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See detailInformation Leakage due to Revealing Randomly Selected Bits
Atashpendar, Arash UL; Roscoe, Bill; Ryan, Peter UL

in Security Protocols XXIII: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 9379, 2015 (2015, November 25)

This note describes an information theory problem that arose from some analysis of quantum key distribution protocols. The problem seems very natural and is very easy to state but has not to our knowledge ... [more ▼]

This note describes an information theory problem that arose from some analysis of quantum key distribution protocols. The problem seems very natural and is very easy to state but has not to our knowledge been addressed before in the information theory literature: suppose that we have a random bit string y of length n and we reveal k bits at random positions, preserving the order but without revealing the positions, how much information about y is revealed? We show that while the cardinality of the set of compatible y strings depends only on n and k, the amount of leakage does depend on the exact revealed x string. We observe that the maximal leakage, measured as decrease in the Shannon entropy of the space of possible bit strings corresponds to the x string being all zeros or all ones and that the minimum leakage corresponds to the alternating x strings. We derive a formula for the maximum leakage (minimal entropy) in terms of n and k. We discuss the relevance of other measures of information, in particular min-entropy, in a cryptographic context. Finally, we describe a simulation tool to explore these results. [less ▲]

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