References of "Ottersten, Björn 50002797"
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See detailFedFog: Network-Aware Optimization of Federated Learning over Wireless Fog-Cloud System
Nguyen, van Dinh UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (in press)

Federated learning (FL) is capable of performing large distributed machine learning tasks across multiple edge users by periodically aggregating trained local parameters. To address key challenges of ... [more ▼]

Federated learning (FL) is capable of performing large distributed machine learning tasks across multiple edge users by periodically aggregating trained local parameters. To address key challenges of enabling FL over a wireless fogcloud system (e.g., non-i.i.d. data, users’ heterogeneity), we first propose an efficient FL algorithm based on Federated Averaging (called FedFog) to perform the local aggregation of gradient parameters at fog servers and global training update at the cloud. Next, we employ FedFog in wireless fog-cloud systems by investigating a novel network-aware FL optimization problem that strikes the balance between the global loss and completion time. An iterative algorithm is then developed to obtain a precise measurement of the system performance, which helps design an efficient stopping criteria to output an appropriate number of global rounds. To mitigate the straggler effect, we propose a flexible user aggregation strategy that trains fast users first to obtain a certain level of accuracy before allowing slow users to join the global training updates. Extensive numerical results using several real-world FL tasks are provided to verify the theoretical convergence of FedFog. We also show that the proposed co-design of FL and communication is essential to substantially improve resource utilization while achieving comparable accuracy of the learning model. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration of NOMA with Reflecting Intelligent Surfaces: A Multi-cell Optimization with SIC Decoding Errors
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Mahmood, Asad UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2023)

Reflecting intelligent surfaces (RIS) has gained significant attention due to its high energy and spectral efficiency in next-generation wireless networks. By using low-cost passive reflecting elements ... [more ▼]

Reflecting intelligent surfaces (RIS) has gained significant attention due to its high energy and spectral efficiency in next-generation wireless networks. By using low-cost passive reflecting elements, RIS can smartly reconfigure the signal propagation to extend the wireless communication coverage. On the other hand, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been proven as a key air interface technique for supporting massive connections over limited resources. Utilizing the superposition coding and successive interference cancellation (SIC) techniques, NOMA can multiplex multiple users over the same spectrum and time resources by allocating different power levels. This paper proposes a new optimization scheme in a multi-cell RIS-NOMA network to enhance the spectral efficiency under SIC decoding errors. In particular, the power budget of the base station and the transmit power of NOMA users while the passive beamforming of RIS is simultaneously optimized in each cell. Due to objective function and quality of service constraints, the joint problem is formulated as non-convex, which is very complex and challenging to obtain the optimal global solution. To reduce the complexity and make the problem tractable, we first decouple the original problem into two sub-problems for power allocation and passive beamforming. Then, the efficient solution of each sub-problem is obtained in two-steps. In the first-step of For power allocation sub-problem, we transform it to a convex problem by inner approximation method and then solve it through a standard convex optimization solver in the second-step. Accordingly, in the first-step of passive beamforming, it is transformed to a standard semidefinite programming problem by successive convex approximation and different of convex programming methods. Then, penalty based method is used to achieve a Rank-1 solution for passive beamforming in second-step. Numerical results demonstrate the benefits of the proposed optimization scheme in the multi-cell RIS-NOMA network. [less ▲]

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See detailBeam Splash Mitigation for NGSO Spectrum Coexistence between Feeder and User Downlink
Lagunas, Eva UL; Perez-Neira, Ana; Grotz, Joel et al

in International ITG 26th Workshop on Smart Antennas (WSA), Braunschweig, Germany, 27 Feb - 03 Mar 2023. (2023)

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See detailStacked-Cascode Current Steering Architecture for Gallium Nitride Variable-Gain LNAs
Gonzalez Rios, Jorge Luis UL; Vazquez, Diego; Moreno, Robson et al

in IEEE 14th Latin American Symposium on Circuits and Systems (LASCAS 2023) (2023)

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See detailOpportunities for physical layer security in UAV communication enhanced with intelligent reflective surfaces
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Ali, Zain et al

in IEEE Wireless Communications (2022), 29(06), 22-28

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are an important component of next-generation wireless networks that can assist in high data rate communications and provide enhanced coverage.Their high mobility and ... [more ▼]

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are an important component of next-generation wireless networks that can assist in high data rate communications and provide enhanced coverage.Their high mobility and aerial nature offer deployment flexibility and low-cost infrastructure support to existing cellular networks and provide many applications that rely on mobile wireless communications. However, security is a major challenge in UAV communications, and physical layer security (PLS) is an important technique to improve the reliability and security of data shared with the assistance of UAVs. Recently, the intelligent reflective surface (IRS) has emerged as a novel technology to extend and/or enhance wireless coverage by reconfiguring the propagation environment of communications. This article provides an overview of how the IRS can improve the PLS of UAV networks. We discuss different use cases of PLS for IRS-enhanced UAV communications and briefly review the recent advances in this area. Then, based on the recent advances, we also present a case study that utilizes alternate optimization to maximize the secrecy capacity for an IRS-enhanced UAV scenario in the presence of multiple Eves. Finally, we highlight several open issues and research challenges to realize PLS in IRS-enhanced UAV communications. [less ▲]

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See detailPower Allocation for Space-Terrestrial Cooperation Systems with Statistical CSI
Chien, Trinh-Van; Lagunas, Eva UL; Hoang, Tiep M. et al

in IEEE Global Communications Conference (IEEE Globecom), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Dec. 2022 (2022, December)

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See detailLearning-Based Joint Channel Prediction and Antenna Selection for Massive MIMO with Partial CSI
He, Ke UL; Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE GLOBECOM 2022 proceedings (2022, December)

This paper investigates the massive multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system in practical deployment scenarios, in which, to balance the economic and energy efficiency with the system performance, the ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the massive multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system in practical deployment scenarios, in which, to balance the economic and energy efficiency with the system performance, the number of radio frequency (RF) chains is smaller than the number of antennas. The base station employs antenna selection (AS) to fully harness the spatial multiplexing gain. Conventional AS techniques require full channel state information (CSI), which is time-consuming as the antennas cannot be simultaneously connected to the RF chains during the channel estimation process. To tackle this issue, we propose a novel joint channel prediction and AS (JCPAS) framework to reduce the CSI acquisition time and improve the system performance under temporally correlated channels. Our proposed JCPAS framework is a fully probabilistic model driven by deep unsupervised learning. The proposed framework is able to predict the current full CSI, while requiring only a historical window of partial observations. Extensive simulation results show that the proposed JCPAS can significantly improve the system performance under temporally correlated channels, especially for very large-scale systems with highly correlated channels. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimizing Computational and Communication Resources for MEC Network Empowered UAV-RIS Communication
Mahmood, Asad UL; Xuan VU, Thang; Khan, Wali Ullah UL et al

Scientific Conference (2022, December)

With the technological evolution and new applications, user equipment (UEs) has become a vital part of our lives. However, limited computational capabilities and finite battery life bottleneck the ... [more ▼]

With the technological evolution and new applications, user equipment (UEs) has become a vital part of our lives. However, limited computational capabilities and finite battery life bottleneck the performance of computationally demanding applications. A practical solution to enhance the quality of experience (QoE) is to offload the extensive computation to the mobile edge cloud (MEC). Moreover, the network’s performance can be further improved by deploying an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) integrated with intelligent reflective surfaces (IRS): an effective alternative to massive antenna systems to enhance the signal quality and suppress interference. In this work, the MEC network architecture is assisted by UAV-IRS to provide computational services to the UEs. To do so, a cost minimization problem in terms of computing time and hovering energy consumption is formulated. Furthermore, to achieve an efficient solution to a formulated challenging problem, the original optimization problem is decoupled into sub-problems using the block-coordinate decent method. Moreover, numerical results are compared to baseline schemes to determine the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Simulation results demonstrate that the optimal allocation of local computational resources results in minimizing tasks’ computational time and hovering energy consumption. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiuser-MISO Precoding under Channel Phase Uncertainty in Satellite Communication Systems
Martinez Marrero, Liz UL; Haqiqatnejad, Alireza UL; Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL et al

in IEEE Open Journal of Vehicular Technology (2022)

Linear and symbol-level precoding in satellite communications have received increasing research attention thanks to their ability to tackle inter-beam interference, allowing the use of spectral resources ... [more ▼]

Linear and symbol-level precoding in satellite communications have received increasing research attention thanks to their ability to tackle inter-beam interference, allowing the use of spectral resources more efficiently. However, there are still challenges and open questions regarding the implementation of practical precoding systems taking the phase uncertainties in estimating the channel state information into account. This work assesses the impact of phase variations and uncertainties inherent to the satellite communication system operating a precoded forward link. Specifically, we address the inability to measure at the user terminal, the absolute phase rotation introduced by the channel, and the transponder local oscillator phase noise effects on the precoding operations considering the use of frequency division multiplexing in the forward-uplink transmission. We formally demonstrate that the system performance for linear and non-linear precoding operations is not affected by the uncertainty in the phase measurements at the user terminal. Additionally, we show that using a single frequency reference for all the local oscillators at the transponder does not avoid the phase variations related to the frequency division multiplexing in the forward-uplink. This work demonstrates that these phase variations would not affect the system performance for an ideal zero-delay precoding loop. However, this is not feasible in practical scenarios, where the phase noise of the frequency reference at the transponder and the loop delay determine the impact on the system performance. We validate our results by simulations considering three frequency references with different stability levels in a typical GEO satellite system. Our results suggest that practical implementations of multiuser-MISO precoding systems must include a differential phase synchronization loop to compensate for this performance degradation. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration of backscatter communication with multi-cell NOMA: a spectral efficiency optimization under imperfect SIC
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Mahmood, Asad UL et al

Poster (2022, November 03)

Future wireless networks are expected to connect large-scale low-powered communication devices using the available spectrum resources. Backscatter communications (BC) is an emerging technology towards ... [more ▼]

Future wireless networks are expected to connect large-scale low-powered communication devices using the available spectrum resources. Backscatter communications (BC) is an emerging technology towards battery-free transmission in future wireless networks by leveraging ambient radio frequency (RF) waves that enable communications among wireless devices. Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has recently drawn significant attention due to its high spectral efficiency. The combination of these two technologies can play an important role in the development of future networks. This paper proposes a new optimization approach to enhance the spectral efficiency of nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA)-BC network. Our framework simultaneously optimizes the power allocation of base station and reflection coefficient (RC) of the backscatter device in each cell under the assumption of imperfect signal decoding. The problem of spectral efficiency maximization is coupled on power and RC which is challenging to solve. To make this problem tractable, we first decouple it into two subproblems and then apply the decomposition method and Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions to obtain the efficient solution. Numerical results show the performance of the proposed NOMA-BC network over the pure NOMA network without BC. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Performance of Cache-Free/Cache-Aided STBC-NOMA in Cognitive Hybrid Satellite-Terrestrial Networks
Singh, Vibhum UL; Solanki, Sourabh UL; Eappen, Geoffrey UL et al

in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters (2022), 11(12), 2655-2659

Future wireless networks pose several challenges such as high spectral efficiency, wide coverage massive connectivity, low receiver complexity, etc. To this end, this letter investigates an overlay based ... [more ▼]

Future wireless networks pose several challenges such as high spectral efficiency, wide coverage massive connectivity, low receiver complexity, etc. To this end, this letter investigates an overlay based cognitive hybrid satellite-terrestrial network (CHSTN) combining non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and conventional Alamouti space-time block coding (STBC) techniques. Herein, a decode-and-forward based secondary terrestrial network cooperates with a primary satellite network for dynamic spectrum access. Further, for reliable content delivery and low latency requirements, wireless caching is employed, whereby the secondary network can store the most popular contents of the primary network. Considering the relevant heterogeneous fading channel models and the NOMA-based imperfect successive interference cancellation, we examine the performance of CHSTN for the cache-free (CF) STBC-NOMA and the cache-aided (CA) STBC-NOMA schemes. We assess the outage probability expressions for primary and secondary networks and further, highlight the corresponding achievable diversity orders. Indicatively, the proposed CF/CA STBC-NOMA schemes for CHSTN perform significantly better than the benchmark standalone NOMA and OMA schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailTask-Oriented Data Compression for Multi-Agent Communications Over Bit-Budgeted Channels
Mostaani, Arsham UL; Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society (2022)

Various applications for inter-machine communications are on the rise. Whether it is for autonomous driving vehicles or the internet of everything, machines are more connected than ever to improve their ... [more ▼]

Various applications for inter-machine communications are on the rise. Whether it is for autonomous driving vehicles or the internet of everything, machines are more connected than ever to improve their performance in fulfilling a given task. While in traditional communications the goal has often been to reconstruct the underlying message, under the emerging task-oriented paradigm, the goal of communication is to enable the receiving end to make more informed decisions or more precise estimates/computations. Motivated by these recent developments, in this paper, we perform an indirect design of the communications in a multi-agent system (MAS) in which agents cooperate to maximize the averaged sum of discounted one-stage rewards of a collaborative task. Due to the bit-budgeted communications between the agents, each agent should efficiently represent its local observation and communicate an abstracted version of the observations to improve the collaborative task performance. We first show that this problem can be approximated as a form of data-quantization problem which we call task-oriented data compression (TODC). We then introduce the state-aggregation for information compression algorithm (SAIC) to solve the formulated TODC problem. It is shown that SAIC is able to achieve near-optimal performance in terms of the achieved sum of discounted rewards. The proposed algorithm is applied to a geometric consensus problem and its performance is compared with several benchmarks. Numerical experiments confirm the promise of this indirect design approach for task-oriented multi-agent communications. [less ▲]

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See detailOpportunities for Intelligent Reflecting Surfaces in 6G-Empowered V2X Communications
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Mahmood, Asad UL; Bozorgchenani, Arash et al

in Bulletin. Cornell University Libraries (2022)

The applications of upcoming sixth generation (6G)-empowered vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications depend heavily on large-scale data exchange with high throughput and ultra-low latency to ensure ... [more ▼]

The applications of upcoming sixth generation (6G)-empowered vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications depend heavily on large-scale data exchange with high throughput and ultra-low latency to ensure system reliability and passenger safety. However, in urban and suburban areas, signals can be easily blocked by various objects. Moreover, the propagation of signals with ultra-high frequencies such as millimeter waves and terahertz communication is severely affected by obstacles. To address these issues, the Intelligent Reflecting Surface (IRS), which consists of nearly passive elements, has gained popularity because of its ability to intelligently reconfigure signal propagation in an energy-efficient manner. Due to the promise of ease of deployment and low cost, IRS has been widely acknowledged as a key technology for both terrestrial and non-terrestrial networks to improve signal strength, physical layer security, positioning accuracy, and reduce latency. This paper first describes the introduction of 6G-empowered V2X communications and IRS technology. Then it discusses different use case scenarios of IRS enabled V2X communications and reports recent advances in the existing literature. Next, we focus our attention on the scenario of vehicular edge computing involving IRS enabled drone communications in order to reduce vehicle computational time via optimal computational and communication resource allocation. At the end, this paper highlights current challenges and discusses future perspectives of IRS enabled V2X communications in order to improve current work and spark new ideas. [less ▲]

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See detailBeam Squint-Aware Integrated Sensing and Communications for Hybrid Massive MIMO LEO Satellite Systems
You, Li; Qiang, Xiaoyu; Tsinos, Christos UL et al

in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications (2022), 40(10), 2994-3009

The space-air-ground-sea integrated network (SAGSIN) plays an important role in offering global coverage. To improve the efficient utilization of spectral and hardware resources in the SAGSIN, integrated ... [more ▼]

The space-air-ground-sea integrated network (SAGSIN) plays an important role in offering global coverage. To improve the efficient utilization of spectral and hardware resources in the SAGSIN, integrated sensing and communications (ISAC) has drawn extensive attention. Most existing ISAC works focus on terrestrial networks and cannot be straightforwardly applied in satellite systems due to the significantly different electromagnetic wave propagation properties. In this work, we investigate the application of ISAC in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) low earth orbit (LEO) satellite systems. We first characterize the statistical wave propagation properties by considering beam squint effects. Based on this analysis, we propose a beam squint-aware ISAC technique for hybrid analog/digital massive MIMO LEO satellite systems exploiting statistical channel state information. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can operate both the wireless communications and the target sensing simultaneously with satisfactory performance, and the beam-squint effects can be efficiently mitigated with the proposed method in typical LEO satellite systems. [less ▲]

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See detailFrequency-Packed Faster-Than-Nyquist Signaling via Symbol-Level Precoding for Multiuser MISO Redundant Transmissions
Alves Martins, Wallace UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2022), 21(10), 8660-8674

This work addresses the issue of interference generated by co-channel users in downlink multi-antenna multicarrier systems with frequency-packed faster-than-Nyquist (FTN) signaling. The resulting ... [more ▼]

This work addresses the issue of interference generated by co-channel users in downlink multi-antenna multicarrier systems with frequency-packed faster-than-Nyquist (FTN) signaling. The resulting interference stems from an aggressive strategy for enhancing the throughput via frequency reuse across different users and the squeezing of signals in the time-frequency plane beyond the Nyquist limit. The spectral efficiency is proved to be increasing with the frequency packing and FTN acceleration factors. The lower bound for the FTN sampling period that guarantees information losslesness is derived as a function of the transmitting-filter roll-off factor, the frequency-packing factor, and the number of subcarriers. Space-time-frequency symbol-level precoders (SLPs) that trade off constructive and destructive interblock interference (IBI) at the single-antenna user terminals are proposed. Redundant elements are added as guard interval to cope with vestigial destructive IBI effects. The proposals can handle channels with delay spread longer than the multicarrier-symbol duration. The receiver architecture is simple, for it does not require digital multicarrier demodulation. Simulations indicate that the proposed SLP outperforms zero-forcing precoding and achieves a target balance between spectral and energy efficiencies by controlling the amount of added redundancy from zero (full IBI) to half (destructive IBI-free) the group delay of the equivalent channel. [less ▲]

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See detailRF Precoding for Cognitive Radio Systems
Tsinos, Christos UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters (2022), 11(9), 1845-1849

In this letter, a precoding framework in the radio-frequency (RF) domain is developed for the downlink of a multiuser multiple-input single-output underlay cognitive radio (CR) system. Firstly, a low ... [more ▼]

In this letter, a precoding framework in the radio-frequency (RF) domain is developed for the downlink of a multiuser multiple-input single-output underlay cognitive radio (CR) system. Firstly, a low hardware complexity analog multiantenna architecture is proposed for the system’s transmitter. The proposed analog architecture is based on a phase-shifting network driven by an variable gain amplifier and has low power consumption since it avoids the use of energy hungry components such as digital-to-analog converters (DACs). Secondly, a novel RF precoder for the design of the transmit signals is developed such that the performance of the CR system is optimized and the constraints related to both the system’s architecture and the employed underlay CR paradigm are satisfied. The corresponding nonconvex and difficult optimization problem is formulated and solved via a novel algorithmic solution based on the saddle point method. The convergence of the proposed algorithmic solution is theoretically studied. The proposed approach is shown to be much more energy efficient than existing approaches based on fully digital transceivers. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning to Optimize: Balancing Two Conflict Metrics in MB-HTS Networks
Bui, Van-Phuc; Chien, Trinh-Van; Lagunas, Eva UL et al

in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Conference / Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS), Gratz, Viena, Sept. 2022 (2022, September)

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See detailJoint Beam Placement and Load Balancing Optimization for Non-Geostationary Satellite Systems
Bui, Van-Phuc; Chien, Trinh-Van; Lagunas, Eva UL et al

in IEEE International Mediterranean Conference on Communications and Networking (IEEE MediCom), Athens, Greece, Sept. 2022 (2022, September)

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