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Isogeometric Analysis of Laminated Composite Plates Using the Higher-Order Shear Deformation Theory ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures (2015), 22(6), 451-469 Isogeometric analysis (IGA) aims at simplifying the computer aided design (CAD) and computer aided engineering (CAE) pipeline by using the same functions to describe the geometry (CAD) and the unknown ... [more ▼] Isogeometric analysis (IGA) aims at simplifying the computer aided design (CAD) and computer aided engineering (CAE) pipeline by using the same functions to describe the geometry (CAD) and the unknown fields (Analysis). IGA can be based on a variety of CAD descriptions, the most widely used today being non-uniform rational B-splines (NURBS). In this article, the suitability of NURBS-based isogeometric analysis within a third-order shear deformation theory for the simulation of the static, dynamic, and buckling response of laminated composite plates is investigated. The method employs NURBS basis functions to both represent the geometry (exactly) and the unknown field variables. One of the main advantages of the present method is directly inherited from IGA, that is to easily increase the approximation order. To avoid using a shear correction factor, a third-order shear deformation theory (TSDT) is introduced. It requires C1-continuity of generalized displacements and the NURBS basis functions are well suited for this requirement. Several numerical examples are used to demonstrate the performance of the present method compared with other published ones. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 100 (2 UL)A meshless adaptive multiscale method for fracture ; ; et al in Computational Materials Science (2015), 96(PB), 382-395 The paper presents a multiscale method for crack propagation. The coarse region is modelled by the differential reproducing kernel particle method. Fracture in the coarse scale region is modelled with the ... [more ▼] The paper presents a multiscale method for crack propagation. The coarse region is modelled by the differential reproducing kernel particle method. Fracture in the coarse scale region is modelled with the Phantom node method. A molecular statics approach is employed in the fine scale where crack propagation is modelled naturally by breaking of bonds. The triangular lattice corresponds to the lattice structure of the (1 1 1) plane of an FCC crystal in the fine scale region. The Lennard-Jones potential is used to model the atom-atom interactions. The coupling between the coarse scale and fine scale is realized through ghost atoms. The ghost atom positions are interpolated from the coarse scale solution and enforced as boundary conditions on the fine scale. The fine scale region is adaptively refined and coarsened as the crack propagates. The centro symmetry parameter is used to detect the crack tip location. The method is implemented in two dimensions. The results are compared to pure atomistic simulations and show excellent agreement. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 289 (6 UL)An adaptive singular ES-FEM for mechanics problems with singular field of arbitrary order ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics & Engineering (2013), 253 This paper presents a singular edge-based smoothed finite element method (sES-FEM) for mechanics problems with singular stress fields of arbitrary order. The sES-FEM uses a basic mesh of three-noded ... [more ▼] This paper presents a singular edge-based smoothed finite element method (sES-FEM) for mechanics problems with singular stress fields of arbitrary order. The sES-FEM uses a basic mesh of three-noded linear triangular (T3) elements and a special layer of five-noded singular triangular elements (sT5) connected to the singular-point of the stress field. The sT5 element has an additional node on each of the two edges connected to the singular-point. It allows us to represent simple and efficient enrichment with desired terms for the displacement field near the singular-point with the satisfaction of partition-of-unity property. The stiffness matrix of the discretized system is then obtained using the assumed displacement values (not the derivatives) over smoothing domains associated with the edges of elements. An adaptive procedure for the sES-FEM is proposed to enhance the quality of the solution with minimized number of nodes. Several numerical examples are provided to validate the reliability of the present sES-FEM method. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 357 (5 UL)XLME interpolants, a seamless bridge between XFEM and enriched meshless methods ; ; et al in Computational Mechanics (2013) In this paper, we develop a method based on local maximum entropy shape functions together with enrichment functions used in partition of unity methods to discretize problems in linear elastic fracture ... [more ▼] In this paper, we develop a method based on local maximum entropy shape functions together with enrichment functions used in partition of unity methods to discretize problems in linear elastic fracture mechanics. We obtain improved accuracy relative to the standard extended finite element method at a comparable computational cost. In addition, we keep the advantages of the LME shape functions, such as smoothness and non-negativity. We show numerically that optimal convergence (same as in FEM) for energy norm and stress intensity factors can be obtained through the use of geometric (fixed area) enrichment with no special treatment of the nodes near the crack such as blending or shifting. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 326 (1 UL)NURBS-based finite element analysis of functionally graded plates: Static bending, vibration, buckling and flutter ; ; et al in Composite Structures (2013), 99 In this paper, a non-uniform rational B-spline based iso-geometric finite element method is used to study the static and dynamic characteristics of functionally graded material (FGM) plates. The material ... [more ▼] In this paper, a non-uniform rational B-spline based iso-geometric finite element method is used to study the static and dynamic characteristics of functionally graded material (FGM) plates. The material properties are assumed to be graded only in the thickness direction and the effective properties are computed either using the rule of mixtures or by Mori-Tanaka homogenization scheme. The plate kinematics is based on the first order shear deformation plate theory (FSDT). The shear correction factors are evaluated employing the energy equivalence principle and a simple modification to the shear correction factor is presented to alleviate shear locking. Static bending, mechanical and thermal buckling, linear free flexural vibration and supersonic flutter analysis of FGM plates are numerically studied. The accuracy of the present formulation is validated against available three-dimensional solutions. A detailed numerical study is carried out to examine the influence of the gradient index, the plate aspect ratio and the plate thickness on the global response of functionally graded material plates. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 299 (2 UL)A computational library for multiscale modeling of material failure ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in Computational Mechanics (2013) We present an open-source software framework called PERMIX for multiscale modeling and simulation of fracture in solids. The framework is an object oriented open-source effort written primarily in Fortran ... [more ▼] We present an open-source software framework called PERMIX for multiscale modeling and simulation of fracture in solids. The framework is an object oriented open-source effort written primarily in Fortran 2003 standard with Fortran/C++ interfaces to a number of other libraries such as LAMMPS, ABAQUS, LS-DYNA and GMSH. Fracture on the continuum level is modeled by the extended finite element method (XFEM). Using several novel or state of the art methods, the piece software handles semi-concurrent multiscale methods as well as concurrent multiscale methods for fracture, coupling two continuum domains or atomistic domains to continuum domains, respectively. The efficiency of our open-source software is shown through several simulations including a 3D crack modeling in clay nanocomposites, a semi-concurrent FE-FE coupling, a 3D Arlequin multiscale example and an MD-XFEM coupling for dynamic crack propagation. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 581 (4 UL)Statistical extraction of process zones and representative subspaces in fracture of random composites ; ; et al in International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering (2013), 11(3), 253-287 We propose to identify process zones in heterogeneous materials by tailored statistical tools. The process zone is redefined as the part of the structure where the random process cannot be correctly ... [more ▼] We propose to identify process zones in heterogeneous materials by tailored statistical tools. The process zone is redefined as the part of the structure where the random process cannot be correctly approximated in a low-dimensional deterministic space. Such a low-dimensional space is obtained by a spectral analysis performed on precomputed solution samples. A greedy algorithm is proposed to identify both process zone and low-dimensional representative subspace for the solution in the complementary region. In addition to the novelty of the tools proposed in this paper for the analysis of localized phenomena, we show that the reduced space generated by the method is a valid basis for the construction of a reduced-order model. © 2013 by Begell House, Inc. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 429 (11 UL)Molecular dynamics/xfem coupling by a three-dimensional extended bridging domain with applications to dynamic brittle fracture ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering (2013), 11(6), 527-541 We propose a method to couple a three-dimensional continuum domain to a molecular dynamics domain to simulate propagating cracks in dynamics. The continuum domain is treated by an extended finite element ... [more ▼] We propose a method to couple a three-dimensional continuum domain to a molecular dynamics domain to simulate propagating cracks in dynamics. The continuum domain is treated by an extended finite element method to handle the discontinuities. The coupling is based on the bridging domain method, which blends the continuum and atomistic energies. The Lennard-Jones potential is used to model the interactions in the atomistic domain, and the Cauchy-Born rule is used to compute the material behavior in the continuum domain. To our knowledge, it is the first time that a three dimensional extended bridging domain method is reported. To show the suitability of the proposed method, a threedimensional crack problem with an atomistic region around the crack front is solved. The results show that the method is capable of handling crack propagation and dislocation nucleation. © 2013 by Begell House, Inc. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 194 (0 UL)A partitioned model order reduction approach to rationalise computational expenses in nonlinear fracture mechanics ; ; et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics & Engineering (2013), 256 We propose in this paper a reduced order modelling technique based on domain partitioning for parametric problems of fracture. We show that coupling domain decomposition and projection-based model order ... [more ▼] We propose in this paper a reduced order modelling technique based on domain partitioning for parametric problems of fracture. We show that coupling domain decomposition and projection-based model order reduction permits to focus the numerical effort where it is most needed: around the zones where damage propagates. No a priori knowledge of the damage pattern is required, the extraction of the corresponding spatial regions being based solely on algebra. The efficiency of the proposed approach is demonstrated numerically with an example relevant to engineering fracture. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 319 (12 UL)Size-dependent free flexural vibration behavior of functionally graded nanoplates ; ; et al in Computational Materials Science (2012), 65 In this paper, size dependent linear free flexural vibration behavior of functionally graded (FG) nanoplates are investigated using the iso-geometric based finite element method. The field variables are ... [more ▼] In this paper, size dependent linear free flexural vibration behavior of functionally graded (FG) nanoplates are investigated using the iso-geometric based finite element method. The field variables are approximated by non-uniform rational B-splines. The nonlocal constitutive relation is based on Eringen's differential form of nonlocal elasticity theory. The material properties are assumed to vary only in the thickness direction and the effective properties for the FG plate are computed using Mori-Tanaka homogenization scheme. The accuracy of the present formulation is demonstrated considering the problems for which solutions are available. A detailed numerical study is carried out to examine the effect of material gradient index, the characteristic internal length, the plate thickness, the plate aspect ratio and the boundary conditions on the global response of the FG nanoplate. From the detailed numerical study it is seen that the fundamental frequency decreases with increasing gradient index and characteristic internal length. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 148 (2 UL)Extended finite element method for dynamic fracture of piezo-electric materials ; ; et al in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (2012), 92 We present an extended finite element formulation for dynamic fracture of piezo-electric materials. The method is developed in the context of linear elastic fracture mechanics. It is applied to mode I and ... [more ▼] We present an extended finite element formulation for dynamic fracture of piezo-electric materials. The method is developed in the context of linear elastic fracture mechanics. It is applied to mode I and mixed mode-fracture for quasi-steady cracks. An implicit time integration scheme is exploited. The results are compared to results obtained with the boundary element method and show excellent agreement. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 91 (0 UL)Extended finite element method with edge-based strain smoothing (ESm-XFEM) for linear elastic crack growth ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics & Engineering (2012), 209-212 This paper presents a strain smoothing procedure for the extended finite element method (XFEM). The resulting "edge-based" smoothed extended finite element method (ESm-XFEM) is tailored to linear elastic ... [more ▼] This paper presents a strain smoothing procedure for the extended finite element method (XFEM). The resulting "edge-based" smoothed extended finite element method (ESm-XFEM) is tailored to linear elastic fracture mechanics and, in this context, to outperform the standard XFEM. In the XFEM, the displacement-based approximation is enriched by the Heaviside and asymptotic crack tip functions using the framework of partition of unity. This eliminates the need for the mesh alignment with the crack and re-meshing, as the crack evolves. Edge-based smoothing (ES) relies on a generalized smoothing operation over smoothing domains associated with edges of simplex meshes, and produces a softening effect leading to a close-to-exact stiffness, "super-convergence" and "ultra-accurate" solutions. The present method takes advantage of both the ES-FEM and the XFEM. Thanks to the use of strain smoothing, the subdivision of elements intersected by discontinuities and of integrating the (singular) derivatives of the approximation functions is suppressed via transforming interior integration into boundary integration. Numerical examples show that the proposed method improves significantly the accuracy of stress intensity factors and achieves a near optimal convergence rate in the energy norm even without geometrical enrichment or blending correction. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 106 (1 UL)A two-dimensional Isogeometric Boundary Element Method for elastostatic analysis ; Bordas, Stéphane ; et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics & Engineering (2012), 209-212 The concept of isogeometric analysis, where functions that are used to describe geometry in CAD software are used to approximate the unknown fields in numerical simulations, has received great attention ... [more ▼] The concept of isogeometric analysis, where functions that are used to describe geometry in CAD software are used to approximate the unknown fields in numerical simulations, has received great attention in recent years. The method has the potential to have profound impact on engineering design, since the task of meshing, which in some cases can add significant overhead, has been circumvented. Much of the research effort has been focused on finite element implementations of the isogeometric concept, but at present, little has been seen on the application to the Boundary Element Method. The current paper proposes an Isogeometric Boundary Element Method (BEM), which we term IGABEM, applied to two-dimensional elastostatic problems using Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS). We find it is a natural fit with the isogeometric concept since both the NURBS approximation and BEM deal with quantities entirely on the boundary. The method is verified against analytical solutions where it is seen that superior accuracies are achieved over a conventional quadratic isoparametric BEM implementation. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 218 (6 UL)Enriched Element Free Galerkin Method for Gradient Elasticity ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al Scientific Conference (2011, June) Detailed reference viewed: 96 (0 UL)Natural frequencies of cracked isotropic & specially orthotropic plates using the extended finite element method ; ; et al Scientific Conference (2011, April) In this paper, the linear free flexural vibration of cracked isotropic and specially orthotropic plates is studied using the extended finite element method. The mixed interpolation technique of the well ... [more ▼] In this paper, the linear free flexural vibration of cracked isotropic and specially orthotropic plates is studied using the extended finite element method. The mixed interpolation technique of the well- established MITC4 [1] quadrilateral finite element with 12 standard degrees of freedom per element is used for this study. The natural frequencies of simply supported square plates are computed as a function of crack length and crack location. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 107 (1 UL)Natural frequencies of cracked functionally graded material plates by the extended finite element method ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in Composite Structures (2011), 93(11), 3082-3092 In this paper, the linear free flexural vibration of cracked functionally graded material plates is studied using the extended finite element method. A 4-noded quadrilateral plate bending element based on ... [more ▼] In this paper, the linear free flexural vibration of cracked functionally graded material plates is studied using the extended finite element method. A 4-noded quadrilateral plate bending element based on field and edge consistency requirement with 20 degrees of freedom per element is used for this study. The natural frequencies and mode shapes of simply supported and clamped square and rectangular plates are computed as a function of gradient index, crack length, crack orientation and crack location. The effect of thickness and influence of multiple cracks is also studied. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 139 (0 UL)A node-based smoothed extended finite element method (NS-XFEM) for fracture analysis ; ; et al in Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences (2011), 73(4), 331-355 This paper aims to incorporate the node-based smoothed finite element method (NS-FEM) into the extended finite element method (XFEM) to form a novel numerical method (NS-XFEM) for analyzing fracture ... [more ▼] This paper aims to incorporate the node-based smoothed finite element method (NS-FEM) into the extended finite element method (XFEM) to form a novel numerical method (NS-XFEM) for analyzing fracture problems of 2D elasticity. NS-FEM uses the strain smoothing technique over the smoothing domains associated with nodes to compute the system stiffness matrix, which leads to the line integrations using directly the shape function values along the boundaries of the smoothing domains. As a result, we avoid integration of the stress singularity at the crack tip. It is not necessary to divide elements cut by cracks when we replace interior integration by boundary integration, simplifying integration of the discontinuous approximation. The key advantage of the NS-XFEM is that it provides more accurate solutions compared to the XFEM-T3 element. We will show for two numerical examples that the NS-XFEM significantly improves the results in the energy norm and the stress intensity factors. For the examples studied, we obtain super-convergent results. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 UL)Linear buckling analysis of cracked plates by SFEM and XFEM ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in Journal of Mechanics of Material and Structures (2011), 6(9-10), 1213-1238 In this paper, the linear buckling problem for isotropic plates is studied using a quadrilateral element with smoothed curvatures and the extended finite element method. First, the curvature at each point ... [more ▼] In this paper, the linear buckling problem for isotropic plates is studied using a quadrilateral element with smoothed curvatures and the extended finite element method. First, the curvature at each point is obtained by a nonlocal approximation via a smoothing function. This element is later coupled with partition of unity enrichment to simplify the simulation of cracks. The proposed formulation suppresses locking and yields elements which behave very well, even in the thin plate limit. The buckling coefficient and mode shapes of square and rectangular plates are computed as functions of crack length, crack location, and plate thickness. The effects of different boundary conditions are also studied. © 2011 by Mathematical Sciences Publishers. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 179 (0 UL)On the performance of strain smoothing for quadratic and enriched finite element approximations (XFEM/GFEM/PUFEM) Bordas, Stéphane ; ; et al in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2011), 86(4-5), 637-666 By using the strain smoothing technique proposed by Chen et al. (Comput. Mech. 2000; 25:137-156) for meshless methods in the context of the finite element method (FEM), Liu et al. (Comput. Mech. 2007; 39 ... [more ▼] By using the strain smoothing technique proposed by Chen et al. (Comput. Mech. 2000; 25:137-156) for meshless methods in the context of the finite element method (FEM), Liu et al. (Comput. Mech. 2007; 39(6):859-877) developed the Smoothed FEM (SFEM). Although the SFEM is not yet well understood mathematically, numerical experiments point to potentially useful features of this particularly simple modification of the FEM. To date, the SFEM has only been investigated for bilinear and Wachspress approximations and is limited to linear reproducing conditions. The goal of this paper is to extend the strain smoothing to higher order elements and to investigate numerically in which condition strain smoothing is beneficial to accuracy and convergence of enriched finite element approximations. We focus on three widely used enrichment schemes, namely: (a) weak discontinuities; (b) strong discontinuities; (c) near-tip linear elastic fracture mechanics functions. The main conclusion is that strain smoothing in enriched approximation is only beneficial when the enrichment functions are polynomial (cases (a) and (b)), but that non-polynomial enrichment of type (c) lead to inferior methods compared to the standard enriched FEM (e.g. XFEM). © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 194 (1 UL)Isogeometric analysis using polynomial splines over hierarchical T-meshes for two-dimensional elastic solids ; ; Bordas, Stéphane et al in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics & Engineering (2011), 200(21-22), 1892-1908 Isogeometric analysis has become a powerful alternative to standard finite elements due to its flexibility in handling complex geometries. One of the major drawbacks of NURBS-based isogeometric finite ... [more ▼] Isogeometric analysis has become a powerful alternative to standard finite elements due to its flexibility in handling complex geometries. One of the major drawbacks of NURBS-based isogeometric finite elements is the inefficiency of local refinement. In this study, we present an alternative to NURBS-based isogeometric analysis that allows for local refinement. The idea is based on polynomial splines and exploits the flexibility of T-meshes for local refinement. The shape functions satisfy important properties such as non-negativity, local support and partition of unity. Several numerical examples are used to demonstrate the reliability of the present method. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 118 (1 UL) |
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