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See detailSoziale Vergleiche zwischen Geschwistern im frühen Erwachsenenalter: Eine explorative Studie
Ferring, Dieter UL; Boll, Thomas UL; Neumann, B.

in Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Padagogische Psychologie (2002), 34(3), 174-193

The present study focuses on social comparisons in sibling relations in early adulthood. Starting from theoretical and empirical evidence of social comparison theory as well as research and findings on ... [more ▼]

The present study focuses on social comparisons in sibling relations in early adulthood. Starting from theoretical and empirical evidence of social comparison theory as well as research and findings on sibling relations, the thesis of a self-serving use of social comparisons in sibling relations is elaborated. A sample of N = 100 subjects had to name up to ten positive and ten negative personal characteristics which were additionally rated with respect to their personal importance; resulting comparison judgments were analyzed with respect to inferred similarity and/or inferiority as well as superiority towards the sibling. Furthermore, relations between comparison judgments and structural variables of sibling relations (i.e., sex of siblings) as well as self-esteem were explored; the effects of social comparison on indicators of relationship quality were investigated in the final step of the analysis. Findings showed that subjects formulated more dissimilarity than similarity in their judgments. Personal characteristics from which subjects inferred inferiority towards the sibling were rated as significantly less important than characteristics from which superiority was inferred. Furthermore, social comparisons were weakly related to structural characteristics and self-esteem but showed a more substantial and differential association with indicators of relationship quality. [less ▲]

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