References of "Muller, Caroline"
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See detailHistorian cultures – the epistemology and methodology of history in the digital age - CulturHist
Clavert, Frédéric UL; Muller, Caroline

E-print/Working paper (2023)

CulturHist has its sights particularly on the community of researchers, who have done little to make the results and suggestions offered by the digital humanities their own. We want to focus the ... [more ▼]

CulturHist has its sights particularly on the community of researchers, who have done little to make the results and suggestions offered by the digital humanities their own. We want to focus the discussion on a cross cutting issue: the link to archives, as the raw material for writing an account of the past. The habit of working digitally of those historians who do not nowadays verbalise their computer practices is now widespread and is bolstered by policies aimed at making many digitised document collections available online. For example, a search using the Internet Archive wayback machine developed by a not-for-profit company which archives the Web, shows that, in January 2002, Gallica, the digital library of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (National Library of France), reported having 80 000 documents online, as compared to a little over 5.8 million on 4 September 2019. These days, it is possible to carry out international historical investigations without being in physical contact with a document, as was demonstrated as far back as 2011 by the Data mining with criminal intent project (Cohen et al.). This means that researchers often become data managers (Cartier et al.). Most researchers now practise these habits, and there is an urgent need to analyse them and adapt initial and further training in history in order to help students and historians grasp how ways of writing history are being changed. [less ▲]

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See detailLe goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique : gestes et récits historiens, du document au corpus
Clavert, Frédéric UL; Muller, Caroline

in Ruiz, Emilien; Bardiot, Clarisse; Dehoux, Esther (Eds.) La fabrique numérique des corpus en sciences humaines et sociales (2022)

Le Goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique est un projet co-dirigé par Caroline Muller et Frédéric Clavert. Livre en ligne écrit de manière collaborative, il entend interroger les routines numériques « ... [more ▼]

Le Goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique est un projet co-dirigé par Caroline Muller et Frédéric Clavert. Livre en ligne écrit de manière collaborative, il entend interroger les routines numériques « discrètes » des historiens face à l’archive, y compris au moment de la constitution du corpus, et examiner les conséquences possibles pour l’écriture de l’histoire de cette introduction, tant logicielle que matérielle, de l’informatique dans les pratiques historiennes. Les différentes contributions en ligne qui alimentent ce livre « vivant » traitent tout à la fois de la collecte des archives et de la constitution des corpus, du gigantisme de ces corpus numérisés ou nativement numériques et des relations à l’archive ainsi qu’à la salle de lecture. Ces témoignages à teneur ethnographique permettent ainsi de dégager quelques conclusions intermédiaires sur les pratiques informatiques et numériques exposées. Quelle place occupe l’outillage de l’historien dans l’écriture de l’histoire ? Quelle diversité de pratiques numériques se cachent ainsi derrière ce Goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique ? Quels contrastes entre les disciplines ces pratiques reflètent- elles ? Ce retour d’expérience de publication collective permet à la fois d’esquisser des réponses ainsi que d’offrir des pers- pectives d’étude sur cette nouvelle relation à l’archive. [less ▲]

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See detailUne informalité bien ordonnée ? La conversation académique sur Twitter
Clavert, Frédéric UL; Muller, Caroline

in Tracés. Revue de sciences humaines. (2021), (#21), 65-84

Twitter and social media do not have a good reputation. However, this reputation does not correspond, or only partly corresponds, to the experience of many researchers. Based on a corpus of tweets, we ... [more ▼]

Twitter and social media do not have a good reputation. However, this reputation does not correspond, or only partly corresponds, to the experience of many researchers. Based on a corpus of tweets, we argue in this article that academic Twitter reflects the material conditions of research in France, allows for greater visibility of researchers and consequently for the formation of atypical networks that does not occur in the more traditional places of academic socialization, all in a form of a “well-ordered” informality, partly constrained by the hierarchies of higher education and research. [less ▲]

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See detailDe la poussière à la lumière bleue. Émotions, récits, gestes de l'archive à l'ère numérique
Muller, Caroline; Clavert, Frédéric UL

in Signata. Annales des Sémiotiques (2021), 12(12),

For a great many historians, Arlette Farge’s book The Allure of the Archives remains a seminal description of working with archives, at least in France. In the past few years however, a clear disparity ... [more ▼]

For a great many historians, Arlette Farge’s book The Allure of the Archives remains a seminal description of working with archives, at least in France. In the past few years however, a clear disparity has emerged between this book and the actual experience and practice of historical research because of the rise in digital technologies, which have prompted a dramatic change in historians’ relationship with archives. Based on the collective online book Le Goût de l’archive à l’ère numérique (“The allure of the archives in the digital age” – https://www.gout-numerique.net/) and on a study day held in 2018 at the French National Archives, this paper aims to investigate the changing relationship of historians with archives: their emotional engagement, their relations with archivists and their practices when consulting paper, digitised or born-digital archives. From dusty shelves to blue light, the entire profession of historian has changed, often in discreet, implicit ways, such as the recent practice of taking photos at archival centers, a consequence of the widespread ownership and use of digital cameras. Do archives still elicit the same emotions when they are merely one snapshot among many on a hard disk, or when they are turned into data and published online in a corpus? If the emotion attached to archives is no longer the same, does this change the way in which we interpret them? How should we reflect on our own practices so that we can see past the algorithms that drive the search engines and software we now use? [less ▲]

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See detailLe goût de l'archive à l'ère numérique
Clavert, Frédéric UL; Muller, Caroline

in La gazette des Archives (2019), 2019-1(253),

En 1989, Arlette Farge publie Le goût de l’archive. Elle y décrit ce que tout·e his­to­rien·ne a pu vivre : une rela­tion intime aux sour­ces pri­mai­res – que l’on s’appro­prie phy­si­que­ment et ... [more ▼]

En 1989, Arlette Farge publie Le goût de l’archive. Elle y décrit ce que tout·e his­to­rien·ne a pu vivre : une rela­tion intime aux sour­ces pri­mai­res – que l’on s’appro­prie phy­si­que­ment et intel­lec­tuel­le­ment –, qui s’ins­crit dans un espace par­ti­cu­lier, la salle de lec­ture. Cette rela­tion intime condi­tionne pour partie l’inter­pré­ta­tion de nos sour­ces et le récit du passé que nous en tirons. Aujourd’hui, la mise en don­nées des sour­ces pri­mai­res bou­le­verse cette rela­tion intime : nous consul­tons des corpus en ligne, et nos séjours en cen­tres d’archi­ves sont trans­for­més par de nou­veaux usages, à l’exem­ple de l’appa­reil photo. Ce numéro de La Gazette des archi­ves est la pre­mière cap­ture d’un projet qui ques­tionne l’évolution de ce lien au docu­ment d’archi­ves. Archivistes et his­to­rien·­nes s’inter­ro­gent : à l’ère numé­ri­que, les archi­ves ont-elles tou­jours le même goût ? Ce numéro a été conjoin­te­ment coor­donné par Frédéric Clavert, pro­fes­seur assis­tant en his­toire contem­po­raine (uni­ver­sité du Luxembourg), et Caroline Muller, maî­tresse de confé­ren­ces en his­toire contem­po­raine (uni­ver­sité Rennes 2). [less ▲]

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