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See detailJosephson effect in normal and ferromagnetic topological-insulator junctions: Planar, step, and edge geometries
Nussbaum, Jennifer; Schmidt, Thomas UL; Bruder, Christoph et al

in Physical Review. B (2014), 90

We investigate Josephson junctions on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator in planar, step, and edge geometries. The elliptical nature of the Dirac cone representing the side surface ... [more ▼]

We investigate Josephson junctions on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator in planar, step, and edge geometries. The elliptical nature of the Dirac cone representing the side surface states of the topological insulator results in a scaling factor in the Josephson current in a step junction as compared to the planar junction. In edge junctions, the contribution of the Andreev bound states to the Josephson current vanishes due to spin-momentum locking of the surface states. Furthermore, we consider a junction with a ferromagnetic insulator between the superconducting regions. In these ferromagnetic junctions, we find an anomalous finite Josephson current at zero phase difference if the magnetization is pointing along the junction (and perpendicular to the Josephson current). An out-of-plane magnetization with respect to the central region of the junction opens up an exchange gap and leads to a nonmonotonic behavior of the critical Josephson current for sufficiently large magnetization as the chemical potential increases. [less ▲]

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