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See detailL'a priori, l'a posteriori, le pur et le non pur chez Christian Wolff et ses maîtres
Neveu, Sébastien Adrien Charles UL

Doctoral thesis (2014)

This work tries at first, in a structural part, to understand the coherence and to estimate the solidity of the " marriage between the reason and the experience " that Christian Wolff tried to establish ... [more ▼]

This work tries at first, in a structural part, to understand the coherence and to estimate the solidity of the " marriage between the reason and the experience " that Christian Wolff tried to establish in philosophy, by means of the concepts of a priori, of a posteriori, the pure and the not pure. It demonstrates while this "alliance" is not bearable and engenders an important tension in the whole of its thought, what engenders a historic crisis concerning the metaphysics, the crisis ending historically in the criticism of Kant. In a more historic, second part, this work tries to go back up at the origin of the use of these concepts (a priori, a posteriori, pure and not pure) at the predecessors of Wolff (Tschirnhaus, Leibniz, Weigel, Sturm, Agricola, Descartes, Ramus, etc.) to establish that the concept of pure reason is far from making the unanimity in the classic thought, that it stirs up controversy and that it is in complete opposition with the Aristotelian and scholastic tradition. This work thus allows in the end to question a history of the official philosophy based on the classic interpretation stemming from Kant. [less ▲]

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