References of "Preckel, Franzis"
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See detailAcademic Profile Development: An Investigation of Differentiation Processes Based on Students' Achievement and Grade Level
Breit, Moritz; Brunner, Martin; Fischbach, Antoine UL et al

Scientific Conference (2022, April 21)

Academic achievement profiles affect students’ further development, i.e., by informing educational and professional choices. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the mechanisms behind the development ... [more ▼]

Academic achievement profiles affect students’ further development, i.e., by informing educational and professional choices. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the mechanisms behind the development of academic profiles. For research on cognitive ability profiles, specifically differentiation processes, statistical tools have been developed. In the present article, we transfer these methods for differentiation research to academic achievement data. We examine differentiation depending on students’ general level of achievement and grade level in a large Luxembourgish student sample. Students’ achievements in German, French, and Math were assessed within the Luxembourg school monitoring program. We found more balanced academic profiles with increasing achievement level. We further found more balanced profiles with increasing grade level and a positive interaction effect. [less ▲]

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See detailNeed for Cognition and its relation to academic achievement in different learning environments
Colling, Joanne UL; Wollschläger, Rachel UL; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

in Learning and Individual Differences (2022), 93

The present study investigates how Need for Cognition (NFC), an individual's tendency to engage in and enjoy thinking, relates to academic achievement in 9th grade students (N = 3.355) attending different ... [more ▼]

The present study investigates how Need for Cognition (NFC), an individual's tendency to engage in and enjoy thinking, relates to academic achievement in 9th grade students (N = 3.355) attending different school tracks to understand whether school track moderates this relation when controlling for student background variables. Using structural regression analyses, our findings revealed small and significant positive relations between NFC and academic achievement in German, French and Math. Relations were strongest in the highest and weakest in the lowest track. No significant track difference between the highest and the intermediary track could be identified; significant differences of small effect size between the intermediary and the lowest track were found in favor of the intermediary track in the relation between NFC and academic achievement in German and Math. These findings underpin the importance of NFC in academic settings, while highlighting that the relation between NFC and achievement varies with the characteristics of different learning environments. [less ▲]

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See detailA research-practice cooperation to support elementary school teachers’ diagnostic competencies based on a working theory of talent development in STEM
Krischler, Mireille UL; Mack, Elena; Gnas, Jessica et al

in Gifted and Talented International (2021)

We present a teacher professionalization project for promoting elementary school teachers’ diagnostic competencies in recognizing their students’ potential in STEM subjects. Teacher professionalization is ... [more ▼]

We present a teacher professionalization project for promoting elementary school teachers’ diagnostic competencies in recognizing their students’ potential in STEM subjects. Teacher professionalization is fostered through the teachers’ personal involvement in the development of subjectspecific diagnostic materials as well as through continuing training on the fundamental knowledge needed to detect and support gifted students. On the basis of the Talent Development in Achievement Domains (TAD) framework, we reached a common working theory of talent and its development in mathematics and science for elementary school-aged students based on the available scientific evidence and approved by teachers. We share a multidimensional, dynamic view of talent development that includes abilities, personality traits, and skills. We describe how our working theory and diagnostic materials can foster teachers’ diagnostic competencies as well as talent discovery and promotion in order to foster students’ development of creative productivity in STEM fields. [less ▲]

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See detailTalent development in natural science in elementary school: A juxtaposition of research and practice
Mack, Elena; Breit, Moritz; Krischler, Mireille UL et al

in Teaching and Teacher Education (2021), 104

We present a working theory of person-related predictors of talent development in natural science during elementary school. The working theory resulted from the juxtaposition of scientific findings and ... [more ▼]

We present a working theory of person-related predictors of talent development in natural science during elementary school. The working theory resulted from the juxtaposition of scientific findings and teachers' expertise. The results showed that both teachers and researchers conceive of talent development in natural science as a complex process including abilities, personality traits, and skills as predictors. However, teachers focused mainly on skills whereas the scientific literature emphasized cognitive abilities. The working theory can be used for the identification and promotion of natural science talent and the development of teachers' diagnostic skills to assess students’ potential in natural science. [less ▲]

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See detailPromoting Elementary-School Teachers’ Diagnostic Skills to Recognize their Students’ Academic Potential
Krischler, Mireille UL; Breit, Moritz; Preckel, Franzis

Poster (2020, April)

We present a five-year project aimed at improving teachers’ skills to detect mathematical and scientific talent in elementary school students. Within the project, teachers from 23 German schools and ... [more ▼]

We present a five-year project aimed at improving teachers’ skills to detect mathematical and scientific talent in elementary school students. Within the project, teachers from 23 German schools and researchers cooperate to extend teachers’ diagnostic competencies, substantiate their practices scientifically, and to learn from each other’s experiences in the detection and promotion of STEM talent (i.e. networked improvement community). The project is theoretically based on domain- specific talent development models for mathematics and natural science. In the course of the project, teachers interact with e-learning modules, participate in training sessions, attend workshops that bridge scientific theory and educational practice, and regularly evaluate these components of the project. We present the conceptualization of the project as well as first results. [less ▲]

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See detailTalententwicklung in Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft in der Grundschule
Breit, Moritz; Mack, Elena; Gnas, Jessica et al

Poster (2020, February)

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See detailDiagnostische Kompetenz von Lehrpersonen in der Grundschule
Mack, Elena; Breit, Moritz; Gnas, Jessica et al

Poster (2020, February)

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See detailA Cooperative Approach to Modeling Talent Development in STEM Fields in Elementary School
Breit, Moritz; Krischler, Mireille UL; Preckel, Franzis

Scientific Conference (2020)

We present two domain-specific talent development models for mathematics and natural science in elementary school. The models were formulated based on the joined expertise of giftedness researchers and ... [more ▼]

We present two domain-specific talent development models for mathematics and natural science in elementary school. The models were formulated based on the joined expertise of giftedness researchers and teachers. An extensive search of the scientific literature, as well as several teacher workshops in the context of a nation-wide German teacher training program were conducted. The results show that teachers and scientists share a multidimensional, dynamic view on talent development. The cognitive abilities, personality traits and psychosocial skills related to talent development in mathematics and science are presented. The resulting models can be used as a starting point for the construction of diagnostic material, the training of diagnostic abilities in teachers, and for the promotion of gifted children. [less ▲]

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See detailLUPE – Leistung unterstützen, Potenziale entdecken. Ein Projekt zur materialgestützten Förderung diagnostischer Fähigkeiten von Grundschullehrpersonen im Mathematik- und Sachunterricht
Krischler, Mireille UL; Breit, Moritz; Mack, Elena et al

in Weigand, Gabriele; Fischer, Christian; Käpnick, Friedhelm (Eds.) et al Leistung macht Schule: Förderung leistungsstarker und potenziell besonders leistungsfähiger Schülerinnen und Schüler (2020)

Zur Unterstützung der Entwicklung leistungsstarker und potenziell besonders leistungsfähiger Schülerinnen und Schüler setzt das LemaS-Teilprojekt 20 LUPE bei den diagnostischen Kompetenzen der ... [more ▼]

Zur Unterstützung der Entwicklung leistungsstarker und potenziell besonders leistungsfähiger Schülerinnen und Schüler setzt das LemaS-Teilprojekt 20 LUPE bei den diagnostischen Kompetenzen der Lehrpersonen an. Basis hierfür ist ein Talententwicklungsmodell mit spezifischem Bezug zur Leistungsentwicklung in den MINT-Fächern (Mathematik und Sachunterricht – Bereich Natur & Technik) während der Grundschulzeit. Dieses Modell wird im LUPE-Projekt entwickelt, indem die Perspektiven von Wissenschaft und Praxis nutzbringend zusammengebracht und integriert werden. Aufbauend auf dem Talententwicklungsmodell werden fachspezifische Materialen entwickelt, in der Praxis erprobt und formativ evaluiert. Diese Materialien sollen Grundschullehrpersonen in den MINT-Fächern dabei unterstützen, aktiv und strukturiert Leistungspotenziale bei ihren Schülerinnen und Schülern zu suchen und zu finden – Strategien der psychologischen Diagnostik ergänzen die pädagogische Diagnostik im Schulalltag. Die Materialien, die von den Lehrpersonen im Unterricht flexibel eingesetzt werden können, kombinieren unterschiedliche Ansätze wie Verhaltensbeobachtungsmethoden, Interviews und diagnostisches Aufgabenmaterial. Es ist zu erwarten, dass das LUPE-Projekt die diagnostischen Fähigkeiten von Grundschullehrpersonen zur Erkennung (potenziell) leistungsstarker Schülerinnen und Schüler erhöht: Ihre Beobachtungsfähigkeit wird geschult und ihre Aufmerksamkeit auf alle Schülerinnen und Schüler gelenkt – und damit auch auf potenziell besonders leistungsfähige Schülerinnen und Schüler, die ansonsten eher unterschätzt oder übersehen werden. Zudem wird der Unterricht um Situationen angereichert, in denen Potenzial gezeigt und erkannt werden kann. [less ▲]

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See detailKonzeption des LemaS-Projekts im Rahmen der Bund-Länder-Initiative
Preckel, Franzis; Breit, Moritz; Mack, Elena et al

in Weigand, Gabriele; Fischer, Christian; Käpnick, Friedhelm (Eds.) et al Leistung macht Schule: Förderung leistungsstarker und potenziell besonders leistungsfähiger Schülerinnen und Schüler (2020)

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See detailCircadian preference as a typology: Latent-class analysis of adolescents' morningness/eveningness, relation with sleep behavior, and with academic outcomes
Preckel, Franzis; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Scherrer, Vsevolod et al

in Learning and Individual Differences (2020), 78

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See detailNeed for Cognition across school tracks: The importance of learning environments
Colling, Joanne UL; Wollschläger, Rachel UL; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, November 06)

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See detailA need for cognition scale for children and adolescents: Structural analysis and measurement invariance
Keller, Ulrich UL; Strobel, Anja; Wollschläger, Rachel UL et al

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2019), 35

Need for Cognition (NFC) signifies “the tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy thinking” (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982, p. 116). Up to now, no scale of sufficient psychometric quality existed to ... [more ▼]

Need for Cognition (NFC) signifies “the tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy thinking” (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982, p. 116). Up to now, no scale of sufficient psychometric quality existed to assess NFC in children. Using data from three independent, diverse cross-sectional samples from Germany, Luxembourg, and Finland, we examined the psychometric properties of a new NFC scale intended to fill in this gap. In all samples, across grades levels ranging from 1 to 9, confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the hypothesized nested factor structure based on Mussel’s (2013) Intellect model, with one general factor Think influencing all items and two specific factors Seek and Conquer each influencing a subset of items. At least partial scalar measurement invariance with regard to grade level and sex could be demonstrated. The scale exhibited good psychometric properties and showed convergent and discriminant validity with an established NFC scale and other non-cognitive traits such as academic self-concept and interests. It incrementally predicted mostly statistically significant but relatively small portions of academic achievement variance over and above academic self-concept and interest. Implications for research on the development of NFC and its role as an investment trait in intellectual development are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding the link between need for cognition and complex problem solving
Rudolph, Julia UL; Greiff, Samuel UL; Strobel, Anja et al

in Contemporary Educational Psychology (2018), 55

With the aim of broadening the understanding of the nomological network of Complex Problem Solving (CPS), we investigated the link between CPS and Need for Cognition (NFC) while controlling for reasoning ... [more ▼]

With the aim of broadening the understanding of the nomological network of Complex Problem Solving (CPS), we investigated the link between CPS and Need for Cognition (NFC) while controlling for reasoning ability. Further, we explored whether the relation between NFC and CPS was mediated by test-taking behavior (i.e., exploration time). Using structural equation modeling, we analyzed data from 474 German seventh graders. We found (a) that NFC and CPS were positively related, (b) that this link was partially mediated by CPS exploration time, and (c) that the link between NFC and CPS that was partially mediated by exploration time remained substantial even after we controlled for reasoning. Altogether, these results provide new insights into how CPS and NFC are linked. [less ▲]

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See detailLehrkraftempfehlung und elterliches Entscheidungsverhalten beim Übergang von der Grundschule in die Sekundarschule
Wollschläger, Rachel UL; Preckel, Franzis

Scientific Conference (2017, September)

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See detailDomänenspeziftät von Need for Cognition bei Sekundarschülerinnen und -schülern
Keller, Ulrich UL; Strobel, Anja; Martin, Romain UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, March 14)

In der aktuellen Bildungsforschung werden zahlreiche nichtkognitive Konstrukte, wie Selbstkonzepte, Interesse und Schulangst, meist neben einer generellen Erfassung auch domänen- oder fachspezifisch ... [more ▼]

In der aktuellen Bildungsforschung werden zahlreiche nichtkognitive Konstrukte, wie Selbstkonzepte, Interesse und Schulangst, meist neben einer generellen Erfassung auch domänen- oder fachspezifisch erfasst. Hierzu werden Items in Selbstberichtskalen mit Bezug auf die jeweilige Domäne formuliert (z.B. „Mathematik ist eines meiner besten Fächer“). Dies trifft auf NFC bisher nicht zu – in Übereinstimmung mit der ausdrücklich domänenübergreifenden, generellen Konzeption von NFC durch die Urheber des Konstrukts (Cacioppo, Petty, Feinstein, & Jarvis, 1996). Allerdings scheint es gerade vor dem Hintergrund der Überlegungen von Cacioppo et al. (1996) zur Entwicklung von NFC im Kindesalter plausibel, dass auch NFC domänenspezifische Ausprägungen zeigt. Cacioppo et al. (1996) betonen den Einfluss von kognitiven Fähigkeiten und von (Mis-)Erfolgserfahrungen für die Entwicklung von NFC. In einem von klar abgegrenzten Fächern geprägten schulischen Umfeld und mit zunehmender Differenzierung der kognitiven Fähigkeiten (Ackerman, 2014) kann vermutet werden, dass auch im Hinblick auf die Neigung zu anstrengender kognitiver Tätigkeit interindividuell verschiedene domänenspezifische Profile sichtbar werden. Fragestellung: Zeigt NFC neben einer generellen Komponente auch domänenspezifische interindividuelle Ausprägungen? Material und Methoden: Um der Frage nach der Möglichkeit der domänenspezifischen Modellierung von NFC nachzugehen, entwickelten wir auf der Grundlage einer 5-Item-Kurzskala (basierend auf der NFC-KIDS-Skala für Grundschulkinder; Preckel & Strobel, 2017) parallel formulierte Items für die Fächer Deutsch, Französisch, Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften. Anhand einer Stichprobe von N=4595 luxemburgischen Schüler/innen der 9. Klasse untersuchten wir die so entstandene domänenspezifische NFC-Skala hinsichtlich ihrer internen Struktur, der Abgrenzbarkeit der NFC-Faktoren von domänenspezifischem Interesse, sowie der prädiktiven Validität bezüglich standardisierter Leistungstests. Befunde: Im Rahmen konfirmatorischer Faktorenanalysen ergab sich für ein nested factor-Messmodell mit einem auf allen Items ladenden Generalfaktor und korrelierten, genesteten domänenspezifischen Faktoren für Deutsch, Französisch, Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften die beste Passung (χ2[199]=1966, p<.05, CFI=.970, RMSEA=.044, SRMR=.022). Die latenten Korrelationen der domänenspezifischen Faktoren dieses Modells mit Faktoren erster Ordnung einer analog konstruierten Skala zu fachbezogenen Interessen betrugen zwischen .57 und .64; die spezifischen NFC-Faktoren waren damit klar von fachbezogenen Interessen abgrenzbar. Die domänenspezifischen NFC-Faktoren für Mathematik, Deutsch und Französisch sagten statistisch signifikant Leistungen in standardisierten Schulleistungstests im jeweils selben Fach voraus (β-Gewichte zwischen .08 und .19, p<.05). Der NFC-Generalfaktor klärte darüber hinaus signifikante Varianz nur in Mathematikleistungen auf (β=.08, p<.05). Diskussion: Weitere Untersuchungen müssen zeigen, ob sich, wie wir vermuten, die genesteten Faktoren als Profilabweichungen von einem generellen NFC-Niveau interpretieren lassen. Insbesondere scheint hier ein integrativer Ansatz der Modellierung von domänenspezifischem NFC zusammen mit weiteren nichtkognitiven Konstrukten vielversprechend (vgl. Gogol, 2015). Darüber hinaus hoffen wir mit der hier vorgestellten Skala einen Beitrag zu Erforschung der Entwicklung von NFC im schulischen Kontext leisten zu können. Literatur Ackerman, P. L. (2014). Adolescent and adult intellectual development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(4), 246–251. Cacioppo, J. T., Petty, R. E., Feinstein, J. A., & Jarvis, W. B. G. (1996). Dispositional differences in cognitive motivation: The life and times of individuals varying in need for cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 119(2), 197–253. Gogol, K. (2015). Achievement motivation: Assessment, Structure and Development. Unpublished Dissertation. University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg. Preckel, F., & Strobel, A. (2017, in Druck). Need for Cognition Kinderskala (NFC-KIDS). Eine Skala zur Erfassung der kognitiven Motivation bei Grundschulkindern. Göttingen: Hogrefe. [less ▲]

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See detailNeed for cognition in children and adolescents. Correlates and relations to intelligence and academic performance
Luong, Cäcilia; Strobel, Anja; Wollschläger, Rachel UL et al

in Learning and Individual Differences (2017)

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