References of "Riom, Timothée 50031409"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailA Software Vulnerabilities Odysseus: Analysis, Detection, and Mitigation
Riom, Timothée UL

Doctoral thesis (2022)

Programming has become central in the development of human activities while not being immune to defaults, or bugs. Developers have developed specific methods and sequences of tests that they implement to ... [more ▼]

Programming has become central in the development of human activities while not being immune to defaults, or bugs. Developers have developed specific methods and sequences of tests that they implement to prevent these bugs from being deployed in releases. Nonetheless, not all cases can be thought through beforehand, and automation presents limits the community attempts to overcome. As a consequence, not all bugs can be caught. These defaults are causing particular concerns in case bugs can be exploited to breach the program’s security policy. They are then called vulnerabilities and provide specific actors with undesired access to the resources a program manages. It damages the trust in the program and in its developers, and may eventually impact the adoption of the program. Hence, to attribute a specific attention to vulnerabilities appears as a natural outcome. In this regard, this PhD work targets the following three challenges: (1) The research community references those vulnerabilities, categorises them, reports and ranks their impact. As a result, analysts can learn from past vulnerabilities in specific programs and figure out new ideas to counter them. Nonetheless, the resulting quality of the lessons and the usefulness of ensuing solutions depend on the quality and the consistency of the information provided in the reports. (2) New methods to detect vulnerabilities can emerge among the teachings this monitoring provides. With responsible reporting, these detection methods can provide hardening of the programs we rely on. Additionally, in a context of computer perfor- mance gain, machine learning algorithms are increasingly adopted, providing engaging promises. (3) If some of these promises can be fulfilled, not all are not reachable today. Therefore a complementary strategy needs to be adopted while vulnerabilities evade detection up to public releases. Instead of preventing their introduction, programs can be hardened to scale down their exploitability. Increasing the complexity to exploit or lowering the impact below specific thresholds makes the presence of vulnerabilities an affordable risk for the feature provided. The history of programming development encloses the experimentation and the adoption of so-called defence mechanisms. Their goals and performances can be diverse, but their implementation in worldwide adopted programs and systems (such as the Android Open Source Project) acknowledges their pivotal position. To face these challenges, we provide the following contributions: • We provide a manual categorisation of the vulnerabilities of the worldwide adopted Android Open Source Project up to June 2020. Clarifying to adopt a vulnera- bility analysis provides consistency in the resulting data set. It facilitates the explainability of the analyses and sets up for the updatability of the resulting set of vulnerabilities. Based on this analysis, we study the evolution of AOSP’s vulnerabilities. We explore the different temporal evolutions of the vulnerabilities affecting the system for their severity, the type of vulnerability, and we provide a focus on memory corruption-related vulnerabilities. • We undertake the replication of a machine-learning based detection algorithms that, besides being part of the state-of-the-art and referenced to by ensuing works, was not available. Named VCCFinder, this algorithm implements a Support- Vector Machine and bases its training on Vulnerability-Contributing Commits and related patches for C and C++ code. Not in capacity to achieve analogous performances to the original article, we explore parameters and algorithms, and attempt to overcome the challenge provided by the over-population of unlabeled entries in the data set. We provide the community with our code and results as a replicable baseline for further improvement. • We eventually list the defence mechanisms that the Android Open Source Project incrementally implements, and we discuss how it sometimes answers comments the community addressed to the project’s developers. We further verify the extent to which specific memory corruption defence mechanisms were implemented in the binaries of different versions of Android (from API-level 10 to 28). We eventually confront the evolution of memory corruption-related vulnerabilities with the implementation timeline of related defence mechanisms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (9 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailANCHOR: locating android framework-specific crashing faults
Kong, Pingfan UL; Li, Li; Gao, Jun UL et al

in Automated Software Engineering (2021)

Android framework-specific app crashes are hard to debug. Indeed, the callback-based event-driven mechanism of Android challenges crash localization techniques that are developed for traditional Java ... [more ▼]

Android framework-specific app crashes are hard to debug. Indeed, the callback-based event-driven mechanism of Android challenges crash localization techniques that are developed for traditional Java programs. The key challenge stems from the fact that the buggy code location may not even be listed within the stack trace. For example, our empirical study on 500 framework-specific crashes from an open benchmark has revealed that 37 percent of the crash types are related to bugs that are outside the stack traces. Moreover, Android programs are a mixture of code and extra-code artifacts such as the Manifest file. The fact that any artifact can lead to failures in the app execution creates the need to position the localization target beyond the code realm. In this paper, we propose Anchor, a two-phase suspicious bug location suggestion tool. Anchor specializes in finding crash-inducing bugs outside the stack trace. Anchor is lightweight and source code independent since it only requires the crash message and the apk file to locate the fault. Experimental results, collected via cross-validation and in-the- wild dataset evaluation, show that Anchor is effective in locating Android framework-specific crashing faults. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (11 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRevisiting the VCCFinder approach for the identification of vulnerability-contributing commits
Riom, Timothée UL; Sawadogo, Delwende Donald Arthur UL; Allix, Kevin UL et al

in Empirical Software Engineering (2021), 26

Detecting vulnerabilities in software is a constant race between development teams and potential attackers. While many static and dynamic approaches have focused on regularly analyzing the software in its ... [more ▼]

Detecting vulnerabilities in software is a constant race between development teams and potential attackers. While many static and dynamic approaches have focused on regularly analyzing the software in its entirety, a recent research direction has focused on the analysis of changes that are applied to the code. VCCFinder is a seminal approach in the literature that builds on machine learning to automatically detect whether an incoming commit will introduce some vulnerabilities. Given the influence of VCCFinder in the literature, we undertake an investigation into its performance as a state-of-the-art system. To that end, we propose to attempt a replication study on the VCCFinder supervised learning approach. The insights of our failure to replicate the results reported in the original publication informed the design of a new approach to identify vulnerability-contributing commits based on a semi-supervised learning technique with an alternate feature set. We provide all artefacts and a clear description of this approach as a new reproducible baseline for advancing research on machine learning-based identification of vulnerability-introducing commits [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (12 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRevisiting the impact of common libraries for android-related investigations
Li, Li; Riom, Timothée UL; Bissyande, Tegawendé François D Assise UL et al

in Journal of Systems and Software (2019), 154

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (1 UL)