Groudiev (Campus Condorcet), Valérie Schafer (Université du Luxembourg) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe values of web archives
Schafer, Valerie UL; Winters, Jane

in International Journal of Digital Humanities (2021)

This article considers how the development, promotion and adoption of a set of core values for web archives, linked to principles of “good governance”, will help them to tackle the challenges of ... [more ▼]

This article considers how the development, promotion and adoption of a set of core values for web archives, linked to principles of “good governance”, will help them to tackle the challenges of sustainability, accountability and inclusiveness that are central to their long-term societal and cultural worth. It outlines the work that has already been done to address these questions, as web archiving begins to move out of its establishment phase, and then discusses seven key principles of good governance that might be adapted by and embedded within web archives: participation, consensus, accountability, transparency, effectiveness and efficiency, inclusivity and legality. The article concludes with a call to action for researchers and archivists to co-create the core values for web archives that will be required if they are to remain a vital part of our cultural heritage infrastructure. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (1 UL)
See detailX25, une norme pour le transport de données
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Encyclopédie d'histoire numérique EHNE (2021)

L’avis X25, adopté en 1976 par le Comité consultatif international téléphonique et télégraphique (CCITT) dans le domaine des réseaux de données permet d’explorer des enjeux nationaux et internationaux de ... [more ▼]

L’avis X25, adopté en 1976 par le Comité consultatif international téléphonique et télégraphique (CCITT) dans le domaine des réseaux de données permet d’explorer des enjeux nationaux et internationaux de normalisation. Son histoire témoigne de la convergence entre télécommunications et informatique dans les années 1970, des débats liés au développement des réseaux de données, en particulier autour de la commutation de paquets, mais aussi de choix techniques, industriels et politiques complexes, et ce à plusieurs échelles. En revenant sur le passage du projet de norme à l’avis X25, à valeur non contraignante, son implémentation et développement dans des réseaux, puis sa postérité, cette étude permet d’explorer les acteurs, motivations et choix effectués à plusieurs moments charnières de l’histoire des réseaux de données. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 UL)
See detailStudying transnational events through web archives
Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2021, April 20)

This short presentation was a mid-term feedback on the collective work of WG2 that I lead within the WARCnet project. I especially underlined the research we conducted through an internal datathon we ... [more ▼]

This short presentation was a mid-term feedback on the collective work of WG2 that I lead within the WARCnet project. I especially underlined the research we conducted through an internal datathon we organised in January 2021 and which used seed lists, derived data and metadata. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 UL)
See detailWomen and ICT: A Time Travel
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2021, March 08)

Presentation of the workshop : To mark the International Day of Women Rights, the University of Luxembourg is organizing an online workshop on Women in Computing. ICT is today one of the most gendered ... [more ▼]

Presentation of the workshop : To mark the International Day of Women Rights, the University of Luxembourg is organizing an online workshop on Women in Computing. ICT is today one of the most gendered-divided fields. Gendered stereotypes suggesting that men are more interested in ICT are still active in shaping attitudes. However, this inequality has only started in the 80s. For instance, by 1943, in the USA, almost all people employed in computing were women. It is was common to believe that "programming requires lots of patience, persistence and a capacity for detail and those are traits that many girls have". The speakers of this workshop will shed light on the historical role of women in computing to help us understand how to improve gender inequality in ICT. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVaria
Schafer, Valerie UL; Henriot, Carine

in Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationaux Réseaux et Territoires (2021), 123

Numéro Varia de Flux coordonné par C. Henriot et V. Schafer

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 UL)